Ch 1 Section 3 Representing Earth's Surface

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Ch 1  Section 3   Representing Earth

This quiz will provide feedback of your understand of concepts in Unit 3 of Chapter 1. Please Read Each question carefully.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    On the global grid, the prime meridian is at ___________ .

    • A.

      0 degrees latitude

    • B.

      90 degress longitude

    • C.

      0 degrees longitude

    Correct Answer
    C. 0 degrees longitude
    Explanation
    The prime meridian is the line of longitude that passes through Greenwich, England, and is designated as 0 degrees longitude. This line serves as the reference point for measuring longitude around the world. Therefore, the correct answer is 0 degrees longitude.

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  • 2. 

    Differences in elevation are BEST shown using a _________________ .

    • A.

      Mercator projection map

    • B.

      Robinson projection map

    • C.

      Topographic map

    Correct Answer
    C. Topographic map
    Explanation
    A topographic map is the best way to show differences in elevation because it uses contour lines to depict changes in the height of the land. Contour lines connect points of equal elevation, allowing viewers to easily visualize the shape and steepness of the terrain. This type of map provides detailed information about the elevation of different areas, making it ideal for activities such as hiking, mountaineering, and land surveying. In contrast, Mercator and Robinson projection maps are not specifically designed to display elevation data and are more commonly used for general reference or navigation purposes.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following uses colors and symbols to represent concepts on a map?

    • A.

      Legend

    • B.

      Scale

    • C.

      Latitude

    • D.

      Time zone

    Correct Answer
    A. Legend
    Explanation
    A legend is a visual representation on a map that uses colors and symbols to represent concepts. It helps to explain the meaning of these colors and symbols, making it easier for the map reader to understand the information being conveyed. A legend is typically located in a corner of the map and provides a key to interpret the various features and elements shown on the map.

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  • 4. 

    When we say that a city is located at longitude 120°E, we mean that it is located

    • A.

      West of the Prime Meridian.

    • B.

      East of the Equator.

    • C.

      North of the Equator.

    • D.

      East of the Prime Meridian.

    Correct Answer
    D. East of the Prime Meridian.
    Explanation
    When we say that a city is located at longitude 120°E, it means that it is positioned east of the Prime Meridian. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude that divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, with 0° longitude passing through Greenwich, London. Therefore, a city located at longitude 120°E would be 120 degrees east of this reference point, indicating that it is situated to the east of the Prime Meridian.

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  • 5. 

    What type of map is this?

    • A.

      Small scale

    • B.

      Large scale

    Correct Answer
    B. Large scale
    Explanation
    This map is a large scale map because it provides a detailed view of a small area. Large scale maps typically show a smaller geographic area with more detail and information, such as street names, landmarks, and individual buildings. This allows for a more in-depth understanding of the specific location being depicted on the map.

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  • 6. 

    What type of map is this? 

    • A.

      Economic Activity

    • B.

      Physical

    • C.

      Political

    • D.

      Population Density

    Correct Answer
    D. Population Density
    Explanation
    This map is a representation of population density. It shows the distribution and concentration of people in different areas. It provides information about the number of people living in a particular region, allowing for an understanding of the population patterns and trends.

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  • 7. 

    How many standard time zones are there in the world?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      16

    • D.

      24

    Correct Answer
    D. 24
    Explanation
    There are 24 standard time zones in the world. This is because the Earth is divided into 24 longitudinal sections, each approximately 15 degrees wide, and each section represents a different time zone. This allows for standardization of time across different regions, making it easier for people to coordinate schedules and activities across the globe.

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  • 8. 

    What type of map is this? (Type political, physical, or thematic. SPELLING COUNTS!)

    Correct Answer
    physical map
    physical
    physical
    Explanation
    A physical map shows mostly natural features like mountains, rivers and plains. It usually uses colors like brown and red to show altitude.

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  • 9. 

    This map is a (type political, physical, or thematic. SPELLING COUNTS!)

    Correct Answer
    thematic map
    thematic
    Thematic
    Explanation
    A thematic map can be about ANY theme or topic. This one is about economic activity in Alabama.

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  • 10. 

    Where is this map most distorted?

    • A.

      Near the Equator

    • B.

      In the high latitudes

    • C.

      In the low latitudes

    • D.

      In the middle latitudes

    Correct Answer
    B. In the high latitudes
    Explanation
    The high latitudes are at the North and South Poles. This map is called a Mercator projection. It means Antarctica and Greenland look very stretched out and distorted.

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  • 11. 

    This map projection is best for

    • A.

      Showing the oceans clearly.

    • B.

      Seeing the true size and shape of the continents, because it is not distorted.

    • C.

      Showing the distances between the continents.

    • D.

      Seeing Antarctica.

    Correct Answer
    B. Seeing the true size and shape of the continents, because it is not distorted.
    Explanation
    This map is not distorted - it is INTERRUPTED. That makes it bad for looking at oceans, distances, and Antarctica, but it shows the continents' shapes and sizes well.

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  • 12. 

    Why is it hard to make a map of the world?

    • A.

      It is hard to make a round shape perfectly flat.

    • B.

      The world is too big.

    • C.

      The mountains are too high.

    • D.

      People can't agree on how to draw it.

    Correct Answer
    A. It is hard to make a round shape perfectly flat.
    Explanation
    When we make maps of the world they are either INTERRUPTED (cut up) or DISTORTED (stretched) because it is hard to make a round shape flat. Think about peeling a basketball!

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  • 13. 

    What type of map is this? (type political, physical or thematic. SPELLING COUNTS!)

    Correct Answer
    thematic
    thematic map
    Thematic
    thematic
    Explanation
    Thematic maps are about a certain theme or topic. This one is about climate.

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  • 14. 

    This map is really distorted.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Distorted means stretched. This map is peeled right off the globe. It is "INTERRUPTED," but NOT distorted.

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  • 15. 

    Longitude starts at an imaginary line running through Greenwich, England. What is the name of this imaginary line?

    • A.

      Prime Meridian

    • B.

      Internation date line

    • C.

      Continental divide

    Correct Answer
    A. Prime Meridian
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Prime Meridian. The Prime Meridian is an imaginary line that runs through Greenwich, England, and serves as the starting point for measuring longitude. It divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

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  • 16. 

    Which region of Mexico has the MOST volcanoes?

    • A.

      Northern Mexico

    • B.

      Southern Mexico

    • C.

      The eastern coast

    Correct Answer
    B. Southern Mexico
    Explanation
    Southern Mexico has the most volcanoes compared to other regions in Mexico. This region is part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, which is a volcanic arc that stretches across central and southern Mexico. It is characterized by a high concentration of active and dormant volcanoes, including famous ones like Popocatepetl and Colima. The volcanic activity in Southern Mexico is due to the subduction of the Cocos Plate beneath the North American Plate, creating a favorable environment for volcanic eruptions.

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  • 17. 

    Which is a measure of how far East or West you are traveling?

    • A.

      Latitude

    • B.

      Longitude

    • C.

      Attitude

    • D.

      Altitude

    Correct Answer
    B. Longitude
    Explanation
    Longitude is a measure of how far East or West you are traveling. It is a geographical coordinate that specifies the East-West position of a point on the Earth's surface. It is measured in degrees, with the Prime Meridian (0 degrees) serving as the reference point for measuring East or West. As you move East or West from the Prime Meridian, the longitude value increases or decreases accordingly. Therefore, longitude is the correct answer to the question as it directly relates to the measurement of East or West travel.

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  • 18. 

    90 degrees north of the Equator is the ...

    • A.

      Prime Meridian

    • B.

      International Date Line

    • C.

      Arctic Circle

    • D.

      Equator

    • E.

      North Pole

    Correct Answer
    E. North Pole
    Explanation
    The North Pole is located 90 degrees north of the Equator. It is the point on Earth where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects with its surface. This means that the North Pole is the northernmost point on the Earth.

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  • 19. 

    An imaginary line that circles the Earth at 0 degrees latitude is called the.....

    • A.

      Prime Meridian

    • B.

      International Date Line

    • C.

      Arctic Circle

    • D.

      Equator

    • E.

      North Pole

    Correct Answer
    D. Equator
    Explanation
    The equator is an imaginary line that circles the Earth at 0 degrees latitude. It divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. The equator is the longest line of latitude and is located halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole. It is known for having a hot and tropical climate, as it receives direct sunlight throughout the year.

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  • 20. 

    Which is a measure of how far East or West you are traveling?

    • A.

      Latitude

    • B.

      Longitude

    • C.

      Attitude

    • D.

      Altitude

    Correct Answer
    B. Longitude
    Explanation
    Longitude is a measure of how far East or West you are traveling. It is a geographic coordinate that specifies the East-West position of a point on the Earth's surface relative to the Prime Meridian. The Prime Meridian is the line of 0 degrees longitude, which passes through Greenwich, London. As you move East or West from the Prime Meridian, the longitude value increases or decreases respectively, indicating your position in terms of East or West. Therefore, longitude is the correct measure for determining the East or West direction of travel.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 22, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Rdteague
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