Block 2 Moore Cartilage

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 682

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Cartilage Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is  NOT a type of cartilage
    • A. 

      Fibrous cartilage

    • B. 

      Hyaline cartilage

    • C. 

      Dense cartilage

    • D. 

      Elastic cartilage

  • 2. 
    Chondrocytes are derived  from which of the following cell types
    • A. 

      Adipocytes

    • B. 

      Fibroblast

    • C. 

      Monocytes

    • D. 

      Mesenchymal cells

    • E. 

      A & B

    • F. 

      B & D

  • 3. 
    Chondrocytes receive nutrients from;
    • A. 

      Fibroblast

    • B. 

      Facilitated intracartilagenous transport

    • C. 

      A vast network of intracartilagenous capilaries

    • D. 

      Diffusion

  • 4. 
    The functions of Cartilage include all of the following  EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Support of soft tissues

    • B. 

      As a shock absorber (resists compression)

    • C. 

      Free-sliding surface for joints ( smooth surface)

    • D. 

      As a template for growth of arteries

  • 5. 
    Cartilage Locations include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ends of long bones and ventral end of ribs

    • B. 

      Surfaces of large organs

    • C. 

      Respiratory system and external ear

    • D. 

      Epiphyseal plates for growth of long bones.

  • 6. 
    A group of Chondrocytes is referred to as a
    • A. 

      Lacunae

    • B. 

      Isogenous group

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Perichondrium

  • 7. 
    Chondroblasts differ from chondrocytes in that chondroblasts;
    • A. 

      Do not secrete matrix

    • B. 

      Exist outside Lacunae

    • C. 

      Can differentiate into fibroblast

    • D. 

      Exist only in clusters

    • E. 

      Party a lot (i.e. have a blast)

  • 8. 
    There are two different types of chondrogenesis depending on where in the cartilage these events occur:
    • A. 

      Oppositional and intracellular growth

    • B. 

      Regenerative and interstitial growth

    • C. 

      Appositional growth and interstitial growth

    • D. 

      Allopathic and independent

  • 9. 
    The most common form of cartilage is;
    • A. 

      Fibrous

    • B. 

      Elastic

    • C. 

      Integral

    • D. 

      Loose irregular cartilage

    • E. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 10. 
    The type of collagen surrounding an isogenous group is
    • A. 

      Type 1

    • B. 

      Type 2

    • C. 

      Type 4

    • D. 

      Type 6

    • E. 

      Type 7

  • 11. 
    Blood, lymph, and nerve supply to cartilage is supplied via:
    • A. 

      Lacunae

    • B. 

      Perichondrium

    • C. 

      Fibroblast

    • D. 

      chondrocytes

    • E. 

      Isongenous group

  • 12. 
    Type 1 collagen fibers are found in 
    • A. 

      Hyaline cartilage and perichondrium

    • B. 

      Fibrous cartilage and perichondrium

    • C. 

      Elastic cartilage

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Cartilage owes its compression resistant property to  Hyaluronic acid (HA).  This is accomplished by which characteristic of HA:
    • A. 

      Its ability to attract integral proteins which resist compressive forces when aggregated

    • B. 

      The tremendous strength of the disulfide bonds of Hyaluronic Acid

    • C. 

      The highly positive charge on GAG side chains attracting anions and water

    • D. 

      The highly negative charge on GAG side chains attracting cations and water

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements concerning cartilage is FALSE
    • A. 

      Fibro cartilage does not have a perichondrium

    • B. 

      Elastic cartilage always has a perichondrium

    • C. 

      Hyaline cartilage always has a perichondrium

    • D. 

      Hyaline cartilage is the most abundant cartilage in the body

    • E. 

      The elastic fibers in elastic cartilage do not extend into the perichondrium

  • 15. 
    Fibro cartilage is found in all of the following places EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Pubic symphysus

    • B. 

      Intervertebral disc

    • C. 

      Knee joint

    • D. 

      Nasal septum

  • 16. 
    The difference in appositional growth versus interstitial growth is that;
    • A. 

      Interstitial growth is the major form of growth in the adult

    • B. 

      Appositional growth does not require a perchondrium

    • C. 

      Interstitial growth is not important in the growth of long bones

    • D. 

      Appositional growth is only possible with a perichondrium

  • 17. 
    Stimulation of cartilage growth is controlled by
    • A. 

      Estradiol , Thyroxine, Insulin

    • B. 

      Testosterone, Thyroxine, Somatotropin

    • C. 

      Estradiol, Somatotropin, Insulin

    • D. 

      Testosterone, Insulin, Vitamin E

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statement regarding Vitamins and cartilage growth is FALSE
    • A. 

      Hypo-Vitaminosis A, reduces the width of epiphyseal plates

    • B. 

      Hypo Vitaminosis D, causes ossification of cartilage

    • C. 

      Hypo Vitaminosis C, inhibits matrix synthesis leading to scurvy

    • D. 

      Hyper Vitaminosis A, accelerates ossification of epiphyseal plates

  • 19. 
    All of the following are true concerning cartilage EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      In young children cartilage repair is much quicker than in the adult

    • B. 

      Repair of cartilage is much faster the more proximal to the perichondrium

    • C. 

      Interstitial growth is much less prevalent in the repair of cartilage than appositional growth

    • D. 

      The high mobility of chondrocytes make them the chief cell type if cartilage repair.

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