Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two

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Black Civil Rights Quizzes & Trivia

Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the Black Civil Rights organisation Rosa Parks had been a secretary for during the 12 years previous to 1955?
    • A. 

      SLCC

    • B. 

      CORE

    • C. 

      NAACP

    • D. 

      Black Panthers

  • 2. 
    What was the response of the bus driver when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery 1955?
    • A. 

      "Do as you're told"

    • B. 

      "Nigger move back"

    • C. 

      "Get off the bus"

  • 3. 
    What was the response of the authorities to Rosa Parks defiance of segregation on buses?
    • A. 

      She was arrested

    • B. 

      She was given a warning to obey segregation in future

    • C. 

      She was placed in solitary confinement

  • 4. 
    What was the response of black civil rights campaigners in Montgomery to Rosa Parks arrest?
    • A. 

      Slow, a boycott was planned for the following week when black civil rights leaders had time to orchestrate a campaign

    • B. 

      Nothing, it took a few months for protests to gather momentum

    • C. 

      Immediate, leaflets distributed and a one day boycott announced 5th December

  • 5. 
    How effective was this action?
    • A. 

      Very effective - the Montgomery city buses were deserted

    • B. 

      Quite effective - some Blacks participated in the boycott but many were too fearful

    • C. 

      Not effective - most were too fearful and felt they a more carefully planned campaign neeeded to be introduced

  • 6. 
    What fine was imposed on Rosa Parks for her infringement of segregation on buses?
    • A. 

      Hard labour

    • B. 

      $10 fine

    • C. 

      $100 fine

    • D. 

      10 days community service

  • 7. 
    What was the name given to a new group formed designed to extend the boycott action in support of Rosa Parks actions?
    • A. 

      (MIA) Montgomery Internal Association

    • B. 

      (MIA) Montgomery in Action

    • C. 

      (MIA) Montgomery Improvement Association

    • D. 

      (MIA) Montgomery is Alive

  • 8. 
    Who was chosen as president of the MIA?
    • A. 

      Malcolm X

    • B. 

      ED Nixon

    • C. 

      Ralph Abernathy

    • D. 

      Dr Martin Luther King

  • 9. 
    The campaign almost collapsed when Montgomery authorities imposed a minimum fare on taxis that had been ferrying blacks to and from work.  How did the campaign overcome this obstacle?
    • A. 

      Walking

    • B. 

      They hired their own buses

    • C. 

      Car pooling (150 people including three whites)

  • 10. 
    Who said "He who lives by the sword will perish by the sword" during the Montgomery campaign?
    • A. 

      Ralph Abernathy

    • B. 

      Martin Luther King Jr

    • C. 

      ED Nixon

    • D. 

      Tom Waits

  • 11. 
    Blacks faced many difficulties during the action.  Which one of these does not apply?
    • A. 

      Martin Luther King's family home was bombed

    • B. 

      Blacks waiting for cars threatened with loitering

    • C. 

      Many blacks imprisoned without charges

    • D. 

      Insurance companies refused to insure pool cars

  • 12. 
    In 1956 Martin Luther King and 88 others were arrested.  What punishment was levied against Dr King?
    • A. 

      $500 fine or 386 days hard labour

    • B. 

      No punishment was imposed as authorities fearful of adverse media coverage

    • C. 

      365 days community service

    • D. 

      A week in solitary confinement

  • 13. 
    In June 1956 the Montgomery Federal Court declared that the segregation laws in Montgomery were .........?
    • A. 

      Lawful

    • B. 

      Unfair

    • C. 

      Unlawful

    • D. 

      Unconstitutional

  • 14. 
    What was the reaction of the Montgomery authorities to this decision?
    • A. 

      They accepted the decision, conceded defeat and granted integrated services on buses

    • B. 

      They ignored the decision and decided to appeal to the supreme court

    • C. 

      They abided by the decision

    • D. 

      They opposed it

  • 15. 
    What was the decision of the Supreme Court?
    • A. 

      The Montgomery segregation laws were constitutional

    • B. 

      The Montgomery segregation laws were unconstitutional

    • C. 

      The Montgomery bus companies were within their rights based upon the precedent set in the Plessy v Ferguson case 1890

  • 16. 
    Choose three points which you think were the most significant outcomes of the Montgomery protest for the Civil Rights movement?
    • A. 

      The value of Supreme Court in supporting Civil Rights movement reinforced

    • B. 

      Non-violence was a powerful new weapon in the movement and Martin Luther King as established as a new leader of the movement

    • C. 

      That the Civil Rights movement had achieved an phyrric victory

    • D. 

      States could no longer insist on segregation on public transport

    • E. 

      That black communities were too divided for organised protest, strong leaders were not evident and action quickly descended into violence

  • 17. 
    Martin Luther King's ideas of peaceful protest were influenced very much by which inspirational political figure?
    • A. 

      Kate Sheppard

    • B. 

      Mohandas Gandhi

    • C. 

      Mother Theresa

    • D. 

      Winston Churchill

  • 18. 
    Another key influence on Martin Luther King were the writings of non-violent activist Henry David Thoreau.  What was the name of the book written by him which greatly influenced Gandhi?
    • A. 

      Certain Disobedience

    • B. 

      Civil Disobedience

    • C. 

      Civic Disaster

    • D. 

      Chapel Dissent

  • 19. 
    After the success of the Montgomery campaign, what non-violent protest group was set up by Martin Luther King and 40 other black clergyman?
    • A. 

      SCLC

    • B. 

      CORE

    • C. 

      SNCC

    • D. 

      National Urban League

  • 20. 
    Following the Brown versus Board of Education decision in 1954 which new white supremacist organisation formed in protest.
    • A. 

      White Supremacist League

    • B. 

      White Citizens Council

    • C. 

      Ku Klux Klan

    • D. 

      National White Alliance

  • 21. 
    What social class did most members of the White Citizen's Council emerge from?
    • A. 

      White blue collar workers

    • B. 

      White middle class - e.g. lawyers, entrepreneurs, teachers

    • C. 

      Poor and uneducated whites

    • D. 

      Unemployed whites

  • 22. 
    Which one of these was not a tactic used by the White Citizens Council?
    • A. 

      Distributed pamphlets and articles

    • B. 

      Sponsored television and radio programmes

    • C. 

      Organised school essay writing contests

    • D. 

      Organised public lynchings

    • E. 

      Organised speakers at oublic meetings

  • 23. 
    What was the name of the White Citizens Council newspaper?
    • A. 

      The Star

    • B. 

      The Chief

    • C. 

      The Citizen

    • D. 

      The White Citizen

  • 24. 
    Mack Parker was the victim of the last recorded lynching in Mississippi by members of the Ku Klux Klan.  In which year was he murdered?
    • A. 

      1956

    • B. 

      1957

    • C. 

      1958

    • D. 

      1959

  • 25. 
    In 1959 John Howard Griffin conducted a social experiment in which he travelled the Southern States disguised as a black African American.  His findings were published in America and caused widespread shock.  What was the name of his book?
    • A. 

      "A black man in the South"

    • B. 

      "Black Like Me"

    • C. 

      "Black Like Him"

    • D. 

      "White as Black"

  • 26. 
    What was the name of the Governor of Arkansas who sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine black students from attending Little Rock High School?
    • A. 

      Ronald Reagan

    • B. 

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • C. 

      Orville Faubus

    • D. 

      Jim Bean

  • 27. 
    What was the name of the black student who was left stranded outside Little Rock school and was subjected to racial abuse by an aggressive crowd of local protesters?
    • A. 

      Elizabeth Ackford

    • B. 

      Elizabeth Eckford

    • C. 

      Elizabeth Alton

    • D. 

      Elizabeth Elton

  • 28. 
    How long did the Arkansas National Guard remain outside the gates of Little Rock High, preventing the black students from entering?
    • A. 

      One week

    • B. 

      Two weeks

    • C. 

      Three weeks

    • D. 

      Four weeks

  • 29. 
    Which organisation obtained a court order preventing them from obstructing the Little Rock nine from attending the recently desegregated school?
    • A. 

      CORE

    • B. 

      NAACP

    • C. 

      National Urban League

    • D. 

      SCLC

  • 30. 
    What happend when the nine students again attempted to attend school?
    • A. 

      White students refused to let black students enter classes

    • B. 

      Angry crowd broke through barriers and began rioting

    • C. 

      Crowd were restrained but still abused black students with racist insults

    • D. 

      Nothing happend - school children attended peacefully

  • 31. 
    Which president sent in 1000 Federal US Army paratroopers to protect students in classes?
    • A. 

      Harry Truman

    • B. 

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • C. 

      John F Kennedy

    • D. 

      Lyndon B. Johnson

  • 32. 
    Why might this decision by the President have been surprising?
    • A. 

      Up to this point Eisenhower had done very little to support the Civil Rights movement

    • B. 

      Eisenhower had always been a keen supporter of the Civil Rights movement - what was surprising was how long it had taken him to act

    • C. 

      Eisenhower had previously declared himself a supporter of Jim Crow laws

  • 33. 
    How long did the federal troops stay at Little Rock?
    • A. 

      7 weeks

    • B. 

      7 months

    • C. 

      7 days

    • D. 

      One year

  • 34. 
    In 1959, what decision was made about state laws segregating high schools by the Federal District Court?
    • A. 

      Segregated schools were constitutional

    • B. 

      Schools must integrate but seperate black and white classes were permitted

    • C. 

      Segregated schools were unconstitutional

    • D. 

      They were unable to reach a decision

  • 35. 
    NBy 1963 how many Little Rock's 7000 black African American students were attending integrated schools?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      100

    • D. 

      1000

    • E. 

      2500

  • 36. 
    Following the successes of the Black Civil Rights movement in the mid 1950s, which tactic was adopted by young black students in 1960 to combat segregation?
    • A. 

      Protest marches

    • B. 

      Sit ins

    • C. 

      Violence

    • D. 

      Riots

  • 37. 
    In which city were the first of these protests carried out?
    • A. 

      Brownsville, North Carolina

    • B. 

      Greensboro, North Carolina

    • C. 

      Brownsboro, North Carolina

    • D. 

      Bakerville, North Carolina

  • 38. 
    Why did four students refuse to leave the counter at a Woolworths lunch counter when the store closed?
    • A. 

      They were protesting about whites being served before blacks

    • B. 

      They were protesting about the segregated facilities

    • C. 

      They were unhappy about the service

    • D. 

      They were sheltering from bad weather

  • 39. 
    What happned when the four black students tried to order coffee?
    • A. 

      They were refused service

    • B. 

      They were told they would have to wait until white customers were served

    • C. 

      They were served

  • 40. 
    The example set by the protesters soon encouraged many other black citizens to protest by sitting in at segregated facilities.  What action was taken in some northern cities?
    • A. 

      Woolworths stores were burned down

    • B. 

      Woolworths stores were picketted

    • C. 

      Woolworths staff received death threats

    • D. 

      Nothing happend in the north - it was purely a Southern campaign

  • 41. 
    Name a key leader who emerged during the sit in campaign?
    • A. 

      Dion Warwick

    • B. 

      Diana Ross

    • C. 

      Diana Spencer

    • D. 

      Diane Nash

  • 42. 
    What training did this leader offer sit in protesters?
    • A. 

      Training on how take revenge on members of the Ku Klux Klan

    • B. 

      Bomb making training

    • C. 

      Training on how to cope with verbal and physical abuse without retaliation

  • 43. 
    The sit in campaigns spread to other cities such as Nashville. How did the organisers of the sit in campaigners deal with their members being arrested?
    • A. 

      They employed expert lawyers to free their members from jail as soon as possible

    • B. 

      They made sure that there were more protesters ready to take their place

    • C. 

      They did nothing as they feared reprisal attacked from the Ku Klux Klan

  • 44. 
    In April 1960 there was a meeting of many of the protest groups.  Who was executive director of the SCLC who encouraged students to form their own civil rights protest group?
    • A. 

      Ella Fitzgerald

    • B. 

      Ella Baker

    • C. 

      Ella Fitzpatrick

    • D. 

      Alexandra Baker

  • 45. 
    What was the slogan that was agreed to at the conference?
    • A. 

      "Prison not freedom"

    • B. 

      "Jail not bail"

    • C. 

      "Peace and love"

    • D. 

      "Bail not jail"

  • 46. 
    What was the name given to the new student organisation founded at this conference?
    • A. 

      Student Natural Coordinating Committee

    • B. 

      Student Nationwide Counil Committee

    • C. 

      Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee

    • D. 

      Student Negro Coordinating Committee

  • 47. 
    Which Civil Rights campaigner joined the sit in campaign in Atlanta October 1960?
    • A. 

      Malcolm X

    • B. 

      Martin Luther King

    • C. 

      Stokely Carmichael

    • D. 

      Bobby Seale

  • 48. 
    What happend to this campaigner?
    • A. 

      He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to four months hard labour

    • B. 

      He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to four years hard labour

    • C. 

      Nothing happened - the authorities did not want to create unnecessary media attention

    • D. 

      He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to forty years hard labour

  • 49. 
    Which two rival presidential candidates were competing in the election at this time in 1960?
    • A. 

      Robert Kennedy & John F Kennedy

    • B. 

      Ronald Reagan & John F Kennedy

    • C. 

      Dwight Eisenhower & John F Kennedy

    • D. 

      Richard Nixon & John F Kennedy

  • 50. 
    What action did John F Kennedy's campaign manager Robert Kennedy take which proved popular with Black voters?
    • A. 

      The Kennedy's didn't take any action

    • B. 

      Robert Kennedy sent the judge an envelope full of money and the case against Martin Luther King was dropped

    • C. 

      Robert Kennedy rang the judge and persuaded him to drop all charges

  • 51. 
    How successful were the sit in campaigns?
    • A. 

      Not successful at all - little impact on the Civil Rights movement

    • B. 

      Limited success - widespread participation and helped to speed up pace of integration in public amenities. Integration of lunch counters in Nashville began in 1960 however many other state slow to follow lead

    • C. 

      Complete success - all southern states followed Nashville's lead and integrated lunch counters in October 1960

  • 52. 
    What did the two Supreme Court rulings Morgan v Virgina (1946) and Boynton v Virgina (1960) establish?
    • A. 

      Segregation on trains illegal

    • B. 

      Segregation on buses illegal

    • C. 

      Segregtation on interstate buses and trains illlegal

    • D. 

      Segregation on interstate buses illegal

  • 53. 
    Which Chicago based black Civil Rights protest group planned a protest to test whether these rulings were being carried out?
    • A. 

      NAACP

    • B. 

      Black Panthers

    • C. 

      C.O.R.E

    • D. 

      SCLC

  • 54. 
    What was the name given to this protest movement?
    • A. 

      Freedom writers

    • B. 

      Freedom testers

    • C. 

      Freedom riders

    • D. 

      Freedom protests

  • 55. 
    Who said the aim of the campaign is "to provoke the southern authorities into arresting us and thereby prod the Justice department into enforcing the law of the land"
    • A. 

      James Meredith

    • B. 

      Robert Kennedy

    • C. 

      James Farmer

    • D. 

      Martin Luther King

  • 56. 
    In which city did the "Freedom Rides" begin?
    • A. 

      Boston

    • B. 

      New York

    • C. 

      Washington DC

    • D. 

      Chicago

  • 57. 
    What happend to one of the freedom ride buses in Anniston?
    • A. 

      Two protesters were captured by the Ku Klux Klan and lynched

    • B. 

      The bus was attacked and firbombed

    • C. 

      An angry mob punctured the tyres of the bus causing it to crash

    • D. 

      A sniper shot the driver

  • 58. 
    What happend to one of the protesters in Birmingham?
    • A. 

      Lynched by a mob

    • B. 

      Beaten up by an angry mob and paralysed

    • C. 

      Imprisoned for a year in solitary confinement

    • D. 

      Shot dead by a White Citizens Council activist

  • 59. 
    Which Birmingham police chief allegedly held his police units back for 15 minutes so that a mob could attack the freedom riders with no arrests being made?
    • A. 

      Commisioner Gordon

    • B. 

      Jim Clarke

    • C. 

      Eugene "Bull" Connor

    • D. 

      Gary Thomas Rowe

  • 60. 
    What action did the Federal attorney Robert Kenndey take after a police escort protecting the protest was removed in Montgomery resultig in attacks on the protesters?
    • A. 

      Issued arrest warrants for "Bull" Connor

    • B. 

      He took no action at all

    • C. 

      Called the state governor to pressure him to provide adequate police protection for the protesters

    • D. 

      He called in 600 federal marshalls to provide protection

  • 61. 
    Which important civil rights campaigner addressed a meeting in Montgomery the next day?
    • A. 

      Reverend Abernathy

    • B. 

      Martin Luther King

    • C. 

      Malcolm X

    • D. 

      Coretta King

  • 62. 
    What happend outside the church?
    • A. 

      Very little disturbance

    • B. 

      Thousands of black protesters sang in support of Martin Luther King

    • C. 

      Thousands of white protesters gathered outside the chuch leading to clashes with federal marshalls

    • D. 

      Martin Luther King was attacked on his way out of the church

  • 63. 
    How successful was the Freedom Riders campaign in achieving equality for black African Americans?
    • A. 

      Not successful at all - no changes to law were made and many interstate routes continued to be segregated

    • B. 

      Limited success - the Interstate Commerce Commission declared segregation was on interstate travel was illegal - however rate of pace of change on the south was still very slow

    • C. 

      Successful - Interstate Commerce Commission declared segregation was on interstate travel was illegal - led to immediate and widespread desgregation of interstate bus facilities

  • 64. 
    What was the name of the black Mississippi student who had his application to the University of Mississippi rejected when he sent in a photograph of himself with his application?
    • A. 

      John Meredith

    • B. 

      Jimmy Meredith

    • C. 

      James Meredith

    • D. 

      Jacskon Meredith

  • 65. 
    Which Bacl Civil Rights group supported Meredith in his campaign to enrol at 'Ole Miss?
    • A. 

      NAACP

    • B. 

      CORE

    • C. 

      SNCC

    • D. 

      SCLC

  • 66. 
    What victory was achieved by Meredith the the support of the NAACP 10th September 1962? 
    • A. 

      John F Kennedy rang James Meredith and pledged his support to the campaign

    • B. 

      No victory was achieved

    • C. 

      Ole Miss conceded defeat and admitted that their segregationist policy was an afront to the constitution

    • D. 

      The Supreme Court ruled that Mississippi University must let James Meredith enrol

  • 67. 
    Who was the Governor of Mississippi who took direct action to prevent James Meredith from enrolling?
    • A. 

      Governor Wallace

    • B. 

      Governor Faubus

    • C. 

      Governor Ross Barnett

    • D. 

      Robert Kennedy

  • 68. 
    What action did Ross Barnett take?
    • A. 

      He did nothing - Ross Barnett was powerless to prevent Meredith enrolling under the Supreme court ruling

    • B. 

      He appointed himself as registrar, refused Meredith's application and personally presented himself at 'Ole Miss and prevented Meredith from enrolling

    • C. 

      Ross Barnett organised state troops to prevent Meredith from entering the university

    • D. 

      Ross Barnett gave his state troops a holiday so that Meredith would be unprotected when he tried to enrol

  • 69. 
    What excuse did Eugene "Bull" Connor give for the failure of his state police to protect the Freedom Riders from brutal attacks from angry white mobs?
    • A. 

      He did not make any excuses and freely admitted he had known about the planned attacks

    • B. 

      Many of his police were on holiday so they were short staffed

    • C. 

      Connor admitted nothing and denied any attacks had taken place

    • D. 

      Connor argued that his police officers were on a training course that day

  • 70. 
    After this rejection, Meredith attempted to enroll again five days later.  What was the chant sang by the angry white crowd that had gathered outside?
    • A. 

      "We shall overcome"

    • B. 

      "The Times They Are-A-Changing"

    • C. 

      "2-4-6-8 We don't want to integrate"

    • D. 

      "Say it loud I'm white and I'm proud"

  • 71. 
    What flags were being waved by the angry mob?
    • A. 

      Confederate states flag

    • B. 

      Klu Klux Klan

    • C. 

      Stars and stripes

    • D. 

      Union states flag

  • 72. 
    What was the significance of the Confedearte state flag? (Two correct answers)
    • A. 

      It was the flag of the northern states who had fought unsuccessfully against the the anti-slavery Union states in the American Civil War

    • B. 

      It was the flag of the sorthern states who had fought unsuccessfully against the the anti-slavery Union states in the American Civil War

    • C. 

      It was a symbol of the segregated American cause

    • D. 

      It was a symbol of the integrated American cause

  • 73. 
    What action did John F Kennedy take initially in an attempt to calm the crisis?
    • A. 

      He took no action - he was too busy with the Cuban Misile Crisis

    • B. 

      He spoke to Ross Barnett three times on the telephone

    • C. 

      He delegated authority to his brother Robert Kennedy to deal with the matter

  • 74. 
    Following this failed attempt to calm the crisis, what action did President John F Kennedy take?
    • A. 

      He sent in US Army troops

    • B. 

      He personally travelled to Mississippi and negotiated a peaceful settlement

    • C. 

      He took no action as he feared the loss of white votes

  • 75. 
    What was the reaction of the white mob gathered outside of the University of Mississippi when they heard that James Meredith had been smuggled inside the university?
    • A. 

      Nothing happend

    • B. 

      A mild disturbance which was soon calmed down by the federal marshalls

    • C. 

      A speech was made by Ross Barnett urging caution

    • D. 

      A riot broke out in which 130 federal marshalls were injured, two men killled including a French jouralist who was shot dead

  • 76. 
    How many troops were deployed by the Kennedy administration in an effort to clam the crisis?
    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      200

    • C. 

      2000

    • D. 

      20000

  • 77. 
    What happend after Meredith successfully enrolled at 'Ole Miss?
    • A. 

      He gave up college in February 1963 as the level of violence and intimidation was so fierce

    • B. 

      He eventually graduated in 1963 but was mostly ignored by fellow students during his study at Mississippi University

    • C. 

      James Meredith was never able to successfully enrol at 'Ole Miss

  • 78. 
    How significant was James Meredith's campaign in 1962 to the Black Civil Rights movement?
    • A. 

      Not significant - only very limited success was achieved and many college institutions refused blacks entry to college for many years

    • B. 

      Limited success - Meredith had forced one of the oldest segregated institutions in America to integrate but there was still a great deal of progress to be made in overcoming racism in educational institutions. It also proved federal support for the integrationist cause and brought massive media exposure

    • C. 

      Total success - 'Ole Miss was defeated and equality in eduction in America was achieved overnight

  • 79. 
    The next focus of the Civil Rights campaign was in which city in Georgia?
    • A. 

      Augusta

    • B. 

      Albany

    • C. 

      Atlanta

    • D. 

      Anniston

  • 80. 
    Identify three reasons why the campaign in Albany failed?
    • A. 

      Whilst there was popular support within the black community the campaigns were uncoordinated and poorly organised

    • B. 

      Fear amongst the black community of reprisals by White Citizens Council and Klu Klux Klan members

    • C. 

      The police chief Laurie Pritchet was acutely aware of Martin Luther's tactics of filling up the jails and made special provisions to ensure there was sufficent space in jail for protesters

    • D. 

      An injunction by a federal judge ordering against further action in Albany.

    • E. 

      Martin Luther King had little involvement in campaign and therefore the movement lacked an inspirational leader

  • 81. 
    Following the failure of the Albany, Georgia campaign, Birmingham, Alabama was chosen for the next stage of Civil Rights campaign.  Correctly identify three reasons for this?
    • A. 

      It had been known for vicious attacks against the black community and the freedom riders had been attacked there in 1961

    • B. 

      It was heavily segregated

    • C. 

      It was convenient as it had been closely linked with the Freedom Riders campaign

    • D. 

      Martin Luther King thought it geographically well located for a campaign

    • E. 

      Local police commisioner "Bull" Connor could be relied upon to overeact and create a crisis which would bring much needed attenttion to the movement

  • 82. 
    What did the"C" in project C stand for?
    • A. 

      Conflict

    • B. 

      Confrontation

    • C. 

      Conflagration

    • D. 

      Congenial

  • 83. 
    What were the initial tactics deployed by the SCLC and Martin Luther King?
    • A. 

      Rioting

    • B. 

      Picketting Eugene "Bull" Connors house

    • C. 

      Freedom rides

    • D. 

      Lunch counter sit ins