The Candid Test On CCNA 4 Networking

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CCNA Quizzes & Trivia

A computer network is a set of computers connected together for the purpose of sharing resources, which most commonly is the internet. The quiz below is designed to help you see how much you learnt in your CCNA class when it comes to networking. Give it a shot and read up on what you get wrong.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is apacket switched WAN technology?

    • A.

      Frame Relay

    • B.

      T1/E1

    • C.

      POTS

    • D.

      ISDN

    Correct Answer
    A. Frame Relay
    Explanation
    Frame Relay is a packet switched WAN technology. It is a protocol that operates at the data link layer of the OSI model and is used to connect multiple remote sites over a wide area network. It allows for the efficient transmission of data by dividing it into packets and sending them separately over the network. Frame Relay is commonly used by businesses to connect their branch offices and provide reliable and cost-effective communication between them.

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  • 2. 

    What do HDLC, PPP, Frame Relay and ISDN have in common?

    • A.

      They operate at the physical layer.

    • B.

      They operate at the network layer.

    • C.

      They operate at the data link layer.

    • D.

      They are proprietary standards.

    Correct Answer
    C. They operate at the data link layer.
    Explanation
    HDLC, PPP, Frame Relay, and ISDN are all protocols that operate at the data link layer of the OSI model. The data link layer is responsible for providing reliable data transfer between two nodes connected by a physical layer. These protocols define how data is framed, transmitted, and received over a network. They handle tasks such as error detection and correction, flow control, and data encapsulation. Therefore, the correct answer is that they all operate at the data link layer.

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  • 3. 

    What is the process of allocating bandwidth to different sources on the same media?

    • A.

      Time Division Multiplexing

    • B.

      Bandwidth allocation

    • C.

      Load distribution

    • D.

      Packet switching

    Correct Answer
    A. Time Division Multiplexing
    Explanation
    Time Division Multiplexing is the process of allocating bandwidth to different sources on the same media. It divides the available bandwidth into multiple time slots and assigns each source a specific time slot to transmit its data. This allows multiple sources to share the same media by taking turns transmitting their data within their designated time slots. By efficiently utilizing the available bandwidth, Time Division Multiplexing enables simultaneous communication between multiple sources on the same media.

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  • 4. 

    Which OSI layer performs the following types of encapsulation: ISDN, Frame Relay, and HDLC?

    • A.

      Network

    • B.

      Session

    • C.

      Data link

    • D.

      Transport

    Correct Answer
    C. Data link
    Explanation
    The Data link layer performs encapsulation for ISDN, Frame Relay, and HDLC protocols. This layer is responsible for framing data into packets and adding necessary headers and trailers. ISDN, Frame Relay, and HDLC are all data link layer protocols that operate at this layer. The Network layer is responsible for routing and addressing, the Session layer manages the communication sessions, and the Transport layer ensures reliable data delivery.

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  • 5. 

    A router is referred to as which type of device?

    • A.

      DCE

    • B.

      DTE

    • C.

      CPE

    • D.

      CO

    Correct Answer
    B. DTE
    Explanation
    A router is referred to as a DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) device. DTE is a type of device that communicates with the data communication equipment (DCE) to establish a connection and transfer data. A router acts as a DTE because it is responsible for receiving, processing, and forwarding data packets between different networks. It connects to the DCE, such as a modem or a switch, to establish a network connection and facilitate the transmission of data.

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  • 6. 

    What is the name of the collective switches and facilities (called trunks) inside the WAN provider's cloud?

    • A.

      Customer premises equipment

    • B.

      Toll network

    • C.

      Demarcation

    • D.

      Local loop

    Correct Answer
    B. Toll network
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Toll network. A toll network refers to the collective switches and facilities (trunks) inside the WAN provider's cloud. It is responsible for transmitting and routing data between different locations and networks. The toll network allows for long-distance communication and enables connectivity between various customer premises equipment.

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  • 7. 

    Which WAN service(s) employs the use of TDMs?

    • A.

      Basic telephone service and ISDN

    • B.

      Frame Relay

    • C.

      Frame Relay and basic telephone service

    • D.

      POTS and ATM

    Correct Answer
    A. Basic telephone service and ISDN
    Explanation
    Basic telephone service and ISDN employ the use of TDMs. TDM stands for Time Division Multiplexing, which is a technique used to transmit multiple signals over a single communication link by dividing the available bandwidth into time slots. Both basic telephone service and ISDN use TDMs to transmit voice and data signals. Frame Relay and ATM, on the other hand, use packet switching instead of TDMs for data transmission. POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) is another term for basic telephone service, so it is included in the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    How are WAN link options classified?

    • A.

      Multiplexed and packet switched

    • B.

      Packet switched and broadcast

    • C.

      Dedicated and broadcast

    • D.

      Dedicated and switched

    Correct Answer
    D. Dedicated and switched
    Explanation
    WAN link options are classified into two categories: dedicated and switched. A dedicated link provides a dedicated connection between two endpoints, ensuring a consistent and reliable connection. On the other hand, a switched link uses shared resources and dynamically allocates bandwidth as needed, allowing multiple endpoints to share the same link. Therefore, the correct answer is "Dedicated and switched."

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  • 9. 

    What is the most common type of packet-switched WAN network?

    • A.

      SMDS

    • B.

      ISDN

    • C.

      Frame Relay

    • D.

      X.25

    Correct Answer
    C. Frame Relay
    Explanation
    Frame Relay is the most common type of packet-switched WAN network. It is a high-performance and cost-effective technology that allows for the efficient transmission of data packets over wide area networks. Frame Relay operates at the data link layer of the OSI model and provides reliable and flexible connectivity between multiple locations. It offers scalable bandwidth options and supports various network protocols, making it widely adopted by businesses for their WAN connectivity needs. SMDS, ISDN, and X.25 are also packet-switched WAN technologies, but they are not as commonly used as Frame Relay.

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  • 10. 

    What layers of the OSI model are WANs focused on?

    • A.

      Network and transport

    • B.

      Physical and data link

    • C.

      Network and data link

    • D.

      Physical and network

    Correct Answer
    B. Physical and data link
    Explanation
    WANs, or Wide Area Networks, are focused on the physical and data link layers of the OSI model. The physical layer deals with the physical transmission of data, such as the cables and network devices used to connect different locations. The data link layer is responsible for the reliable transmission of data between adjacent network nodes, ensuring error-free communication. In the context of WANs, these layers are crucial for establishing and maintaining connections over long distances, allowing for communication between geographically dispersed networks.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is a circuit switched WAN

    • A.

      ATM

    • B.

      T1/E1

    • C.

      ISDN

    • D.

      SMDS

    Correct Answer
    C. ISDN
    Explanation
    ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is a circuit-switched WAN technology. It uses digital signals to establish a dedicated communication path between two points for the duration of a call. This means that the connection remains constant and exclusive for the duration of the communication, ensuring a reliable and secure transmission. Other options like ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode), T1/E1, and SMDS (Switched Multimegabit Data Service) are not circuit-switched WAN technologies. ATM is a cell-switching technology, T1/E1 is a digital transmission technology, and SMDS is a packet-switched WAN technology.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are examples of WAN services?

    • A.

      Ethernet and 802.3

    • B.

      ISDN and Frame Relay

    • C.

      Token Ring and FDDI

    • D.

      SDLC and HDLC

    Correct Answer
    B. ISDN and Frame Relay
    Explanation
    ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) and Frame Relay are examples of WAN (Wide Area Network) services. ISDN is a set of communication standards that enables digital transmission of voice, video, and data over telephone lines. Frame Relay is a packet-switching technology that allows for the efficient transmission of data between multiple locations over a wide area network. Both ISDN and Frame Relay are commonly used in businesses to connect remote offices and provide reliable and high-speed communication.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following isNOT an essential component of a leased line connection?

    • A.

      Switch

    • B.

      CSU/DSU

    • C.

      Service provider circuit

    • D.

      Router port

    Correct Answer
    A. Switch
    Explanation
    A leased line connection is a dedicated point-to-point connection between two locations, typically provided by a telecommunications service provider. It is used to transmit data and voice signals at a fixed bandwidth. The essential components of a leased line connection include a CSU/DSU (Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit), which is responsible for converting digital signals into analog signals and vice versa, a service provider circuit, which is the physical connection provided by the service provider, and a router port, which is used to connect the leased line to a router. A switch, on the other hand, is not an essential component of a leased line connection as it is primarily used to connect multiple devices within a local area network, not for establishing a dedicated point-to-point connection.

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  • 14. 

    Which device adapts the router interface to the service provider's circuit?

    • A.

      Router

    • B.

      Host terminal

    • C.

      CSU/DSU

    • D.

      WAN switch

    Correct Answer
    C. CSU/DSU
    Explanation
    A CSU/DSU (Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit) is a device that adapts the router interface to the service provider's circuit. It is responsible for converting the digital data from the router into a format that can be transmitted over the service provider's circuit, and vice versa. The CSU/DSU also provides error detection and correction, as well as line conditioning, to ensure reliable transmission of data over the circuit. Therefore, the CSU/DSU is the correct device that performs this function.

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  • 15. 

    Dial-on-demand routing can dynamically initiate and close which of the following session types?

    • A.

      Dedicated line

    • B.

      Circuit-switched line

    • C.

      Packet-switched line

    • D.

      PVC

    Correct Answer
    B. Circuit-switched line
    Explanation
    Dial-on-demand routing allows for the dynamic initiation and termination of circuit-switched lines. This means that the routing system can automatically establish a circuit-switched connection when needed and close it when no longer required. Circuit-switched lines are commonly used for voice communication and require the establishment of a dedicated connection for the duration of the session. This dynamic capability of dial-on-demand routing helps optimize network resources and improve efficiency.

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  • 16. 

    Which packet-switched WAN technologies are characterized by the use of Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)?

    • A.

      Frame Relay and ISDN

    • B.

      Frame Relay and X.25

    • C.

      ISDN only

    • D.

      ISDN and X.25

    Correct Answer
    B. Frame Relay and X.25
    Explanation
    Frame Relay and X.25 are characterized by the use of Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs). PVCs are virtual connections that are established in advance and remain constant, providing a dedicated connection between two endpoints. Frame Relay and X.25 use PVCs to ensure reliable and efficient data transmission over packet-switched networks. ISDN, on the other hand, uses circuit-switched technology and does not utilize PVCs. Therefore, the correct answer is Frame Relay and X.25.

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  • 17. 

    The cabling that extends from the customer's site (CPE) to the Central Office (CO) is known as what?

    • A.

      Local loop

    • B.

      T1 link

    • C.

      Telco loop

    • D.

      Switch circuit

    Correct Answer
    A. Local loop
    Explanation
    The cabling that extends from the customer's site (CPE) to the Central Office (CO) is known as the local loop. This loop connects the customer's premises to the telecommunications network and is responsible for carrying voice and data signals between the two locations. The local loop is an essential component of the telecommunications infrastructure and plays a crucial role in providing connectivity to the customer.

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  • 18. 

    The point at which the CPE ends is known as what?

    • A.

      Point of presence

    • B.

      Local loop

    • C.

      DTE

    • D.

      Demarcation

    Correct Answer
    D. Demarcation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Demarcation." In networking, the demarcation point is the point where the responsibility of the service provider ends and the responsibility of the customer begins. It is the physical or logical point where the network service provider's equipment ends and the customer's equipment begins. It is often marked by a demarcation device, such as a jack or a network interface device, and it serves as a clear boundary for troubleshooting and maintenance purposes.

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  • 19. 

    Which digital service provides both voice and data transmission over existing phone lines?

    • A.

      PPP

    • B.

      HDLC

    • C.

      X.25

    • D.

      ISDN

    Correct Answer
    D. ISDN
    Explanation
    ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is the correct answer because it is a digital service that provides both voice and data transmission over existing phone lines. ISDN allows for simultaneous transmission of voice and data, making it a versatile and efficient option for communication. PPP, HDLC, and X.25 are all protocols used for data transmission but do not specifically provide voice transmission over phone lines.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 11, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Archz
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