care Of The Older Adult

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| By Talithacruicks
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Talithacruicks
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,511
Questions: 36 | Attempts: 2,608

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Care Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Statistically, who lives longer?

    • A.

      Men

    • B.

      Women

    Correct Answer
    B. Women
    Explanation
    Women statistically live longer than men. This is supported by various studies and data that consistently show a higher life expectancy for women compared to men. Factors such as biological differences, lifestyle choices, and societal factors may contribute to this trend. However, it is important to note that individual circumstances and health conditions can also play a significant role in determining lifespan.

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  • 2. 

    What percentage of bed days are taken up with 70years+ patients?

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    D. 40
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 40 because it indicates that 40% of bed days are occupied by patients who are 70 years or older. This suggests that a significant portion of the hospital's resources and facilities are dedicated to providing care for elderly patients.

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  • 3. 

    What is the order of Maslows Hierachy of human needs? a) self esteem b) self actualisation c) belonging d) biological integrity e) safety and security

    • A.

      A, b, d, e, c

    • B.

      E, d, c, a, b

    • C.

      B, d, c, e, a

    • D.

      D, e, c, a, b

    Correct Answer
    D. D, e, c, a, b
    Explanation
    Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs is a theory that categorizes human needs into a hierarchical structure. The correct order of the hierarchy is as follows: physiological needs (d), safety and security (e), belonging (c), self-esteem (a), and self-actualization (b). This means that individuals must first satisfy their basic physiological needs, such as food and shelter, before moving on to higher-level needs such as safety, belonging, self-esteem, and finally self-actualization.

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  • 4. 

    What are CNS changes in an older adult?

  • 5. 

    What are Cardio changes in older adult?

  • 6. 

    What are pulmonary changes in older adult?

  • 7. 

    What are Integumentry changes of older adult?

  • 8. 

    What are musculoskeletal changes of older adult?

  • 9. 

    What are endocrine changes of older adults?

  • 10. 

    What are Immune changes in older adult?

  • 11. 

    What are renal changes in older adult?

  • 12. 

    Gerotrancendence means:

    • A.

      Awareness of death in others, but not in self and resulting life happiness and inner stregth

    • B.

      Awareness of the inevability of death occuring and the manifestation of considerable inner strength

    • C.

      Awareness of the inevability of death occuring and the manifestation of considerable fear and denial

    • D.

      Blindsightedness to death and aging and resulting life happiness

    Correct Answer
    B. Awareness of the inevability of death occuring and the manifestation of considerable inner strength
    Explanation
    Gerotrancendence refers to the awareness of the inevitability of death occurring and the manifestation of considerable inner strength. This means that individuals who possess gerotrancendence have a deep understanding that death is a natural part of life and they are able to confront this reality with resilience and inner fortitude. They do not deny or fear death, but instead, they embrace it and find strength within themselves to face the challenges that come with aging and mortality.

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  • 13. 

    How many over 65 years and over 85 years respectively, have dementia?

    • A.

      1 in 15, 1 in 4

    • B.

      1 in 15, 1 in 5

    • C.

      1 in 10, 1 in 5

    • D.

      1 in 10, 1 in 3

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 in 15, 1 in 4
    Explanation
    Approximately 1 in 15 individuals over the age of 65 and 1 in 4 individuals over the age of 85 have dementia. This means that among the population of individuals aged 65 and above, about 1 out of every 15 individuals is affected by dementia. Among the population of individuals aged 85 and above, the prevalence of dementia is higher, with approximately 1 out of every 4 individuals being affected.

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  • 14. 

    The following is a list of chemical changes that occur in older adults. Tick all that increase. The rest decrease with old age.

    • A.

      Alkaline phosphatase

    • B.

      Copper

    • C.

      Ferritin

    • D.

      Albumin

    • E.

      Glucose

    • F.

      Testosterone

    • G.

      Pao2

    • H.

      Calcium

    • I.

      PSA

    • J.

      T3 and T4

    • K.

      Interleukin 6

    • L.

      ESR

    • M.

      Growth hormone

    • N.

      Magnesium

    • O.

      Interleukin 1

    • P.

      Rheumatoid factor

    • Q.

      Uric acid

    • R.

      Triglycerides

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Alkaline phosphatase
    B. Copper
    C. Ferritin
    E. Glucose
    I. PSA
    K. Interleukin 6
    L. ESR
    P. Rheumatoid factor
    Q. Uric acid
    R. Triglycerides
    Explanation
    In older adults, the levels of alkaline phosphatase, copper, ferritin, glucose, PSA, Interleukin 6, ESR, rheumatoid factor, uric acid, and triglycerides increase. This means that these substances tend to be higher in older adults compared to younger individuals. On the other hand, the levels of albumin, testosterone, Pao2, calcium, T3 and T4, growth hormone, magnesium, and interleukin 1 decrease with old age.

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  • 15. 

    A patient presents with; - Tachypnoea - Lethary - Delerium - Cough - Chills - Decreased appetite This is most likely ...

    • A.

      GORD

    • B.

      UTI

    • C.

      Pneumonia

    • D.

      Heart Attack

    Correct Answer
    C. Pneumonia
    Explanation
    The patient's symptoms of tachypnea, lethargy, delirium, cough, chills, and decreased appetite are consistent with pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs, causing symptoms such as rapid breathing (tachypnea), fatigue (lethargy), confusion (delirium), cough, chills, and loss of appetite. These symptoms indicate an acute respiratory infection, which is characteristic of pneumonia.

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  • 16. 

    A patient presents with; - Dysuria - flank or suurapubic pain - Urinary urgency/ frequency - Anorexia - Confusion - Enuresis This is most likely...

    • A.

      UTI

    • B.

      Stress Incontinence

    • C.

      GORD

    • D.

      Bowel Blockage

    Correct Answer
    A. UTI
    Explanation
    The patient's symptoms of dysuria, flank or suprapubic pain, urinary urgency/frequency, anorexia, confusion, and enuresis are all consistent with a urinary tract infection (UTI). UTIs commonly cause pain and discomfort during urination, frequent and urgent need to urinate, and can also lead to confusion and changes in behavior in older adults. The presence of anorexia and enuresis further supports the diagnosis of a UTI. Therefore, the most likely explanation for the given symptoms is a UTI.

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  • 17. 

    A patient presents with; - Dysphagia - Chest pain - Horesness - Vomiting - Chronic Cough - Recurrent Aspiration Pneumonia This most likely is...

    • A.

      GORD

    • B.

      Pneumonia

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      Sleep Apnoea

    Correct Answer
    A. GORD
    Explanation
    The patient's symptoms of dysphagia, chest pain, hoarseness, vomiting, chronic cough, and recurrent aspiration pneumonia are consistent with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD). GORD occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and inflammation. This can lead to symptoms such as difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), chest pain, hoarseness, and chronic cough. Vomiting and recurrent aspiration pneumonia can also occur if stomach contents are aspirated into the lungs. Therefore, GORD is the most likely explanation for the patient's symptoms.

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  • 18. 

    What are nursing strategies for stage 1 of dementia?

  • 19. 

    What are nursing strategies for stage 2 of dementia?

  • 20. 

    What are nursing strategies for stage 3 of dementia?

  • 21. 

    What are some general nursing interventions for someone suffering dementia?

  • 22. 

    What are some general nursing interventions for someone suffering delerium?

  • 23. 

    What are the causes of faecal incontinence?

    • A.

      Abnormal GI motility

    • B.

      Sphincter dysfunction

    • C.

      Defects in rectal fault function

    • D.

      Neurological disorders

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The causes of faecal incontinence include abnormal GI motility, sphincter dysfunction, defects in rectal fault function, and neurological disorders. Abnormal GI motility refers to issues with the movement of the gastrointestinal tract, which can lead to faecal incontinence. Sphincter dysfunction refers to problems with the muscles that control the release of stool, causing the inability to control bowel movements. Defects in rectal fault function can also contribute to faecal incontinence, as it affects the rectum's ability to hold stool. Finally, neurological disorders can disrupt the nerve signals that control bowel movements, leading to faecal incontinence.

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  • 24. 

    What are nursing strategies to improve pain

  • 25. 

    What are nursing strategies to improve hydration?

  • 26. 

    What are nursing strategies to improve nutrition?

  • 27. 

    What are nursing strategies to improve sleep?

  • 28. 

    What are nursing strategies to improve skin?

  • 29. 

    What are nursing strategies to improve infection control?

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 06, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Talithacruicks
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