"Do as you're told"
"Nigger move back"
"Get off the bus"
She was arrested
She was given a warning to obey segregation in future
She was placed in solitary confinement
Slow, a boycott was planned for the following week when black civil rights leaders had time to orchestrate a campaign
Nothing, it took a few months for protests to gather momentum
Immediate, leaflets distributed and a one day boycott announced 5th December
Very effective - the Montgomery city buses were deserted
Quite effective - some Blacks participated in the boycott but many were too fearful
Not effective - most were too fearful and felt they a more carefully planned campaign neeeded to be introduced
10 days community service
(MIA) Montgomery Internal Association
(MIA) Montgomery in Action
(MIA) Montgomery Improvement Association
(MIA) Montgomery is Alive
Dr Martin Luther King
They hired their own buses
Car pooling (150 people including three whites)
Martin Luther King Jr
Martin Luther King's family home was bombed
Blacks waiting for cars threatened with loitering
Many blacks imprisoned without charges
Insurance companies refused to insure pool cars
$500 fine or 386 days hard labour
No punishment was imposed as authorities fearful of adverse media coverage
365 days community service
A week in solitary confinement
They accepted the decision, conceded defeat and granted integrated services on buses
They ignored the decision and decided to appeal to the supreme court
They abided by the decision
They opposed it
The Montgomery segregation laws were constitutional
The Montgomery segregation laws were unconstitutional
The Montgomery bus companies were within their rights based upon the precedent set in the Plessy v Ferguson case 1890
The value of Supreme Court in supporting Civil Rights movement reinforced
Non-violence was a powerful new weapon in the movement and Martin Luther King as established as a new leader of the movement
That the Civil Rights movement had achieved an phyrric victory
States could no longer insist on segregation on public transport
That black communities were too divided for organised protest, strong leaders were not evident and action quickly descended into violence
National Urban League
White Supremacist League
White Citizens Council
Ku Klux Klan
National White Alliance
White blue collar workers
White middle class - e.g. lawyers, entrepreneurs, teachers
Poor and uneducated whites
Distributed pamphlets and articles
Sponsored television and radio programmes
Organised school essay writing contests
Organised public lynchings
Organised speakers at oublic meetings
The White Citizen
"A black man in the South"
"Black Like Me"
"Black Like Him"
"White as Black"
Here's an interesting quiz for you.