1.
Who said "The universe can not be read until we learn the language and become familiar with the characters in which it is writte"?
Correct Answer
B. Galileo Galilei
Explanation
Galileo Galilei is the correct answer because he stated, "The universe can not be read until we learn the language and become familiar with the characters in which it is written." This quote emphasizes the importance of understanding the language and symbols of the universe in order to comprehend its workings and mysteries. Galileo Galilei, an Italian astronomer and physicist, made significant contributions to the field of astronomy and is known for his observations and theories about the nature of the universe.
2.
Who referred to mathematics as the queen of science?
Correct Answer
A. Carl Friedrich Gauss
Explanation
Carl Friedrich Gauss referred to mathematics as the queen of science. This is because Gauss was a renowned mathematician who made significant contributions to various fields of mathematics, including number theory, algebra, and statistics. He believed that mathematics was the foundation of all other sciences and that its principles and methods were fundamental to understanding the natural world. Gauss's recognition of mathematics as the queen of science highlights the importance and power of mathematics in advancing knowledge and understanding in other disciplines.
3.
........................ says as far as law of mathematics is reality, they are not certain and as far as they are certain they do not refer to reality?
Correct Answer
A. Ahraham Bennett
4.
The history of mathematics can be seen as an ever increasing series of .............................?
Correct Answer
D. Abstractions
Explanation
The history of mathematics is marked by the development of higher levels of abstraction, from concrete counting and measurement to abstract concepts like numbers, algebra, and beyond. Each new abstraction builds on previous knowledge, allowing for more complex and sophisticated mathematical theories and applications, reflecting the subject's evolving nature.
5.
When did evidence of complex Mathematics start to appear?
Correct Answer
A. 3000 BC
Explanation
Evidence of complex Mathematics started to appear around 3000 BC. This is supported by archaeological findings and historical records from ancient civilizations such as the Sumerians and the Egyptians. These civilizations developed advanced mathematical systems and techniques for various purposes, including trade, architecture, and astronomy. The discovery of clay tablets with mathematical calculations and equations, as well as the construction of elaborate structures like the pyramids, are examples of the evidence of complex Mathematics during this time period.
6.
Where did the first elementary arithmetic first appear in records?
Correct Answer
A. Archaeological
Explanation
The first elementary arithmetic first appeared in records through archaeological findings. This suggests that evidence of early mathematical calculations and number systems can be traced back to ancient civilizations. These archaeological records provide insights into the development and understanding of basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in ancient societies.
7.
Who invented Algebra?
Correct Answer
B. Al Khwarizmi
Explanation
Al Khwarizmi is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the father of algebra. He was a Persian mathematician and astronomer who lived during the Islamic Golden Age. Al Khwarizmi's book, "Kitab al-Jabr wa al-Muqabalah," introduced the concept of algebra and laid the foundation for its development. His work revolutionized mathematics by introducing systematic methods for solving equations and developing algebraic notation. Al Khwarizmi's contributions to mathematics had a significant impact on the field and his name is synonymous with the invention of algebra.
8.
Where did the word Mathematic come from?
Correct Answer
B. Ancient Greek
Explanation
The word "Mathematic" originated from Ancient Greek. The Greeks made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and were known for their advancements in geometry, algebra, and number theory. The word "Mathematic" itself comes from the Greek word "mathematikos," which means "inclined to learn" or "studious." The Ancient Greeks, including famous mathematicians like Pythagoras and Euclid, laid the foundation for modern mathematics and their work continues to influence the field to this day.
9.
What is the name of the Italian mathematicians who introduced Hindu-Arabic numeral system?
Correct Answer
A. Leonard Fibonacci
Explanation
Leonard Fibonacci is the correct answer because he was an Italian mathematician who introduced the Hindu-Arabic numeral system to Europe in his book Liber Abaci. This numeral system, which uses the digits 0-9 and a place value system, revolutionized mathematics and became the standard system used worldwide today. Fibonacci's work greatly influenced European mathematics and paved the way for modern arithmetic and algebraic notation.
10.
Mathematics arises from different type of .......................?
Correct Answer
D. Problems
Explanation
Mathematics arises from different types of problems. Problems serve as the catalyst for mathematical exploration and discovery. They provide the context and motivation for developing mathematical concepts, techniques, and theories. By analyzing and solving problems, mathematicians are able to uncover patterns, relationships, and structures that form the foundation of mathematical knowledge. Therefore, problems play a crucial role in the development and advancement of mathematics.
11.
Pythagoras invented:
Correct Answer
B. Pythagoras Theorem
Explanation
Pythagoras is credited with inventing the Pythagorean theorem, which states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. This theorem is fundamental in mathematics and has numerous applications in geometry and trigonometry. It is named after Pythagoras because he is believed to have been the first to prove it mathematically, although it is possible that he learned it from earlier civilizations.
12.
Aryabhata gave the world number "0".
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Aryabhata, an ancient Indian mathematician, is credited with introducing the number "0" to the world. This concept revolutionized mathematics and had a significant impact on various fields such as science, technology, and commerce. The invention of zero allowed for the development of place-value notation and made complex calculations and algebraic equations much easier to solve. Therefore, it is true that Aryabhata gave the world the number "0".