Chapter 11 Wound Healing, Sutures, Needles, And Stapling Devices

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When it comes to an injury it is important to ensure that you keep it safe from getting worse and giving it the treatment it deserves for the patient to get better. Do you thing after covering chapter 11 on wound healing, sutures, needles, and stapling devices you can now take care of an injured person? If you said yes then take the quiz and see if we agree with you. Woud


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A surgical wound is considered as an ?

    Explanation
    A surgical wound is considered intentional because it is deliberately created during a surgical procedure. Unlike accidental or unintentional wounds, which occur unexpectedly, surgical wounds are planned and made with a specific purpose in mind. Surgeons make intentional incisions to gain access to the body and perform necessary procedures. These wounds are carefully controlled and managed to minimize the risk of infection and promote proper healing.

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  • 2. 

    A traumatic wound is considered an ?

    Explanation
    A traumatic wound is considered accidental because it is caused by an unexpected event or accident. It is not intentionally inflicted or self-inflicted. Traumatic wounds are usually the result of accidents such as falls, cuts, burns, or other forms of physical trauma.

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  • 3. 

    Any tissue that has been damaged by either intentional or accidental means. 

    Explanation
    A wound refers to any tissue that has been damaged, whether it is intentional or accidental. This can include cuts, scrapes, punctures, or any other type of injury that causes damage to the body's tissues. Wounds can occur due to various reasons such as accidents, surgeries, or even self-inflicted injuries. It is important to properly clean and treat wounds to prevent infection and promote healing.

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  • 4. 

    An intentional cut through intact tissue for the purpose of exposing or excising underlying structures. 

    Explanation
    An incision refers to a deliberate cut made on intact tissue with the intention of exposing or removing underlying structures. This procedure is commonly performed in surgical or medical settings to gain access to specific areas or organs for treatment or examination. Incisions are carefully made to ensure minimal damage to surrounding tissues and promote proper healing.

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  • 5. 

    Removal of tissue 

    Explanation
    Excision refers to the surgical removal of tissue from the body. This can be done for various reasons, such as removing a tumor, a cyst, or a diseased organ. It is a common procedure performed by surgeons to treat or diagnose certain conditions. Excision involves cutting out the tissue using surgical instruments, and it may be done under local or general anesthesia depending on the complexity of the procedure.

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  • 6. 

    List all four surgical wound classification and their descriptions.

    Explanation
    The correct answer provides a list of the four surgical wound classifications and their corresponding descriptions. Class 1 is categorized as "Clean," indicating that there is no infection present. Class 2 is labeled as "Clean Contaminated," suggesting that there is a minor risk of infection due to the involvement of the respiratory, gastrointestinal, or genitourinary tract. Class 3 is referred to as "Contaminated," indicating that there is a significant risk of infection due to a major break in sterile technique or a large amount of spillage. Lastly, Class 4 is classified as "Dirty Infected," indicating that the wound is already infected prior to the surgery.

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  • 7. 

      What is this classification of a traumatic wound  the skin remains intact, but underlying tissues suffer damage. 

    Explanation
    A closed wound refers to a type of traumatic wound where the skin remains intact, but there is damage to the underlying tissues. This means that there is no external break in the skin, but internal tissues might be injured. Closed wounds can occur due to blunt force trauma or excessive pressure on the body. Examples of closed wounds include bruises, contusions, and internal organ injuries.

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  • 8. 

     What is this classification of a traumatic wound  the integrity of the skin is destroyed.

    Explanation
    An open wound refers to a type of traumatic injury where the integrity of the skin is compromised or destroyed. This can occur due to various causes such as cuts, lacerations, punctures, or abrasions. In an open wound, the skin is no longer intact, leaving the underlying tissues exposed to the external environment. Immediate medical attention and proper wound care are crucial to prevent infection and promote healing.

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  • 9. 

     What is this classification of a traumatic wound  the integrity of the skin is destroyed. There is no loss or destruction of tissue and there is no foreign body in the wound.

    Explanation
    A simple wound refers to a traumatic injury where the skin is broken or damaged, but there is no loss or destruction of tissue and no foreign object present in the wound. This means that only the integrity of the skin is compromised, without any additional complications or involvement of deeper tissues.

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  • 10. 

    What is this classification of a traumatic wound tissue is lost or destroyed, or foreign body remains in the wound. 

    Explanation
    A traumatic wound can be classified as a complicated wound when there is tissue loss or destruction, or when a foreign body remains in the wound. This means that the wound is more severe and may require additional medical intervention or treatment.

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  • 11. 

     What is this classification of a traumatic wound  wound edges can be approximated and secured.

    Explanation
    A clean wound refers to a traumatic wound where the edges can be approximated and secured. This means that the wound is not contaminated and there is no foreign material or debris present. The clean wound classification indicates that there is a low risk of infection and the wound can be easily closed using sutures or other methods to promote proper healing.

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  • 12. 

     What is this classification of a traumatic wound  a dirty object damages the integrity of the skin.

    Explanation
    A contaminated wound refers to a traumatic wound where a dirty object has caused damage to the integrity of the skin. This means that the wound has been exposed to potentially harmful bacteria or foreign substances, increasing the risk of infection. It is important to properly clean and treat contaminated wounds to prevent complications and promote healing.

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  • 13. 

    An abrasion is ? 

    Explanation
    An abrasion is a type of injury to the skin where the top layer of the skin is scraped off. It is usually caused by friction or rubbing against a rough surface, resulting in a superficial wound. This can lead to pain, redness, and sometimes bleeding.

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  • 14. 

    An contusion is ? 

    Explanation
    A contusion is another term for a bruise. It refers to a type of injury where the small blood vessels near the skin's surface are damaged, causing blood to leak into the surrounding tissues. This results in discoloration and tenderness in the affected area.

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  • 15. 

    An cut or tear ? 

    Explanation
    A laceration refers to a cut or tear in the skin or flesh. It occurs when the skin is forcefully stretched or torn apart, resulting in a wound with jagged edges. This can happen due to various reasons such as accidents, falls, or sharp objects. Lacerations can range from minor cuts to deep wounds that may require stitches or medical intervention.

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  • 16. 

    Penetration through an traumatic wound ? 

    Explanation
    A puncture is a type of wound that occurs when a sharp object, such as a needle or a nail, penetrates through the skin and underlying tissues. It is characterized by a small entry point and a narrow, deep wound. In the given context, if there is penetration through a traumatic wound, it is likely to be a puncture.

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  • 17. 

    Heat or cold ? 

    Explanation
    The term "thermal" is the most appropriate answer for the question "Heat or cold?" as it encompasses both heat and cold. Thermal refers to the transfer of heat energy between objects or systems. It can be used to describe the presence of heat or the absence of it (cold). Therefore, "thermal" is a suitable answer to the question.

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  • 18. 

    Wounds that persist for an extended period of time 

    Explanation
    Chronic wounds are wounds that persist for an extended period of time. These wounds often do not heal in the expected timeframe and may be caused by underlying health conditions such as diabetes, poor circulation, or immune system disorders. Chronic wounds require specialized treatment and care to promote healing and prevent infection.

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  • 19. 

    List all five signs of imflammation. 

    Explanation
    The five signs of inflammation are pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function. Pain is a common symptom of inflammation, caused by the release of chemicals that stimulate nerve endings. Heat is a result of increased blood flow to the affected area, causing it to feel warm. Redness occurs due to the dilation of blood vessels in the area, causing it to appear red. Swelling is caused by the accumulation of fluid and immune cells in the affected area. Loss of function refers to the impaired ability to use the affected body part or perform certain movements due to inflammation.

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  • 20. 

    To clean the wound and wash out the contaminants. 

    Explanation
    Irrigation and debridement is the process of cleaning a wound and removing any contaminants or debris present. This procedure involves using a sterile solution to flush out the wound, removing any foreign substances or bacteria that may be present. Debridement is the removal of dead or damaged tissue from the wound, which helps promote healing and prevent infection. By performing irrigation and debridement, the wound is thoroughly cleaned, reducing the risk of infection and allowing for proper healing to occur.

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  • 21. 

     Identify the three types of wound healing and give a short description of each ......

  • 22. 

    What are the three phases of first intention healing and give a brief description of each. 

  • 23. 

    List the factors that influence wound healing 

    Explanation
    The factors that influence wound healing include age, nutritional status, disease, smoking, radiation, and immunocompromised patients. Age plays a role in wound healing as older individuals may have slower healing rates. Nutritional status is important as proper nutrition is needed for the body to heal wounds effectively. Disease can impair the body's ability to heal wounds. Smoking is known to delay wound healing due to its negative effects on blood flow and oxygen delivery. Radiation can also impair wound healing as it damages cells and tissues. Lastly, immunocompromised patients have weakened immune systems, which can hinder the body's ability to fight off infections and heal wounds.

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  • 24. 

    The partial or total separation of a layer or layers of tissue after closure. 

    Explanation
    Dehiscence refers to the partial or total separation of a layer or layers of tissue after closure. This can occur after a surgical procedure or wound healing process, where the incision or wound reopens. Dehiscence can be caused by various factors such as infection, poor wound healing, excessive tension on the wound, or inadequate closure technique. It is important to promptly address dehiscence to prevent further complications and promote proper healing.

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  • 25. 

    Easily torn tissue. 

  • 26. 

    The exposure of the viscera through the edges of a totally separated wound. 

    Explanation
    Evisceration refers to the exposure of the viscera (internal organs) through the edges of a completely separated wound. This can occur when the wound is deep enough to penetrate through the layers of tissue, allowing the organs to protrude out of the body. Evisceration is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate attention and surgical intervention to prevent further damage and infection.

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  • 27. 

    May be concealed or evident and occurs most frequently in the first few postoperative houses. 

    Explanation
    Hemorrhage refers to the excessive bleeding that can occur after a surgical procedure. It can either be concealed, meaning the bleeding is not visible externally, or evident, where there is visible bleeding. Hemorrhage is most likely to occur in the first few hours or days after surgery.

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  • 28. 

    Occurs when microbial contamination overrides the resistance of the host. 

    Explanation
    Infection refers to the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in the body, leading to a harmful response. When microbial contamination overrides the resistance of the host, it means that the microorganisms are able to overcome the body's natural defense mechanisms and cause an infection. This can occur when the immune system is weakened or compromised, allowing the microorganisms to thrive and cause harm.

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  • 29. 

    An abnormal attachment of two surfaces or structures that are normally separate. 

    Explanation
    Adhesion refers to an abnormal attachment between two surfaces or structures that are typically separate. This can occur due to various factors such as inflammation, scarring, or abnormal tissue growth. Adhesion can cause complications and restrictions in movement, leading to pain and discomfort. Treatment options for adhesion may include physical therapy, medication, or surgical intervention to separate the attached structures.

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  • 30. 

     Result of wound dehiscence and occurs most often in lower abdominal incisions. 

    Explanation
    Herniation refers to the protrusion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening. Wound dehiscence is the separation or opening of a surgical incision. When wound dehiscence occurs in lower abdominal incisions, it can lead to herniation, which is the correct answer. This is because the abdominal muscles in the lower abdomen are under more strain, making them more prone to herniation.

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  • 31. 

    A tract between two epithelium lined surfaces that is open at both ends. 

    Explanation
    A fistula is a tract that connects two epithelium lined surfaces and is open at both ends. It is a abnormal passage that forms between two organs or between an organ and the skin. Fistulas can occur due to various reasons such as infection, inflammation, trauma, or surgery. They can occur in different parts of the body, such as the digestive system, urinary system, or reproductive system. Fistulas can cause symptoms such as pain, swelling, discharge, and infection. Treatment for fistulas may involve medication, surgery, or other interventions depending on the cause and severity of the condition.

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  • 32. 

     A sinus is a tract between two epithelium lined surgaces that is open at one end only.

    Explanation
    A sinus tract is a narrow, tunnel-like passage that forms between two epithelium-lined surfaces, such as the skin and an organ or the skin and a cavity. It is characterized by being open at one end only, allowing for the drainage of fluid or pus. Sinus tracts can develop due to various reasons, including infections, injuries, or chronic conditions. They can cause discomfort, pain, and the potential for infection if not properly treated.

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  • 33. 

    Occurs because of either a failure to properly absorb the suture material or an irritation caused by the suture that results in inflammation. 

    Explanation
    Suture complications occur when there is a failure to properly absorb the suture material or when the suture causes irritation, leading to inflammation. This can result in various issues such as infection, delayed wound healing, or an allergic reaction. It is important to monitor the patient after suturing and address any complications promptly to ensure proper healing and minimize discomfort or further complications.

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  • 34. 

    A hypertrophic scar formation  

  • 35. 

    A separation of wound layers that have not been closely approximated, or air that has become trapped between tissue layers. 

    Explanation
    Dead space refers to a separation or gap between wound layers that have not been properly closed or approximated. It can also occur when air becomes trapped between tissue layers. This dead space can hinder the healing process and increase the risk of infection. Proper wound closure and management are essential to minimize dead space and promote optimal healing.

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  • 36. 

    Devices that have been designed to remove unwanted fluids or gases from the body. 

    Explanation
    Drains are devices that are specifically designed to remove unwanted fluids or gases from the body. They are commonly used in medical procedures such as surgeries to prevent the accumulation of fluids or gases that could cause complications or infections. Drains can be inserted into various parts of the body, such as the chest, abdomen, or wounds, and they work by creating a pathway for the fluids or gases to exit the body. This helps to promote healing and prevent further complications.

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