Cardiology/Cardiac Surgery/Thoracic Surgery

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Cardiology/Cardiac Surgery/Thoracic Surgery

Objectives Checklist:*Combinintg forms, prefixes, and suffixes related to the body system. *Basic structures of the heart and how they function together. *Major vessels of the circulatory system as well as the difference in vessel types and functions. *Flow of blood along its full circulatory path and the correct order of coronary structures through which blood flows during the oxygenation process. *Electrophysiology of the heartbeat, from the role of the sinoatrial node to ventricular contraction. *Fundamentals of blood pressure adn the indications of elevated and decompressed diastolic and systolic levels. *Common signs and symptoms associated with coronary and/or circulatory dysfunction or disease. *Major disease processes associated with the heart and vesse


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The smooth layer of endothelial cells that lines the interior of the heart and the heart valves is called
    • A. 

      Endocardium

    • B. 

      Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Pericardium

  • 2. 
    The record used to detect electrical changes in the heart muscle as the heart is beating is called a (an)
    • A. 

      Echocardiogram

    • B. 

      Electrocardiogram

    • C. 

      Electroencephalogram

    • D. 

      Sphygmomanometer

  • 3. 
    Retrosternal pain is located
    • A. 

      Above the sternum

    • B. 

      Behind the sternum

    • C. 

      Below the sternum

    • D. 

      Beside the sternum

  • 4. 
    A patient comes in with trouble breating, and swelling in the lower legs. The provider suspects
    • A. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • B. 

      A heart murmur

    • C. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • D. 

      Aneurysm

  • 5. 
    Which of the following risk factors for cardiac disease can be modified?
    • A. 

      Age

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Family history

    • D. 

      Gender

  • 6. 
    Which test, when elevated, is most indicative of heart failure?
    • A. 

      BMP

    • B. 

      BNP

    • C. 

      CMP

    • D. 

      INR

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a type of heart murmur?
    • A. 

      Cyanotic

    • B. 

      Serophilic

    • C. 

      Sessile

    • D. 

      Systolic

  • 8. 
    What suffix combined with cardio- means enlarged heart?
    • A. 

      -megaly

    • B. 

      -metry

    • C. 

      -malacia

    • D. 

      -myotomy

  • 9. 
    In this procedure, a small flexible tube is guided into the heart via the femoral artery in order to detect pressures and patterns of blood flow in the heart.
    • A. 

      Coronary artery bypass graft

    • B. 

      Exercise tolerance test

    • C. 

      Cardiac catheterization

    • D. 

      Endarerectomy

  • 10. 
    Which of the following laboratory tests is used to diagnose a myocardial infarction?
    • A. 

      CEA and CA 19-9

    • B. 

      CK-MB and troponin

    • C. 

      MCH and MCV

    • D. 

      PSA and PTH

  • 11. 
    The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle is
    • A. 

      Diastole

    • B. 

      Endocardium

    • C. 

      Systole

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is the medical term for a heart attack?
    • A. 

      Diphtheritic myocarditis

    • B. 

      Myocardial hamartoma

    • C. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • D. 

      Septal myomectomy

  • 13. 
    Blood pressure measurement is expressed as
    • A. 

      Diastolic pressure over systolic pressure

    • B. 

      Sacral pressure over diagonal pressure

    • C. 

      Systemic pressure over diaphragm pressure

    • D. 

      Systolic pressure over diastolic pressure

  • 14. 
    The antiarrhythmic agent used to treat congestive heart failure and arrhythmias like atrial fibrillation is
    • A. 

      Digoxin

    • B. 

      Doxepin

    • C. 

      Doxycycline

    • D. 

      Doxidan

  • 15. 
    Which of these terms means an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery?
    • A. 

      Aneuploidy

    • B. 

      Aneurysm

    • C. 

      Antionecrosis

    • D. 

      Annulus

  • 16. 
    Premature heartbeat is also known as
    • A. 

      Arrhythmia

    • B. 

      Bradycardia

    • C. 

      Extrasystole

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 17. 
    Pain, tension, and weakness in a leg after walking with an absence of the pain at rest is called
    • A. 

      Claudication

    • B. 

      Embolus

    • C. 

      Infarction

    • D. 

      Occlusion

  • 18. 
    Which of the following tests isused to monitor a patient on Coumadin therapy?
    • A. 

      INR

    • B. 

      Transferrin

    • C. 

      CBC

    • D. 

      Platelet count

  • 19. 
    Which node is considered the dominant pacemaker?
    • A. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • B. 

      Coronary node

    • C. 

      Sentinel node

    • D. 

      Sinoatrial node

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is placed within a coronary artery to keep the artery patent?
    • A. 

      Valve

    • B. 

      Stint

    • C. 

      Stent

    • D. 

      Catheter

  • 21. 
    Which of the following are forms of cholesterol?
    • A. 

      Homocysteine and fibrinogen

    • B. 

      Creatinine and LH

    • C. 

      AST and ALT

    • D. 

      HDL and LDL

  • 22. 
    Fainting is also referred to as
    • A. 

      A cerebrovascular accident

    • B. 

      Thrombosis

    • C. 

      Claudication

    • D. 

      Syncope

  • 23. 
    Which are normal heart sounds?
    • A. 

      S1 and S2

    • B. 

      S1 and S4

    • C. 

      S2 and S3

    • D. 

      S3 and S4

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is a humming or buzzing sound caused by the passage of blood through an artery narrowed by arteriosclerosis?
    • A. 

      PMI

    • B. 

      Rub

    • C. 

      Click

    • D. 

      Bruit

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a diuretic that is often combined with antihypertensive medications?
    • A. 

      Ibuprofen

    • B. 

      Acetylsalicylic acid

    • C. 

      Lovastatin

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide