ATP - Adp Cycle Test - 1

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ATP - Adp Cycle Test - 1

Welcome biology students to the Electronic Frontier Classroom of the 21st Century. Cellular respiration is the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by breaking down organic compounds. ATP is the energy used by cells to do work. This is the ATP - ADP - AMP energy conversion cycle test. When a "fill-in" type question presents itself on this test or others created by Pulsar_Lincoln educator. Please enter your answer(s) using all lower case letters, unless you are directed by the individual question to do differently. This test has unlimited number of attempts for your learning and testing style. Each test will randomly choose 25 questions for you to answer. I wish you all the best of luck and you will


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How many phosphate groups are found in the Adenosine Monophosphate molecule? (Please enter a number from 0 to 20 for your answer)
  • 2. 
    Bacteria can exist and live on  AMP energy molecules.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP) is a(n)_____ level energy molecule in the scheme of harvesting chemical energy.  (Hint: please use one of the following answers: high, low, medium)
  • 4. 
    ATP _____ (gains, looses) one phosphate group to form ADP?
    • A. 

      Gains

    • B. 

      Looses

    • C. 

      Reaction not possible

    • D. 

      Gains 1 water molecule

  • 5. 
    Which one of the following energy molecules is shown in structural formula?
    • A. 

      ADP

    • B. 

      FAD+

    • C. 

      NAD+

    • D. 

      NADPH

  • 6. 
    When AMP gains 1 phosphate group. What is the product called? (Please enter your answer using all capital letters.)
  • 7. 
    When 1 ADP molecule gains one phosphate it is called.  (Please enter your answer using all capital letters.)
  • 8. 
    How many phosphate groups are found in one molecule of ATP?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      5

  • 9. 
    ATP is considered a(n)_____ energy molecule when the outer most phosphate bond is broken.
    • A. 

      Low

    • B. 

      Medium

    • C. 

      High

  • 10. 
    Two phosphate groups can be added to one ADP molecule.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    What is the name of this energy molecule?
    • A. 

      AMP

    • B. 

      ADP

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      NAD+

  • 12. 
    What is the name of the blue structure?
    • A. 

      Adenine

    • B. 

      Ribose sugar

    • C. 

      Carbonate

    • D. 

      Phosphate groups

  • 13. 
    What is the name of this energy molecule?
    • A. 

      AMP

    • B. 

      ADP

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      CoA

  • 14. 
    What does the symbol Pi stand for?
    • A. 

      Inorganic Phosphorus

    • B. 

      Inorganic Phosphate

    • C. 

      Inert Phosphorus

    • D. 

      Inert Phosphate

  • 15. 
    Complete the following chemical reaction:  ADP + Pi + Energy -> _____?
    • A. 

      ATP

    • B. 

      ATP + Pi

    • C. 

      ATP - Pi

  • 16. 
    What is the prefix that means 3?
    • A. 

      Di

    • B. 

      Pent

    • C. 

      Quad

    • D. 

      Tetra

    • E. 

      Tri

  • 17. 
    Please identify the low energy molecule?
    • A. 

      AMP

    • B. 

      ADP

    • C. 

      Pi (inorganic phosphate)

    • D. 

      Ribose sugar

  • 18. 
    Complete the following chemical reaction as it relates to Adenosine Triphosphate.  ATP ----> ADP + ____ + Pi
    • A. 

      Adenosine Monophosphate

    • B. 

      Energy

    • C. 

      NADPH

    • D. 

      Ribulose Biphosphate

  • 19. 
    How many oxygen atoms are found in triphosphate group attached to the adenosine triphosphate molecule found attached to this question?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      8

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      12

    • E. 

      13

  • 20. 
    Animals and plants uses ATP - ADP cycle to carry out cellular respiration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    An Adenosine triphosphate molecule contains three phosphate radicals, ribose sugar, and _____.
    • A. 

      Adenine

    • B. 

      Cytosine

    • C. 

      Guanine

    • D. 

      Uracil

  • 22. 
    During the conversion of ATP to ADP a molecule of water is a reactant.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Please observe the molecule attached to this question.  How many Nitrogen atoms are seen?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      7

  • 24. 
    Which group is removed first during the conversion of ATP to ADP?
    • A. 

      Alot of energy

    • B. 

      Little bit of energy

    • C. 

      Some energy

    • D. 

      Adenosine

    • E. 

      Ribose

  • 25. 
    How many hydrogen atoms are found in  the ATP molecule.
    • A. 

      Eight

    • B. 

      Two

    • C. 

      Five

    • D. 

      Seven

    • E. 

      Ten

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