Ch. 7-commerce And Culture

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Ch. 7-commerce And Culture - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Long-distance trade generated change between 500 and 1500 C.E. because

    • A.

      It motivated the creation of states in various regions of the world.

    • B.

      it affected the day-to-day working lives of many people.

    • C.

      It became the vehicle for the spread of ideas and diseases

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Long-distance trade between 500 and 1500 C.E. had a significant impact on various aspects. Firstly, it motivated the creation of states in different regions, as the economic benefits of trade led to the consolidation of power and the formation of organized political entities. Secondly, it affected the day-to-day working lives of many individuals, as they were involved in trade activities and relied on it for their livelihoods. Lastly, trade became a means for the spread of ideas and diseases, as contact between different regions facilitated the exchange of knowledge, cultures, and unfortunately, illnesses. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is TRUE of the Silk Roads?

    • A.

      The Silk Roads linked the entire world into a single trade network.

    • B.

      The Silk Roads linked the large civilizations on the outer rim of the Eurasian continent but bypassed the pastoral peoples of the interior.

    • C.

      The Silk Roads were largely a "relay trade" route, in which goods were passed down the line rather than carried by one merchant along the entire route.

    • D.

      Although important, the Silk Roads never carried as large a volume of long-distance trade as the American network.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Silk Roads were largely a "relay trade" route, in which goods were passed down the line rather than carried by one merchant along the entire route.
    Explanation
    The Silk Roads were largely a "relay trade" route, in which goods were passed down the line rather than carried by one merchant along the entire route. This means that goods were exchanged between different merchants at various points along the Silk Roads, rather than being transported by a single merchant from one end to the other. This allowed for the exchange of goods and ideas between different regions and civilizations, contributing to the cultural and economic interconnectedness of the Eurasian continent.

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  • 3. 

    Silk

    • A.

      Became such a common fabric along the Silk Roads that wearing it no longer conferred high status.

    • B.

      Was used as currency and as a means of accumulating wealth in Central Asia.

    • C.

      Was produced only in China until 1500 C.E.

    • D.

      Was rejected as unholy by Buddhist monks.

    Correct Answer
    B. Was used as currency and as a means of accumulating wealth in Central Asia.
    Explanation
    Silk was used as currency and as a means of accumulating wealth in Central Asia. Along the Silk Roads, silk became a highly valued commodity and was used as a form of currency. It was traded extensively, and its value allowed individuals to accumulate wealth through its exchange. This practice contributed to the economic significance of silk along the Silk Roads and its role in facilitating trade and commerce in Central Asia.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following was NOT a factor that facilitated the spread of Buddhism along the Silk Roads?

    • A.

      Followers of the Zoroastrian faith embraced Buddhism in large numbers.

    • B.

      Buddhist monks traveled along the Silk Roads to spread their religion.

    • C.

      Wealthy Buddhist merchants built monasteries in Silk Road towns in order to earn religious merit.

    • D.

      Foreign merchants introduced Buddhism to northern China.

    Correct Answer
    A. Followers of the Zoroastrian faith embraced Buddhism in large numbers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Followers of the Zoroastrian faith embraced Buddhism in large numbers." This answer is not a factor that facilitated the spread of Buddhism along the Silk Roads because Zoroastrianism and Buddhism are two separate religions with different beliefs and practices. The spread of Buddhism along the Silk Roads was facilitated by factors such as Buddhist monks traveling to spread their religion, wealthy Buddhist merchants building monasteries, and foreign merchants introducing Buddhism to northern China.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is true about the impact of The Silk Road on Buddhism

    • A.

      Many Buddhist monks adopted the use of the luxurious silk fabric into religious practice

    • B.

      Buddhists widely began to depict Buddha as a deity

    • C.

      The gods of many local peoples along the Silk Roads were incorporated into Buddhist practice.

    • D.

      All of the above are true

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are true
    Explanation
    The impact of The Silk Road on Buddhism was significant in various ways. Firstly, many Buddhist monks adopted the use of luxurious silk fabric into their religious practices, symbolizing wealth and prosperity. Secondly, Buddhists started depicting Buddha as a deity, elevating his status and emphasizing his divine nature. Lastly, the gods worshipped by local communities along the Silk Roads were incorporated into Buddhist practice, leading to a syncretic blend of beliefs. Therefore, all of the given statements are true in terms of the impact of The Silk Road on Buddhism.

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  • 6. 

    The exchange of diseases along the Silk Roads 

    • A.

      While at times deadly to both agricultural and pastoral peoples, did not alter the balance between these two peoples in Eurasia.

    • B.

      Forced new Islamic converts to question their faith in Allah

    • C.

      Ultimately gave Western Europeans an advantage in later centuries when they confronted the peoples of the Western Hemisphere who had not been exposed to the diseases of the Silk Roads.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Ultimately gave Western Europeans an advantage in later centuries when they confronted the peoples of the Western Hemisphere who had not been exposed to the diseases of the Silk Roads.
    Explanation
    The exchange of diseases along the Silk Roads ultimately gave Western Europeans an advantage in later centuries when they confronted the peoples of the Western Hemisphere who had not been exposed to the diseases of the Silk Roads. This is because the diseases that spread along the Silk Roads, such as smallpox, had already devastated and weakened the populations of Eurasia. When Europeans arrived in the Western Hemisphere, they brought these diseases with them, which had a devastating impact on the indigenous populations who had no immunity to these diseases. This gave the Europeans an advantage in their conquest and colonization of the Americas.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following was NOT an important Eurasian trade route before 1450?

    • A.

      The Sand Roads across the Sahara Desert

    • B.

      The Sea Roads across the Indian Ocean

    • C.

      The Atlantic Ocean Roads across the eastern Atlantic between Europe and equatorial West Africa

    • D.

      The Silk Roads across Central Asia

    Correct Answer
    C. The Atlantic Ocean Roads across the eastern Atlantic between Europe and equatorial West Africa
    Explanation
    The Atlantic Ocean Roads across the eastern Atlantic between Europe and equatorial West Africa were not an important Eurasian trade route before 1450. The other three options, the Sand Roads across the Sahara Desert, the Sea Roads across the Indian Ocean, and the Silk Roads across Central Asia, were all significant trade routes connecting different regions of Eurasia. However, the Atlantic Ocean route did not play a major role in trade between Europe and equatorial West Africa during this time period.

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  • 8. 

    China contributed to the growth of trade in the Indian Ocean between 500 and 1500 C.E. in all EXCEPT which of the following ways?

    • A.

      The Chinese state under the Tang and Song dynasties actively encouraged maritime trade.

    • B.

      The invention of the magnetic compass in China improved navigation.

    • C.

      China provided a vast and attractive market for Indian and Southeast Asian goods.

    • D.

      The Chinese state under the Tang and Song dynasties prohibited Chinese merchants from traveling along the Silk Road, effectively forcing them to trade along the Indian Ocean trade routes.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Chinese state under the Tang and Song dynasties prohibited Chinese merchants from traveling along the Silk Road, effectively forcing them to trade along the Indian Ocean trade routes.
    Explanation
    China contributed to the growth of trade in the Indian Ocean between 500 and 1500 C.E. in several ways. Firstly, the Chinese state under the Tang and Song dynasties actively encouraged maritime trade, which helped to stimulate and expand trade networks in the Indian Ocean. Secondly, the invention of the magnetic compass in China greatly improved navigation, making it easier for Chinese and other traders to navigate the vast Indian Ocean. Additionally, China provided a vast and attractive market for Indian and Southeast Asian goods, creating a demand that further fueled trade in the region. However, the Chinese state under the Tang and Song dynasties did not prohibit Chinese merchants from traveling along the Silk Road, as stated in the answer.

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  • 9. 

    All of the states that emerged in West Africa after 500 C.E.

    • A.

      Were organized as stateless states.

    • B.

      Drew upon the wealth of the trans-Saharan trade.

    • C.

      Adopted and adapted either the Hindu or Buddhist faiths.

    • D.

      Outlawed slavery.

    Correct Answer
    B. Drew upon the wealth of the trans-Saharan trade.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "drew upon the wealth of the trans-Saharan trade." This is because after 500 C.E., many states in West Africa benefited from the trans-Saharan trade, which involved the exchange of goods such as gold, salt, and slaves across the Sahara Desert. The wealth generated from this trade route allowed these states to prosper and develop strong economies.

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  • 10. 

    What phenomenon made the Indian Ocean economy possible?

    • A.

      Trade winds

    • B.

      Monsoon winds

    • C.

      The slave trade

    • D.

      Opening of China to the west

    Correct Answer
    B. Monsoon winds
    Explanation
    Monsoon winds made the Indian Ocean economy possible. The regular and predictable monsoon winds allowed for efficient maritime trade between different regions in the Indian Ocean. These winds facilitated the movement of ships, enabling traders to navigate the ocean and establish trade routes. The monsoon winds played a crucial role in connecting different cultures, facilitating the exchange of goods, ideas, and technologies across the Indian Ocean region.

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  • 11. 

    Which religion primarily spread via the Indian Ocean economy?

    • A.

      Hinduism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Islam

    • D.

      Zoroastrianism

    Correct Answer
    C. Islam
    Explanation
    Islam primarily spread via the Indian Ocean economy because of the extensive trade networks that existed in the region during the medieval period. Merchants and traders from Muslim-majority regions such as Arabia, Persia, and the Indian subcontinent played a significant role in spreading the religion through their interactions and cultural exchanges with people in the Indian Ocean region. The trade routes facilitated the movement of goods, ideas, and religious beliefs, leading to the spread of Islam to various coastal areas and islands in Southeast Asia, East Africa, and the Indian subcontinent.

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  • 12. 

    What was the sought after resource which made the trans-Saharan trade profitable?

    • A.

      Sheep

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Aluminum

    • D.

      Gold

    Correct Answer
    D. Gold
    Explanation
    The sought after resource that made the trans-Saharan trade profitable was gold. Gold was highly valued and in high demand during this time period, making it a lucrative commodity for trade. The trans-Saharan trade route allowed for the exchange of goods, including gold, between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, contributing to the economic prosperity of the regions involved.

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  • 13. 

    What two things were integral to making the trans-Saharan trade possible?

    • A.

      Gold and silver

    • B.

      Camels and the ocean

    • C.

      Ivory and slaves

    • D.

      Camels and oases

    Correct Answer
    D. Camels and oases
    Explanation
    Camels and oases were integral to making the trans-Saharan trade possible. Camels were the primary mode of transportation across the vast desert, as they were well-adapted to the harsh conditions and could travel long distances without water. Oases, on the other hand, provided crucial water sources along the trade routes, allowing traders and their camels to rest and replenish their supplies. Without camels and oases, it would have been nearly impossible to traverse the desert and sustain the trade networks that connected North Africa with the Sahel region and beyond.

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  • 14. 

    Mesoamerica and the Andes

    • A.

      Ran similar regional economies controlled by the state, which tried to suppress all private merchant activity.

    • B.

      Were in close contact, creating by far the largest and most important long-distance trade network in the Americas.

    • C.

      Had little to trade with each other, because both regions grew the same crops and had the same resources.

    • D.

      Seem to have had little direct contact with each other.

    Correct Answer
    D. Seem to have had little direct contact with each other.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that Mesoamerica and the Andes had little direct contact with each other. This means that they did not have significant interactions or trade relationships. This is supported by the statement that they ran similar regional economies controlled by the state, indicating that they focused more on internal trade and self-sufficiency rather than engaging in extensive trade with each other.

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  • 15. 

    What is a quipu?

    • A.

      A type of teepee used by the Cahokia in the Americas.

    • B.

      A measure of weight used by the Aztecs.

    • C.

      Knotted cords used to record numerical data by the Incas.

    • D.

      A stone tool used for planting and harvesting.

    Correct Answer
    C. Knotted cords used to record numerical data by the Incas.
    Explanation
    A quipu is a device used by the Incas to record numerical data. It consists of a series of knotted cords, with different colors, lengths, and types of knots representing different numbers and categories of information. The Incas used quipus as a form of communication and record-keeping, as they did not have a written language. The knots on the cords could be untied and rearranged to update or retrieve information, making quipus a versatile tool for data management in the Inca civilization.

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  • 16. 

    How did third-wave civilizations differ from classical civilizations?

    • A.

      Third-wave civilizations usually arose in regions where no classical civilizations existed.

    • B.

      Third-wave civilizations lacked the sharp class distinctions seen in classical civilizations.

    • C.

      Third-wave civilizations spawned universal religions like Islam and Christianity, whereas classical civilizations created no universal religions.

    • D.

      Third-wave civilizations unlike classical civilizations participated in long-distance trade.

    Correct Answer
    D. Third-wave civilizations unlike classical civilizations participated in long-distance trade.
    Explanation
    Third-wave civilizations differed from classical civilizations in terms of their participation in long-distance trade. Unlike classical civilizations, third-wave civilizations actively engaged in trade over long distances. This means that they had extensive networks and connections with other regions, allowing for the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultures. In contrast, classical civilizations may have had trade networks, but they were not as extensive or widespread as those of third-wave civilizations.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following was not involved in the Indian Ocean trade network?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      India

    • C.

      Europe

    • D.

      Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. Europe
    Explanation
    Europe was not involved in the Indian Ocean trade network. The Indian Ocean trade network was a complex system of maritime trade routes that connected various regions including China, India, and Africa. Europe, on the other hand, had its own trade networks such as the Mediterranean trade routes and the Silk Road. While Europe did have some contact and trade with the Indian Ocean region, it was not a major player in the Indian Ocean trade network.

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  • 18. 

    The term _____________ refers to the land-based trade routes that crossed Eurasia, linking the Mediterranean basin to China.

    • A.

      "Sand Roads"

    • B.

      "China Roads"

    • C.

      "Saharan Roads"

    • D.

      "Silk Roads"

    Correct Answer
    D. "Silk Roads"
    Explanation
    The term "Silk Roads" refers to the land-based trade routes that crossed Eurasia, linking the Mediterranean basin to China. These routes were named after the valuable commodity of silk, which was one of the major goods traded along these routes. The Silk Roads played a crucial role in facilitating cultural exchange, economic growth, and the spread of ideas and technologies between different civilizations in the ancient world.

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  • 19. 

    One-third or more of the population of Europe died of ____________ between 1346 and 1350.

    • A.

      Smallpox

    • B.

      Measles

    • C.

      The Black Death

    • D.

      A still unidentified disease

    Correct Answer
    C. The Black Death
    Explanation
    Between 1346 and 1350, Europe experienced a devastating pandemic known as the Black Death. This outbreak resulted in the death of at least one-third of the population. The Black Death was caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which was primarily transmitted by fleas that infested black rats. This disease spread rapidly throughout Europe, causing severe symptoms such as fever, swollen lymph nodes, and blackened skin patches. The high mortality rate and the impact it had on European society make the Black Death the correct answer to this question.

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  • 20. 

    The kingdom of _____________ dominated the Straits of Malacca between 670 and 1025 C.E.

    • A.

      Angkor

    • B.

      Kerala

    • C.

      Srivijaya

    • D.

      Sailendra

    Correct Answer
    C. Srivijaya
    Explanation
    Srivijaya is the correct answer because it was a powerful kingdom that controlled the Straits of Malacca from 670 to 1025 C.E. This kingdom was located in Southeast Asia and had a strong maritime presence, which allowed it to dominate trade in the region. Srivijaya's control over the Straits of Malacca gave it significant economic and political influence, making it a dominant power during that time period.

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  • 21. 

    Emerging in the eighth century C.E., the _____________ civilization took shape as a number of independent commercial city-states along the East African coast.

    • A.

      Swahili

    • B.

      Ethiopian

    • C.

      Madagascar

    • D.

      Jenne-jeno

    Correct Answer
    A. Swahili
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Swahili. The Swahili civilization emerged in the eighth century C.E. as a number of independent commercial city-states along the East African coast. The Swahili people were known for their trade networks and cultural exchange with other civilizations, particularly with Arab and Persian traders. They developed a unique culture and language, blending elements of African, Arab, and Persian influences. The Swahili city-states were centers of trade, with goods such as gold, ivory, and slaves being exchanged. The Swahili civilization played a significant role in the Indian Ocean trade network and had a lasting impact on the region's history and culture.

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  • 22. 

    Located at the confluence of the Mississippi, Illinois, and Missouri rivers, __________ lay at the center of a widespread trading network in North America.

    • A.

      Chaco

    • B.

      Orinoco

    • C.

      Songhay

    • D.

      Cahokia

    Correct Answer
    D. Cahokia
    Explanation
    Cahokia is the correct answer because it was located at the confluence of the Mississippi, Illinois, and Missouri rivers. This strategic location allowed Cahokia to become a central hub for trade in North America, as it was easily accessible by waterways. The convergence of these rivers also provided Cahokia with fertile land for agriculture, further contributing to its economic importance in the region.

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  • 23. 

    What event proved to be the decisive blow to the Indian Ocean economy?

    • A.

      Mongol invasion of India

    • B.

      Collapse of the ivory industry

    • C.

      Collapse of the price of gold

    • D.

      European exploration

    Correct Answer
    D. European exploration
    Explanation
    European exploration proved to be the decisive blow to the Indian Ocean economy because it opened up new trade routes and shifted the center of global trade from the Indian Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. The European powers, such as Portugal, Spain, and later the Dutch and British, established direct trade connections with Asia, bypassing the traditional Indian Ocean trading networks. This led to a decline in the importance of the Indian Ocean as a hub of trade and commerce, impacting the economies of the region and causing a shift in global trade dynamics.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 06, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Mskrod

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