Board Exam Nursing Test III NLE (practice Mode)

50 Questions

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Exams can be, especially if you have not prepared adequately for them. With the board exam just around the corner, you should try and ensure that you get to pass them with ease. The scope of this Nursing Test III is parallel to the NP3 NLE Coverage on Medical-Surgical Nursing. Give it a try and get started on your revision.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Promote air and pleural drainage

    • B. 

      Prevent kinking of the tube

    • C. 

      Eliminate the need for a dressing

    • D. 

      Eliminate the need for a water-seal drainage

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Decreased pain in the fetal position

    • B. 

      Urine output of 35mL/hr

    • C. 

      CVP of 12 mmHg

    • D. 

      Cardiac output of 5L/min

  • 3. 
    The nurse in the morning shift is making rounds in the ward.  The nurse enters the client’s room and found the client in discomfort condition.  The client complains of stiffness in the joints.  To reduce the early morning stiffness of the joints of the client, the nurse can encourage the client to:
    • A. 

      Sleep with a hot pad

    • B. 

      Take to aspirins before arising, and wait 15 minutes before attempting locomotion

    • C. 

      Take a hot tub bath or shower in the morning

    • D. 

      Put joints through passive ROM before trying to move them actively

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Eating mainly bland food and milk or dairy products

    • B. 

      Reducing intake of high-fiber foods

    • C. 

      Eating small, frequent meals and a bedtime snack

    • D. 

      Eliminating intake of alcohol and coffee

  • 5. 
    The physician has given instruction to the nurse that the client can be ambulated on crutches, with no weight bearing on the affected limb.  The nurse is aware that the appropriate crutch gait for the nurse to teach the client would be:
    • A. 

      Tripod gait

    • B. 

      Two-point gait

    • C. 

      Four-point gait

    • D. 

      Three-point gait

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Advising the client not to urinate around catheter

    • B. 

      Intermittent catheter irrigation with saline

    • C. 

      Giving prescribed narcotics every 4 hour

    • D. 

      Repositioning catheter to relieve pressure

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      NPO

    • B. 

      Small feedings of bland food

    • C. 

      A regular diet given frequently in small amounts

    • D. 

      Frequent feedings of clear liquids

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Positioning the client in Semi-Fowler’s position

    • B. 

      Administering a sedative to reduce anxiety

    • C. 

      Chilling the tube before insertion

    • D. 

      Warming the tube before insertion

  • 9. 
    The physician ordered a low-sodium diet to the client.  Which of the following food will the nurse avoid to give to the client?
    • A. 

      Orange juice.

    • B. 

      Whole milk.

    • C. 

      Ginger ale.

    • D. 

      Black coffee.

  • 10. 
    Mr. Bean, a 70-year-old client is admitted in the hospital for almost one month.  The nurse understands that prolonged immobilization could lead to decubitus ulcers.  Which of the following would be the least appropriate nursing intervention in the prevention of decubitus?
    • A. 

      Giving backrubs with alcohol

    • B. 

      Use of a bed cradle

    • C. 

      Frequent assessment of the skin

    • D. 

      Encouraging a high-protein diet

  • 11. 
    The physician prescribed digoxin 0.125 mg PO qd to a client and instructed the nurse that the client is on high-potassium diet.  High potassium foods are recommended in the diet of a client taking digitalis preparations because a low serum potassium has which of the following effects?
    • A. 

      Potentiates the action of digoxin

    • B. 

      Promotes calcium retention

    • C. 

      Promotes sodium excretion

    • D. 

      Puts the client at risk for digitalis toxicity

  • 12. 
    The nurse is caring for a client who is transferred from the operating room for pneumonectomy.  The nurse knows that immediately following pneumonectomy; the client should be in what position?
    • A. 

      Supine on the unaffected side

    • B. 

      Low-Fowler’s on the back

    • C. 

      Semi-Fowler’s on the affected side

    • D. 

      Semi-Fowler’s on the unaffected side

  • 13. 
    A client is placed on digoxin, high potassium foods are recommended in the diet of the client.  Which of the following foods will the nurse give to the client?
    • A. 

      Whole grain cereal, orange juice, and apricots

    • B. 

      Turkey, green bean, and Italian bread

    • C. 

      Cottage cheese, cooked broccoli, and roast beef

    • D. 

      Fish, green beans and cherry pie

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Assess extremities for weakness and flaccidity

    • B. 

      Support the head and neck during position changes

    • C. 

      Position the client in high Fowler’s

    • D. 

      Medicate for restlessness and anxiety

  • 15. 
    What would be the recommended diet the nurse will implement to a client with burns of the head, face, neck and anterior chest?
    • A. 

      Serve a high-protein, high-carbohydrate diet

    • B. 

      Encourage full liquid diet

    • C. 

      Serve a high-fat diet, high-fiber diet

    • D. 

      Monitor intake to prevent weight gain

  • 16. 
    A client with multiple fractures of both lower extremities is admitted for 3 days ago and is on skeletal traction.  The client is complaining of having difficulty in bowel movement.  Which of the following would be the most appropriate nursing intervention?
    • A. 

      Administer an enema

    • B. 

      Perform range-of-motion exercise to all extremities

    • C. 

      Ensure maximum fluid intake (3000ml/day)

    • D. 

      Put the client on the bedpan every 2 hours

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Reducing physical and emotional stress

    • B. 

      Providing a low-sodium diet

    • C. 

      Restricting fluids to 1500ml/day

    • D. 

      Administering insulin-replacement therapy

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Side-lying, alternating left and right sides

    • B. 

      Sitting in a reclining chair twice a day

    • C. 

      Lying on abdomen several times daily

    • D. 

      Supine with stump elevated at least 30 degrees

  • 19. 
    A client is scheduled to have an inguinal herniorraphy in the outpatient surgical department.  The nurse is providing health teaching about post surgical care to the client.  Which of the following statement if made by the client would reflect the need for more teaching?
    • A. 

      “I should call the physician if I have a cough or cold before surgery”

    • B. 

      “I will be able to drive soon after surgery”

    • C. 

      “I will not be able to do any heavy lifting for 3-6 weeks after surgery”

    • D. 

      “I should support my incision if I have to cough or turn”

  • 20. 
    Ms Jones is brought to the emergency room and is complaining of muscle spasms, numbness, tremors and weakness in the arms and legs.  The client was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.  The nurse assigned to Ms. Jones is aware that she has to prevent fatigue to the client to alleviate the discomfort.  Which of the following teaching is necessary to prevent fatigue?
    • A. 

      Avoid extremes in temperature

    • B. 

      Install safety devices in the home

    • C. 

      Attend support group meetings

    • D. 

      Avoid physical exercise

  • 21. 
    Mr. Stewart is in sickle cell crisis and complaining pain in the joints and difficulty of breathing.  On the assessment of the nurse, his temperature is 38.1 ºC.  The physician ordered Morphine sulfate via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), and oxygen at 4L/min.  A priority nursing diagnosis to Mr. Stewart is risk for infection.  A nursing intervention to assist in preventing infection is:
    • A. 

      Using standard precautions and medical asepsis

    • B. 

      Enforcing a “no visitors” rule

    • C. 

      Using moist heat on painful joints

    • D. 

      Monitoring a vital signs every 2 hour

  • 22. 
    Mrs. Maupin is a professor in a prestigious university for 30 years.  After lecture, she experience blurring of vision and tiredness.  Mrs. Maupin is brought to the emergency department.  On assessment, the nurse notes that the blood pressure of the client is 139/90.  Mrs. Maupin has been diagnosed with essential hypertension and placed on medication to control her BP.  Which potential nursing diagnosis will be a priority for discharge teaching?
    • A. 

      Sleep Pattern disturbance

    • B. 

      Impaired physical mobility

    • C. 

      Noncompliance

    • D. 

      Fluid volume excess

  • 23. 
    Following a needle biopsy of the kidney, which assessment is an indication that the client is bleeding?
    • A. 

      Slow, irregular pulse

    • B. 

      Dull, abdominal discomfort

    • C. 

      Urinary frequency

    • D. 

      Throbbing headache

  • 24. 
    A client with acute bronchitis is admitted in the hospital.  The nurse assigned to the client is making a plan of care regarding expectoration of thick sputum.  Which nursing action is most effective?
    • A. 

      Place the client in a lateral position every 2 hour

    • B. 

      Splint the patient’s chest with pillows when coughing

    • C. 

      Use humified oxygen

    • D. 

      Offer fluids at regular intervals

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      5 minutes

    • B. 

      60 seconds

    • C. 

      30 seconds

    • D. 

      2 minutes

  • 26. 
    The nurse encourages the client to wear compression stockings.  What is the rationale behind in using compression stockings?
    • A. 

      Compression stockings promote venous return

    • B. 

      Compression stockings divert blood to major vessels

    • C. 

      Compression stockings decreases workload on the heart

    • D. 

      Compression stockings improve arterial circulation

  • 27. 
    Mr.  Whitman is a stroke client and is having difficulty in swallowing.  Which is the best nursing intervention is most likely to assist the client?
    • A. 

      Placing food in the unaffected side of the mouth

    • B. 

      Increasing fiber in the diet

    • C. 

      Asking the patient to speak slowly

    • D. 

      Increasing fluid intake

  • 28. 
    Following nephrectomy, the nurse closely monitors the urinary output of the client.  Which assessment finding is an early indicator of fluid retention in the postoperative period?
    • A. 

      Periorbital edema

    • B. 

      Increased specific gravity of urine

    • C. 

      A urinary output of 50mL/hr

    • D. 

      Daily weight gain of 2 lb or more

  • 29. 
    A nurse is completing an assessment to a client with cirrhosis.  Which of the following nursing assessment is important to notify the physician?
    • A. 

      Expanding ecchymosis

    • B. 

      Ascites and serum albumin of 3.2 g/dl

    • C. 

      Slurred speech

    • D. 

      Hematocrit of 37% and hemoglobin of 12g/dl

  • 30. 
    Mr.  Park is 32-year-old, a badminton player and has a type 1 diabetes mellitus.  After the game, the client complains of becoming diaphoretic and light-headedness.  The client asks the nurse how to avoid this reaction.  The nurse will recommend to:
    • A. 

      Allow plenty of time after the insulin injection and before beginning the match

    • B. 

      Eat a carbohydrate snack before and during the badminton match

    • C. 

      Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after bed time

    • D. 

      Take insulin just before starting the badminton match

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      CVP of 5mmHa

    • B. 

      Glasgow Coma Scale score of 13

    • C. 

      Polyuria and dilute urinary output

    • D. 

      Insomnia

  • 32. 
    Mrs.  Moore, 62-year-old, with diabetes is in the emergency department.  She stepped on a sharp sea shells while walking barefoot along the beach.  Mrs. Moore did not notice that the object pierced the skin until later that evening.  What problem does the client most probably have?
    • A. 

      Nephropathy

    • B. 

      Macroangiopathy

    • C. 

      Carpal tunnel syndrome

    • D. 

      Peripheral neuropathy

  • 33. 
    A client with gangrenous foot has undergone a below-knee amputation.  The nurse in the nursing care unit knows that the priority nursing intervention in the immediate post operative care of this client is:
    • A. 

      Elevate the stump on a pillow for the first 24 hours

    • B. 

      Encourage use of trapeze

    • C. 

      Position the client prone periodically

    • D. 

      Apply a cone-shaped dressing

  • 34. 
    A client with a diagnosis of gastric ulcer is complaining of syncope and vertigo.  What would be the initial nursing intervention by the nurse?
    • A. 

      Monitor the client’s vital signs

    • B. 

      Keep the client on bed rest

    • C. 

      Keep the patient on bed rest

    • D. 

      Give a stat dose of Sucralfate (Carafate)

  • 35. 
    After a right lower lobectomy on a 55-year-old client,  which action should the nurse initiate when the client is transferred from the post anesthesia care unit?
    • A. 

      Notify the family to report the client’s condition

    • B. 

      Immediately administer the narcotic as ordered

    • C. 

      Keep client on right side supported by pillows

    • D. 

      Encourage coughing and deep breathing every 2 hours

  • 36. 
    The nurse is providing a discharge instruction about the prevention of urinary stasis to a client with frequent bladder infection.  Which of the following will the nurse include in the instruction?
    • A. 

      Drink 3-4 quarts of fluid every day

    • B. 

      Empty the bladder every 2-4 hours while awake

    • C. 

      Encourage the use of coffee, tea, and colas for their diuretic effect

    • D. 

      Teach Kegel exercises to control bladder flow

  • 37. 
    A male client visits the clinic for check-up.  The client tells the nurse that there is a yellow discharge from his penis.  He also experiences a burning sensation when urinating.  The nurse is suspecting of gonorrhea.  What teaching is necessary for this client?
    • A. 

      Sex partner of 3 months ago must be treated

    • B. 

      Women with gonorrhea are symptomatic

    • C. 

      Use a condom for sexual activity

    • D. 

      Sex partner needs to be evaluated

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Promptly clean with a 1:10 solution of household bleach and water

    • B. 

      Promptly clean up the blood spill with full-strength antimicrobial cleaning solution

    • C. 

      Immediately mop the floor with boiling water

    • D. 

      Allow the blood to dry before cleaning to decrease the possibility of cross-contamination

  • 39. 
    Before surgery, the physician ordered pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal) for the client to sleep.  The night before the scheduled surgery, the nurse gave the pre-medication.  One hour later the client is still unable to sleep.  The nurse review the client’s chart and note the physician’s prescription with an order to repeat.  What should the nurse do next?
    • A. 

      Rub the client’s back until relaxed

    • B. 

      Prepare a glass of warm milk

    • C. 

      Give the second dose of pentobarbital sodium

    • D. 

      Explore the client’s feelings about surgery

  • 40. 
    The nurse on the night shift is making rounds in the nursing care unit.  The nurse is about to enter to the client’s room when a ventilator alarm sounds, what is the first action the nurse should do?
    • A. 

      Assess the lung sounds

    • B. 

      Suction the client right away

    • C. 

      Look at the client

    • D. 

      Turn and position the client

  • 41. 
    What effective precautions should the nurse use to control the transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?
    • A. 

      Use gloves and handwashing before and after client contact

    • B. 

      Do nasal cultures on healthcare providers

    • C. 

      Place the client on total isolation

    • D. 

      Use mask and gown during care of the MRSA client

  • 42. 
    • A. 

      “You will probably have to eat six meals a day for the rest of your life.”

    • B. 

      “Eating six meals a day can be a bother, can’t it?”

    • C. 

      “Some clients can tolerate three meals a day by the time they leave the hospital. Maybe it will be a little longer for you.”

    • D. 

      “ It varies from client to client, but generally in 6-12 months most clients can return to their previous meal patterns”

  • 43. 
    A male client with cirrhosis is complaining of belly pain, itchiness and his breasts are getting larger and also the abdomen. The client is so upset because of the discomfort and asks the nurse why his breast and abdomen are getting larger.  Which of the following is the appropriate nursing response?
    • A. 

      “How much of a difference have you noticed”

    • B. 

      “It’s part of the swelling your body is experiencing”

    • C. 

      “It’s probably because you have been less physically active”

    • D. 

      “Your liver is not destroying estrogen hormones that all men produce”

  • 44. 
    A client is diagnosed with detached retina and scheduled for surgery.  Preoperative teaching of the nurse to the client includes:
    • A. 

      No eye pain is expected postoperatively

    • B. 

      Semi-fowler’s position will be used to reduce pressure in the eye.

    • C. 

      Eye patches may be used postoperatively

    • D. 

      Return of normal vision is expected following surgery

  • 45. 
    A 70-year-old client is brought to the emergency department with a caregiver.  The client has manifestations of anorexia, wasting of muscles and multiple bruises.  What nursing interventions would the nurse implement?
    • A. 

      Talk to the client about the caregiver and support system

    • B. 

      Complete a gastrointestinal and neurological assessment

    • C. 

      Check the lab data for serum albumin, hematocrit and hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Complete a police report on elder abuse

  • 46. 
    A nurse is providing a discharge instruction to the client about the self-catheterization at home.  Which of the following instructions would the nurse include?
    • A. 

      Wash the catheter with soap and water after each use

    • B. 

      Lubricate the catheter with Vaseline

    • C. 

      Perform the Valsalva maneuver to promote insertion

    • D. 

      Replace the catheter with a new one every 24 hour

  • 47. 
    The nurse in the nursing care unit is assigned to care to a client who is Immunocompromised.  The client tells the nurse that his chest is painful and the blisters are itchy.  What would be the nursing intervention to this client?
    • A. 

      Call the physician

    • B. 

      Give a prn pain medication

    • C. 

      Clarify if the client is on a new medication

    • D. 

      Use gown and gloves while assessing the lesions

  • 48. 
    A client is admitted and has been diagnosed with bacterial (meningococcal) meningitis.  The infection control registered nurse visits the staff nurse caring to the client.  What statement made by the nurse reflects an understanding of the management of this client?
    • A. 

      Speech pattern may be altered

    • B. 

      Respiratory isolation is necessary for 24 hours after antibiotics are started

    • C. 

      Perform skin culture on the macular popular rash

    • D. 

      Expect abnormal general muscle contractions

  • 49. 
    A 18-year-old male client had sustained a head injury from a motorbike accident.  It is uncertain whether the client may have minimal but permanent disability.  The family is concerned regarding the client’s difficulty accepting the possibility of long term effects.  Which nursing diagnosis is best for this situation?
    • A. 

      Nutrition, less than body requirements

    • B. 

      Injury, potential for sensory-perceptual alterations

    • C. 

      Impaired mobility, related to muscle weakness

    • D. 

      Anticipatory grieving, due to the loss of independence

  • 50. 
    • A. 

      Wash all vegetables before cooking

    • B. 

      Wear gloves when gardening

    • C. 

      Wear a mask when travelling to foreign countries

    • D. 

      Avoid contact with cats and birds