Take The Nursing Practice Exam Test! Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 948

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Take The Nursing Practice Exam Test! Quiz

Choose the answer of the correct answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The nurse is teaching a male client with chronic bronchitis about breathing exercises. Which of the following should the nurse include in the teaching?
    • A. 

      Make inhalation longer than exhalation.

    • B. 

      Exhale through an open mouth.

    • C. 

      Use diaphragmatic breathing.

    • D. 

      Use chest breathing.

  • 2. 
    The nurse in charge  formulates a nursing diagnosis of Activity intolerance related to inadequate oxygenation and dyspnea for a client with chronic bronchitis. To minimize this problem, the nurse instructs the client to avoid conditions that increase oxygen demands. Such conditions include:
    • A. 

      Drinking more than 1,500 ml of fluid daily.

    • B. 

      Being overweight.

    • C. 

      Eating a high-protein snack at bedtime.

    • D. 

      Eating more than three large meals a day.

  • 3. 
    The term “blue bloater” refers to a male client which of the following conditions?  
    • A. 

      Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Chronic obstructive bronchitis

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 4. 
    The term “pink puffer” refers to the female client with which of the following conditions?  
    • A. 

      Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Chronic obstructive bronchitis

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 5. 
    Johnny a firefighter was involved in extinguishing a house fire and is being treated to smoke inhalation. He develops severe hypoxia 48 hours after the incident, requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. He most likely has developed which of the following conditions?  
    • A. 

      Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

    • B. 

      Atelectasis

    • C. 

      Bronchitis

    • D. 

      Pneumonia

  • 6. 
    A 67-year-old client develops acute shortness of breath and progressive hypoxia requiring right femur. The hypoxia was probably caused by which of the following conditions?    
    • A. 

      Asthma attack

    • B. 

      Atelectasis

    • C. 

      Bronchitis

    • D. 

      Fat embolism

  • 7. 
    A client with shortness of breath has decreased to absent breath sounds on the right side, from the apex to the base. Which of the following conditions would best explain this?  
    • A. 

      Acute asthma

    • B. 

      Chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      Pneumonia

    • D. 

      Spontaneous pneumothorax

  • 8. 
    A 62-year-old male client was in a motor vehicle accident as an unrestrained driver. He’s now in the emergency department complaining of difficulty of breathing and chest pain. On auscultation of his lung field, no breath sounds are present in the upper lobe. This client may have which of the following conditions?    
    • A. 

      Bronchitis

    • B. 

      Pneumonia

    • C. 

      Pneumothorax

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis (TB)

  • 9. 
    Nurse Eve formulates a nursing diagnosis of Activity intolerance related to inadequate oxygenation and dyspnea for a client with chronic bronchitis. To minimize this problem, the nurse instructs the client to avoid conditions that increase oxygen demands. Such conditions include:  
    • A. 

      Drinking more than 1,500 ml of fluid daily.

    • B. 

      Being overweight.

    • C. 

      Eating a high-protein snack at bedtime.

    • D. 

      Eating more than three large meals a day.

  • 10. 
    A client with acute bronchitis is admitted in the hospital. The nurse assigned to the client is making a plan of care regarding expectoration of thick sputum. Which nursing action is most effective?   
    • A. 

      Place the client in a lateral position every 2 hour

    • B. 

      Splint the patient’s chest with pillows when coughing

    • C. 

      Use humified oxygen

    • D. 

      Offer fluids at regular intervals

  • 11. 
    The nurse is caring for an 80-year-old with chronic bronchitis. Upon the morning rounds, the nurse finds an O2 sat of 76%. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?   
    • A. 

      Notify the physician

    • B. 

      Recheck the O2 saturation level in 15 minutes

    • C. 

      Apply oxygen by mask

    • D. 

      Assess the child’s pulse

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements are true about acute bronchitis?  
    • A. 

      Acute bronchitis generally follows a viral respiratory infection

    • B. 

      Smokers and people with heart or lung disease at a higher risk of contracting the disease

    • C. 

      It affects nose, sinuses, and throat and then spreads to the lungs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements are true about chronic bronchitis?  
    • A. 

      Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition

    • B. 

      Cigarette smoke, including long-term exposure to second-hand smoke, is the main cause of chronic bronchitis

    • C. 

      It requires regular medical treatment

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Which is the most common symptom of bronchitis?  
    • A. 

      Shortness of breath worsened by exertion or mild activity

    • B. 

      Wheezing, fatigue, fever and chest discomfort

    • C. 

      Cough

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements describe cough that is the most common symptom of bronchitis?  
    • A. 

      The cough may be dry or may produce phlegm

    • B. 

      The cough may hang on more than 2 weeks

    • C. 

      Cough can be severe enough at times to injure the chest wall

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    What are some of the initial symptoms of bronchitis?  
    • A. 

      Shortness of breath worsened by exertion or mild activity

    • B. 

      Fatigue, fever with chills and chest discomfort

    • C. 

      Cough that produces mucus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Continued forceful coughing may cause chest and abdominal muscles to ache.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    What are the additional symptoms of chronic bronchitis?    
    • A. 

      Frequent respiratory infections (such as colds or the flu)

    • B. 

      Ankle, feet, and leg swelling

    • C. 

      Blue-tinged lips from low levels of oxygen

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    It is unusual to have a dry, nagging cough that lingers for several weeks even after acute bronchitis has cleared.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Cigarette smoking is the main cause of chronic bronchitis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False