Business Law Practice Exam (Intermediate Level) Part- IV

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Business Law Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which one of the following is NOT an accurate description of the concept of law?

    • A.

      Law is a body of enforceable rules governing relationships among or between individuals or their society

    • B.

      Law is a group of rules people follow because it is right to do so.

    • C.

      Law is a group of commands to which obedience is secured by the threat of sanctions.

    • D.

      Law is governmental social controls obtained through targeted application of punishments and rewards.

    Correct Answer
    B. Law is a group of rules people follow because it is right to do so.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Law is a group of rules people follow because it is right to do so." This statement is not an accurate description of the concept of law because the concept of law is not solely based on personal beliefs or moral values. Law is a system of rules and regulations that are enforced by a governing authority and are binding on all members of a society. It is not just about following rules because one believes it is the right thing to do, but rather it is about the enforcement and application of rules to maintain order and govern the relationships among individuals and their society.

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  • 2. 

     In Alabama, the highest-ranking (superior) law is

    • A.

      a case decided by the Alabama Supreme Court

    • B.

      a provision in the Alabama constitution

    • C.

      a rule created by an Alabama state administrative agency

    • D.

      a statute enacted by the Alabama legislature

    Correct Answer
    B. a provision in the Alabama constitution
    Explanation
    The highest-ranking (superior) law in Alabama is a provision in the Alabama constitution. This means that the constitution holds the highest authority and all other laws and regulations must be in accordance with it. The constitution serves as the fundamental framework for the state's legal system and outlines the rights and responsibilities of its citizens, as well as the structure and powers of the government.

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  • 3. 

     George publishes a book titled Second Place, which includes a chapter from Bill’s copyrighted book  Outstanding House Racers without Bill’s permission. George’s use of the chapter is actionable

    • A.

      only if consumers are confuse

    • B.

      only if George and Bill are competitors

    • C.

      only if consumers are confused and George and Bill are competitors

    • D.

      regardless of whether consumers are confused or George and Bill are competitors

    Correct Answer
    D. regardless of whether consumers are confused or George and Bill are competitors
    Explanation
    George's use of the chapter from Bill's copyrighted book without permission is actionable regardless of whether consumers are confused or George and Bill are competitors. This means that George can be held legally responsible for his actions, regardless of whether consumers are confused by his use of the chapter or if George and Bill are in direct competition with each other.

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  • 4. 

     Georgia, like other states, may regulate private activities to protect or promote the public order, health,  safety, and general welfare under its

    • A.

      taxing powers

    • B.

      spending powers

    • C.

      supreme powers

    • D.

      police powers

    Correct Answer
    D. police powers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "police powers". Police powers refer to the authority of the state to regulate private activities in order to protect or promote public order, health, safety, and general welfare. This includes the power to enforce laws, maintain public safety, and regulate various aspects of private life.

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  • 5. 

     The River City Council, the Santa Clara County Board, the Texas state legislature, and the U.S.  Congress pass laws. These laws constitute

    • A.

      Administrative law.

    • B.

      Case law.

    • C.

      Stare decisis.

    • D.

      Statutory law.

    Correct Answer
    D. Statutory law.
    Explanation
    The given passage states that the River City Council, Santa Clara County Board, Texas state legislature, and the U.S. Congress pass laws. These laws are referred to as statutory law, which is a type of law created by legislative bodies. Administrative law refers to the rules and regulations created by administrative agencies, case law refers to laws established by court decisions, and stare decisis is a legal principle that requires courts to follow precedent. Therefore, the correct answer is statutory law.

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  • 6. 

    Persons who favor the creation of a National Biotech Agency to regulate the production of genetically  altered agricultural products should concentrate their lobbying efforts on

    • A.

      Congress

    • B.

      Federal administrative agencies that oversee agricultural products.

    • C.

      The United States Supreme Court.

    • D.

      The president of the United States.

    Correct Answer
    A. Congress
    Explanation
    Persons who favor the creation of a National Biotech Agency to regulate the production of genetically altered agricultural products should concentrate their lobbying efforts on Congress. This is because Congress has the power to create new agencies and pass legislation, and therefore can establish a National Biotech Agency. Lobbying Congress would be the most effective way to advocate for the creation of such an agency.

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  • 7. 

    As a judge, William applies common law rules. These rules develop from

    • A.

      Administrative regulations.

    • B.

      Court decisions.

    • C.

      Federal and state statutes.

    • D.

      Proposed uniform laws.

    Correct Answer
    B. Court decisions.
    Explanation
    Common law rules are developed by judges through their interpretation and application of previous court decisions. This process is known as case law or precedent. Unlike statutes or administrative regulations, which are created by legislatures or government agencies, common law rules are created through the judicial system. Therefore, court decisions are the most appropriate source for the development of common law rules.

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  • 8. 

    Sonya and Tonya buy a condo near the beach in Mobile, Alabama. On the death of either owner, that  owner’s interest in the condo passes to her heirs. This is

    • A.

      A joint tenancy

    • B.

      A life estate

    • C.

      A tenancy in common

    • D.

      Ownership in fee simple absolute.

    Correct Answer
    C. A tenancy in common
    Explanation
    Sonya and Tonya have purchased a condo together in Mobile, Alabama. In the event that one of them passes away, their share or interest in the condo will be passed on to their heirs. This indicates that they have a tenancy in common. In a tenancy in common, each owner has a separate and distinct share of the property, and they can pass on their share to their heirs upon their death.

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  • 9. 

    Company A files a suit against Company B. Before going to trial, the parties, with their attorneys, meet  to try to resolve their dispute. A third party helps them to reach an agreement. This is

    • A.

      Arbitration.

    • B.

      Litigation.

    • C.

      Mediation.

    • D.

      Negotiation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Mediation.
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the parties involved in the dispute are attempting to resolve their issues with the help of a third party. This third party assists them in reaching an agreement, which indicates that they are engaging in a process of mediation. Arbitration involves a neutral third party making a decision for the parties, while litigation refers to the process of resolving a dispute through the court system. Negotiation involves direct discussions between the parties themselves, without the involvement of a third party. Therefore, the correct answer is mediation.

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  • 10. 

    Denver, Colorado, passes an ordinance to regulate waste disposal. The disposal of waste may also be  regulated by

    • A.

      All other levels of government

    • B.

      No other levels of government.

    • C.

      The federal government only.

    • D.

      The Colorado state government only.

    Correct Answer
    A. All other levels of government
    Explanation
    The correct answer is all other levels of government. This means that waste disposal can be regulated by not only the federal and state governments, but also by local governments such as cities and counties. This allows for a comprehensive approach to waste management, with different levels of government having the authority to regulate and enforce waste disposal regulations based on their respective jurisdictions.

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  • 11. 

    United Brands Company and  Supreme Goods, Inc., use the mark “Good Housekeeping Seal of  Approval” to certify the quality of their products. United and Supreme are not in business together and do  not own this mark. The mark is

    • A.

      A certification mark.

    • B.

      A collective mark.

    • C.

      A service mark.

    • D.

      Trade dress.

    Correct Answer
    A. A certification mark.
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes how United Brands Company and Supreme Goods, Inc. use the "Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval" to certify the quality of their products. It is mentioned that they are not in business together and do not own this mark. Based on this information, it can be inferred that the mark is a certification mark, which is used to indicate that a product or service meets certain standards or qualifications set by an independent organization.

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  • 12. 

    Tom owns Butler Landing Office Park. His ownership rights include the right to sell or give away the  property without restriction, as well as the right to commit waste, if he chooses. Tom’s ownership interest  is

    • A.

      A fee simple absolute.

    • B.

      A leasehold estate.

    • C.

      A life estate.

    • D.

      The power of eminent domain.

    Correct Answer
    A. A fee simple absolute.
    Explanation
    Tom's ownership rights include the right to sell or give away the property without restriction, as well as the right to commit waste if he chooses. These rights indicate that Tom has complete and unrestricted ownership of the property, which is known as a fee simple absolute.

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  • 13. 

    A Metro City ordinance allows only a few street vendors to operate in certain areas, for the purpose of  reducing traffic. A court would likely hold this ordinance to be

    • A.

      Constitutional under the due process clause.

    • B.

      Constitutional under the equal protection clause.

    • C.

      Unconstitutional under the due process clause.

    • D.

      Unconstitutional under the equal protection clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Constitutional under the equal protection clause.
    Explanation
    The court would likely hold this ordinance to be constitutional under the equal protection clause because it allows only a few street vendors to operate in certain areas. This means that the ordinance treats all street vendors equally by applying the same restrictions to all of them. The equal protection clause ensures that all individuals are treated equally under the law, and in this case, the ordinance does not discriminate against any particular group of street vendors. Therefore, it is likely to be considered constitutional under the equal protection clause.

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  • 14. 

    Household Furnishings, Inc., distributes its merchandise on an interstate basis. Under the commerce  clause, Congress has the power to regulate

    • A.

      Any commercial activity in the United States.

    • B.

      Only activities that are in intrastate commerce.

    • C.

      Only activities that are in local commerce.

    • D.

      Only activities that are not in commerce.

    Correct Answer
    A. Any commercial activity in the United States.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "any commercial activity in the United States." This is because the commerce clause grants Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce, which includes any commercial activity that occurs within the United States, regardless of whether it is intrastate or local in nature. This allows Congress to regulate a wide range of economic activities that have an impact on interstate commerce.

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  • 15. 

    Samantha files a suit against Mark, a medical doctor, alleging negligence. As a physician, Mark is  held to the standard of

    • A.

      An average human being

    • B.

      A reasonable person.

    • C.

      A reasonable physician

    • D.

      A typical professional.

    Correct Answer
    C. A reasonable physician
    Explanation
    As a medical doctor, Mark is expected to meet the standard of a reasonable physician. This means that his actions and decisions will be evaluated based on what a reasonable and competent physician would do in similar circumstances. This standard takes into account the specialized knowledge, skills, and experience that a physician should possess in order to provide appropriate and quality medical care. Samantha's allegation of negligence against Mark would be assessed based on whether he acted in accordance with the expectations of a reasonable physician.

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  • 16. 

    . Jackie and Jonathan take title to a drive-through Koffee Kiosk in such a way that if one dies, the other  will be the sole owner. Jackie and Jonathan own the kiosk as

    • A.

      Co-owners in fee simple.

    • B.

      Joint tenants.

    • C.

      Tenants for years.

    • D.

      Tenants in common.

    Correct Answer
    B. Joint tenants.
    Explanation
    Jackie and Jonathan taking title to the drive-through Koffee Kiosk in a way that if one dies, the other will be the sole owner indicates that they own the kiosk as joint tenants. In joint tenancy, each co-owner has an equal and undivided interest in the property, and if one co-owner dies, their interest automatically passes to the surviving co-owner(s). This means that if either Jackie or Jonathan were to pass away, the other would become the sole owner of the Koffee Kiosk.

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  • 17. 

    Which of these statements about constitutional law is not valid?

    • A.

      The law as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and the various state constitutions.

    • B.

      The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land.

    • C.

      State constitutions are supreme within state borders to the extent that they do not violate the U.S. Constitution or a federal statutory or administrative law.

    • D.

      Any constitutional laws can be overruled by a judge if he deems it appropriate.

    Correct Answer
    D. Any constitutional laws can be overruled by a judge if he deems it appropriate.
    Explanation
    The statement that any constitutional laws can be overruled by a judge if he deems it appropriate is not valid. Constitutional laws are the highest form of law and are not easily overruled by judges. Judges may interpret and apply constitutional laws, but they do not have the power to simply overrule them based on their personal judgment. The U.S. Constitution and state constitutions are considered the supreme law of the land and provide a framework for the legal system.

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  • 18. 

    Which of these statements about statutory law is not valid?

    • A.

      Laws or ordinances created by federal, state, and local legislatures and governing bodies.

    • B.

      No statutory law can violate the U.S. Constitution.

    • C.

      The state and local statutory laws cannot violate relevant state constitutions.

    • D.

      Statutory laws are stated with state constitutions.

    Correct Answer
    D. Statutory laws are stated with state constitutions.
    Explanation
    The statement that "statutory laws are stated with state constitutions" is not valid because statutory laws are separate from constitutions. Statutory laws are created by legislatures and governing bodies, while constitutions establish the framework and principles of government. Statutory laws can be created and amended separately from the constitution and do not need to be stated within it.

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  • 19. 

    Which of these statements about administrative law is not valid?

    • A.

      Rules, orders, regulations, and decisions of federal, state, or local government administrative agencies.

    • B.

      Federal administrative agencies are created by enabling legislation enacted by the U.S. Congress.

    • C.

      Agency administrative functions may include: (1) rulemaking; (2) investigation; and (3) enforcement.

    • D.

      Administrative law takes precedent over statutory law.

    Correct Answer
    D. Administrative law takes precedent over statutory law.
    Explanation
    Administrative law does not take precedent over statutory law. Statutory law refers to laws that are enacted by the legislative branch of government, while administrative law refers to the rules and regulations created by administrative agencies. Statutory law is considered higher in authority than administrative law, and administrative agencies must operate within the bounds of the statutes that created them. Therefore, the statement that administrative law takes precedent over statutory law is not valid.

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  • 20. 

    Which of these statements about common law is not valid?

    • A.

      Common law (or also known as case law) is judge-made law.

    • B.

      Common law includes interpretations of constitutional provisions of statutes (legislative) and regulations (administrative).

    • C.

      Common law governs all areas not covered by statutory law or agency regulations issued to implement applicable statutes.

    • D.

      Common law is not enforceable, but just common sense people should follow.

    Correct Answer
    D. Common law is not enforceable, but just common sense people should follow.
    Explanation
    Common law is enforceable and carries legal authority. It is a body of law that is developed by judges through the decisions and interpretations made in court cases. Common law is binding and must be followed by individuals and organizations within the jurisdiction where it applies. It is not merely a matter of common sense, but a legally recognized and enforceable system of law.

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  • 21. 

    Which source of law takes priority among the following?

    • A.

      Federal statute

    • B.

      State constitution

    • C.

      Federal administrative regulation

    • D.

      State statute

    Correct Answer
    A. Federal statute
    Explanation
    Federal statutes take priority over state constitutions, federal administrative regulations, and state statutes. This is because federal statutes are laws passed by the United States Congress and they have supremacy over state laws. The Supremacy Clause in the U.S. Constitution establishes that federal law is the supreme law of the land. Therefore, if there is a conflict between a federal statute and any other source of law, the federal statute prevails.

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  • 22. 

    Which source of law takes priority among the following?

    • A.

      Us constitution

    • B.

      Federal statute

    • C.

      Federal administrative regulation

    • D.

      State statute

    Correct Answer
    A. Us constitution
    Explanation
    The US Constitution takes priority over federal statutes, federal administrative regulations, and state statutes. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land and serves as the foundation for all other laws in the United States. It establishes the structure of the government, outlines the powers and limitations of each branch, and protects the fundamental rights and liberties of individuals. Any law or regulation that conflicts with the Constitution is considered unconstitutional and therefore invalid.

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  • 23. 

    What does stare decisis stand for?

    • A.

      That judges use precedent in deciding cases

    • B.

      That judges make their own choices and not look at past decisions

    • C.

      Beef jerky

    • D.

      Marty robbins

    Correct Answer
    A. That judges use precedent in deciding cases
    Explanation
    Stare decisis is a legal principle that means "to stand by things decided." It refers to the practice of judges using past judicial decisions as a basis for deciding current cases. This principle ensures consistency and predictability in the legal system, as it allows for the application of established legal principles and interpretations. By relying on precedent, judges can maintain a level of fairness and stability in their decision-making process.

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  • 24. 

    Which of these is a part of "action at law"

    • A.

      Decided by judge or jury

    • B.

      Results in a decree or order

    • C.

      Punished with injunctive relief, specific performance, or rescission

    • D.

      Initiated by filing a petition against the accused party with the appropriate platform

    Correct Answer
    A. Decided by judge or jury
    Explanation
    "Action at law" refers to a legal proceeding where a dispute is resolved through a formal court process, typically involving a judge or jury. In this type of action, the decision on the case is made by the judge or jury based on the evidence and arguments presented. It is different from "equity" where the judge has more discretion in determining the outcome. Therefore, the statement "decided by judge or jury" accurately describes a part of "action at law."

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  • 25. 

    Which of these is a part of "action in equity"

    • A.

      Initiated by filing a complaint against the accused party with the appropriate platform

    • B.

      Results in a decree or order

    • C.

      Punished with monetary damages or criminal penalties

    • D.

      Decided by jury or judge

    Correct Answer
    B. Results in a decree or order
    Explanation
    "Action in equity" refers to a legal action that is filed in a court of equity, rather than a court of law. In this type of action, the plaintiff seeks equitable relief, such as an injunction or specific performance, rather than monetary damages. The phrase "results in a decree or order" aligns with the concept of equity, as the court may issue a decree or order to enforce the equitable relief sought by the plaintiff. This distinguishes it from actions that are primarily focused on punishing the accused party with monetary damages or criminal penalties, or actions that are decided by a jury or judge in a court of law.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following isnt a part of "action at law"

    • A.

      Is a judicial proceeding between parties resulting from an alleged wrongdoing or for the protection of a right or prevention of a wrong.

    • B.

      Results in a judgement

    • C.

      Intitiated by filing a petition against the accused party with the appropriate platform

    • D.

      Decided by jury or judge

    Correct Answer
    C. Intitiated by filing a petition against the accused party with the appropriate platform
    Explanation
    "Action at law" refers to a legal proceeding initiated by one party against another party to seek a remedy for an alleged wrongdoing or to protect a right. It typically results in a judgment, which is determined by either a jury or a judge. However, the statement "initiated by filing a petition against the accused party with the appropriate platform" does not accurately describe an action at law. Filing a petition is more commonly associated with civil actions or administrative proceedings, rather than actions at law.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following isnt part  of "action in equity"

    • A.

      A court of equity proceeding that seeks equitable relief for an alleged wrongdoing or happening

    • B.

      Punished by injunctive relief, specific performance, or rescission

    • C.

      Punished with monetary damages or criminal penalties

    • D.

      Results in a decree or order

    Correct Answer
    C. Punished with monetary damages or criminal penalties
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "punished with monetary damages or criminal penalties." This is because "action in equity" refers to a court proceeding that seeks equitable relief, such as injunctive relief, specific performance, or rescission. It does not involve the imposition of monetary damages or criminal penalties, which are typically associated with legal actions rather than equity actions.

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  • 28. 

    Which of these is injunctive relief?

    • A.

      Refrain from doing specific acts

    • B.

      Perform a specific act

    • C.

      Cancel a contract and return the parties to pre-contract positions

    Correct Answer
    A. Refrain from doing specific acts
    Explanation
    Injunctive relief refers to a court order that requires a person to refrain from performing certain actions. It is a type of remedy sought by a party in a legal dispute to prevent harm or further harm from occurring. In this case, the correct answer is "Refrain from doing specific acts," as it aligns with the concept of injunctive relief by indicating the need to abstain from specific actions.

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  • 29. 

    Which of these is specific performance?

    • A.

      Refrain from doing specific acts

    • B.

      Perform a specific act

    • C.

      Cancel a contract and return the parties to pre-contract positions

    Correct Answer
    B. Perform a specific act
    Explanation
    Performing a specific act refers to the concept of specific performance in contract law. Specific performance is a legal remedy where a court orders a party to fulfill their contractual obligations by performing a specific act. It is typically used when monetary compensation is deemed insufficient to remedy a breach of contract. In this case, "perform a specific act" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the concept of specific performance. The other options, refraining from doing specific acts and canceling a contract, do not pertain to specific performance.

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  • 30. 

    Which of these is rescission?

    • A.

      Refrain from doing specific acts

    • B.

      Perform a specific act

    • C.

      Cancel a contract and return the parties to pre-contract positions

    Correct Answer
    C. Cancel a contract and return the parties to pre-contract positions
    Explanation
    Rescission refers to the act of canceling a contract and restoring the parties involved to their positions prior to the contract. It involves undoing the legal obligations and consequences of the contract, essentially treating it as if it never existed. This can be done when there is a mutual agreement between the parties or when one party is found to have engaged in fraudulent or deceptive practices. Rescission aims to restore the parties to their original state and eliminate any negative effects or obligations that may have arisen from the contract.

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  • 31. 

    Which of these doesnt describe substantive law? (what the law is)

    • A.

      The written, statutory law that defines the rights and duties governing the relationship between or among people, an organization, and the state (i.e. criminal, contract and tort law).

    • B.

      Can function independently

    • C.

      Example: How a civil or criminal case will be handled

    • D.

      Cannot function independently.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cannot function independently.
    Explanation
    Substantive law refers to the written, statutory law that defines the rights and duties governing relationships between individuals, organizations, and the state. It includes areas of law such as criminal, contract, and tort law. The statement "Cannot function independently" is the correct answer because substantive law cannot operate on its own. It needs procedural law, which outlines the process and rules for enforcing substantive law, in order to be effective. Therefore, substantive law cannot function independently without the support of procedural law.

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  • 32. 

    Which of these doesnt describe procedural law? (how the law is applied)

    • A.

      The form or order by which the law is executed and enforced (i.e. criminal and civil procedure).

    • B.

      Cannot function independently.

    • C.

      Example: The manner in which a civil or criminal case proceeds.

    • D.

      Example: How a civil or criminal case will be handled.

    Correct Answer
    D. Example: How a civil or criminal case will be handled.
    Explanation
    Procedural law refers to the rules and processes that govern how the law is applied and enforced. It includes the form or order by which the law is executed, such as criminal and civil procedure. In this context, "how a civil or criminal case will be handled" is an example of procedural law because it pertains to the manner in which a case proceeds and is managed within the legal system. Therefore, it accurately describes procedural law.

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  • 33. 

    Which of these doesnt describe federal law?

    • A.

      Originates from the United States Constitution, granting Congress the power to enact statutes for certain limited purposes.

    • B.

      U.S. statutes are codified in the U.S. Code (U.S.C.).

    • C.

      Many statutes provide executive branch agencies the power to create regulations, which are published in the Federal Register and codified – arranging laws/regulations in a systematic code – in the Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.).

    • D.

      State supreme courts (or the state’s highest court) are the final interpreters of state law, unless a federal issue is in play, in which case a decision may be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court by a petition for writ of certiorari.

    Correct Answer
    D. State supreme courts (or the state’s highest court) are the final interpreters of state law, unless a federal issue is in play, in which case a decision may be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court by a petition for writ of certiorari.
    Explanation
    State supreme courts (or the state’s highest court) being the final interpreters of state law, unless a federal issue is in play, is the only option that does not describe federal law. Federal law is derived from the United States Constitution and is enacted by Congress, codified in the U.S. Code. Federal agencies have the power to create regulations, which are published in the Federal Register and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations. Additionally, the U.S. Supreme Court has the authority to hear appeals on federal issues.

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  • 34. 

    Which of these doesnt describe state law?

    • A.

      Each of the 50 U.S. jurisdictions are a separate sovereign with an individual constitution, government and state court system.

    • B.

      State supreme courts (or the state’s highest court) are the final interpreters of state law, unless a federal issue is in play, in which case a decision may be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court by a petition for writ of certiorari.

    • C.

      States have a legislative branch (enacts statutes), an executive branch (promulgates state regulations by statutory authority (i.e. sign into law)), and a judicial branch (applies, interprets, and can overturn state statutes and regulations).

    • D.

      U.S. statutes are codified in the U.S. Code (U.S.C.).

    Correct Answer
    D. U.S. statutes are codified in the U.S. Code (U.S.C.).
  • 35. 

    Which of the following isnt a source of international law?

    • A.

      National laws

    • B.

      Customs and treaties

    • C.

      International organizations

    • D.

      United Nations committees

    Correct Answer
    D. United Nations committees
    Explanation
    United Nations committees are not a source of international law. While the United Nations (UN) plays a significant role in the development and implementation of international law, its committees are not considered a direct source of international law. Instead, international law is primarily derived from national laws, customs and treaties, and the practices and decisions of international organizations. United Nations committees may contribute to the interpretation and application of international law, but they do not have the authority to create or establish new laws on their own.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following isnt a branch of the us government?

    • A.

      Legislative branch

    • B.

      Executive branch

    • C.

      Judicial branch

    • D.

      Presidential branch

    Correct Answer
    D. Presidential branch
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "presidential branch" because it does not exist as a separate branch of the US government. The three branches of the US government are the legislative branch (Congress), the executive branch (President), and the judicial branch (Supreme Court). The term "presidential branch" is not recognized or mentioned in the US Constitution, which outlines the structure and powers of the government.

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  • 37. 

    Which of these describes the us circuit court of appeals?

    • A.

      Hear appeals from the district courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.

    • B.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.

    • C.

      Federal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaning that a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. In general, bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Additionally, bankruptcy laws protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation.

    • D.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S.

    Correct Answer
    A. Hear appeals from the district courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the US Circuit Court of Appeals hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies. This means that if a party is dissatisfied with a decision made by a district court or a federal administrative agency, they can appeal to the Circuit Court of Appeals to have the decision reviewed. The Circuit Court of Appeals acts as an intermediate appellate court, reviewing the decisions of lower courts and administrative agencies to ensure they were made correctly and in accordance with the law.

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  • 38. 

    Which of these describes the us court for the federal circuit

    • A.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.

    • B.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S.

    • C.

      Federal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaning that a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. In general, bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Additionally, bankruptcy laws protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation.

    • D.

      Have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. There are 94 federal judicial districts with at least one in each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

    Correct Answer
    A. Has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.
    Explanation
    The US Court for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, particularly those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims. This means that it has the authority to review and make decisions on these specific types of cases that have been appealed from lower courts. It does not have jurisdiction over other types of cases such as bankruptcy cases or civil and criminal matters in general.

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  • 39. 

    Which of these describes the us district courts

    • A.

      Have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. There are 94 federal judicial districts with at least one in each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

    • B.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.

    • C.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues.

    • D.

      Hear appeals from the district courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.

    Correct Answer
    A. Have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. There are 94 federal judicial districts with at least one in each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
    Explanation
    The correct answer describes the US District Courts as having jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. It also mentions that there are 94 federal judicial districts with at least one in each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. This indicates that the US District Courts have a broad scope of authority and are spread across the entire country to ensure access to justice for all citizens.

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  • 40. 

    Which of these describes the us court of federal claims

    • A.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S.

    • B.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues.

    • C.

      Ederal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaat a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. In general, bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Additionally, bankruptcy laws protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation.ning th

    • D.

      Hear appeals from the district courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.

    Correct Answer
    A. Has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the US Court of Federal Claims has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S. This means that individuals or entities can bring lawsuits against the United States government in this court for these specific types of cases, regardless of where they are located within the country.

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  • 41. 

    Which of these describe the us court of international trade

    • A.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues.

    • B.

      Federal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaat a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. In general, bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Additionally, bankruptcy laws protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation.ning th

    • C.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S.

    • D.

      Have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. There are 94 federal judicial districts with at least one in each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

    Correct Answer
    A. Has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the US Court of International Trade has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues. This means that this court has the authority to hear and decide on legal matters related to international trade and customs throughout the entire United States. This jurisdiction allows the court to handle cases that involve disputes or issues arising from international trade agreements, tariffs, customs regulations, and other related matters.

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  • 42. 

    Which of these describes the us bankruptcy courts

    • A.

      Federal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaat a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. In general, bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Additionally, bankruptcy laws protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation.ning th

    • B.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over most cases for money damages against the United States, disputes over federal contracts, unlawful “takings” of private property by the federal government, and a variety of other claims against the U.S.

    • C.

      Has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues.

    • D.

      Have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. There are 94 federal judicial districts with at least one in each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

    Correct Answer
    A. Federal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaat a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. In general, bankruptcy laws help people who can no longer pay their creditors get a fresh start by liquidating their assets to pay their debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Additionally, bankruptcy laws protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly distributions to business creditors through reorganization or liquidation.ning th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is federal courts with exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, meaning that a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in a state court. Bankruptcy laws are designed to assist individuals and businesses who are unable to repay their debts. These laws provide options such as liquidating assets to pay off debts or creating a repayment plan. The bankruptcy courts aim to protect troubled businesses and ensure fair distributions to creditors through reorganization or liquidation processes.

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  • 43. 

    How many districts of courts are there in the us?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      50

    • C.

      17

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    A. 13
    Explanation
    There are 13 districts of courts in the US.

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  • 44. 

    what is not one of the three elements that must be established before a lawsuit can be filed?

    • A.

      Jurisidiction

    • B.

      Venue

    • C.

      Standing

    • D.

      Evidential claims

    Correct Answer
    D. Evidential claims
    Explanation
    Before a lawsuit can be filed, three elements must be established: jurisdiction, venue, and standing. Jurisdiction refers to the court's authority to hear the case, while venue determines the appropriate location for the lawsuit. Standing refers to the legal right of a person or entity to bring a lawsuit. Evidential claims, on the other hand, are not one of the elements that must be established before filing a lawsuit. Evidential claims are the evidence and arguments presented during the course of the lawsuit to support the plaintiff's case.

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  • 45. 

    Is this a correct definition of standing?: a requirement that a party must have a legally protected interest at stake sufficient to justify seeking relief through the court system

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given definition of standing is correct. Standing refers to the legal requirement that a party must have a legitimate and legally protected interest in a case in order to bring it before a court. This ensures that only those who have a direct stake in the outcome of a dispute can seek relief through the court system. Without standing, a party lacks the necessary basis to initiate a lawsuit.

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  • 46. 

    Which of these rights doesnt come with the ownership of property?

    • A.

      Possession: the right to possess the property

    • B.

      Control: the right to control the property

    • C.

      Transfer: the right to transfer property

    • D.

      Governing: the right to govern all actions on your property

    Correct Answer
    D. Governing: the right to govern all actions on your property
    Explanation
    The ownership of property grants certain rights to the owner, such as the right to possess, control, and transfer the property. However, the right to govern all actions on the property does not come with the ownership. This means that although the owner has control over the property, they do not have the authority to dictate or regulate all actions that take place on the property.

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  • 47. 

    Which describes real property?

    • A.

      Property that is immovable, such as land and everything that is permanently attached to the land (i.e. permanently attached fixtures)

    • B.

      Property that is moveable and it is tangible or intangible property (e.g. stocks, automobiles)

    Correct Answer
    A. Property that is immovable, such as land and everything that is permanently attached to the land (i.e. permanently attached fixtures)
    Explanation
    Real property refers to immovable property, such as land and everything permanently attached to it. This includes fixtures that are permanently attached to the land, such as buildings, fences, and trees. On the other hand, personal property refers to movable property, which can be tangible (e.g. stocks, automobiles) or intangible. The correct answer clearly identifies real property as immovable and includes the concept of permanently attached fixtures to further clarify the definition.

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  • 48. 

    Which describes personal property?

    • A.

      Property that is immovable, such as land and everything that is permanently attached to the land (i.e. permanently attached fixtures)

    • B.

      Property that is moveable and it is tangible or intangible property (e.g. stocks, automobiles)

    Correct Answer
    B. Property that is moveable and it is tangible or intangible property (e.g. stocks, automobiles)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Property that is moveable and it is tangible or intangible property (e.g. stocks, automobiles)." This answer accurately describes personal property as something that can be moved and can be either tangible (physical) or intangible (not physical) in nature. It provides examples of tangible personal property like automobiles and intangible personal property like stocks.

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  • 49. 

    Examples of real include:

    • A.

      Land, buildings, airspace, fixtures

    • B.

      Land, buildings, automobiles, trees

    • C.

      Land, fixtures, airspace, automobiles

    • D.

      Stocks, land, buildings, vegetation

    Correct Answer
    A. Land, buildings, airspace, fixtures
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes examples of real property, which are land, buildings, airspace, and fixtures. Real property refers to physical assets that are immovable and attached to the land. Land refers to the surface and soil, buildings are structures on the land, airspace includes the area above the land, and fixtures are items attached to the land or buildings. These examples demonstrate different types of real property that can be owned or possessed.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following are included as land:

    • A.

      Soil, water, and minerals

    • B.

      Natural or man-made products attached to the surface

    • C.

      Airspace directly above the surface (thats not subject to other regulation or control)

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above." This means that all the options mentioned in the question are included as land. Land includes soil, water, and minerals, as well as natural or man-made products attached to the surface. Additionally, it also includes the airspace directly above the surface, as long as it is not subject to other regulations or control.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 21, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Rmerklen3
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