A Quiz On Blood For Intellectuals Chapter 15:

65 Questions

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Blood Quizzes & Trivia

So, you’ve read the title of the quiz and you’re still here? That must mean you’re an intellectual, but you’re going to need to prove it in this tough quiz on blood. What do you know about the fluid that keeps our bodies ticking? Take the quiz and we’ll find out together!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an oxygen-carrying blood cell?
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Erythrocyte

    • C. 

      Thrombocyte

    • D. 

      Eosinophil

  • 2. 
    Which blood cell fits this description: granulocytic, phagocytic, and motile?
    • A. 

      Thrombocyte

    • B. 

      Eosinophil

    • C. 

      Neutrophil

    • D. 

      Lymphocyte

  • 3. 
    Monocytes and lymphocytes
    • A. 

      Contain hemoglobin

    • B. 

      Are thrombocytes

    • C. 

      Are nongranular leukocytes

    • D. 

      Are hemostatic

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is most descriptive of a reticulocyte?
    • A. 

      Thrombocyte

    • B. 

      Granulocyte

    • C. 

      Platelet

    • D. 

      Immature erythrocyte

  • 5. 
    Rapid breakdown of this cell causes jaundice
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Platelet

    • C. 

      Red blood cell

    • D. 

      Lymphocyte

  • 6. 
    Which of the following causes granulocytopenia?
    • A. 

      Myelosuppression

    • B. 

      Hemolysis

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      Petechiae

  • 7. 
    Thrombocytopenia
    • A. 

      Refers to deficiency of platelets

    • B. 

      Is caused by myelopression

    • C. 

      May be accompanied by aplastic anemia and granulocytopenia

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    An infection is most often accompanied by
    • A. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Leukocytosis

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Albumin

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Erythropoietin

  • 10. 
    Erythropoietin
    • A. 

      Is secreted by the kidneys

    • B. 

      Stimulates th bone marrow to produce RBCs

    • C. 

      Is released in response to hypoxemia

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is the stimulus for the release of erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      Hypoxemia

    • B. 

      Low blood volume

    • C. 

      Low plasma pH (acidosis)

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 12. 
    Which of the following best describes prothrombin and fibrinogen?
    • A. 

      Thrombolytic agents

    • B. 

      Anticoagulants

    • C. 

      Clotting factors

    • D. 

      Plasminogen activators

  • 13. 
    Hemolysis causes
    • A. 

      Leukocytes

    • B. 

      Acidosis

    • C. 

      Hyperbilirubinemia

    • D. 

      A prolonged prothrombin time and bleeding

  • 14. 
    An antithrombin agent
    • A. 

      Causes jaundice

    • B. 

      Prevents blood coagulation

    • C. 

      Fights infection

    • D. 

      Stimulates the synthesis of hemoglobin

  • 15. 
    TPA (tissue plasminogen activator)
    • A. 

      Prevents blood coagulation

    • B. 

      Causes thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Dissolves blood clots

    • D. 

      Prevents the formation of a platelet plug

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is vitamin K-dependent?
    • A. 

      Heparin

    • B. 

      Erythropoietin

    • C. 

      Intrinsic factor

    • D. 

      Prothrombin

  • 17. 
    Intrinsic Factor
    • A. 

      Is necessary for the synthesis of prothrombin

    • B. 

      Is a clotting factor

    • C. 

      Is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12

    • D. 

      Stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is called extrinsic factor?
    • A. 

      Vitamin B12

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Heme

    • D. 

      Prothrombin

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is most associated with a blood clot?
    • A. 

      Agglutination

    • B. 

      Hemophilia

    • C. 

      Fibrin strands

    • D. 

      Rh factor

  • 20. 
    Which anemia is associated with myelosuppression?
    • A. 

      Folic acid deficiency

    • B. 

      Hemplytic

    • C. 

      Aplastic

    • D. 

      Sickle cell

  • 21. 
    Bilirubin is a breakdown product of
    • A. 

      Leukocytes

    • B. 

      Neutrophils

    • C. 

      Red blood cells

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 22. 
    Leukocytosis and leukopenia are
    • A. 

      Increased numbers of white blood cells

    • B. 

      Decreased number of white blood cells

    • C. 

      Abnormal numbers of white blood cells

    • D. 

      The result of myelosuppression

  • 23. 
    A decrease in the numbers of erythrocytes is called
    • A. 

      Granulocytopenia

    • B. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Polycythemia

    • D. 

      Anemia

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is descriptive of a neutrophil?
    • A. 

      Platelet

    • B. 

      Phagocyte

    • C. 

      Plasma protein

    • D. 

      Oxygen carrier

  • 25. 
    What is the normal pH of blood?
    • A. 

      7.00 to 7.45

    • B. 

      7.35 to 7.45

    • C. 

      6.92 to 7.25

    • D. 

      7.45 to 7.80

  • 26. 
    This cell is the "parent cell" of the three types of blood cells produced in the bone marrow
    • A. 

      Erythrocyte

    • B. 

      Leukocyte

    • C. 

      Stem cell

    • D. 

      Megakaryocyte

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      Leukopenia

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Kernicterus

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is caused by agglutination of the RBCs?
    • A. 

      Hemolysis

    • B. 

      Coagulation

    • C. 

      Crenation

    • D. 

      Hemostasis

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      The lack of gastric hydrochloric acid causes myelosuppression

    • B. 

      Iron absorption is impaired

    • C. 

      A major source of erythropoietin has been removed

    • D. 

      Vitamin B12 absorption is impaired because of the lack of intrinsic factor

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Thrombin

    • B. 

      Plasmin

    • C. 

      Bilirubin

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is descriptive of hyperbilirubiemia and kernicterus?
    • A. 

      Flushed

    • B. 

      Yellow

    • C. 

      Blue

    • D. 

      Ecchymotic

  • 32. 
    Which of the following can a person with type O blood safely recieve?
    • A. 

      A type

    • B. 

      B type

    • C. 

      AB type

    • D. 

      O type

  • 33. 
    Which of the following is most related to biconcave disc, hemoglobin, and erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Thrombocyte

    • C. 

      "poly"

    • D. 

      Red blood cell

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is related to a white blood cell?
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Oxygen transport

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Bilirubin

  • 35. 
    Which type of blood is called the universal recipient?
    • A. 

      O

    • B. 

      AB

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      B

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is characteristic of the platelet?
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Bilirubin

    • C. 

      O2 transport

    • D. 

      Stickiness

  • 37. 
    Kernicterus is most related to elevated plasma levels of this substance.
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Bilirubin

    • C. 

      Fibrinogen

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is most descritive of the physiologic role of the "poly"?
    • A. 

      Oxygen transport

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Bilirubin metabolism

    • D. 

      Clot dissolution

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is most likely to be deprssed in the myelosuppressed patient?
    • A. 

      Prothrombin

    • B. 

      Albumin

    • C. 

      White blood cells

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath

  • 40. 
    To which component of the red blood cell does oxygen loosely bind?
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Globin portion of the hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Iron molecule within heme

    • D. 

      Bilirubin component of the heme

  • 41. 
    Which of the following is most likely to happen with the activation of palsminogen?
    • A. 

      The blood clots, or coagulates

    • B. 

      Te blood clot dissolves

    • C. 

      Red blood cells

  • 42. 
    At the end of 120 days, the red blood cell
    • A. 

      Is removed from the circulation and broken down

    • B. 

      Becomes known as a "poly"

    • C. 

      Becomes known as a reticulocyte

    • D. 

      Is converted ro fibrin

  • 43. 
    Which of the following conditions is most likely to cause erythroblastosis?
    • A. 

      The baby is Rh (-) and the mother is Rh (-)

    • B. 

      The baby is Rh (+) and the mother is Rh (+)

    • C. 

      The baby is Rh (+) and the mother is Rh (-)

    • D. 

      The baby is Rh (+) and the mother is type A (+)

  • 44. 
    Which of the following best characterizes the effects of hemophilia?
    • A. 

      High fever

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Bleeding

  • 45. 
    Which function is most associated with fibrinogen, prothrombin, and calcium?
    • A. 

      Blood coagulation

    • B. 

      Platelet aggregation

    • C. 

      Fibrinolysis

    • D. 

      Blood cell production

  • 46. 
    Which of the following conditions is caused by an overdose of heparin or warfarin sodium (Coumadin)?
    • A. 

      Bleeding

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Thrombosis

  • 47. 
    Which of the following is most descriptive of the cause of hemophilia?
    • A. 

      Dietary-induced

    • B. 

      Hereditary

    • C. 

      Drug-induced myelosuppression

    • D. 

      Anemia of chronic renal failure

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      Anticoagulant

    • B. 

      Antiplatelet

    • C. 

      "clot buster" (thrombolytic)

    • D. 

      Antihistamine

  • 49. 
    Which of the following is necessary for prothrombin synthesis?
    • A. 

      Heparin

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Hemophilic factor

    • D. 

      Vitamin k

  • 50. 
    What does the hematocrit measure?
    • A. 

      Phagocytic activity

    • B. 

      Blood-clotting activity

    • C. 

      Percentage of red blood cells in the blood

    • D. 

      The amount of blirubin in the blood

  • 51. 
    Donor blood is typed and crossmatched with the recipient's blood in order to prevent this condition
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Myelosuppression

    • C. 

      Agglutination

    • D. 

      Petechiae formation

  • 52. 
    Both the red blood cell and white blood cell
    • A. 

      Are classified as either granulocytes or agranulocytes

    • B. 

      Contain iron that acts as a binding site for oxygen

    • C. 

      Contain hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Are produced in the bone marrow

  • 53. 
    The word icterus refers to
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Bleeding

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 54. 
    Which of the following is most likely to be caused by the immobility of bed rest?
    • A. 

      Venous thrombosis

    • B. 

      Hemophilia

    • C. 

      Anemia

    • D. 

      Myelosuppression

  • 55. 
    Which of the following is most common cause of myelosuppression?
    • A. 

      Drugs, especially the anticancer drugs

    • B. 

      Bed rest

    • C. 

      Dietary deficiences

    • D. 

      Hereditary abnormalities of the bone marrow

  • 56. 
    Which of the following is least descriptive of blood?
    • A. 

      The average adult male has 4 to 6 L of blood

    • B. 

      The normal pH of blood is 7.35 to 7.45

    • C. 

      Oxygenated blood is redder than unoxygenated blood

    • D. 

      Water is 3 to 5 times more viscous than blood

  • 57. 
    Petechiae formation
    • A. 

      Is characteristic of sickle cell anemia

    • B. 

      Is most often prevented by a diet that is high in vitamin k

    • C. 

      Refers to pinpoint hemorrhages under the skin

    • D. 

      Is due to a deficiency of reticulocytes

  • 58. 
    Segs, polys, and band cells are
    • A. 

      Immature red blood cells

    • B. 

      Agranulocytes

    • C. 

      Fragments of megakaryocytes

    • D. 

      Neutrophils

  • 59. 
    Neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils are all
    • A. 

      Lymphocytes

    • B. 

      Granulocytes

    • C. 

      Phagocytic

    • D. 

      Heparin-secreting

  • 60. 
    Prothrombin, thrombin, and fibrinogen
    • A. 

      Form the platelet plug

    • B. 

      Activate facot VIII (antihemophilic factor)

    • C. 

      Are involved in coagulation

    • D. 

      Are responsible for agglutination

  • 61. 
    This anticoagulant is secreted by mast cells (basophils)
    • A. 

      Plasmin

    • B. 

      EPO

    • C. 

      Vitamin K

    • D. 

      Heparin

  • 62. 
    Erythroblastosis fetalis is primarily a problem invilving
    • A. 

      Myelosuppression

    • B. 

      Lack of intrinsic factor

    • C. 

      Inability of the kidneys to secrete erythropoietin

    • D. 

      Agglutination and hemolysis

  • 63. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Steps in hemostasis: blood vessel spasm, platelet plug, coagulation

    • B. 

      Antigens: A, B, Rh factor

    • C. 

      Blood cells: fibrinogen, albumin, globulins

    • D. 

      Types of anemia: iron deficiency, pernicious, sickle cell

  • 64. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Plasma proteins: albumin, fibrinogen, globulins

    • B. 

      Antigens: A, B, Rh factor

    • C. 

      Types of anemia: iron deficiency, pernicious, sickle cell

    • D. 

      White blood cells: granulocytes, agranulocytes, megakaryocytes

  • 65. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Results of myelosuppression: granulocytopenia, aplastic anemia, hemophilia

    • B. 

      Antigens: A, B, Rh factor

    • C. 

      White blood cells: granulocytes, agranulocytes

    • D. 

      Plasma proteins: albumin, fibrinogen, globulins