Body Cells & Tissues - True Or False

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 763
Questions: 60 | Attempts: 763

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Tissue Quizzes & Trivia

A true/false quiz on body cells and the different types of tissues


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Endocrine glands secrete substances onto surfaces

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    secrete hormones into blood

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  • 2. 

    Transcription is the production of protein from mRNA

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    it's the production of mRNA from DNA

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  • 3. 

    The size of a red blood cell is 8 micrometers

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the average size of a red blood cell is indeed around 8 micrometers. Red blood cells are the most common type of blood cell and are responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. They have a unique biconcave shape and are small enough to pass through tiny capillaries. The average diameter of a red blood cell is approximately 7.8 micrometers, making the given statement accurate.

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  • 4. 

    Glucose is a source for the production of ATP

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glucose is a source for the production of ATP because it is broken down through a series of chemical reactions in the process of cellular respiration. This breakdown of glucose releases energy that is used to produce ATP, which is the main energy currency of cells. Therefore, glucose serves as a fuel source for the production of ATP, making the statement "Glucose is a source for the production of ATP" true.

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  • 5. 

    Cell division is the sequence of Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphanse, Telophase

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Interphase is not part of the cell division

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  • 6. 

    An erythrocyte is a true cell

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An erythrocyte does not contain a nucleus nor organelles

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  • 7. 

    A type of cartilage that can be found in the ear is called Hyalin cartilage

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    elastic cartilage

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  • 8. 

    The Golgi complex can kill bacteria

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    it packages material for export

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  • 9. 

    Osmosis occurs when the solvent molecules are too large to pass through the selectively permeable membrane

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    when the solute molecules are too large

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  • 10. 

    Proteins are synthesised in ribosomes

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Proteins are indeed synthesized in ribosomes. Ribosomes are cellular structures responsible for the process of protein synthesis, where the genetic information encoded in the DNA is transcribed into mRNA and then translated into a specific sequence of amino acids to form a protein. This process occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell, with ribosomes serving as the site where the mRNA is read and the amino acids are assembled into a polypeptide chain, ultimately forming a functional protein. Therefore, the statement "Proteins are synthesized in ribosomes" is true.

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  • 11. 

    The integumentary system is a system composed of organs such as the skin, hair, sweat glands, hormone-secreting glands, and sensory receptors

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    hormone-secreting glands = endocrine glands = endocrine system

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  • 12. 

    The movement of a substance from an area of low concentraion to a high concentration is called Simple Diffusion

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    from high to low

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  • 13. 

    Stratified squamous epithelia is found in the epidermis

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Stratified squamous epithelia is a type of tissue that consists of multiple layers of flat cells. It is found in the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin. This type of epithelium provides protection against mechanical stress, environmental factors, and microbial invasion. Therefore, the statement "Stratified squamous epithelia is found in the epidermis" is true.

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  • 14. 

    Phagocytosis is a type of exocytosis

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    endocytosis

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  • 15. 

    Collagen fibres stretch and are able to return to their original form

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    elastin fibres do so

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  • 16. 

    Bones are living tissue, with many cells but with a low blood suply

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    rich blood supply

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  • 17. 

    The main function of the digestive system is to get rid of waste through excretion

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    is to break down food into small molecules that can be used by body cells / then defecation

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  • 18. 

    The endocrine gland is a ductless gland

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "The endocrine gland is a ductless gland" is true. Endocrine glands are a type of glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream, rather than through ducts. These hormones then travel throughout the body to target cells or organs, where they regulate various bodily functions. Since endocrine glands do not have ducts, they are considered ductless glands.

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  • 19. 

    Connective tissue has little intercellular material

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    generous intercellular material

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  • 20. 

    Translation is the production of protein from mRNA

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Translation is the process in which the genetic information carried by mRNA is used to synthesize proteins. During translation, the ribosomes read the mRNA sequence and assemble the corresponding amino acids to form a protein. Therefore, the given statement is correct as it accurately describes the process of translation.

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  • 21. 

    Mitosis produces 2 genetically modified daughter cells

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    genetically identical

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  • 22. 

    In osmosis, water moves from an area of higher osmotic pressure to an area of lower osmotic pressure

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    le contraire

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  • 23. 

    Leucocytes are the only true cells in blood

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    les seuls à posséder un nucleus et organelles

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  • 24. 

    Muscle cells are polygonal in cross section

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Muscle cells are polygonal in cross section because they have multiple sides or angles when viewed from a cross-sectional perspective. This shape allows muscle cells to fit tightly together, maximizing the amount of muscle tissue that can be packed into a given space. Additionally, the polygonal shape provides structural support and stability to the muscle fibers, enabling them to withstand the forces generated during muscle contractions.

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  • 25. 

    Exocytosis involves the Golgi complex

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Exocytosis is a cellular process in which materials are transported out of the cell through the fusion of vesicles with the plasma membrane. The Golgi complex plays a crucial role in exocytosis by modifying, sorting, and packaging molecules into vesicles for transport. These vesicles then fuse with the plasma membrane, releasing their contents outside the cell. Therefore, it is correct to say that exocytosis involves the Golgi complex.

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  • 26. 

    The process by which the genetic material duplicates twice but divides once is called meiosis

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    duplicates once but divides twice

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  • 27. 

    Glands are particular because they are only unicellular

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    either unicellular or multicellular

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  • 28. 

    The digestive tract contains simple cuboidal and columnar epithelia

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The digestive tract is lined with simple cuboidal and columnar epithelial cells. These types of cells are well-suited for absorption and secretion, which are important functions in the digestive system. The cuboidal epithelium is found in areas where secretion and absorption occur, while the columnar epithelium is found in areas where absorption is the primary function. Therefore, the statement that the digestive tract contains simple cuboidal and columnar epithelia is true.

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  • 29. 

    Mucus works with microvilli to flush particles along the surfaces

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    with cilia

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  • 30. 

    The release of energy from glucose is done through cell respiration

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cell respiration is the process by which cells break down glucose molecules to release energy in the form of ATP. This process occurs in the mitochondria of cells and involves a series of biochemical reactions. Glucose is converted into carbon dioxide and water, and in the process, energy is released. This energy is then used by the cell to carry out various functions. Therefore, the statement that the release of energy from glucose is done through cell respiration is true.

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  • 31. 

    Axons conduct electrical activity to the nerve cell body

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    away from the cell body

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  • 32. 

    Plasma is yellow

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "Plasma is yellow" is true. Plasma, which is the fourth state of matter, can emit various colors depending on its temperature and composition. At high temperatures, plasma can emit a yellowish color. This is observed in phenomena such as lightning, where the high energy causes the gas to ionize and emit a yellow glow. Additionally, in plasma TVs, the gas inside the screen is ionized to produce a yellowish color. Therefore, the statement is correct.

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  • 33. 

    Fibroblasts are cells present in loose connective tissue

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Fibroblasts are indeed cells that are found in loose connective tissue. They are responsible for producing the extracellular matrix, which provides structural support to the tissue. Fibroblasts also play a crucial role in wound healing by producing collagen and other components necessary for tissue repair. Therefore, the statement "Fibroblasts are cells present in loose connective tissue" is true.

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  • 34. 

    During Prohase, the genetic material duplicates

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    interphase

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  • 35. 

    Fibrocartilage is a type of cartilage found in many joints and in the trachea

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    in discs in spine

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  • 36. 

    If blood was injected with a hypertonic solution of saline, cells would swell and burst

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    water moves from the hypotonic solution (inside the cells) to the hypertonic solution (outside the cells) so the cells would shrink

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  • 37. 

    Endoplasmic Reticulum serves in packaging material for export outside of the cell

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    golgi complex does so

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  • 38. 

    In active transport, the solute molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration with the help of a protein that acts as a carrier or a channel

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    from low to high

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  • 39. 

    All nerve cells have an axon

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    All nerve cells have an axon, which is a long, slender projection that conducts electrical impulses away from the cell body. The axon is responsible for transmitting signals to other cells or tissues. Therefore, the statement "All nerve cells have an axon" is true.

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  • 40. 

    A synapse can involve a muscle cell with another muscle cell

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A synapse is a junction between two nerve cells, or between a nerve cell and a muscle cell. It is responsible for transmitting signals from one cell to another. In the given statement, it is mentioned that a synapse can involve a muscle cell with another muscle cell. This is true because synapses can occur between muscle cells, allowing for coordination and communication between different muscle fibers. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 41. 

    Skeletal muscle contains very little mithochondria

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    great amount to provide enery to contract

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  • 42. 

    During telophase, there are two nuclear membranes

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During telophase, the nuclear membrane reforms around each set of chromosomes, resulting in the formation of two separate nuclei. This process is essential for the division of genetic material and the formation of two daughter cells. Therefore, the statement "During telophase, there are two nuclear membranes" is true.

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  • 43. 

    Cilia are microscopic cell projections that increase the surface area for absorption

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    microvilli do so

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  • 44. 

    Simple Epithelia has three types : simple squamous, simple cuboidal and simple columnar

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Simple epithelia are classified into three types: simple squamous, simple cuboidal, and simple columnar. Simple squamous epithelium consists of a single layer of flattened cells, simple cuboidal epithelium consists of a single layer of cube-shaped cells, and simple columnar epithelium consists of a single layer of tall, column-shaped cells. Therefore, the statement that simple epithelia have three types is true.

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  • 45. 

    Epithelia is not characterised by little intercellular material

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    it is

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  • 46. 

    Intercellular material is the material that is within the cells

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Intra

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  • 47. 

    An enzyme is an inorganic substance that accelerates chemical reactions

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    organic

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  • 48. 

    A nerve fibre is not a process of a neuron

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    it is

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  • 49. 

    A third of the dry weight of bone is composed of protein, mostly elastin

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    mostly collagen

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  • 50. 

    The ground substance of cartilage has high resilience

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cartilage is a type of connective tissue that provides support and flexibility to various structures in the body. The ground substance of cartilage refers to the gel-like material that fills the spaces between the cells. This ground substance is composed of water, proteoglycans, and glycosaminoglycans, which give cartilage its unique properties. One of these properties is high resilience, meaning that cartilage can withstand compression and quickly return to its original shape after being deformed. Therefore, the statement that the ground substance of cartilage has high resilience is true.

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