# Chapter 15 - Energy Review Quiz

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• 1.

### The ability to do work or cause a change in matter

• A.

Transfer

• B.

Formulation

• C.

Energy

• D.

Effort

C. Energy
Explanation
Energy is the correct answer because it is defined as the ability to do work or cause a change in matter. Energy can exist in various forms such as kinetic, potential, thermal, and chemical energy. It is a fundamental concept in physics and is essential for all physical processes and activities. Energy can be transferred from one object to another or transformed from one form to another, making it a crucial component in understanding and explaining the behavior of the physical world.

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• 2.

### Energy in motion

• A.

Moving Energy

• B.

Traveling Energy

• C.

Magnetic Energy

• D.

Kinetic Energy

D. Kinetic Energy
Explanation
Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is the energy that is associated with the movement of an object, and it depends on both its mass and velocity. When an object is in motion, it has the potential to do work and can transfer its energy to other objects. Therefore, kinetic energy is the appropriate term to describe "energy in motion" or "moving energy". Magnetic energy, on the other hand, refers to the energy associated with magnetic fields, and it is not directly related to the motion of an object.

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• 3.

### Energy at rest – stored energy

• A.

Potential Energy

• B.

Possible Energy

• C.

Hibernating Energy

• D.

Energy at rest

A. Potential Energy
Explanation
Potential energy refers to the stored energy an object possesses due to its position or condition. It is the energy that an object has the potential to release or convert into other forms of energy. In this case, "Energy at rest" is the correct answer because it accurately describes potential energy as energy that is stored or at rest, waiting to be used or transformed.

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• 4.

### The movement of energy from one place or object to another

• A.

Moving Energy

• B.

Energy Displacement

• C.

Energy Transfer

• D.

Energy Transport

C. Energy Transfer
Explanation
Energy transfer refers to the movement of energy from one place or object to another. It involves the transfer of energy without any change in its form or state. This process is essential for various natural phenomena and human-made systems, such as the transfer of heat from a hot object to a cooler one or the transfer of electrical energy through a wire. Energy transfer is a fundamental concept in physics and plays a crucial role in understanding the behavior and interactions of different forms of energy.

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• 5.

### Energy that comes from the sun

• A.

Bright Energy

• B.

Sun Energy

• C.

Solar Energy

• D.

Lunar Energy

C. Solar Energy
Explanation
Solar energy refers to the energy that comes from the sun. It is a renewable and sustainable source of energy that can be harnessed through various technologies such as solar panels and solar thermal systems. Solar energy is abundant and widely available, making it an important alternative to fossil fuels for generating electricity and heating. It is a clean and environmentally friendly source of energy that does not produce greenhouse gas emissions or contribute to air pollution. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is Solar Energy.

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• 6.

### The combination of all the kinetic energy that something has

• A.

Combined Energy

• B.

Mechanical Energy

• C.

Total Energy

• D.

Chemical Energy

B. Mechanical Energy
Explanation
Mechanical energy refers to the combination of all the kinetic energy and potential energy that an object possesses. It includes the energy associated with motion and the energy stored in an object due to its position or shape. Therefore, mechanical energy is the correct answer as it encompasses all forms of energy related to the movement and position of an object.

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• 7.

### Energy we see

• A.

Light

• B.

Visibal Energy

• C.

Focused Energy

• D.

Brightness

A. Light
Explanation
Light is the correct answer because it is a form of energy that is visible to the human eye. It is a type of electromagnetic radiation that travels in waves and can be detected by our visual system. Light is responsible for allowing us to see objects and perceive colors. It is also a form of focused energy that can be measured in terms of brightness.

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• 8.

### Energy we feel

• A.

Warmth

• B.

Heat

• C.

Global Warming

• D.

B. Heat
Explanation
Heat is the correct answer because when we feel energy, it is often in the form of heat. Heat is a form of energy that is transferred between objects or systems due to a temperature difference. It can be felt as warmth when it is transferred to our bodies. Therefore, feeling energy can be attributed to the sensation of heat.

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• 9.

### Energy that comes from an electrical current

• A.

Electricity

• B.

Current

• C.

Electric Energy

• D.

Electron Energy

C. Electric Energy
Explanation
Electric energy refers to the energy that is generated or produced by an electrical current. When an electric current flows through a conductor, it transfers energy in the form of electric energy. This energy can then be converted into other forms, such as mechanical energy or light energy, depending on the device or appliance that is using the electricity. Electric energy is a fundamental concept in understanding how electricity works and is an essential part of our modern-day lives.

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• 10.

### Energy in the form of vibrations that travel through matter

• A.

Vibration Energy

• B.

Hearing

• C.

Audio Energy

• D.

Sound

D. Sound
Explanation
Sound is the correct answer because it refers to energy in the form of vibrations that travel through matter. When an object vibrates, it creates sound waves that propagate through a medium, such as air or water, and can be detected by our ears. Sound is a type of energy that is produced by various sources, such as musical instruments, human voices, or even natural phenomena like thunder. It is an important sensory perception that allows us to hear and interpret the world around us.

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• 11.

### A group of elements that work together to accomplish something

• A.

Process

• B.

System

• C.

Common Effort of Elements

• D.

Cooperation of Elements

B. System
Explanation
A system is a group of elements that work together to accomplish something. It involves the cooperation and common effort of these elements to achieve a specific goal or purpose. In a system, the individual components are interconnected and interdependent, with each element playing a role in the overall functioning and success of the system. By working together, the elements within a system can achieve outcomes that would be difficult or impossible to accomplish individually. Therefore, "system" is the correct answer in this context.

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• 12.

### The transfer of heat from one object directly to another

• A.

Convection

• B.

• C.

Conduction

• D.

Reflection

C. Conduction
Explanation
Conduction is the transfer of heat from one object to another through direct contact. When two objects are in contact, the heat energy flows from the object with higher temperature to the object with lower temperature, until both objects reach thermal equilibrium. This transfer occurs due to the collision of particles within the objects, such as molecules or atoms, which transfer kinetic energy from one to another. Unlike convection, which involves the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids, and radiation, which involves the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, conduction requires direct contact between the objects.

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• 13.

### The transfer of heat through the movement of gas or liquid

• A.

Convection

• B.

• C.

Conduction

• D.

Reflection

A. Convection
Explanation
Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of gas or liquid. In this process, heat energy is transferred by the movement of the molecules within the fluid. As the fluid is heated, it becomes less dense and rises, creating a convection current. This current carries the heat energy to other parts of the fluid or to surrounding objects. Convection is commonly observed in everyday life, such as the rising of hot air or the circulation of water in a boiling pot.

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• 14.

### The bouncing of heat or light off an object

• A.

Convection

• B.

• C.

Conduction

• D.

Reflection

D. Reflection
Explanation
Reflection is the correct answer because it refers to the bouncing of heat or light off an object. When light or heat waves encounter a surface, they can bounce back or reflect off the surface. This phenomenon is known as reflection. It occurs when the waves encounter a smooth and shiny surface, such as a mirror or polished metal. Reflection plays a crucial role in our everyday lives, as it allows us to see ourselves in mirrors and enables us to see objects that reflect light, like cars or buildings.

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• 15.

### The transfer of energy by means of waves that move through matter and space

• A.

Convection

• B.

• C.

Conduction

• D.

Reflection

Explanation
Radiation is the correct answer because it refers to the transfer of energy by means of waves that move through matter and space. Unlike convection and conduction, which require a medium to transfer heat, radiation can occur in a vacuum. It involves the emission of electromagnetic waves, such as infrared radiation or visible light, which can travel through space without the need for a medium. This process is commonly observed in the form of heat radiating from the sun or the warmth felt when standing near a fire.

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• 16.

### Another word for kinetic energy

• A.

Static Energy

• B.

Thermal Energy

• C.

Solar Energy

• D.

Mechanical Energy

B. Thermal Energy
Explanation
Thermal energy refers to the energy that is generated by the movement of particles within an object. It is a form of kinetic energy as it is associated with the motion of particles. Therefore, thermal energy can be considered as another word for kinetic energy. Static energy, solar energy, and mechanical energy are different forms of energy and are not synonyms for kinetic energy.

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• 17.

### The measurement of the average kinectic energy of all the particles in a substance

• A.

Temperature

• B.

Heat

• C.

Pressure

• D.

Activity

A. Temperature
Explanation
Temperature is the measurement of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in a substance. It represents the level of hotness or coldness of an object or environment. The higher the temperature, the greater the kinetic energy of the particles, and vice versa. Temperature is measured using various scales such as Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin. It is an important concept in physics and is used in various fields including thermodynamics, weather forecasting, and climate science.

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• 18.

### The remains or traces of past life, found in sedimentary rock

• A.

Oil

• B.

Gas

• C.

Crystal

• D.

Fossil

D. Fossil
Explanation
Fossils are the remains or traces of past life that are typically found in sedimentary rock. They can include the preserved remains of plants, animals, or other organisms. Fossils provide important evidence of the history of life on Earth and can help scientists understand how species have evolved over time. Therefore, the correct answer is fossil.

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• 19.

### Any material that can be used to satisfy a need

• A.

Asset

• B.

Resource

• C.

Tool

• D.

Material

B. Resource
Explanation
A resource is defined as any material that can be used to satisfy a need. It can refer to various types of materials, such as raw materials, energy sources, or even human skills and knowledge. Resources are essential for the production of goods and services and are often limited in supply, which makes them valuable and important for economic activities. Therefore, the term "resource" accurately describes the given definition of any material that can be used to satisfy a need.

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• 20.

### A resource that, once used up, cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time

• A.

Spent Resource

• B.

Terminated Resource

• C.

Renewable Resource

• D.

Nonrenewable Resource

D. Nonrenewable Resource
Explanation
A nonrenewable resource refers to a resource that cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time once it is used up. Unlike renewable resources, which can be replenished naturally or through human intervention, nonrenewable resources are finite and their supply is limited. Examples of nonrenewable resources include fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas, as well as minerals like copper, gold, and uranium. Once these resources are depleted, they cannot be easily replenished, making them unsustainable in the long run.

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• 21.

### Using less of something to make the supply last longer

• A.

Recycling

• B.

Conservation

• C.

Saving

• D.

Restricting

B. Conservation
Explanation
Conservation refers to the practice of using less of something in order to make the supply last longer. This can include conserving resources such as water, energy, or natural materials. By being mindful of our consumption and making efforts to reduce waste, we can help preserve these resources for future generations. Conservation is an important step towards sustainability and protecting the environment.

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• 22.

### A resource that can be replaced within a reasonable amount of time

• A.

Spent Resource

• B.

Terminated Resource

• C.

Renewable Resource

• D.

Nonrenewable Resource

C. Renewable Resource
Explanation
A renewable resource is a type of resource that can be replaced or replenished naturally within a reasonable amount of time. This means that even if the resource is used or consumed, it can regenerate or be replaced over time. Examples of renewable resources include solar energy, wind energy, and water resources. These resources are considered sustainable as they can be continuously used without depleting or permanently damaging the environment.

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• 23.

### Anything that dirties or harms the environment

• A.

Environmental Hazard

• B.

Garbage

• C.

Polution

• D.

Waste

C. Polution
Explanation
Pollution refers to anything that dirties or harms the environment. It includes various forms of waste, such as garbage, that are released into the environment and cause harm to ecosystems and living organisms. Pollution can come from various sources, including industrial activities, transportation, and improper waste disposal. It is a significant environmental hazard that can have detrimental effects on air, water, and soil quality, as well as on human health and biodiversity.

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• 24.

### Which is a nonrenewable resource?

• A.

Natural Gas

• B.

Sunlight

• C.

Water

• D.

Wind

A. Natural Gas
Explanation
Natural gas is a nonrenewable resource because it is formed over millions of years from the remains of plants and animals. It is found deep underground and once it is extracted and used, it cannot be replaced within a human lifetime. Unlike sunlight, water, and wind, which are renewable resources that can be naturally replenished over time, natural gas is finite and will eventually run out if consumed at a high rate. Therefore, natural gas is classified as a nonrenewable resource.

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• 25.

### Which Statement is correct

• A.

Ball A has more potential energy than Ball B or C

• B.

Ball B has more potential energy than Ball A or C

• C.

Ball C has more potential energy than Ball A or B

• D.

All balls have the same potential

A. Ball A has more potential energy than Ball B or C
Explanation
Ball A has more potential energy than Ball B or C because potential energy is directly proportional to the height or position of an object. Since Ball A is not mentioned to be at the same height or position as Ball B or C, it can be inferred that Ball A is at a higher position and therefore has more potential energy.

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• 26.

### Which ball has the most kinetic energy?

• A.

Ball A

• B.

Ball B

• C.

Ball C

• D.

They all have the same amount of kinetic energy

C. Ball C
Explanation
Ball C has the most kinetic energy because kinetic energy is directly proportional to the mass of an object. Since Ball C is not specified to have a smaller mass than Ball A or Ball B, we can assume that all three balls have the same mass. Therefore, since Ball C is specified to have the most kinetic energy, it must have the highest velocity or speed compared to the other balls.

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• 27.

### Which type of heat transfer does an oven mit prevent?

• A.

Conduction

• B.

Convection

• C.

• D.

All of the above

A. Conduction
Explanation
An oven mitt prevents conduction of heat. When you touch a hot object, heat is transferred from the object to your hand through direct contact, which is called conduction. The oven mitt acts as a barrier between your hand and the hot object, reducing or preventing the transfer of heat through conduction.

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• 28.

### Which type of energy is stored in a battery?

• A.

Kinetic Energy

• B.

Solar Energy

• C.

Chemical Energy

• D.

Light Energy

C. Chemical Energy
Explanation
A battery stores chemical energy. This is because a battery converts chemical energy into electrical energy through a chemical reaction that occurs inside the battery. When the battery is connected to a circuit, the chemical reaction releases electrons, creating a flow of electricity. Therefore, the correct answer is chemical energy.

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• 29.

### Which change in form of energy occurs in a stereo speaker

• A.

Sound energy to electrical energy

• B.

Chemical energy to sound energy

• C.

Potential energy to kinetic energy

• D.

Electrical energy to sound energy

D. Electrical energy to sound energy
Explanation
A stereo speaker converts electrical energy into sound energy. When an electrical current passes through the speaker's circuit, it causes a magnetic field to interact with a coil, which in turn vibrates a diaphragm. These vibrations create sound waves that we hear as sound energy. Therefore, the correct answer is "electrical energy to sound energy."

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• May 16, 2011
Quiz Created by
Scott6288

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