Body SySTEMs And Functions

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| By Taylorm127
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Taylorm127
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 570
Questions: 23 | Attempts: 570

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Body Systems And Functions - Quiz

A quiz that can help anybody with the systems of the body and what those symptoms.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the types of cells?

    • A.

      Animal cells and DNA cells.

    • B.

      Animal cells and plant cells.

    • C.

      Plant cells and DNA cells.

    Correct Answer
    B. Animal cells and plant cells.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is animal cells and plant cells. This is because animal cells and plant cells are two distinct types of cells that exist in living organisms. Animal cells are found in animals and have various structures and functions, while plant cells are found in plants and also have their own unique structures and functions. DNA cells is not a valid type of cell, as DNA is a molecule found in all cells, including animal and plant cells.

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  • 2. 

    The nucleus makes protien and the ribosomes synthesize it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the nucleus is responsible for producing proteins through the process of transcription, where DNA is transcribed into RNA. The ribosomes, located in the cytoplasm, then synthesize these proteins by translating the RNA into amino acid chains. Therefore, the nucleus plays a role in protein synthesis by producing the necessary instructions (RNA), and the ribosomes carry out the actual synthesis.

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  • 3. 

    The Mitochondria makes              for the cell.

    Correct Answer
    energy
    Explanation
    The mitochondria is known as the powerhouse of the cell because it is responsible for generating energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) through a process called cellular respiration. This energy is essential for the cell to carry out its various functions and activities. Without the mitochondria producing energy, the cell would not be able to perform its necessary tasks and would ultimately cease to function properly.

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  • 4. 

    What is a Plasma Membrane?

    • A.

      A phospholipid bilayer

    • B.

      The thing that goes around the cell

    • C.

      The energy maker

    Correct Answer
    A. A phospholipid bilayer
    Explanation
    The plasma membrane is a phospholipid bilayer that surrounds the cell and acts as a barrier between the cell and its external environment. It is composed of two layers of phospholipids, with their hydrophilic heads facing outward and their hydrophobic tails facing inward. This structure allows the plasma membrane to regulate the movement of substances in and out of the cell, maintaining homeostasis and protecting the cell from its surroundings.

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  • 5. 

    It takes 2 minutes for food to digest through your body.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    IT takes at least 24 hours for the food to get out of small intestine and into the large intestine but depending on what it is is how long it takes. :)

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  • 6. 

    Where do the protiens start to break down at?

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Large intestine

    • C.

      Small intestine

    • D.

      Mouth

    Correct Answer
    A. Stomach
    Explanation
    Proteins start to break down in the stomach. The stomach secretes gastric juice, which contains hydrochloric acid and enzymes such as pepsin. Pepsin breaks down proteins into smaller peptides. This initial breakdown in the stomach is crucial for further digestion and absorption of proteins in the small intestine.

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  • 7. 

    What does Salivary Amylase do?

    • A.

      Makes food able to be swallowed

    • B.

      Breaks down food and gives it a sugary taste

    • C.

      Opens the epogladus and covers food with saliva

    Correct Answer
    B. Breaks down food and gives it a sugary taste
    Explanation
    Salivary amylase is an enzyme found in saliva that breaks down starches and complex carbohydrates into simple sugars. This process is known as digestion and it allows for the absorption of nutrients from the food we consume. The breakdown of food by salivary amylase also contributes to the taste of food, as the conversion of starches into sugars can give it a sweet or sugary taste.

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  • 8. 

    Where is the Diaphram located?

    • A.

      Under the lungs and above the rib cage

    • B.

      Next to the stomach

    • C.

      In between the livers

    Correct Answer
    A. Under the lungs and above the rib cage
    Explanation
    The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle located under the lungs and above the rib cage. It separates the thoracic cavity, where the heart and lungs are located, from the abdominal cavity. When the diaphragm contracts, it flattens and moves downward, allowing the lungs to expand and fill with air during inhalation. When it relaxes, the diaphragm moves back up, helping to push air out of the lungs during exhalation.

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  • 9. 

    You have two tubes in throat that lead to the stomach and to the lungs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the human body has two tubes in the throat known as the esophagus and the trachea. The esophagus connects the throat to the stomach, allowing food and liquids to pass through for digestion. On the other hand, the trachea leads to the lungs, allowing air to pass through for respiration. These two separate tubes serve different functions and are essential for the proper functioning of the digestive and respiratory systems.

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  • 10. 

    When you breath in your diaphram moves outward.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When you breathe in, your diaphragm actually moves downward, not outward. This downward movement creates more space in your chest cavity, allowing your lungs to expand and fill with air. So, the statement "When you breathe in your diaphragm moves outward" is incorrect.

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  • 11. 

    What is the Larynx?

    • A.

      The things that collect air in the lungs

    • B.

      The voice box

    • C.

      The thing in the oral cavity

    Correct Answer
    B. The voice box
    Explanation
    The larynx is commonly known as the voice box. It is a part of the respiratory system located in the throat. Its main function is to produce sound and aid in vocalization. The larynx contains the vocal cords, which vibrate to produce sound when air passes through them. It also plays a crucial role in preventing food and liquid from entering the airway during swallowing.

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  • 12. 

    What does the escretory system do?

    • A.

      Gets rid of waste

    • B.

      Prevents harmful chemical buildups

    • C.

      Maintains a steady balanced chemical concentration

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The excretory system is responsible for getting rid of waste from the body, preventing harmful chemical buildups, and maintaining a steady balanced chemical concentration. It accomplishes this through various organs such as the kidneys, liver, and lungs. These organs filter waste products, regulate fluid and electrolyte balance, and remove toxins from the body. By performing all of these functions, the excretory system ensures the proper functioning and overall health of the body.

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  • 13. 

    What does the respritory system work?

    • A.

      Supplies the blood with oxygen

    • B.

      Gets blood through the capillaries

    • C.

      Makes more blood

    Correct Answer
    A. Supplies the blood with oxygen
    Explanation
    The respiratory system works by supplying the blood with oxygen. Oxygen is inhaled through the nose or mouth, travels down the trachea, and enters the lungs. In the lungs, oxygen is transferred to the bloodstream through tiny blood vessels called capillaries. This oxygen-rich blood is then pumped by the heart to the rest of the body, providing oxygen to the cells and tissues for their proper functioning.

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  • 14. 

    What does the circulatory system do?

    • A.

      Controls blood flow throughout the body

    • B.

      Gives blood throughout the body

    • C.

      Uses blood cells for energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Controls blood flow throughout the body
    Explanation
    The circulatory system is responsible for controlling the flow of blood throughout the body. It consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood cells. The heart pumps oxygenated blood to various parts of the body through arteries, and then collects deoxygenated blood through veins to be sent back to the lungs for oxygenation. This continuous circulation ensures that oxygen and nutrients are delivered to all cells in the body and waste products are removed. Therefore, the circulatory system plays a vital role in maintaining the overall functioning of the body.

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  • 15. 

    The main parts of the Circulatory system are

    • A.

      Heart, arteries, capillaries and veins

    • B.

      Capillaries, veins, and arteries

    • C.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart, arteries, capillaries and veins
    Explanation
    The circulatory system consists of the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins. The heart pumps oxygenated blood to the body through arteries, which then branch into smaller vessels called capillaries. Capillaries allow for the exchange of oxygen and nutrients with body tissues. Deoxygenated blood is then carried back to the heart through veins, completing the circulation process. This answer accurately lists all the main components of the circulatory system.

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  • 16. 

    The Lymphatic system helps protect your body from diseases.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The lymphatic system is a network of vessels, nodes, and organs that plays a crucial role in the body's immune defense. It helps to transport lymph, a fluid containing white blood cells, throughout the body, filtering out harmful substances and pathogens. The lymphatic system also helps to remove waste products and toxins from the body. By performing these functions, the lymphatic system aids in protecting the body from diseases and maintaining overall health. Therefore, the statement "The lymphatic system helps protect your body from diseases" is true.

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  • 17. 

    The Muscle types in the muscular systems are?

    • A.

      Cardiac

    • B.

      Smooth

    • C.

      Skeletal

    • D.

      All

    Correct Answer
    D. All
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all" because the muscular system consists of three types of muscles: cardiac, smooth, and skeletal. Cardiac muscles are found in the heart and are responsible for pumping blood. Smooth muscles are found in the walls of organs and blood vessels and control involuntary movements. Skeletal muscles are attached to bones and are responsible for voluntary movements. Therefore, "all" is the correct answer as it includes all three types of muscles present in the muscular system.

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  • 18. 

    The skeletal system marrow could be what 2 colors?

    • A.

      Red and blue

    • B.

      Red and yellow

    • C.

      Blue and yellow

    Correct Answer
    B. Red and yellow
    Explanation
    The skeletal system marrow can be red and yellow. Red marrow is responsible for producing red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, while yellow marrow consists mostly of fat cells. The presence of both red and yellow marrow is essential for the proper functioning of the skeletal system and blood cell production.

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  • 19. 

    What is the integumentary system?

    • A.

      A system that protects the body from damage

    • B.

      Has a big part in homeostasis

    • C.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    the integumentary system regulates body temp. ext. and other stuff like that.

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  • 20. 

    The Endocrine system has to do with genes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It also deals with your transformation into adulthood.

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  • 21. 

    • hypothalamus
    • pituitary gland
    • thyroid
    • parathyroids
    • adrenal glands
    • pineal body
    • reproductive glands (which include the ovaries and testes)
    • Are all types of glands in your body

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    All types of glands mentioned in the list are indeed present in the human body. The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenal glands, pineal body, and reproductive glands (ovaries and testes) are all examples of glands that play important roles in various physiological processes and hormone regulation within the body.

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  • 22. 

      Name as many glands and were they are located as you can.

  • 23. 

    Who invented the lenses which continued into the microscope?

    • A.

      Robert Hooke

    • B.

      Anton Van Everyhook

    • C.

      Schelden and Schwam Virahan

    Correct Answer
    A. Robert Hooke
    Explanation
    Robert Hooke is credited with inventing lenses that were used in microscopes. He was a 17th-century English scientist who made significant contributions to the field of microscopy. Hooke's microscope design incorporated lenses that allowed for greater magnification and clarity, enabling him to observe and document various biological specimens. His work laid the foundation for the development of modern microscopes and greatly advanced our understanding of the microscopic world.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Taylorm127
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