# CFOA 2010 Study Guide Online

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Assumptions• Unless noted, all passes are legal forward passes and all kicks are legal. • Unless noted, plays do not involve the last timed down of a period. • Unless noted, all kicks are untouched beyond the neutral zone or beyond the free-kick line. • Unless noted, all penalties are accepted. • Unless noted, all fouls are live-ball player fouls. • Unless noted, plays do not result in a score.

• 1.

### Just after K1’s punt is airborne and untouched by team R, K2 blocks R3. The contact causes R3 to knock the punter to the ground.

• A.

No problem.

• B.

R3 has fouled if K2’s block was legal.

• C.

R3 has fouled if K2’s block was illegal.

• D.

R3 has fouled under any circumstances.

A. No problem.
Explanation
The correct answer is "No problem." In this scenario, R3 has not committed a foul because the contact with the punter was caused by K2's legal block. Therefore, there is no penalty or issue with the play.

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• 2.

### Which of the following is not an option for team R when a free kick from team K’s 40 yardline goes out of bounds untouched by team R?

• A.

A five-yard penalty enforced from the previous spot.

• B.

A new series at the yardline where the ball went out of bounds.

• C.

A new series after a five-yard penalty is enforced from the yardline where the ball went out of bounds.

• D.

A new series 25 yards in advance from the previous spot.

C. A new series after a five-yard penalty is enforced from the yardline where the ball went out of bounds.
Explanation
When a free kick from team K's 40 yardline goes out of bounds untouched by team R, the correct answer is that there will be a new series after a five-yard penalty is enforced from the yardline where the ball went out of bounds. This means that team R will have a new set of downs from the spot where the ball went out of bounds, but they will be penalized five yards from that spot. This penalty is enforced to discourage team R from intentionally allowing the ball to go out of bounds in order to gain a strategic advantage.

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• 3.

### A1 is in possession of the ball beyond the line of scrimmage when B2 grabs the inside back collar of A1’s shoulder pads or jersey and immediately pulls him toward the ground. Before A1 falls to the ground, he fumbles and B3 recovers.

• A.

No problem.

• B.

Foul on B2.

B. Foul on B2.
Explanation
B2 committed a foul by grabbing the inside back collar of A1's shoulder pads or jersey and pulling him towards the ground. This action is considered illegal and results in a penalty. As a result of the foul, A1 fumbled the ball and B3 recovered it. Therefore, the correct answer is that there was a foul on B2.

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• 4.

### Second and 10 for team A from team B’s 37 yardline. A1’s legal forward pass is intercepted by B2 at his own three yardline. B2’s momentum takes him into his own end zone. An official blows an inadvertent whistle.

• A.

Team A scores a safety.

• B.

Team B is awarded a touchback.

• C.

The momentum exception applies; team B will likely choose to begin a new series at its own three yardline.

• D.

B2 should ignore the whistle and continue playing.

C. The momentum exception applies; team B will likely choose to begin a new series at its own three yardline.
Explanation
In this scenario, the correct answer is that the momentum exception applies and team B will likely choose to begin a new series at its own three-yard line. This is because B2 intercepted the pass and his momentum took him into his own end zone. However, an inadvertent whistle was blown, which means that the play should be considered dead at the moment of the whistle. According to the momentum exception, if a player's momentum carries them into their own end zone after gaining possession of the ball, the opposing team is given the option to start a new series at the spot where the player gained possession. Therefore, team B will likely choose to start at their own three-yard line.

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• 5.

### Third and 27 for team A from its own 11 yardline. Quarterback A1 is under center when he takes the snap and throws a backward pass to fullback A2. Immediately upon receiving the pass, A2 gets off a quick kick. B3, who was blitzing on the play, takes three running steps and roughly knocks A2 to the ground.

• A.

No foul because team A was not in a scrimmage- kick formation.

• B.

No foul because A2 is by definition a back and not a kicker.

• C.

No foul because it wasn’t reasonably certain a kick would be made.

• D.

B3 is guilty of running into the kicker.

• E.

B3 is guilty of roughing the kicker.

E. B3 is guilty of roughing the kicker.
Explanation
B3 is guilty of roughing the kicker because, according to the given scenario, A2 received a backward pass and immediately performed a quick kick. This indicates that A2 was in a kicking position at the time of contact. Therefore, B3's rough contact with A2 after the kick is considered a foul.

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• 6.

### Second and 12 on team A’s five yardline. Time for the first quarter expires during the down as quarterback A1 is sacked at his own two yardline. A3 is flagged for holding in the end zone.

• A.

If team B accepts the penalty, the period has ended.

• B.

If team B accepts the penalty, the period is extended for team A’s free kick.

A. If team B accepts the penalty, the period has ended.
Explanation
If team B accepts the penalty, the period has ended because the penalty occurred on the last play of the first quarter. Therefore, the period cannot be extended for team A's free kick.

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• 7.

### Fourth and 10 from team K’s 20 yardline. K1’s punt is blocked. The ball, which never crossed the neutral zone, rolls to team K’s 10 yardline. K3 recovers the ball and punts it again from his own 10 yardline.

• A.

The ball is dead when K3 recovers it.

• B.

The ball remains live when K3 recovers it.

B. The ball remains live when K3 recovers it.
Explanation
The ball remains live when K3 recovers it because it never crossed the neutral zone before being recovered. In football, the neutral zone is the area between the two teams' lines of scrimmage. If the ball had crossed the neutral zone, it would be considered dead and the play would be over. However, since the ball never crossed the neutral zone, it is still considered live and K3 is allowed to punt it again.

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• 8.

### After the referee whistles the ready for team A’s try, kicker A2 legally enters the field. However, A2 is not wearing a shoe on his kicking foot.

• A.

Legal.

• B.

The referee should not allow to A2 to participate.

• C.

A referee’s timeout should be called until A2 has two shoes.

B. The referee should not allow to A2 to participate.
• 9.

### Team A moves to the line and all players are set. End A9 then slowly moves backward and continues moving backward as the ball is snapped. At the snap, A9 was in his backfield six yards behind his line.

• A.

Legal.

• B.

Illegal motion.

• C.

Illegal shift.

A. Legal.
Explanation
In American football, as long as a player is not moving forward at the time of the snap, they are allowed to move laterally or backward. In this scenario, A9 is moving backward at the time of the snap, which is legal. Therefore, the correct answer is "Legal."

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• 10.

### The umpire signals the game clock to stop because A1 is bleeding. Team A requests and is granted a charged timeout. During the timeout, A1 receives medical treatment and the wound is properly covered with a legal bandage.

• A.

A1 need not leave the game.

• B.

A1 must sit out for at least one play.

B. A1 must sit out for at least one play.
Explanation
During the charged timeout, A1 received medical treatment and the wound was properly covered with a legal bandage. However, according to the rules, if a player is bleeding, they must sit out for at least one play. Therefore, A1 must sit out for at least one play before being able to rejoin the game.

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• 11.

### Fourth and seven for team A from its own 45 yardline. B1 intercepts a pass at his own six yardline. After running a few steps, he is hit and fumbles at team B’s three yardline. The ball rolls and hits the pylon, which is properly placed. As a result:

• A.

The ball is returned to the spot of the fumble; it’s team B’s ball at its own three yardline.

• B.

It’s a safety; team A scores two points.

• C.

It’s a touchback; it’s team B’s ball at its own 20 yardline.

B. It’s a safety; team A scores two points.
Explanation
When B1 intercepts the pass at his own six yardline and then fumbles at team B's three yardline, the ball becomes dead. Since the ball rolled and hit the pylon, which is properly placed, it is considered a touchback. This means that the ball is placed at team B's own 20 yardline, and it is team B's ball. However, the correct answer states that it is a safety and team A scores two points. This answer is incorrect as it does not align with the rules of a touchback.

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• 12.

### First and 10 for team A at its own 20 yardline. Quarterback A1 keeps the ball and is tackled by B5 at team A’s 35 yardline. In trying to fend off the tackle A1 grasps but does not pull or twist B5’s facemask.

• A.

Legal play.

• B.

Facemask foul; team A is penalized 15 yards.

• C.

Facemask foul; team A is penalized five yards.

• D.

Facemask foul; team A is penalized five yards and loss of down.

C. Facemask foul; team A is penalized five yards.
Explanation
In this scenario, Quarterback A1 grasps but does not pull or twist B5's facemask. According to the rules, any contact with an opponent's facemask is considered a facemask foul. However, since A1 did not pull or twist the facemask, the penalty is only five yards. Therefore, the correct answer is "Facemask foul; team A is penalized five yards."

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• 13.

### First and 10 on team A’s 26 yardline. Team A is in a formation with A1 directly behind the snapper seven yards behind the line. Immediately after the snap B3 charges directly at the snapper and contacts him by pushing him backward. A1 throws an incomplete pass.

• A.

B3’s action is legal.

• B.

B3’s action is a foul; the penalty is 15 yards from the previous spot and an automatic first down.

• C.

B3’s action is a foul; the penalty is 15 yards from the previous spot but not an automatic first down.

A. B3’s action is legal.
Explanation
B3's action is legal because there are no restrictions on charging directly at the snapper. As long as there is no illegal contact or roughing the snapper, B3 is allowed to push the snapper backward. Therefore, there is no penalty or foul on B3's action.

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• 14.

### Team A has two timeouts remaining. With the clock running late in the first half substitute A12 runs from the team area onto the field and next to the line judge, who is standing between the sideline than the nine-yard marks. A12 requests a timeout. The timeout request:

• A.

Is granted.

• B.

Is not granted until A12 is positioned between the nine-yard marks.

• C.

Is not granted until A12 is positioned between the hashmarks.

A. Is granted.
Explanation
In this scenario, the correct answer is that the timeout request is granted. This is because the question states that Team A has two timeouts remaining, and A12 runs from the team area onto the field and next to the line judge to request a timeout. There is no mention of any specific positioning requirements for A12 in order for the timeout to be granted. Therefore, the timeout request is granted regardless of A12's positioning on the field.

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• 15.

### In the first possession of overtime, it is fourth down and 10 for team K from team R’s 30 yardline. K1’s untouched field goal attempt is short. The ball is rolling and is at team R’s seven yardline when R5 touches the ball in an unsuccessful attempt to recover it. K9 recovers the ball at team R’s three yardline. As a result:

• A.

Team K’s series is over; it’s team R’s ball.

• B.

Team K is awarded a new series at team R’s 10 yardline.

• C.

Team K is awarded a new series at team R’s 25 yardline.

• D.

Team K is awarded a new series at team R’s three yardline.

• E.

Team K is awarded a new series at team R’s seven yardline.

D. Team K is awarded a new series at team R’s three yardline.
Explanation
In this scenario, Team K's possession is over because they failed to convert on fourth down. However, Team R's player, R5, touched the ball in an unsuccessful attempt to recover it, resulting in a fumble. Team K's player, K9, then recovered the ball at Team R's three-yard line. Therefore, Team K is awarded a new series at Team R's three-yard line.

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• 16.

### A double foul occurs when two or more live-ball fouls (other than nonplayer or unsportsmanlike) are committed by each team at such a time that the offended team is permitted a choice of penalties.

• A.

True.

• B.

False.

B. False.
Explanation
A double foul occurs when two or more live-ball fouls are committed by each team at such a time that the offended team is permitted a choice of penalties. Since the statement says "other than nonplayer or unsportsmanlike," it implies that the fouls being referred to are player fouls. However, in a double foul situation, the offended team is not given a choice of penalties. Instead, the fouls offset each other, and the down or play is replayed. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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• 17.

### A fumble:

• A.

Is the same as a muff.

• B.

May be recovered and advanced by any player at any time.

• C.

Occurs when a player loses possession of a live ball other than by handing, passing or legal kick.

C. Occurs when a player loses possession of a live ball other than by handing, passing or legal kick.
Explanation
A fumble occurs when a player loses possession of a live ball, but not by handing, passing, or making a legal kick. It is different from a muff, and any player can recover and advance the fumbled ball.

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• 18.

### Fourth and one for team A on team B’s 17 yardline. Runner A1 is thrown for a three-yard loss. After the play B2 is flagged for a personal foul.

• A.

It will be team A’s ball first and goal on team B’s 10 yardline.

• B.

It will be team B’s ball first and 10 on team B’s 35 yardline.

• C.

It will be team B’s ball first and 20 on team B’s 35 yardline.

• D.

It will be team B’s ball first and 10 on team B’s 10 yardline.

D. It will be team B’s ball first and 10 on team B’s 10 yardline.
Explanation
After the play, team A had a fourth down and one situation on team B's 17 yardline. However, runner A1 was thrown for a three-yard loss. Despite this, team B was flagged for a personal foul. This means that team A will be awarded a first down due to the penalty. The penalty occurred after the play, so it will be enforced from the end of the play. Therefore, team A will have a first and goal situation on team B's 10 yardline, as they will get the 10 yards from the spot of the foul.

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• 19.

### Team K’s kick try passes completely between both uprights and completely above the crossbar and beyond it. A gust of wind then blows back the ball, which lands in the end zone after passing above the crossbar on its way back.

• A.

The kick is no good

• B.

The kick is good.

B. The kick is good.
Explanation
The kick is good because according to the rules, as long as the ball passes completely between the uprights and above the crossbar, it is considered a successful kick. The fact that the ball was blown back by the wind and landed in the end zone does not affect the validity of the kick.

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• 20.

### K1’s free kick is muffed by R2 at team R’s 35 yardline. K3 attempts to recover the loose ball but causes it to go out of bounds at team R’s 30 yardline.

• A.

That’s a foul; team K has caused the kick to go out of bounds.

• B.

That’s not a foul.

B. That’s not a foul.
Explanation
In this scenario, K1's free kick is muffed by R2, which means that R2 failed to properly catch or control the ball. K3 then attempts to recover the loose ball but unintentionally causes it to go out of bounds. Since K3 is a member of the kicking team, their action does not result in a penalty or foul. It is not considered a foul because the ball going out of bounds was a result of K3's unsuccessful attempt to recover the ball, rather than any intentional or illegal action.

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• 21.

### A legal forward pass has crossed the neutral zone when:

• A.

Any part of the ball is beyond the neutral zone.

• B.

The ball strikes the ground any player an official or anything else beyond the line inbounds.

• C.

The entire ball is beyond the neutral zone.

C. The entire ball is beyond the neutral zone.
Explanation
When a legal forward pass has crossed the neutral zone, it means that the entire ball has moved beyond the neutral zone. This means that no part of the ball is still within the neutral zone. It is important for the entire ball to be beyond the neutral zone in order for the pass to be considered legal. If any part of the ball is still within the neutral zone, the pass would be considered incomplete or illegal.

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• 22.

### Team A is granted a charged team timeout. After 20 seconds of the timeout have expired both teams are ready to resume play.

• A.

The game may resume.

• B.

Because team A called the timeout the game resumes whether team B is ready or not.

• C.

The game cannot resume until the full amount of the timeout has expired.

A. The game may resume.
Explanation
The correct answer is "The game may resume." This is because the question states that both teams are ready to resume play after 20 seconds of the timeout have expired. It does not specify that the full amount of the timeout needs to expire before the game can resume. Therefore, the game can continue even if the full timeout duration has not passed.

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• 23.

### Fourth and seven for team K from team R’s 30 yardline. K1’s field goal attempt is blocked behind the line and recovered there by K9, who advances. As K9 crosses team B’s five yardline, an official signals touchdown but does not blow his whistle. K9 continues over the goalline.

• A.

Touchdown for team K.

• B.

The ball is dead when the official signals; it’s first and goal for team K from team R’s five yardline.

• C.

The ball should have been blown dead the moment K9 recovered it.

A. Touchdown for team K.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Touchdown for team K." The explanation is that according to the given scenario, K9 recovered the blocked field goal attempt behind the line and advanced to cross team B's five-yard line. The official signaled a touchdown but did not blow his whistle. Since K9 crossed the goal line, it is considered a touchdown for team K. The ball is dead when the official signals, and it will be first and goal for team K from team R's five-yard line. However, it is mentioned that the ball should have been blown dead the moment K9 recovered it, suggesting that there may have been an error in the ruling.

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• 24.

### Following a touchback and before the ready for play team A elects to have the ball placed at the left hashmark. After the ready signal but before the snap B1 crosses the neutral zone and makes contact with A2. After the penalty is enforced:

• A.

Team A may have the ball moved to the middle of the field for the next snap.

• B.

Team A may not have the ball moved to the middle of the field for the next snap.

• C.

Team A must take a charged team timeout in order to have the ball moved to the middle of the field for the next snap.

• D.

Once the ball is placed it may not be moved under any circumstances.

A. Team A may have the ball moved to the middle of the field for the next snap.
Explanation
After the penalty is enforced, Team A may have the ball moved to the middle of the field for the next snap. This is because the penalty occurred after the ready signal but before the snap, so it is considered a dead ball foul. In this situation, the offense is allowed to choose the spot where the ball will be placed for the next play, and Team A elected to have the ball placed at the left hashmark. Therefore, the ball can be moved to the middle of the field for the next snap.

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• 25.

### Fourth and two at team B’s 28 yardline. Quarterback A1 takes the snap and fakes a handoff to A2, then hands the ball to A3. A2 bends forward at the waist and pretends he has the ball. A2 is hit at team B’s 31 yardline, where the impact causes the helmet to come completely off of A2’s head.

• A.

The ball is dead the second A2’s helmet comes off.

• B.

The ball remains live when A2’s helmet comes off.

B. The ball remains live when A2’s helmet comes off.
Explanation
When A2's helmet comes off, it does not automatically make the ball dead. The ball remains live because the play is still ongoing and the ball carrier, A3, has not been tackled or forced out of bounds. The helmet coming off does not affect the status of the play or the live ball.

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• 26.

### Team A attempts a try with 7:23 to play in the first quarter. A1’s legal forward pass is caught by A2 in the end zone. B3 is flagged for roughing the passer.

• A.

Team A may have the penalty enforced on the succeeding kickoff.

• B.

The penalty is automatically declined.

A. Team A may have the penalty enforced on the succeeding kickoff.
Explanation
Team A may have the penalty enforced on the succeeding kickoff because the roughing the passer penalty occurred after the touchdown was scored. In this situation, the penalty is assessed on the kickoff instead of being enforced on the extra point attempt or the succeeding play. The penalty is automatically declined because the touchdown was already scored, so there is no need to enforce the penalty on the play.

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• 27.

### Fourth and seven at team K’s 27 yardline. Team K is lined up with the kicker 10 yards behind the line of the scrimmage and no player in position to receive a direct hand-to-hand snap. Immediately at the snap noseguard R7 contacts snapper K6. Punter K3 takes the snap, fakes  kick and runs. He is downed at team K’s 30 yardline.

• A.

R7 is not guilty of roughing the snapper because team K didn’t kick.

• B.

R7 is guilty of roughing the snapper even though team K didn’t kick.

B. R7 is guilty of roughing the snapper even though team K didn’t kick.
Explanation
R7 is guilty of roughing the snapper even though team K didn't kick because the rule states that a defensive player cannot contact the snapper until one second after the snap or until the snapper has a chance to protect himself. In this scenario, R7 contacted the snapper immediately at the snap, which is a violation of the rule. Whether or not team K actually kicked is irrelevant to the penalty.

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• 28.

### Fourth and seven for team K from its own 20 yardline. K1’s punt is a low line drive. R2, standing at team K’s 24 yardline, leaps in an attempt to knock down the kick. He only succeeds in deflecting the ball, which hits the ground at team K’s 27 yardline, where K3 falls on it.

• A.

It’s team R’s ball at team K’s 27 yardline.

• B.

It’s team K’s ball at team K’s 27 yardline.

B. It’s team K’s ball at team K’s 27 yardline.
Explanation
The correct answer is "It's team K's ball at team K's 27 yardline." This is because R2's deflection of the punt does not change possession of the ball. Since K3 falls on the ball at the 27 yardline, it remains team K's possession at that spot. Therefore, it is team K's ball at team K's 27 yardline.

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• 29.

### Team A has the ball first and 10 on its own 20 yardline. Quarterback A1 keeps the ball on an option play and is at team A’s 23 yardline when he is hit and fumbles. The ball rolls out of bounds at team A’s 25 yardline.

• A.

It will be team A’s ball second and seven on its 23 yardline.

• B.

It will be team A’s ball second and five on its 25 yardline.

B. It will be team A’s ball second and five on its 25 yardline.
Explanation
The question states that Team A has the ball on their own 20-yard line and the quarterback fumbles at the 23-yard line. Since the ball rolled out of bounds at the 25-yard line, it means that Team A still retains possession of the ball. Therefore, it will be Team A's second down (second play) and five yards to go for a first down on their own 25-yard line.

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• 30.

### Spearing:

• A.

Results in an automatic disqualification.

• B.

Involves any part of the helmet.

• C.

Involves the top of the helmet.

• D.

Can only be called against a defensive player.

C. Involves the top of the helmet.
Explanation
Spearing is a penalty in football that occurs when a player uses the top of their helmet to initiate contact with another player. This action is deemed dangerous and can result in serious injury, so it is considered an automatic disqualification. It is important to note that spearing can only be called against a defensive player, as offensive players are not allowed to initiate contact with the crown of their helmet.

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• 31.

### K1’s untouched free kick hits the ground at team R’s three yardline midway between the hashmarks and the sideline. The ball rolls beyond the endline and is properly ruled a touchback.

• A.

Team R has no choice; the ball will be spotted on team R’s 20 yardline on the hashmark nearest where the ball first hit the ground.

• B.

The ball will be spotted on team R’s 20 yardline anywhere between the hashmarks that team A chooses.

• C.

Team R has no choice; the ball will be spotted on team R’s 20 yardline in the middle of the field.

B. The ball will be spotted on team R’s 20 yardline anywhere between the hashmarks that team A chooses.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the ball will be spotted on team R's 20 yardline anywhere between the hashmarks that team A chooses. This is because when a free kick goes untouched and rolls beyond the endline, it is ruled a touchback. In this case, team A (the kicking team) has the choice to spot the ball anywhere between the hashmarks on team R's 20 yardline.

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• 32.

### Early in the game, A1 is disqualified for fighting. With four minutes left in the fourth period, A1 enters the game and throws a touchdown pass.

• A.

It’s too late to do anything about it.

• B.

A1 is guilty of illegal participation.

• C.

A1 is guilty of unsportsmanlike conduct.

• D.

Team A’s coach is guilty of unsportsmanlike conduct.

B. A1 is guilty of illegal participation.
Explanation
A1 is guilty of illegal participation because they were disqualified for fighting earlier in the game and therefore should not have been allowed to re-enter the game. Their touchdown pass should not count as it was made while they were not eligible to participate.

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• 33.

### When an airborne player makes a catch, forward progress is the furthest point of advancement after he possesses the ball if contacted by a defender.

• A.

True.

• B.

False.

A. True.
Explanation
When an airborne player makes a catch, forward progress refers to the furthest point of advancement that the player reaches after possessing the ball, even if they are contacted by a defender. This means that if the player catches the ball and is then tackled or pushed back by a defender, their forward progress is still considered to be the furthest point they reached before being contacted. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct.

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• 34.

### A1, approaching team B’s goalline and near the sideline, dives toward the end zone. B2 hits airborne A1, which knocks A1 out of bounds beyond the goalie extended. A1’s last contact with the ground was inbounds short of the goalline.

• A.

Touchdown.

• B.

Not a touchdown; the ball is marked at the spot where the ball crossed the sideline short of the goalline.

B. Not a touchdown; the ball is marked at the spot where the ball crossed the sideline short of the goalline.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Not a touchdown; the ball is marked at the spot where the ball crossed the sideline short of the goalline." In this situation, A1 was knocked out of bounds by B2 before reaching the goalline. According to the rules, a player must maintain possession of the ball and cross the goalline for it to be considered a touchdown. Since A1 was knocked out of bounds before reaching the goalline, it is not a touchdown and the ball is marked at the spot where it crossed the sideline.

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• 35.

### K1’s punt from his own 25 yardline is in the air over team R’s 45 yardline when R2 raises one hand over his head and waves it back and forth twice. The ball bounces off R2’s chest and rolls to the 50 yardline, where R3 recovers it while on his feet.

• A.

The ball remains live and R3 may advance.

• B.

The ball should be declared dead when R2 muffs it.

• C.

The ball should be declared dead when R3 recovers it.

C. The ball should be declared dead when R3 recovers it.
Explanation
When R3 recovers the ball while on his feet, the ball should be declared dead. This is because once a member of the receiving team gains possession of a kicked ball, the play is considered over and the ball is declared dead. Therefore, R3 cannot advance with the ball and the next play will start from the spot where R3 recovered it.

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• 36.

### Team A’s ball first and goal at team B’s six yardline. Runner A1 advances to team B’s three yardline. Tackle A2 turns so his back is to team B’s goalline, grabs A1 by the jersey and pulls him toward team B’s goalline. A1 falls over the goalline.

• A.

No problem; touchdown for team A.

• B.

A2 is guilty of illegal use of hands, a 10-yard penalty.

• C.

A2 is guilty of helping the runner, a five-yard penalty.

• D.

A2 is guilty of unsportsmanlike conduct, a 15-yard penalty.

C. A2 is guilty of helping the runner, a five-yard penalty.
Explanation
A2 is guilty of helping the runner, a five-yard penalty. In football, it is illegal for a player to assist a runner by pulling or pushing them towards the goal line. A2's action of grabbing A1's jersey and pulling him towards the goal line violates this rule, resulting in a penalty. The penalty is five yards, which means that Team A's ball will be moved back five yards from the spot of the foul.

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• 37.

### A forward pass ends when:

• A.

It is caught.

• B.

Hits the ground.

• C.

Goes out of bounds.

• D.

All of the above.

• E.

Only a. and b.

D. All of the above.
Explanation
A forward pass can end in multiple ways. It can end when it is caught by a player, when it hits the ground, or when it goes out of bounds. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" because all of these options can signify the end of a forward pass.

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• 38.

### A1 throws the ball toward the opponent’s goalie from behind the neutral zone with an underhanded motion. Eligible receiver A2 catches the ball beyond the line of scrimmage. A1’s act is termed:

• A.

A legal forward lateral.

• B.

An illegal forward lateral.

• C.

A legal backward pass.

• D.

A legal forward pass.

• E.

An illegal forward pass.

D. A legal forward pass.
Explanation
A1's act is termed a legal forward pass because they threw the ball towards the opponent's goalie from behind the neutral zone with an underhanded motion. A2 then caught the ball beyond the line of scrimmage, which is allowed in a legal forward pass.

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• 39.

### Team A:

• A.

Is the team that snaps or kicks the ball.

• B.

Is the same as the offense.

• C.

Retains that designation even if there is a change of possession during the down.

• D.

Always refers to the home team.

C. Retains that designation even if there is a change of possession during the down.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Retains that designation even if there is a change of possession during the down." This means that regardless of which team has possession of the ball during a play, the team that initially snapped or kicked the ball is still referred to as "Team A." This designation does not change throughout the down, even if there is a turnover or change of possession.

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• 40.

### Fourth and 11 for team K from team R’s 28 yardline. K1’s field goal attempt is wide and lands untouched beyond the endline. At the snap, tackle R2 grabbed guard K3 and pulled him aside, clearing a path for R4 to attempt to block the kick.

• A.

Legal play.

• B.

R2 has fouled; if team K accepts the penalty it results in first and 10 for team K from team R’s 18 yardline.

• C.

R2 has fouled; if team K accepts the penalty it results in first and 10 for team R from team R’s 14 yardline.

• D.

R2 has fouled; if team K accepts the penalty it results in fourth and one for team K from team R’s 18 yardline.

• E.

R2 has fouled; if team K accepts the penalty it results in fourth and one for team K from team R’s 14 yardline.

D. R2 has fouled; if team K accepts the penalty it results in fourth and one for team K from team R’s 18 yardline.
Explanation
The correct answer is that R2 has fouled; if team K accepts the penalty it results in fourth and one for team K from team R’s 18 yardline. The foul committed by R2, grabbing and pulling aside guard K3, is a penalty. If team K accepts the penalty, they will have a new set of downs with fourth and one from team R's 18 yardline.

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• 41.

### On third and seven from team A’s 23 yardline A1, wearing number 77, is lined up as the fullback. Quarterback A2 takes the snap and throws a backward pass to A1, who throws a forward pass that is caught by eligible receiver A3 at team A’s 33 yardline. A3 runs for an apparent touchdown.

• A.

No problem.

• B.

That’s a foul; only players wearing a number from 1-49 or 80-99 may line up in the backfield.

• C.

That’s a foul only if A1 did not report to the referee before the play.

• D.

Foul; it is illegal to throw two passes during a down.

A. No problem.
Explanation
The correct answer is "No problem." This means that there is no penalty or foul on the play. The question describes a situation where A1, wearing number 77, is lined up as the fullback and receives a backward pass from the quarterback. A1 then throws a forward pass to A3, who catches it and runs for a touchdown. The answer indicates that there is no issue with this play, suggesting that there are no rules violated, and the touchdown is valid.

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• 42.

### Second and 10 for team A from its own 20 yardline. Center A1 snaps the ball. The ball touches A2’s hands but never leaves A1’s hands. A1 simply holds the ball there as A2 withdraws from behind the snapper and fakes having the ball. Back A3 cuts in, grabs the ball from A1 and advances.

• A.

Legal play under any circumstance.

• B.

Legal only if team A informed the referee before the play.

• C.

• D.

Planned loose-ball play, a live-ball foul.

C. Illegal snap, a dead-ball foul.
Explanation
The play described is an illegal snap, which is a dead-ball foul. According to the rules, the ball must leave the snapper's hands in order for it to be considered a legal snap. In this case, the ball touches A2's hands but never leaves A1's hands, indicating that the snap was not executed properly. As a result, it is considered a dead-ball foul and the play would be penalized.

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• 43.

### Fourth and 10 from team K’s 20 yardline. K1’s punt is partially blocked by R2 at team K’s 15 yardline. The ball continues in flight beyond the neutral zone. R3 is positioned to catch the kick, but the ball hits K4’s shoulder at team K’s 35 yardline. The ball hits the ground and is recovered by R3 at team K’s 33 yardline.

• A.

No problem; team R will begin a new series at team K’s 33 yardline.

• B.

No foul, but first touching; team R will begin a new series at team K’s 35 yardline.

• C.

Kick-catching interference; team R may choose an awarded fair catch, the result of the play or have a 15-yard penalty enforced from the previous spot.

C. Kick-catching interference; team R may choose an awarded fair catch, the result of the play or have a 15-yard penalty enforced from the previous spot.
Explanation
The correct answer is kick-catching interference. In this scenario, K4 interfered with R3's opportunity to catch the kick by causing the ball to hit his shoulder. As a result, team R has the option to choose an awarded fair catch, take the result of the play, or have a 15-yard penalty enforced from the previous spot.

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• 44.

### R1 muffs K2’s punt beyond the neutral zone. While the ball is loose K3 uses his hands to block R4 in the back above the waist while attempting to recover the loose ball.

• A.

Legal block since K3 is attempting to recover a loose ball.

• B.

Legal block since team R muffed the punt.

• C.

Legal block under any circumstances.

• D.

K3 is guilty of a block in the back.

• E.

K3 is guilty of clipping.

A. Legal block since K3 is attempting to recover a loose ball.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Legal block since K3 is attempting to recover a loose ball." This is because in football, there are specific rules regarding blocking and blocking in the back. However, when a loose ball is in play, players are allowed to block opponents in order to gain possession of the ball. In this scenario, K3 is attempting to recover the loose ball and is using a legal block to do so, making it a legal play.

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• 45.

### Team A goes on offense for its first series of overtime. The opponent scored a field goal on its first series to make the score 10-7. A1’s pass is intercepted by B2, who advances to team B’s 17 yardline, where he’s hit and fumbles. A3 recovers at team B’s 20 yardline.

• A.

Team A will start a new series first and 10 at team B’s 20 yardline.

• B.

The game is over; team B wins 10-7.

B. The game is over; team B wins 10-7.
Explanation
In overtime, both teams get a chance to possess the ball unless the team that possesses the ball first scores a touchdown. In this scenario, Team A's first possession in overtime resulted in an interception by B2, who advanced to Team B's 17 yardline but fumbled. However, A3 recovered the fumble at Team B's 20 yardline. Since Team A still has possession of the ball, the game is not over. The correct answer, "The game is over; team B wins 10-7," is incorrect because Team A still has a chance to score and potentially tie or win the game.

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• 46.

### Fourth and 10 for team K from its own 30 yardline. R1 makes a fair catch of K2’s punt near the sideline in front of team R’s bench. Team R desires to have the ball placed in the center of the field for the next play.

• A.

The request is denied.

• B.

The request is granted.

B. The request is granted.
Explanation
The request is granted because when a fair catch is made, the receiving team has the option to choose where the ball will be placed for the next play. In this case, Team R desires to have the ball placed in the center of the field, so their request is granted.

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• 47.

### Fourth and 10 on team R’s 17 yardline. K1’s 34-yard field goal attempt is untouched and rolls to a stop on team R’s one yardline. When no player from either team attempts to recover the ball, the official properly blows his whistle. It will be:

• A.

R’s ball on its one yardline.

• B.

R’s ball on its 17 yardline.

• C.

R’s ball on its 20 yardline.

• D.

R’s ball on its 34 yardline.

A. R’s ball on its one yardline.
Explanation
In this scenario, since the field goal attempt was untouched and rolled to a stop on team R's one-yard line, it is considered a dead ball. When no player attempts to recover the ball, the official blows the whistle, indicating that the play is over. Therefore, the ball will be placed at the spot where it came to a stop, which is team R's one-yard line.

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• 48.

### Second and eight on team A’s 30 yardline. A1’s forward pass from his 20 yardline is tipped by B2 on team A’s 24 yardline. The pass travels to team A’s 35 yardline, where it is caught by A2, who advances to team A’s 45 yardline. Before A1’s pass left his hand tackle A7 wandered downfield to team A’s 35 yardline but did not block beyond the neutral zone.

• A.

No foul on A7. Because the pass was touched behind the neutral zone it is considered to be a pass that did not cross the neutral zone.

• B.

Foul on A7. Even though the pass was touched behind the neutral zone it is considered to be a pass that did cross the neutral zone.

• C.

A7’s foul is pass interference.

• D.

A7’s foul is ineligible illegally downfield.

A. No foul on A7. Because the pass was touched behind the neutral zone it is considered to be a pass that did not cross the neutral zone.
Explanation
The correct answer is No foul on A7. Because the pass was touched behind the neutral zone it is considered to be a pass that did not cross the neutral zone. This means that A7's presence beyond the neutral zone did not result in any penalty.

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• 49.

### K1’s kick try is blocked by R2. The ball, which never went beyond the neutral zone, is recovered on team R’s 13 yardline by K7, who advances into R’s end zone.

• A.

Team K scores one point.

• B.

Team K scores two points.

• C.

The ball is dead when it is certain the kick try would not score; K7’s advance is nullified.

C. The ball is dead when it is certain the kick try would not score; K7’s advance is nullified.
Explanation
In this scenario, K1's kick try is blocked by R2 and the ball does not go beyond the neutral zone. According to the rules, if it is certain that the kick try would not score, the ball is considered dead. Therefore, K7's advance into R's end zone is nullified and the ball is dead. No points are awarded to Team K.

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• 50.

### Third and five on team A’s 20 yardline. A1 drops back to pass. From his 10 yardline and into a stiff wind A1 throws a pass forward, but the wind blows back the ball to team A’s five yardline, where it hits the ground. A1’s pass is:

• A.

Forward and the ball is dead.

• B.

Backward and the ball remains live.

• C.

Backward and the ball is dead.

• D.

Forward and the ball remains live.

A. Forward and the ball is dead.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Forward and the ball is dead." This is because the question states that A1 throws a pass forward, and even though the wind blows the ball back, it still remains a forward pass. According to the rules of football, if a forward pass hits the ground before being caught, it is considered incomplete and the ball is dead.

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• Jan 22, 2024
Quiz Edited by
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• Jul 21, 2010
Quiz Created by
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