Chapter 10 Burton

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Quizzes Created: 13 | Total Attempts: 21,166
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Tim Burton Quizzes & Trivia

Circle the correct answer. Each question is worth ten points.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Initially, Isabel is taught to use her augumentive communication system to indicate its time for lunch when prompted by the teacher and when she feels hunger. Through instruction over time and withdrawl of the teacher's verbal prompt, Isbel now independently indicates it's time for lunch when her stomach begins growling. This is an example of what gerneralization technique?

    • A.

      Sequentially modify

    • B.

      Train lossely

    • C.

      Mediate generalization

    • D.

      Introduce to naturally maintaining contingencies

    Correct Answer
    D. Introduce to naturally maintaining contingencies
    Explanation
    This scenario demonstrates the technique of introducing Isabel to naturally maintaining contingencies. Initially, Isabel is taught to use her communication system to indicate lunchtime when prompted by the teacher or when she feels hungry. However, over time, the teacher's verbal prompt is withdrawn, and Isabel learns to independently indicate lunchtime when her stomach growls. This shows that Isabel has learned to naturally respond to the contingency of feeling hungry, without relying on external prompts.

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  • 2. 

    Miss Kennedy wants Oliver to learn the skills necessary to successfully participate in a job interview. She provides simulated training opportunities with Oliver that incorporate the same questions an interviewer would ask and the same evironmental configuration. In addition, she has Oliver wear the outfit he will wear to his interview. Which technique for prompting generalization is Miss Kennedy using with Oliver?

    • A.

      Program common stimuli

    • B.

      Train loosely

    • C.

      Train sifficient exemplars

    • D.

      Use indiscriminable contingencies

    Correct Answer
    A. Program common stimuli
    Explanation
    Miss Kennedy is using the technique of "programming common stimuli" with Oliver. This means that she is creating training opportunities that incorporate the same questions and environmental configuration as a real job interview. By doing this, she is helping Oliver to generalize his skills and knowledge from the training to the actual interview setting. Additionally, by having Oliver wear the outfit he will wear to his interview, she is further enhancing the common stimuli and preparing him for the specific context of the job interview.

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  • 3. 

    This procedure of generalization requires that the procedure successfully used to change a behavior in one setting be applied to all the settings in which the desired behavior change should occur.

    • A.

      Train and hope

    • B.

      Train loosely

    • C.

      Train sifficient exemplars

    • D.

      Use indiscriminable contingencies

    Correct Answer
    C. Train sifficient exemplars
    Explanation
    The procedure of generalization requires that the behavior change that was successful in one setting should be applied to all the other settings where the desired change is needed. To achieve this, it is necessary to train a sufficient number of exemplars, which means providing enough examples or instances of the desired behavior in various settings. By doing so, individuals will have a better understanding and ability to generalize the behavior change across different situations.

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  • 4. 

    Wehn teaching students to generalize, this procedure provides that the teacher delivers reinforcement only for responses that are different from previous repsonses to the cue.

    • A.

      Stimulus generalization

    • B.

      Lag schedule of reinforcement

    • C.

      Differential reinforcement

    • D.

      Response generalization

    Correct Answer
    B. Lag schedule of reinforcement
    Explanation
    A lag schedule of reinforcement is a procedure where the teacher delivers reinforcement only for responses that are different from previous responses to the cue. This means that the teacher is encouraging students to generalize their learning by responding in new and varied ways. By reinforcing only novel responses, students are motivated to think creatively and explore different possibilities, leading to a broader understanding and application of the learned concept. This technique helps in promoting stimulus generalization and response generalization among students.

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  • 5. 

    Ms. Wilson's class went two days a week to work at a local grocery store. To assist with generalization, such as sorting, she created a simulation of the grocery store in their classroom. This is an example of teaching gerneralization using:

    • A.

      Indiscriminable contingencies

    • B.

      Programming common stimuli

    • C.

      Training loosely

    • D.

      General case programming

    Correct Answer
    B. Programming common stimuli
    Explanation
    This scenario describes Ms. Wilson creating a simulation of a grocery store in the classroom to assist with generalization. By replicating the common stimuli found in a real grocery store, she is programming common stimuli to teach generalization. This means that she is exposing her students to the same or similar stimuli that they would encounter in the actual setting, helping them to transfer their learning and skills from the classroom to the real world.

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  • 6. 

    Students may be trained to be reinforced by generalization as a response class. This is described as:

    • A.

      Programming common stimuli

    • B.

      General case programming

    • C.

      Training to generalize

    • D.

      Training sifficient exemplars

    Correct Answer
    C. Training to generalize
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "training to generalize." This refers to the process of teaching students to respond to a variety of stimuli that share common characteristics. By training students to generalize, they are able to apply their learned skills and knowledge to different situations or contexts. This helps them to transfer their learning from one setting to another, increasing their overall understanding and ability to adapt to new situations.

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  • 7. 

    A driver is taught to push the accelerator when the traffic light turn green. While at work, she opens the dishwasher door, only when the light turns green. This is an example of:

    • A.

      Stimulus generalization

    • B.

      Response maintenance

    • C.

      Behavioral presistance

    • D.

      Response generalization

    Correct Answer
    D. Response generalization
    Explanation
    Response generalization refers to the tendency of a learned response to be emitted in the presence of stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus. In this case, the driver has generalized the response of pushing the accelerator when the traffic light turns green to opening the dishwasher door when the light turns green. The driver is applying the same response to a different situation that shares similar features, demonstrating response generalization.

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  • 8. 

    Ms. Coulter was successful using a token reinforcement system with Jordan to decrease his inappropriate behaviors in her class. Mr. Johnson is now going to implement the same toekn system in his class in hopes that Jordan's behavior will improve. This is an example of what generalization technique?

    • A.

      Train lossely

    • B.

      Sequentially modify

    • C.

      Introduce to naturally maintaining contingencies

    • D.

      Mediate generalization

    Correct Answer
    B. Sequentially modify
    Explanation
    This scenario exemplifies the technique of sequentially modifying. It involves implementing a successful strategy or intervention used in one situation or with one individual and applying it to a different situation or individual in the hopes of achieving similar positive outcomes. In this case, Ms. Coulter's successful use of a token reinforcement system with Jordan has led Mr. Johnson to try the same approach in his class, expecting improvements in Jordan's behavior. This demonstrates the sequential modification of the intervention from one context to another.

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  • 9. 

    Mr. Hawkins wants Abel to learn to purchase a newspaper from a newspaper vending machine. Over two weeks, Abel purchases newspapers from our different newspaper machines. This is an example of what generalization technique?

    • A.

      Train loosely

    • B.

      Train sifficient exemplars

    • C.

      Sequentiallu modify

    • D.

      Train to generalize

    Correct Answer
    B. Train sifficient exemplars
    Explanation
    This scenario of Mr. Hawkins having Abel purchase newspapers from different vending machines over two weeks demonstrates the generalization technique of training with sufficient exemplars. By exposing Abel to multiple instances of purchasing newspapers from different machines, he is able to generalize his understanding and skills to be able to purchase from any newspaper vending machine. This technique ensures that Abel has enough varied experiences to learn and apply the skill effectively.

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  • 10. 

    Jennifer learns to discriminate between hot and cold be operating the sick controls in the science lab. She has maintained 100% accuracy on the skill over several weeks. When she has to wash her hands in the restroom at Burger Barn next week, it is anticipated that she will independently use the water controls. The generalization technique being used here is:

    • A.

      Train loosely

    • B.

      Train and hope

    • C.

      Use indiscriminable contingencies

    • D.

      Program common stimuli

    Correct Answer
    B. Train and hope
    Explanation
    The generalization technique being used here is "train and hope". This means that Jennifer has been trained to discriminate between hot and cold water controls in the science lab, and it is hoped that she will be able to independently use the water controls in the restroom at Burger Barn based on her previous training.

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