Body System Basics Quiz: Test!

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Body System Basics Quiz: Test! - Quiz


How well do you know body system basics? The six major body systems include the nervous system, respiratory system, skeletal system, digestive system, muscular system, and circulatory system. These systems and functions are essential for life and required to make a fully functioning human being. Our bodies are incredible and resilient, and we need to understand it’s parts and how they operate. This quiz will teach you the body system basics. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the name of the tube in your respiratory system that takes air to your bronchi?

    • A.

      Esophagus

    • B.

      Trachea

    • C.

      Capillary

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Trachea
    Explanation
    The trachea is the tube in the respiratory system that carries air from the throat to the bronchi. It is commonly known as the windpipe. The trachea is made up of cartilage rings that help keep it open and prevent it from collapsing. It is lined with tiny hair-like structures called cilia that help to trap and remove any foreign particles or mucus from the air before it reaches the lungs. The trachea plays a vital role in the process of respiration by allowing the passage of air into the lungs.

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  • 2. 

    Your veins take blood FROM your heart to the rest of the body.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because veins carry blood TO the heart from the rest of the body, not from the heart to the rest of the body. The heart pumps oxygenated blood to the body through arteries, and the deoxygenated blood returns to the heart through veins.

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  • 3. 

    Your body's food waste is transported out of the body by the           

    Correct Answer
    colon
    Explanation
    The colon is responsible for transporting food waste out of the body. It is part of the digestive system and plays a crucial role in the final stages of digestion. The colon absorbs water and electrolytes from the remaining food matter, forming solid waste or stool. The stool is then transported through the colon and eventually eliminated from the body through the rectum and anus.

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  • 4. 

    The cardiac muscle makes up which one of these organs?

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Alveoli

    • C.

      Heart

    • D.

      Large intestine

    Correct Answer
    C. Heart
    Explanation
    The correct answer is heart because the cardiac muscle is specifically found in the heart. The heart is a vital organ that pumps blood throughout the body, and its contraction and relaxation are controlled by the cardiac muscle. The liver, alveoli, and large intestine do not contain cardiac muscle and therefore are not the correct answers.

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  • 5. 

    The alveoli are tiny air sacs inside of your lungs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The alveoli are indeed tiny air sacs inside of the lungs. These sacs are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the bloodstream. They have thin walls and are surrounded by capillaries, allowing for efficient gas exchange.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following describes the definition of the esophagus?

    • A.

      Biggest part of circulatory system, biggest vein connected to the heart

    • B.

      Tube that takes air to bronchi

    • C.

      Term for your right lung

    • D.

      Tube that takes food and water to stomach

    Correct Answer
    D. Tube that takes food and water to stomach
    Explanation
    The esophagus is a tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It is responsible for transporting food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach for digestion.

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  • 7. 

    The liver does not help in the process of taking care of drugs, alcohol, and other chemicals.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The liver plays a crucial role in processing drugs, alcohol, and other chemicals in the body. It metabolizes and detoxifies these substances, breaking them down into less harmful components that can be eliminated from the body. Without the liver's involvement, these substances would accumulate and cause harm to the body. Therefore, the statement that the liver does not help in the process of taking care of drugs, alcohol, and other chemicals is false.

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  • 8. 

    The part of the circulatory system that links the veins and arteries are called the          

    Correct Answer
    capillaries
    Explanation
    Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the circulatory system that connect the arteries and veins. They are responsible for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and the surrounding tissues. Capillaries have thin walls which allow for the diffusion of substances, making them ideal for this exchange. They are found throughout the body, forming an extensive network that ensures every cell receives the necessary nutrients and oxygen while removing waste products.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 01, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    123sjhh
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