Cardiology/cardiac Surgery/thoracic Surgery

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Cardiology/cardiac Surgery/thoracic Surgery

Objectives Checklist:*Combinintg forms, prefixes, and suffixes related to the body system. *Basic structures of the heart and how they function together. *Major vessels of the circulatory system as well as the difference in vessel types and functions. *Flow of blood along its full circulatory path and the correct order of coronary structures through which blood flows during the oxygenation process. *Electrophysiology of the heartbeat, from the role of the sinoatrial node to ventricular contraction. *Fundamentals of blood pressure adn the indications of elevated and decompressed diastolic and systolic levels. *Common signs and symptoms associated with coronary and/or circulatory dysfunction or disease. *Major disease processes associated with the heart and vesse


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The smooth layer of endothelial cells that lines the interior of the heart and the heart valves is called
    • A. 

      Endocardium

    • B. 

      Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Pericardium

  • 2. 
    The record used to detect electrical changes in the heart muscle as the heart is beating is called a (an)
    • A. 

      Echocardiogram

    • B. 

      Electrocardiogram

    • C. 

      Electroencephalogram

    • D. 

      Sphygmomanometer

  • 3. 
    Retrosternal pain is located
    • A. 

      Above the sternum

    • B. 

      Behind the sternum

    • C. 

      Below the sternum

    • D. 

      Beside the sternum

  • 4. 
    A patient comes in with trouble breating, and swelling in the lower legs. The provider suspects
    • A. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • B. 

      A heart murmur

    • C. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • D. 

      Aneurysm

  • 5. 
    Which of the following risk factors for cardiac disease can be modified?
    • A. 

      Age

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Family history

    • D. 

      Gender

  • 6. 
    Which test, when elevated, is most indicative of heart failure?
    • A. 

      BMP

    • B. 

      BNP

    • C. 

      CMP

    • D. 

      INR

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a type of heart murmur?
    • A. 

      Cyanotic

    • B. 

      Serophilic

    • C. 

      Sessile

    • D. 

      Systolic

  • 8. 
    What suffix combined with cardio- means enlarged heart?
    • A. 

      -megaly

    • B. 

      -metry

    • C. 

      -malacia

    • D. 

      -myotomy

  • 9. 
    In this procedure, a small flexible tube is guided into the heart via the femoral artery in order to detect pressures and patterns of blood flow in the heart.
    • A. 

      Coronary artery bypass graft

    • B. 

      Exercise tolerance test

    • C. 

      Cardiac catheterization

    • D. 

      Endarerectomy

  • 10. 
    Which of the following laboratory tests is used to diagnose a myocardial infarction?
    • A. 

      CEA and CA 19-9

    • B. 

      CK-MB and troponin

    • C. 

      MCH and MCV

    • D. 

      PSA and PTH

  • 11. 
    The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle is
    • A. 

      Diastole

    • B. 

      Endocardium

    • C. 

      Systole

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is the medical term for a heart attack?
    • A. 

      Diphtheritic myocarditis

    • B. 

      Myocardial hamartoma

    • C. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • D. 

      Septal myomectomy

  • 13. 
    Blood pressure measurement is expressed as
    • A. 

      Diastolic pressure over systolic pressure

    • B. 

      Sacral pressure over diagonal pressure

    • C. 

      Systemic pressure over diaphragm pressure

    • D. 

      Systolic pressure over diastolic pressure

  • 14. 
    The antiarrhythmic agent used to treat congestive heart failure and arrhythmias like atrial fibrillation is
    • A. 

      Digoxin

    • B. 

      Doxepin

    • C. 

      Doxycycline

    • D. 

      Doxidan

  • 15. 
    Which of these terms means an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery?
    • A. 

      Aneuploidy

    • B. 

      Aneurysm

    • C. 

      Antionecrosis

    • D. 

      Annulus

  • 16. 
    Premature heartbeat is also known as
    • A. 

      Arrhythmia

    • B. 

      Bradycardia

    • C. 

      Extrasystole

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 17. 
    Pain, tension, and weakness in a leg after walking with an absence of the pain at rest is called
    • A. 

      Claudication

    • B. 

      Embolus

    • C. 

      Infarction

    • D. 

      Occlusion

  • 18. 
    Which of the following tests isused to monitor a patient on Coumadin therapy?
    • A. 

      INR

    • B. 

      Transferrin

    • C. 

      CBC

    • D. 

      Platelet count

  • 19. 
    Which node is considered the dominant pacemaker?
    • A. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • B. 

      Coronary node

    • C. 

      Sentinel node

    • D. 

      Sinoatrial node

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is placed within a coronary artery to keep the artery patent?
    • A. 

      Valve

    • B. 

      Stint

    • C. 

      Stent

    • D. 

      Catheter

  • 21. 
    Which of the following are forms of cholesterol?
    • A. 

      Homocysteine and fibrinogen

    • B. 

      Creatinine and LH

    • C. 

      AST and ALT

    • D. 

      HDL and LDL

  • 22. 
    Fainting is also referred to as
    • A. 

      A cerebrovascular accident

    • B. 

      Thrombosis

    • C. 

      Claudication

    • D. 

      Syncope

  • 23. 
    Which are normal heart sounds?
    • A. 

      S1 and S2

    • B. 

      S1 and S4

    • C. 

      S2 and S3

    • D. 

      S3 and S4

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is a humming or buzzing sound caused by the passage of blood through an artery narrowed by arteriosclerosis?
    • A. 

      PMI

    • B. 

      Rub

    • C. 

      Click

    • D. 

      Bruit

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a diuretic that is often combined with antihypertensive medications?
    • A. 

      Ibuprofen

    • B. 

      Acetylsalicylic acid

    • C. 

      Lovastatin

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

  • 26. 
    Sudden episodes of labored breathing that awaken the patient from sleep is referred to as
    • A. 

      P and D

    • B. 

      PCP

    • C. 

      PND

    • D. 

      O and P

  • 27. 
    Generic name for a cardiotonic agent
    • A. 

      Dobutamine

    • B. 

      Dobitamine

    • C. 

      Cardiolite

    • D. 

      Cardialite

  • 28. 
    Generic name for a coronary vasodilator
    • A. 

      Fibrilla

    • B. 

      Verapamil

    • C. 

      Fabrille

    • D. 

      Verpamil

  • 29. 
    Generic name for an antiarrhythmic agent used to treat atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular contractions, and tachycardia
    • A. 

      Quindine

    • B. 

      Quinidine

    • C. 

      Nortrityline

    • D. 

      Nortriptyline

  • 30. 
    Characterized by low blood pressure or causing a reduction in blood pressure
    • A. 

      Hypercholesterolemia

    • B. 

      Hypertensive

    • C. 

      Hypocholesterolemia

    • D. 

      Hypotensive

  • 31. 
    Device used to administer electrical shocks to the heart
    • A. 

      Cardiomyopathy

    • B. 

      Cardioverter

    • C. 

      Cardomyopathy

    • D. 

      Cardoverter

  • 32. 
    Formation of a small depression
    • A. 

      Pitting

    • B. 

      Iliac

    • C. 

      Piting

    • D. 

      Ilac

  • 33. 
    Having a normal-sized head; mesocephalic
    • A. 

      Atherosclerotic

    • B. 

      Atheriosclerotic

    • C. 

      Normocephalic

    • D. 

      Normiocephalic

  • 34. 
    Pertaining to the foot or feet
    • A. 

      Pedal

    • B. 

      Padel

    • C. 

      Carotid

    • D. 

      Cariotid

  • 35. 
    Redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation
    • A. 

      Erythemia

    • B. 

      Erythema

    • C. 

      Ischema

    • D. 

      Ischemia

  • 36. 
    Pertaining to the principal artery of the neck
    • A. 

      Pedal

    • B. 

      Padel

    • C. 

      Carotid

    • D. 

      Cariotid

  • 37. 
    Sudden recurrence or increase in intensity of symptoms; spasm or seizure
    • A. 

      Paroxysm

    • B. 

      Paroxism

    • C. 

      Aneurism

    • D. 

      Aneurysm

  • 38. 
    Formation of a blood clot within the vascular system
    • A. 

      Myocardial

    • B. 

      Myocardal

    • C. 

      Thromosis

    • D. 

      Thrombosis

  • 39. 
    Slowness of the heartbeat
    • A. 

      Tachycardia

    • B. 

      Cachicardia

    • C. 

      Bradicardia

    • D. 

      Bradycardia

  • 40. 
    Trade name for an antihypertensive
    • A. 

      Capoten

    • B. 

      Capatin

    • C. 

      Zyloprim

    • D. 

      Zylaprim

  • 41. 
    Trade name for a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), used to prevent gastric ulcers
    • A. 

      Cycotec

    • B. 

      Terramycin

    • C. 

      Cytotec

    • D. 

      Teramycin

  • 42. 
    Trade name for a diuretic
    • A. 

      Ecotrin

    • B. 

      Icotrin

    • C. 

      Lasix

    • D. 

      Laxis

  • 43. 
    Trade name for a coronary vasodilator
    • A. 

      Persantine

    • B. 

      Reglan

    • C. 

      Presantine

    • D. 

      Relan

  • 44. 
    Trade name for an antigout agent
    • A. 

      Capoten

    • B. 

      Capatin

    • C. 

      Zyloprim

    • D. 

      Zylaprim

  • 45. 
    Cramp-like pains in the calf; limping
    • A. 

      Caudication

    • B. 

      Claudication

    • C. 

      Fibrilation

    • D. 

      Fibrillation

  • 46. 
    Mass of tissues and organs separating the sternum in front and the vertebral column behind
    • A. 

      Mediastinum

    • B. 

      Venous

    • C. 

      Medastinum

    • D. 

      Veinous

  • 47. 
    Disorder associated with an inborn error of uric acid metabolism that increases production or interferes with the excretion of uric acid
    • A. 

      Guot

    • B. 

      Sinus

    • C. 

      Gout

    • D. 

      Sinnus

  • 48. 
    This study involves the injection or radiopaque dye directly into coronary arteries by the same procedure used in cardiac catheterization. This procedure evaluates the patency of coronary arteries and collateral circulation.
    • A. 

      Echocardiography

    • B. 

      Holter monitoring

    • C. 

      Coronary angiography

  • 49. 
    This study is used to provide ultrasound information about the coronary arteries and to assess the size and consistency of plaque, the arterial walls, and the effectiveness of intracoronary artery treatment.
    • A. 

      Intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS)

    • B. 

      Peripheral arteriography and venography

    • C. 

      Electrophysiology study (EPS)

  • 50. 
    This study is used to record intracardiac electrical activity in different cardiac structures using catheters inserted via the femoral vein into the right side of the heart.
    • A. 

      Ventriculography

    • B. 

      Electrophysiology study (EPS)

    • C. 

      Cardiac catheterization

  • 51. 
    This study involves ambulatory EKG monitoring, which records EKG rhythm for 24-48 hours and then correlates rhythm changes with symptoms recorded in a diary.
    • A. 

      Holter monitoring

    • B. 

      Echocardiography

    • C. 

      Coronary angiography

  • 52. 
    This procedure involves the surgical removal of atherosclerotic plaques within an extracranial carotid artery to prevent stroke.
    • A. 

      Exercise stress test

    • B. 

      Carotid endarterectomy

    • C. 

      Echocardiography

  • 53. 
    This study involves the recording o fthe position of the heart walls or internal structures of the heart and neighboring tissue by the echo obtained from beams of ultrasonic waves directed through the chest wall.
    • A. 

      Ventriculography

    • B. 

      Intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS)

    • C. 

      Echocardiography

  • 54. 
    This study involves a radiography of a ventricle of the heart after injection of a contrast medium.
    • A. 

      Coronary angiography

    • B. 

      Cardiac catheterization

    • C. 

      Ventriculography