Agricultural Production Quiz Questions

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Agriculture Quizzes & Trivia

Not everywhere on the earth surface is fertile and supports growth of some types of crops. This therefore puts emphasis on the fact that those areas that are should be capable of planting enough crops to sustain the need for such in the world. Have been to the farm and think you know much about agricultural production? Take up the quiz below and see if you do indeed know a lot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Suppose that the world price of sugar is $100 per ton. If a small country gives its sugar exporters a subsidy of $50 per ton, i) What will the world price of sugar be?__; ii) what will the country’s exporters receive?__; iii) what will the domestic price of sugar be?__; and iv) how will the subsidy affect domestic consumption of sugar?__
    • A. 

      I) rise by at $50 per ton; ii) more than $150 per ton; iii) world price less subsidy per ton ; and iv) fall

    • B. 

      I) remain at $100 per ton; ii) at $150 per ton; iii) remain at $100 per ton; and iv) rise

    • C. 

      I) remain at $100 per ton; ii) less than $50 per ton; iii) world price plus per ton; and iv) fall

    • D. 

      I) remain at $100 per ton; ii) $150 per ton; iii) rise by $50 per ton and iv) fall

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The table above represents a demand and supply schedule for a small-country producer of iron ore. It sells output in its home market and on the world market at the world price of $70 per ton. i) At the world price of $70, how many units will be sold domestically?__; ii) At the world price of $70, how many units will the country export?__; iii) Suppose that the country's government offers its iron ore producers an export subsidy of $10 per ton. How many tons will the country now export?__; iv) How many tons will be sold domestically when exporters receive a $10-per-ton export subsidy?__; v) What price will domestic iron ore consumers pay for their iron ore purchases when there is a $10-per-ton export subsidy?__; vi) What is the total value of the export subsidy that exporters receive?__; and vii) if the government offered a $10/ton production subsidy instead of a $10/ton export subsidy, how much revenue will producers receive?__
    • A. 

      I) 30 tons; ii) 40 tons; iii) 40 tons; iv) 20 tons; v) $60 per ton; and vi) $500; and vii) $800

    • B. 

      I) 40 tons; ii) 30 tons; iii) 30 tons; iv) 30 tons; v) $70 per ton; and vi) $400; and vii) $500

    • C. 

      I) 40 tons; ii)30 tons; iii) 50 tons; iv) 30 tons v) $80 per ton; and vi) $500; and vii) 800

    • D. 

      I) 30 tons; ii) 40 tons; iii) 40 tons; iv) 40 tons; v) $70 per ton; and vi) $400; and vii) $500

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    According to the figure above, if the world price of the product is $125, i) then the domestic demand is__; ii) at the world price there is a __ of __ in the home market, which is __; iii) According to the figure, the home country provides a subsidy of __, which results in an increase in exports of __; iv) According to the figure, the subsidy results in a __ of government revenue by the amount of __; v) According to the figure, the subsidy results in __ in producer surplus by the amount of __; and vi) According to the figure, the deadweight loss because of the subsidy is__:
    • A. 

      I) 40; ii) shortage, 60, exported; iii) $50, 40; iv) Decrease, $7,500; v) An increase; vi) $5,500; $1,000

    • B. 

      I) 40; ii) surplus, 60, exported; iii) $50, 40; iv) Decrease, $5,000; v) An increase; vi) $5,000; $1,000

    • C. 

      I) 20; ii) surplus, 60, imported; iii) $50, 40; iv) Decrease, $5,000; v) An increase; vi) $1,500; $1,000

    • D. 

      I) 40; ii) surplus, 60, exported; iii) $50, 40; iv) Decrease, $7,500; v) An increase; vi) $1,500; $1,000

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Suppose that the world price of sugar is $100 per ton. If a large country gives its sugar exporters a subsidy of $50 per ton, then the world price of sugar will__; ii) then its exporters will receive__; iii) domestic price of sugar will:__; iv) then domestic consumption of sugar will:__; and v) what will happen to consumer surplus?__
    • A. 

      I) rise by more than $50 per ton; ii) less than $100 but more than $150; iii) remain unchanged at $100; iv) fall; v) there will be a loss in increase in consumer surplus.

    • B. 

      I) fall by less than $50 per ton; ii) more than $100 and more than $150; iii) increase by less than $100; iv) fall; v) there will be a loss in consumer surplus

    • C. 

      I) rise by more than $50 per ton; ii) more than $100 and more than $150; iii) increase by more than $100; iv) fall; v) there will be a increase in consumer surplus

    • D. 

      I) fall by less than $50 per ton; ii) more than $100 but less than $150; iii) remain unchanged at $100; iv) fall; v) there will be a loss in consumer surplus

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    According to the figure, if the world price of the product is $100, i) the home demand for the product is __ and the exports are __; ii) if the home country provides a subsidy of $100, the large country will cause the world price to__; iii) According to the figure, due to the subsidy, the consumer surplus __ by __iv) due to the subsidy, the revenue cost for the government is__; v) According to the figure, the deadweight loss due to the subsidy is__; vi) According to the figure, the subsidy in the large-country case causes a deadweight loss. It can be avoided by__:
    • A. 

      I) 50, 75; ii) decrease by $50; iii) decrease, $1,875; iv) $12,500; v) $12,500; and vi) imposing a production subsidy instead of export subsidy

    • B. 

      I) 75, 50; ii) decrease by $75; iii) increased, $1,785; iv) $15,200; v) $15,200; and vi) provide coupon for consumers to buy the product.

    • C. 

      I) 50, 75; ii) decreases by $50; iii) decrease, $1,875; iv) $12,500; v)7.600; and vi) providing cash subsidy to consumer

    • D. 

      I) 75, 50; ii) increase by $75; iii) decrease, $1,875; iv) $21,500; v) $15,200; and vi) providing coupon to sell the product

    • E. 

      I) 50, 75; ii) decrease by $50; iii) decrease, $1,875; iv) $12,500; v) $7,600; and vi) Imposing a production subsidy instead of a export subsidy.

  • 6. 
    Development assistance in the form of food aid is best administered by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Through subsidies to home-country farmers which encourage them to produce more food to distribute around the world

    • B. 

      By restricting imports from countries

    • C. 

      By giving united cash contributions, which will be used to purchase food for as assistance

    • D. 

      By providing cheap loans to poor countries to purchase home-country food

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    For a small nation employing a production subsidy, domestic producers get a payment for every good produced, and domestic consumers:
    • A. 

      Get to purchase the product at the world price the same as before the subsidy.

    • B. 

      Have to pay a higher price for the product

    • C. 

      Get a reduced price for the product

    • D. 

      Purchase more of the product

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Considering the payoff matrix for Airbus above, which of the following options is a Nash equilibrium?
    • A. 

      Boeing produces and Airbus does not produce

    • B. 

      Boeing does not produce and Airbus produces

    • C. 

      Boeing does not produce and Airbus does not produce

    • D. 

      Boing produces and Airbus does not produces; Boing does not produce and Airbus produces

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    The payoff matrix above shows the outcomes of various strategies that Airbus and Boeing might follow in response to action on the part of the other company. This payoff matrix describes actions in developing so-called super-jumbo jets that can carry 600 or more passengers. In each element, the lower left value gives the outcome for Boeing based on the action of Airbus and the upper right value gives the outcome for Airbus based on the action of Boeing. For example, in element A, each company will lose $10 million if they both decide to produce super-jumbo jets. i) Which element(s) is a (are) Nash equilibrium (equilibria)?__; ii) Boeing has decided not to produce super-jumbo jets. Instead, it will continue to market its 450-passenger 747s. Which elements represent this decision?__; iii) If Boeing decide not to produce super-jumbo jets. Instead, it will continue to market its 450-passenger 747s. However, Airbus will produce super-jumbo jets. Which element represents their joint decisions?__; and iv) Boeing has decided not to produce super-jumbo jets. Instead, it will continue to market its 450-passenger 747s. However, Airbus will produce super-jumbo jets. Is Boeing's decision correct?__
    • A. 

      I) B and C; ii) B and D; iii) C; and iv) yes, because it will neither lose nor earn more profits by producing super-jumbo jet

    • B. 

      I) A and C; ii) C and D; iii) B; and iv) No, because it would lose profits if it produced a super-jumbo jet

    • C. 

      I) B and D; ii) B and D; iii) A; and iv) No, because it would earn more profits if it produced a super-jumbo jet.

    • D. 

      I) B and C; ii) C and D; iii) C; and iv) yes, because it would lose profits if it produced a super-jumbo jet.

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    One could use game theory to analyze government subsidies. Given the supplied payoff matrix, what will each nation do if it is a 50-50 guess what the other side will do?
    • A. 

      Europe will subsidize Airbus and the United States will subsidize Boeing

    • B. 

      Europe will not subsidize Airbus and the United States will not subsidize Boeing.

    • C. 

      Europe will subsidize Airbus and the United States will not subsidize Boeing.

    • D. 

      Europe will not subsidize Airbus and the United States will subsidize Boeing.

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    The payoff matrix above shows the outcomes of various strategies that Airbus and Boeing might follow in response to action on the part of the other company. This payoff matrix describes actions in developing so-called super-jumbo jets that can carry 600 or more passengers. In each element, the lower left value gives the outcome for Boeing based on the action of Airbus and the upper right value gives the outcome for Airbus based on the action of Boeing. For example, in element A, each company will lose $10 million if they both decide to produce super-jumbo jets. i) Now suppose that the U.S. government decides to provide a $50 million subsidy to Boeing in order to encourage Boeing to produce super-jumbo jets. Boeing decides to take the subsidy. What is Airbus's best strategy?__ and ii) Which quadrant in the payoff matrix describes the best choices of Airbus and Boeing when Boeing receives a $50 million subsidy?__
    • A. 

      I) continue to produce super-jumbo jets because its profits will not be affected and ii) quadrant A

    • B. 

      I) continue to produce super-jumbo jets even though its profits will fall and ii) quadrant B

    • C. 

      I) discontinue producing super-jumbo jets because its losses are lower than if it produced super jumbo jets and ii) quadrant B

    • D. 

      I) discontinue producing super-jumbo jets because it would neither lose nor earn more profits by producing super-jumbo jets and ii) quadrant C

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    The payoff matrix above are profits in millions of dollars for two software firms that have developed an identically new software application. They are debating whether to give the new application away free and then sell add-ons or sell the application at $30 a copy. i) What is Firm 1’s best strategy?__ and ii) What is the Nash equilibrium of the game?__
    • A. 

      I) give away the application regardless of what firm 2 does and ii) both firm 1 and 2 will give the software application away free

    • B. 

      I) Sell the application at $30 a copy regardless of what Firm 2 does and ii) Firm 1 will give the application away free and Firm 2 will sell it at $30

    • C. 

      I) Give away the application only if Firm 2 sells the application and ii) there is no Nash equilibrium to this game

    • D. 

      I) Give away the application only if Firm 2 gives away the application and ii) Firm 1 will give the application away free and Firm 2 will sell it at $30.

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Firms A and B can conduct research and development (R&D) or not conduct it. R&D is costly but can increase the quality of the product and increase sales. The payoff matrix is the economic profits of the two firms and is given above, where the numbers are millions of dollars. i) A's best strategy is to__ and ii) the Nash equilibrium occurs when__
    • A. 

      I) conduct R&D regardless of what B does and ii) both A and B conduct R&D

    • B. 

      I) not conduct R&D regardless of what B does and ii) only A conducts R&D

    • C. 

      I) conduct R&D only if B conducts R&D and ii) only B conducts R&D

    • D. 

      I) conduct R&D only if B does not conduction R&D and ii) neither A nor B conduct R&D

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    Boeing and Airbus are the world’s only major producers of large, wide-bodied aircrafts. But with the cost of fuel increasing and changing demand in the airline industry, the need for smaller regional jets has increased. Suppose that both firms must decide whether they will produce a smaller plane. We will assume that Boeing has a slight cost advantage over Airbus in both large and small planes, as shown in the payoff matrix (in millions of U.S. dollars) above. Assume that each producer chooses to either produce only large, only small, or no planes at all. What is the Nash equilibrium of this game?
    • A. 

      When Boeing produces small planes/Airbus produces small planes and when Boeing produces large planes/Airbus produces large planes.

    • B. 

      When Boeing produces no planes/Airbus produces large planes and when Boeing produces large planes/Airbus produces small planes

    • C. 

      When Airbus produces small planes/Boeing produce large planes and when Airbus produces large planes/Boeing produce small planes

    • D. 

      When Boeing produces small planes/Airbus produces large planes and when Boeing produces large planes/Airbus produces no planes

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      There is no difference between an agricultural export subsidy and an agricultural production subsidy.

    • B. 

      Agricultural export subsidy applies only to exports, whereas an agricultural production applies to production sold at home and in the export market.

    • C. 

      Agricultural export subsidy applies only to production sold in the home market, whereas an agricultural production subsidy applies to production sold in the export market

    • D. 

      Both agricultural export subsidies and agricultural production subsidies apply to production sold in the home market and in the export market

    • E. 

      Agricultural export subsidy applies only to exports and it causes the export supply curve to increase at home and in the world market whereas an agricultural production subsidy applies to production sold at home and in the export market and it result in lesser increases in home price and export for a small home country.

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Their farmers are put out of business and food production is decreased

    • B. 

      It raises the price of food in recipient nations making it difficult for the population to buy food resulting in decrease in demand and causing local farmers to go out of business.

    • C. 

      It makes them to depend on foreign food aid

    • D. 

      Their farmers are put out of business and food production is decreased, local prices are depressed, and it causes food shortages further down the road as these nations become dependent on food aid.

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 17. 
    Analyze the impact of the following trade policies in order of their negative impact on the home economy I) Production Subsidy Small Country Case II) Production Subsidy Large Country Case III) Export Subsidy Small Country Case IV) Export Subsidy Large Country Case V) Import tariff Small Country Case VI) Import Tariff Large Country Case
    • A. 

      I > IV > III= V > II > IV

    • B. 

      I > IV > III= V > II > IV

    • C. 

      VI > I > III= V > II > IV

    • D. 

      VI > I > II >III= V > IV

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Arrange the following trade policies in order of their effectiveness to help producers in a country and consistent with the targeting principle. I) Production subsidy Large Country II) Export Subsidy Large country III) Cash assistance IV) Import Tariff Large Country
    • A. 

      III > I = II > IV

    • B. 

      I >III > IV >II

    • C. 

      III > 1 > IV > II

    • D. 

      I > III =II > IV

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    Suppose that the world price of sugar is $100 per ton. If a small country gives its sugar exporters a subsidy of $50 per ton, then i) the world price of sugar will___; ii) its importers will receive __; iii) its domestic price of sugar will be ___ by ___; and iv) domestic consumption of sugar will___.
    • A. 

      I) increase by $50 per ton; ii) $150 per ton ; iii) rise by $50 per ton; and iv) fall

    • B. 

      i) remain at $100 per ton; ii) $150 per ton ; iii) rise by $50 per ton; and iv) rise

    • C. 

      I) remain at $100 per ton; ii) $150 per ton; iii)rise by $150 per ton; and iv) fall.

    • D. 

      I) decrease by $50 per ton; ii) $150 per ton ; iii) rise by $50 per ton; and iv) fall.

    • E. 

      I) remain at $100 per ton; ii) $150 per ton; iii) fall by $50 per ton; and iv) fall.

  • 20. 
    One could use game theory to analyze government subsidies. Given the supplied payoff matrix, what will each nation do if it is a 50-50 guess what the other side will do?
    • A. 

      Europe will subsidize Airbus and the United States will subsidize Boeing

    • B. 

      Europe will not subsidize Airbus and the United States will not subsidize Boeing.

    • C. 

      Europe will subsidize Airbus and the United States will not subsidize Boeing.

    • D. 

      Europe will not subsidize Airbus and the United States will subsidize Boeing.

    • E. 

      None of the above