Dr. Lee Geriatrics - Lecture 1

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Quizzes Created: 22 | Total Attempts: 13,283
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Geriatrics Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the United Sates, an older American is defined as what age?

    • A.

      50

    • B.

      55

    • C.

      60

    • D.

      65

    • E.

      70

    Correct Answer
    D. 65
    Explanation
    In the United States, an older American is typically defined as someone who is 65 years of age or older. This is because at this age, individuals become eligible for certain benefits and programs such as Medicare, which is a government-funded healthcare program for seniors. Additionally, many retirement plans and social security benefits also become available at this age. Therefore, 65 is considered the threshold for being classified as an older American in the United States.

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  • 2. 

    Select the true statements

    • A.

      In general older women outnumber older men

    • B.

      The US has fewer elderly people compared to countries such as Italy and Japan

    • C.

      60% of men aged 85 and older are widowed

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. In general older women outnumber older men
    B. The US has fewer elderly people compared to countries such as Italy and Japan
    Explanation
    True: 60% of men 85 and older are married
    Women are more likely to be widowed than men due to life expectancy and the fact that women tend to marry slightly older men.

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  • 3. 

    Select the false statement 

    • A.

      Older Americans are more educated than in previous decades.

    • B.

      Older American are making more money today compared to 1959, with social security contributing to roughly 37% of that income

    • C.

      Most older Americans are retired by the age of 50

    • D.

      The cost of healthcare dramatically rises for people age 65 and older

    • E.

      Older Americans with higher education are wealthier than their counterparts with less education

    Correct Answer
    C. Most older Americans are retired by the age of 50
    Explanation
    Only about 9% of older Americans live below the poverty line.
    Most older Americans are still working with a general increase in participation for women and a general decline in participation for men

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  • 4. 

    Select the false statement regarding chronic health conditions 

    • A.

      They negatively affect the quality of life.

    • B.

      The conditions commonly found in the aging population are hypertension, arthritis and heart disease

    • C.

      Non-hispanic whites self report better health than other groups

    • D.

      The leading cause of death in those aged 65 and over is lower respiratory disease

    Correct Answer
    D. The leading cause of death in those aged 65 and over is lower respiratory disease
    Explanation
    Heart disease followed by cancer

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  • 5. 

    Select all the true statements 

    • A.

      Older populations aged 85 and older report more instances of depression compared to the 65-69 yo age group

    • B.

      Mortality rates are raising in leading to a smaller population of older Americans. All causes of death are increasing with the exception of diabetes and respiratory problems

    • C.

      Socialization and physical activities decline over time, with TV taking up over half their leisure time

    • D.

      Functional limitations such as inability to lift objects or stoop are reported in 42% of the elderly population

    • E.

      Weight in older Americans is generally not an issue as studies have found their weight is comparable to their contemporaries in the 1960s

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Older populations aged 85 and older report more instances of depression compared to the 65-69 yo age group
    C. Socialization and physical activities decline over time, with TV taking up over half their leisure time
    D. Functional limitations such as inability to lift objects or stoop are reported in 42% of the elderly population
    Explanation
    The answer is correct because it accurately identifies the true statements from the given options. According to the answer, older populations aged 85 and older report more instances of depression compared to the 65-69 yo age group. Additionally, socialization and physical activities decline over time, with TV taking up over half their leisure time. Lastly, functional limitations such as inability to lift objects or stoop are reported in 42% of the elderly population. These statements are supported by the information provided in the question.

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  • 6. 

    Which statements are true regarding health care expenditures 

    • A.

      Hospital and physician services accounted for most of the health care costs for elderly Americans

    • B.

      Fewer older Americans are in inpatient or are in long term care facilities

    • C.

      Medicare provides glasses for all people over the age of 65

    • D.

      Medicare pays for 53% of health care cost of older Americans and covers hospitals, hospice, home care, short-term institutions and physicians.

    • E.

      Supplemental insurance covers prescription drugs, dental and nursing homes. This is done to lower the out of pocket cost

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hospital and physician services accounted for most of the health care costs for elderly Americans
    B. Fewer older Americans are in inpatient or are in long term care facilities
    D. Medicare pays for 53% of health care cost of older Americans and covers hospitals, hospice, home care, short-term institutions and physicians.
    E. Supplemental insurance covers prescription drugs, dental and nursing homes. This is done to lower the out of pocket cost
    Explanation
    The statement that hospital and physician services accounted for most of the health care costs for elderly Americans is true. This is because hospital stays and medical procedures tend to be expensive and can significantly contribute to overall health care expenditures. Additionally, the statement that fewer older Americans are in inpatient or long term care facilities is also true. This could be due to advancements in medical treatments and technologies that allow for more care to be provided in outpatient settings or at home. The statement that Medicare pays for 53% of health care costs for older Americans is also true. Medicare is a government-funded health insurance program for individuals aged 65 and older, and it covers a wide range of health care services. Lastly, the statement that supplemental insurance covers prescription drugs, dental, and nursing homes to lower out-of-pocket costs is also true. Supplemental insurance plans are designed to fill in the gaps left by Medicare and provide additional coverage for services not covered by the primary insurance.

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  • 7. 

    A 73 yoM walks into your office. According to the information presented in lecture regarding mental functioning, which of the following statements LEAST applies to him? 

    • A.

      His psychomotor and problem solving skills will show a mild decline

    • B.

      His mental reasoning maybe slightly impaired

    • C.

      He is easily distractable

    • D.

      His vocabulary will have declined compared to his vocabulary at age 40

    • E.

      He may still have the same capacity to learn however he requires more time to give a response after the stimulus has been presented

    Correct Answer
    D. His vocabulary will have declined compared to his vocabulary at age 40
    Explanation
    The statement "His vocabulary will have declined compared to his vocabulary at age 40" least applies to the 73-year-old male. According to the information presented in the lecture regarding mental functioning, vocabulary tends to remain stable or even improve with age. Therefore, it is unlikely that his vocabulary would have declined compared to when he was 40 years old.

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  • 8. 

    My grandma (76+) can't remember jack shit. I tell her one thing and she's forgotten it 20mins later. Which of the following statements regarding memory is false. 

    • A.

      My grandma should have little change in primary memory

    • B.

      There is no difference in short term memory in the elderly over 75+ vs. 50+.

    • C.

      Decline in visual retention is moderate in 5th and 6th decade but severe in older groups

    • D.

      I love my grammy!

    Correct Answer
    B. There is no difference in short term memory in the elderly over 75+ vs. 50+.
    Explanation
    Short term memory declines a little while there is no change in recognition memory

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  • 9. 

    Select all TRUE statements 

    • A.

      Personality and self esteem can predict adaptation to aging changes

    • B.

      Their self-worth is dependent on having a role to play

    • C.

      Individuals living in a convalescent center/nursing home are less likely to experience depression

    • D.

      An increase in cognitive impairment will lead to a less active sex life

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Personality and self esteem can predict adaptation to aging changes
    B. Their self-worth is dependent on having a role to play
    Explanation
    Personality and self-esteem can predict adaptation to aging changes because individuals with positive personality traits and high self-esteem are more likely to have a positive outlook on aging and be more resilient in the face of physical and cognitive changes. Their self-worth is dependent on having a role to play because individuals who feel a sense of purpose and value in their roles and responsibilities are more likely to have higher self-esteem and overall well-being.

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  • 10. 

    You have a 79yoF as your next exam, which of the following statements is least likely to apply to her? 

    • A.

      She is widowed and finished high school

    • B.

      She lives alone

    • C.

      Most of her income comes from Social security

    • D.

      She is still working

    • E.

      She is severally depressed and a chronic smoker

    Correct Answer
    E. She is severally depressed and a chronic smoker
    Explanation
    Depression is generally low in the older population and cigarette smoking is generally declining

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  • 11. 

    Your 85yoM DFE is late for their appointment. You start thinking about what they are like. What statement least applies to them?

    • A.

      They are overweight

    • B.

      He will be accompanied by his wife

    • C.

      He requires physical activity to reduce chronic diseases, relieve depression and prevention of falls

    • D.

      He uses medicare to pay for dental and long term care in a home

    Correct Answer
    D. He uses medicare to pay for dental and long term care in a home
    Explanation
    60% if 85+ men are married

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