Cenni Demo Test Reading 2

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ana Liz
A
Ana Liz
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,715
Questions: 5 | Attempts: 495

SettingsSettingsSettings
Cenni Demo Test Reading 2 - Quiz

Prepare yourself for the CENNI exam!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The study of living things on earth has a long history. Because of the incredible richness and diversity of life, most of the effort in biology and its predecessor, natural history, has been expanded in an attempt to describe what there is ―simple exploration and cataloguing. The classical sciences of descriptive botany and zoology, with their emphasis on classification, are examples of this sort of work. The division of living things into the plant kingdom and animal kingdom (plus three more kingdoms added by modern scientists to describe microscopic organisms and fungi), and the collection of all living things into a coherent classification scheme, are the fruit of this work. During the past century and a half, however, two important discoveries have changed the face of the life sciences. The first of these was the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others. The mechanism of natural selection gave naturalists for the first time a way of answering questions about how life came to have the forms it has, rather than just questions about what those forms are. The great social and intellectual turmoil triggered by Darwin’s work is interesting, of course, but is not relevant from a purely scientific standpoint. What does matter is that we can now understand how the observed diversity of living things could have arisen through the action of a simple and easily comprehended mechanism. The original Darwinian notions have been modified and expanded since his time, of course, and there is still debate about the pace at which species evolve. Nevertheless, the main principle of Darwinism ―that living things change and adapt in response to their environment― has been incorporated as one of the pillars of the modern life sciences.  What is the topic of this passage?  

    • A.

      Darwin and the theory of evolution

    • B.

      The diversity of living things

    • C.

      Important contributions to life sciences

    • D.

      The beginnings of natural history

    Correct Answer
    C. Important contributions to life sciences
    Explanation
    The passage discusses the history of biology and natural history, focusing on the efforts to describe and classify living things. It mentions the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin as one of the important discoveries that have changed the field of life sciences. The passage emphasizes the significance of Darwin's theory in understanding the diversity of living things and how they adapt to their environment. Therefore, the topic of the passage is "Important contributions to life sciences."

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The study of living things on earth has a long history. Because of the incredible richness and diversity of life, most of the effort in biology and its predecessor, natural history, has been expanded in an attempt to describe what there is ―simple exploration and cataloguing. The classical sciences of descriptive botany and zoology, with their emphasis on classification, are examples of this sort of work. The division of living things into the plant kingdom and animal kingdom (plus three more kingdoms added by modern scientists to describe microscopic organisms and fungi), and the collection of all living things into a coherent classification scheme, are the fruit of this work. During the past century and a half, however, two important discoveries have changed the face of the life sciences. The first of these was the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others. The mechanism of natural selection gave naturalists for the first time a way of answering questions about how life came to have the forms it has, rather than just questions about what those forms are. The great social and intellectual turmoil triggered by Darwin’s work is interesting, of course, but is not relevant from a purely scientific standpoint. What does matter is that we can now understand how the observed diversity of living things could have arisen through the action of a simple and easily comprehended mechanism. The original Darwinian notions have been modified and expanded since his time, of course, and there is still debate about the pace at which species evolve. Nevertheless, the main principle of Darwinism ―that living things change and adapt in response to their environment― has been incorporated as one of the pillars of the modern life sciences.  The word "its" in line 2 (bold and underline) refers to

    • A.

      Biology.

    • B.

      Natural history

    • C.

      Predecessor.

    • D.

      Effort.

    Correct Answer
    A. Biology.
    Explanation
    The word "its" in line 2 refers to biology. The sentence states that most of the effort in biology and its predecessor, natural history, has been expanded in an attempt to describe what there is. Therefore, "its" is referring to the study of living things on earth, which is biology.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The study of living things on earth has a long history. Because of the incredible richness and diversity of life, most of the effort in biology and its predecessor, natural history, has been expanded in an attempt to describe what there is ―simple exploration and cataloguing. The classical sciences of descriptive botany and zoology, with their emphasis on classification, are examples of this sort of work. The division of living things into the plant kingdom and animal kingdom (plus three more kingdoms added by modern scientists to describe microscopic organisms and fungi), and the collection of all living things into a coherent classification scheme, are the fruit of this work. During the past century and a half, however, two important discoveries have changed the face of the life sciences. The first of these was the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others. The mechanism of natural selection gave naturalists for the first time a way of answering questions about how life came to have the forms it has, rather than just questions about what those forms are. The great social and intellectual turmoil triggered by Darwin’s work is interesting, of course, but is not relevant from a purely scientific standpoint. What does matter is that we can now understand how the observed diversity of living things could have arisen through the action of a simple and easily comprehended mechanism. The original Darwinian notions have been modified and expanded since his time, of course, and there is still debate about the pace at which species evolve. Nevertheless, the main principle of Darwinism ―that living things change and adapt in response to their environment― has been incorporated as one of the pillars of the modern life sciences.   All of the following can be classified into the kingdoms mentioned above EXCEPT

    • A.

      A hyena

    • B.

      A mushroom

    • C.

      A laurel

    • D.

      A gold nugget

    Correct Answer
    D. A gold nugget
    Explanation
    A gold nugget cannot be classified into any of the mentioned kingdoms because it is not a living thing. The question is asking for the exception among the given options, and a gold nugget does not fall into any of the categories of living organisms.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The study of living things on earth has a long history. Because of the incredible richness and diversity of life, most of the effort in biology and its predecessor, natural history, has been expanded in an attempt to describe what there is ―simple exploration and cataloguing. The classical sciences of descriptive botany and zoology, with their emphasis on classification, are examples of this sort of work. The division of living things into the plant kingdom and animal kingdom (plus three more kingdoms added by modern scientists to describe microscopic organisms and fungi), and the collection of all living things into a coherent classification scheme, are the fruit of this work. During the past century and a half, however, two important discoveries have changed the face of the life sciences. The first of these was the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others. The mechanism of natural selection gave naturalists for the first time a way of answering questions about how life came to have the forms it has, rather than just questions about what those forms are. The great social and intellectual turmoil triggered by Darwin’s work is interesting, of course, but is not relevant from a purely scientific standpoint. What does matter is that we can now understand how the observed diversity of living things could have arisen through the action of a simple and easily comprehended mechanism. The original Darwinian notions have been modified and expanded since his time, of course, and there is still debate about the pace at which species evolve. Nevertheless, the main principle of Darwinism ―that living things change and adapt in response to their environment― has been incorporated as one of the pillars of the modern life sciences.  The word "turmoil" (bold and underline) is closest in meaning to  

    • A.

      Fight.

    • B.

      Confusion.

    • C.

      Improvement.

    • D.

      Fairness.

    Correct Answer
    B. Confusion.
    Explanation
    The word "turmoil" in this context refers to a state of confusion or disorder. The passage mentions that the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others caused social and intellectual turmoil. This turmoil refers to the confusion and debate that arose as a result of Darwin's ideas challenging traditional beliefs about the origins of life. Therefore, the closest meaning to the word "turmoil" in this context is "confusion".

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The study of living things on earth has a long history. Because of the incredible richness and diversity of life, most of the effort in biology and its predecessor, natural history, has been expanded in an attempt to describe what there is ―simple exploration and cataloguing. The classical sciences of descriptive botany and zoology, with their emphasis on classification, are examples of this sort of work. The division of living things into the plant kingdom and animal kingdom (plus three more kingdoms added by modern scientists to describe microscopic organisms and fungi), and the collection of all living things into a coherent classification scheme, are the fruit of this work. During the past century and a half, however, two important discoveries have changed the face of the life sciences. The first of these was the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others. The mechanism of natural selection gave naturalists for the first time a way of answering questions about how life came to have the forms it has, rather than just questions about what those forms are. The great social and intellectual turmoil triggered by Darwin’s work is interesting, of course, but is not relevant from a purely scientific standpoint. What does matter is that we can now understand how the observed diversity of living things could have arisen through the action of a simple and easily comprehended mechanism. The original Darwinian notions have been modified and expanded since his time, of course, and there is still debate about the pace at which species evolve. Nevertheless, the main principle of Darwinism ―that living things change and adapt in response to their environment― has been incorporated as one of the pillars of the modern life sciences.  The passage following this one will most likely discuss  

    • A.

      The second discovery that contributed to change life sciences.

    • B.

      Other theories that contradict the Darwinian notions on evolution.

    • C.

      Detailed information about the classification mentioned in the introductory paragraph and its influence on new scientific trends

    • D.

      A series of chronological events dealing with the evolution of species and their eventual adaptation to their environment

    Correct Answer
    A. The second discovery that contributed to change life sciences.
    Explanation
    The passage states that "two important discoveries have changed the face of the life sciences." The first discovery mentioned is the development of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and others. Therefore, it can be inferred that the passage will most likely discuss the second discovery that contributed to changing life sciences.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 19, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Ana Liz
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.