Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Abakernz
A
Abakernz
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 1,743
Questions: 83 | Attempts: 68

SettingsSettingsSettings
Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two - Quiz


Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the Black Civil Rights organisation Rosa Parks had been a secretary for during the 12 years previous to 1955?

    • A.

      SLCC

    • B.

      CORE

    • C.

      NAACP

    • D.

      Black Panthers

    Correct Answer
    C. NAACP
    Explanation
    Rosa Parks had been a secretary for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) during the 12 years prior to 1955. The NAACP was a prominent Black Civil Rights organization that fought for racial equality and justice for African Americans. Parks played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement and is best known for her refusal to give up her bus seat to a white passenger, which sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and became a symbol of resistance against racial segregation.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What was the response of the bus driver when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery 1955?

    • A.

      "Do as you're told"

    • B.

      "Nigger move back"

    • C.

      "Get off the bus"

    Correct Answer
    B. "Nigger move back"
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the response of the bus driver when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery in 1955 was "Nigger move back." This response highlights the racial discrimination and offensive language that Parks faced during that time. It reflects the segregation and mistreatment of African Americans in society during the era of racial segregation in the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What was the response of the authorities to Rosa Parks defiance of segregation on buses?

    • A.

      She was arrested

    • B.

      She was given a warning to obey segregation in future

    • C.

      She was placed in solitary confinement

    Correct Answer
    A. She was arrested
    Explanation
    Rosa Parks' defiance of segregation on buses resulted in her arrest. This action by the authorities shows that they did not tolerate her refusal to comply with the discriminatory laws. By arresting her, they aimed to send a message and maintain the status quo of segregation. This event became a significant catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement, sparking widespread protests and ultimately leading to the desegregation of public transportation.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What was the response of black civil rights campaigners in Montgomery to Rosa Parks arrest?

    • A.

      Slow, a boycott was planned for the following week when black civil rights leaders had time to orchestrate a campaign

    • B.

      Nothing, it took a few months for protests to gather momentum

    • C.

      Immediate, leaflets distributed and a one day boycott announced 5th December

    Correct Answer
    C. Immediate, leaflets distributed and a one day boycott announced 5th December
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Immediate, leaflets distributed and a one day boycott announced 5th December." After Rosa Parks' arrest, black civil rights campaigners in Montgomery responded immediately by distributing leaflets and announcing a one-day boycott on December 5th. This shows their proactive and swift action in protesting against racial segregation and injustice.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    How effective was this action?

    • A.

      Very effective - the Montgomery city buses were deserted

    • B.

      Quite effective - some Blacks participated in the boycott but many were too fearful

    • C.

      Not effective - most were too fearful and felt they a more carefully planned campaign neeeded to be introduced

    Correct Answer
    A. Very effective - the Montgomery city buses were deserted
    Explanation
    The answer states that the action was very effective because the Montgomery city buses were deserted. This suggests that the boycott had a significant impact on the bus system, as fewer people were using the buses. The fact that the buses were deserted indicates that the boycott successfully achieved its goal of reducing ridership and putting pressure on the bus company to change its discriminatory policies.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What fine was imposed on Rosa Parks for her infringement of segregation on buses?

    • A.

      Hard labour

    • B.

      $10 fine

    • C.

      $100 fine

    • D.

      10 days community service

    Correct Answer
    B. $10 fine
    Explanation
    Rosa Parks was fined $10 for her infringement of segregation on buses. This penalty was imposed on her as a result of her refusal to give up her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery bus in 1955. Parks' act of defiance sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and became a significant event in the Civil Rights Movement. The $10 fine symbolizes the unjust treatment and discrimination faced by African Americans during that time.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What was the name given to a new group formed designed to extend the boycott action in support of Rosa Parks actions?

    • A.

      (MIA) Montgomery Internal Association

    • B.

      (MIA) Montgomery in Action

    • C.

      (MIA) Montgomery Improvement Association

    • D.

      (MIA) Montgomery is Alive

    Correct Answer
    C. (MIA) Montgomery Improvement Association
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (MIA) Montgomery Improvement Association. This group was formed to extend the boycott action in support of Rosa Parks' actions.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Who was chosen as president of the MIA?

    • A.

      Malcolm X

    • B.

      ED Nixon

    • C.

      Ralph Abernathy

    • D.

      Dr Martin Luther King

    Correct Answer
    D. Dr Martin Luther King
    Explanation
    Dr Martin Luther King was chosen as the president of the MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association). He was a prominent civil rights leader and played a crucial role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which was a major turning point in the civil rights movement. His leadership, advocacy for nonviolent resistance, and powerful speeches made him a respected figure in the fight against racial segregation and discrimination. King's appointment as president of the MIA was a testament to his influence and dedication to the cause of equality and justice.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The campaign almost collapsed when Montgomery authorities imposed a minimum fare on taxis that had been ferrying blacks to and from work.  How did the campaign overcome this obstacle?

    • A.

      Walking

    • B.

      They hired their own buses

    • C.

      Car pooling (150 people including three whites)

    Correct Answer
    C. Car pooling (150 people including three whites)
    Explanation
    The campaign was able to overcome the obstacle of the minimum fare imposed on taxis by implementing car pooling. This involved a group of 150 people, including three white individuals, sharing rides to and from work. By pooling their resources and sharing transportation, they were able to continue their campaign despite the financial burden imposed by the minimum fare.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Who said "He who lives by the sword will perish by the sword" during the Montgomery campaign?

    • A.

      Ralph Abernathy

    • B.

      Martin Luther King Jr

    • C.

      ED Nixon

    • D.

      Tom Waits

    Correct Answer
    B. Martin Luther King Jr
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King Jr. said "He who lives by the sword will perish by the sword" during the Montgomery campaign. This quote reflects King's belief in nonviolence and his commitment to peaceful protest. He emphasized that resorting to violence only leads to more violence and destruction, and that true change can be achieved through peaceful means. King's philosophy of nonviolence was a central principle of the civil rights movement, and he consistently advocated for peaceful resistance and reconciliation.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Blacks faced many difficulties during the action.  Which one of these does not apply?

    • A.

      Martin Luther King's family home was bombed

    • B.

      Blacks waiting for cars threatened with loitering

    • C.

      Many blacks imprisoned without charges

    • D.

      Insurance companies refused to insure pool cars

    Correct Answer
    C. Many blacks imprisoned without charges
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Many blacks imprisoned without charges." This option does not apply because it is not mentioned in the given statements that many blacks were imprisoned without charges. The other options, such as Martin Luther King's family home being bombed, blacks waiting for cars being threatened with loitering, and insurance companies refusing to insure pool cars, all indicate difficulties faced by blacks during the action.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    In 1956 Martin Luther King and 88 others were arrested.  What punishment was levied against Dr King?

    • A.

      $500 fine or 386 days hard labour

    • B.

      No punishment was imposed as authorities fearful of adverse media coverage

    • C.

      365 days community service

    • D.

      A week in solitary confinement

    Correct Answer
    A. $500 fine or 386 days hard labour
    Explanation
    Dr. King was levied a punishment of either a $500 fine or 386 days of hard labor.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    In June 1956 the Montgomery Federal Court declared that the segregation laws in Montgomery were .........?

    • A.

      Lawful

    • B.

      Unfair

    • C.

      Unlawful

    • D.

      Unconstitutional

    Correct Answer
    D. Unconstitutional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Unconstitutional". The Montgomery Federal Court declared the segregation laws in Montgomery as unconstitutional, meaning that these laws violated the principles and rights protected by the Constitution. This ruling deemed the laws invalid and illegal, as they went against the fundamental rights of equality and non-discrimination.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What was the reaction of the Montgomery authorities to this decision?

    • A.

      They accepted the decision, conceded defeat and granted integrated services on buses

    • B.

      They ignored the decision and decided to appeal to the supreme court

    • C.

      They abided by the decision

    • D.

      They opposed it

    Correct Answer
    B. They ignored the decision and decided to appeal to the supreme court
    Explanation
    The Montgomery authorities chose to ignore the decision and instead decided to appeal to the supreme court. This indicates that they did not accept the ruling and were not willing to concede defeat. They believed that they had grounds to challenge the decision and sought further legal action by taking the case to the supreme court.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    What was the decision of the Supreme Court?

    • A.

      The Montgomery segregation laws were constitutional

    • B.

      The Montgomery segregation laws were unconstitutional

    • C.

      The Montgomery bus companies were within their rights based upon the precedent set in the Plessy v Ferguson case 1890

    Correct Answer
    B. The Montgomery segregation laws were unconstitutional
    Explanation
    The decision of the Supreme Court was that the Montgomery segregation laws were unconstitutional.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Choose three points which you think were the most significant outcomes of the Montgomery protest for the Civil Rights movement?

    • A.

      The value of Supreme Court in supporting Civil Rights movement reinforced

    • B.

      Non-violence was a powerful new weapon in the movement and Martin Luther King as established as a new leader of the movement

    • C.

      That the Civil Rights movement had achieved an phyrric victory

    • D.

      States could no longer insist on segregation on public transport

    • E.

      That black communities were too divided for organised protest, strong leaders were not evident and action quickly descended into violence

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The value of Supreme Court in supporting Civil Rights movement reinforced
    B. Non-violence was a powerful new weapon in the movement and Martin Luther King as established as a new leader of the movement
    D. States could no longer insist on segregation on public transport
    Explanation
    The Montgomery protest had three significant outcomes for the Civil Rights movement. Firstly, it reinforced the value of the Supreme Court in supporting the movement, indicating that legal action could be an effective tool for change. Secondly, the protest showcased the power of non-violence as a new weapon in the movement, with Martin Luther King emerging as a prominent leader. Finally, the protest resulted in a significant victory as states could no longer enforce segregation on public transport, marking a major step towards equality.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Martin Luther King's ideas of peaceful protest were influenced very much by which inspirational political figure?

    • A.

      Kate Sheppard

    • B.

      Mohandas Gandhi

    • C.

      Mother Theresa

    • D.

      Winston Churchill

    Correct Answer
    B. Mohandas Gandhi
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King's ideas of peaceful protest were influenced greatly by Mohandas Gandhi. Gandhi was a prominent political figure known for his nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience movements in India. King studied Gandhi's methods and philosophy of nonviolence, which he then applied to the civil rights movement in the United States. Gandhi's principles of peaceful protest, such as satyagraha (truth force) and ahimsa (nonviolence), resonated with King and became foundational to his approach in fighting for racial equality and justice. King often referred to Gandhi as one of his main inspirations and credited him for shaping his own philosophy of nonviolent activism.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Another key influence on Martin Luther King were the writings of non-violent activist Henry David Thoreau.  What was the name of the book written by him which greatly influenced Gandhi?

    • A.

      Certain Disobedience

    • B.

      Civil Disobedience

    • C.

      Civic Disaster

    • D.

      Chapel Dissent

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil Disobedience
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Civil Disobedience." This book, written by Henry David Thoreau, greatly influenced Gandhi's philosophy of non-violent resistance. Thoreau's ideas on civil disobedience, which advocated for individuals to peacefully protest unjust laws, had a profound impact on Gandhi's approach to social and political change in India. Gandhi saw civil disobedience as a powerful tool for challenging oppressive systems and achieving justice.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    After the success of the Montgomery campaign, what non-violent protest group was set up by Martin Luther King and 40 other black clergyman?

    • A.

      SCLC

    • B.

      CORE

    • C.

      SNCC

    • D.

      National Urban League

    Correct Answer
    A. SCLC
    Explanation
    After the success of the Montgomery campaign, Martin Luther King and 40 other black clergyman set up the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The SCLC was a non-violent protest group that aimed to advance civil rights for African Americans through peaceful means. It organized and led various protests, marches, and boycotts to challenge racial segregation and discrimination in the United States. The SCLC played a crucial role in the civil rights movement and was instrumental in achieving significant legislative victories, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Following the Brown versus Board of Education decision in 1954 which new white supremacist organisation formed in protest.

    • A.

      White Supremacist League

    • B.

      White Citizens Council

    • C.

      Ku Klux Klan

    • D.

      National White Alliance

    Correct Answer
    B. White Citizens Council
    Explanation
    After the Brown versus Board of Education decision in 1954, the White Citizens Council was formed as a new white supremacist organization in protest. The White Citizens Council aimed to resist racial integration in schools and other public facilities, promoting white supremacy and segregation. They used various tactics such as economic pressure, intimidation, and propaganda to maintain racial segregation in the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    What social class did most members of the White Citizen's Council emerge from?

    • A.

      White blue collar workers

    • B.

      White middle class - e.g. lawyers, entrepreneurs, teachers

    • C.

      Poor and uneducated whites

    • D.

      Unemployed whites

    Correct Answer
    B. White middle class - e.g. lawyers, entrepreneurs, teachers
    Explanation
    Most members of the White Citizen's Council emerged from the white middle class, which included professionals such as lawyers, entrepreneurs, and teachers. This social class provided the resources, education, and influence necessary for individuals to actively participate in and support the Council's activities.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Which one of these was not a tactic used by the White Citizens Council?

    • A.

      Distributed pamphlets and articles

    • B.

      Sponsored television and radio programmes

    • C.

      Organised school essay writing contests

    • D.

      Organised public lynchings

    • E.

      Organised speakers at oublic meetings

    Correct Answer
    D. Organised public lynchings
    Explanation
    The White Citizens Council used various tactics to promote their segregationist agenda during the Civil Rights Movement. They distributed pamphlets and articles to spread their ideology, sponsored television and radio programs to reach a wider audience, organized school essay writing contests to indoctrinate young minds, and organized speakers at public meetings to rally support. However, they did not organize public lynchings, as this violent act was typically carried out by vigilante groups or individuals rather than organized by an official organization like the White Citizens Council.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    What was the name of the White Citizens Council newspaper?

    • A.

      The Star

    • B.

      The Chief

    • C.

      The Citizen

    • D.

      The White Citizen

    Correct Answer
    C. The Citizen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Citizen. The White Citizens Council was an organization that promoted segregation and white supremacy in the United States during the civil rights movement. The organization published a newspaper called The Citizen to spread their beliefs and ideologies.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Mack Parker was the victim of the last recorded lynching in Mississippi by members of the Ku Klux Klan.  In which year was he murdered?

    • A.

      1956

    • B.

      1957

    • C.

      1958

    • D.

      1959

    Correct Answer
    D. 1959
    Explanation
    In 1959, Mack Parker was the victim of the last recorded lynching in Mississippi by members of the Ku Klux Klan.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    In 1959 John Howard Griffin conducted a social experiment in which he travelled the Southern States disguised as a black African American.  His findings were published in America and caused widespread shock.  What was the name of his book?

    • A.

      "A black man in the South"

    • B.

      "Black Like Me"

    • C.

      "Black Like Him"

    • D.

      "White as Black"

    Correct Answer
    B. "Black Like Me"
    Explanation
    In 1959, John Howard Griffin conducted a social experiment by disguising himself as a black African American and traveling through the Southern States. He documented his experiences and findings in his book titled "Black Like Me." The book's publication caused widespread shock and shed light on the racial discrimination and inequality faced by African Americans during that time.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    What was the name of the Governor of Arkansas who sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine black students from attending Little Rock High School?

    • A.

      Ronald Reagan

    • B.

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • C.

      Orville Faubus

    • D.

      Jim Bean

    Correct Answer
    C. Orville Faubus
    Explanation
    Orville Faubus was the Governor of Arkansas who sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine black students from attending Little Rock High School. His actions were a part of the larger civil rights struggle in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s, known as the desegregation crisis in Little Rock. Faubus's decision to oppose the integration of schools reflected the resistance and racial tensions prevalent in many parts of the country at that time.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    What was the name of the black student who was left stranded outside Little Rock school and was subjected to racial abuse by an aggressive crowd of local protesters?

    • A.

      Elizabeth Ackford

    • B.

      Elizabeth Eckford

    • C.

      Elizabeth Alton

    • D.

      Elizabeth Elton

    Correct Answer
    B. Elizabeth Eckford
    Explanation
    Elizabeth Eckford was the name of the black student who was left stranded outside Little Rock school and subjected to racial abuse by an aggressive crowd of local protesters.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    How long did the Arkansas National Guard remain outside the gates of Little Rock High, preventing the black students from entering?

    • A.

      One week

    • B.

      Two weeks

    • C.

      Three weeks

    • D.

      Four weeks

    Correct Answer
    C. Three weeks
    Explanation
    The Arkansas National Guard remained outside the gates of Little Rock High for three weeks, preventing black students from entering. This prolonged period of obstruction highlights the significant resistance and opposition faced by the black students during the desegregation process. The National Guard's presence for such an extended duration indicates the intensity of the racial tensions and the resistance to integration in that particular community.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Which organisation obtained a court order preventing them from obstructing the Little Rock nine from attending the recently desegregated school?

    • A.

      CORE

    • B.

      NAACP

    • C.

      National Urban League

    • D.

      SCLC

    Correct Answer
    B. NAACP
    Explanation
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) obtained a court order preventing anyone from obstructing the Little Rock nine, a group of African American students, from attending the recently desegregated school. The NAACP played a crucial role in the civil rights movement and used legal strategies to challenge segregation and discrimination. In this case, they successfully obtained a court order to protect the rights of the Little Rock nine and ensure their access to education.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    What happend when the nine students again attempted to attend school?

    • A.

      White students refused to let black students enter classes

    • B.

      Angry crowd broke through barriers and began rioting

    • C.

      Crowd were restrained but still abused black students with racist insults

    • D.

      Nothing happend - school children attended peacefully

    Correct Answer
    B. Angry crowd broke through barriers and began rioting
    Explanation
    When the nine students attempted to attend school again, an angry crowd broke through the barriers and started rioting. This suggests that the crowd was opposed to the idea of black students entering the school and resorted to violent actions to express their anger and resistance.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Which president sent in 1000 Federal US Army paratroopers to protect students in classes?

    • A.

      Harry Truman

    • B.

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • C.

      John F Kennedy

    • D.

      Lyndon B. Johnson

    Correct Answer
    B. Dwight Eisenhower
    Explanation
    Dwight Eisenhower sent in 1000 Federal US Army paratroopers to protect students in classes.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Why might this decision by the President have been surprising?

    • A.

      Up to this point Eisenhower had done very little to support the Civil Rights movement

    • B.

      Eisenhower had always been a keen supporter of the Civil Rights movement - what was surprising was how long it had taken him to act

    • C.

      Eisenhower had previously declared himself a supporter of Jim Crow laws

    Correct Answer
    A. Up to this point Eisenhower had done very little to support the Civil Rights movement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Eisenhower had always been a keen supporter of the Civil Rights movement - what was surprising was how long it had taken him to act." This explanation suggests that the decision by the President to support the Civil Rights movement was surprising because he had always been a supporter, but it took him a long time to take action. This implies that there may have been some factors or circumstances that delayed his support, making his decision unexpected.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    How long did the federal troops stay at Little Rock?

    • A.

      7 weeks

    • B.

      7 months

    • C.

      7 days

    • D.

      One year

    Correct Answer
    D. One year
    Explanation
    The federal troops stayed at Little Rock for one year. This suggests that they were deployed for an extended period of time to maintain order and enforce desegregation in the city. The length of their stay indicates that the situation in Little Rock was challenging and required a long-term presence to ensure compliance with federal integration laws.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    In 1959, what decision was made about state laws segregating high schools by the Federal District Court?

    • A.

      Segregated schools were constitutional

    • B.

      Schools must integrate but seperate black and white classes were permitted

    • C.

      Segregated schools were unconstitutional

    • D.

      They were unable to reach a decision

    Correct Answer
    C. Segregated schools were unconstitutional
    Explanation
    In 1959, the Federal District Court made the decision that segregated schools were unconstitutional. This means that state laws that enforced the separation of high schools based on race were deemed to be in violation of the Constitution. As a result, the court ruled that these laws were invalid and schools were required to integrate, meaning that black and white students could no longer be kept separate in different classes.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    NBy 1963 how many Little Rock's 7000 black African American students were attending integrated schools?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      100

    • D.

      1000

    • E.

      2500

    Correct Answer
    C. 100
    Explanation
    In 1963, out of the 7000 black African American students in Little Rock, 100 were attending integrated schools. This means that only a small percentage of black students had the opportunity to attend schools that were racially integrated at that time.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Following the successes of the Black Civil Rights movement in the mid 1950s, which tactic was adopted by young black students in 1960 to combat segregation?

    • A.

      Protest marches

    • B.

      Sit ins

    • C.

      Violence

    • D.

      Riots

    Correct Answer
    B. Sit ins
    Explanation
    In response to the continued segregation faced by young black students in 1960, they adopted the tactic of sit-ins. Sit-ins involved peacefully occupying segregated establishments, such as restaurants or lunch counters, to protest against discriminatory policies. This nonviolent form of protest aimed to draw attention to the injustice of segregation and put pressure on businesses and authorities to desegregate. The sit-ins were a powerful tool in the fight against segregation and played a significant role in the Civil Rights movement.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    In which city were the first of these protests carried out?

    • A.

      Brownsville, North Carolina

    • B.

      Greensboro, North Carolina

    • C.

      Brownsboro, North Carolina

    • D.

      Bakerville, North Carolina

    Correct Answer
    B. Greensboro, North Carolina
    Explanation
    The first of these protests were carried out in Greensboro, North Carolina.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    Why did four students refuse to leave the counter at a Woolworths lunch counter when the store closed?

    • A.

      They were protesting about whites being served before blacks

    • B.

      They were protesting about the segregated facilities

    • C.

      They were unhappy about the service

    • D.

      They were sheltering from bad weather

    Correct Answer
    B. They were protesting about the segregated facilities
    Explanation
    The four students refused to leave the counter at a Woolworths lunch counter when the store closed because they were protesting about the segregated facilities. This means that they were against the practice of separating facilities for white and black people. They believed that everyone should have equal access to the same facilities, regardless of their race. By refusing to leave, they were making a statement and raising awareness about the injustice of segregation.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    What happned when the four black students tried to order coffee?

    • A.

      They were refused service

    • B.

      They were told they would have to wait until white customers were served

    • C.

      They were served

    Correct Answer
    A. They were refused service
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that they were refused service. This means that when the four black students attempted to order coffee, they were denied the service and not served.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    The example set by the protesters soon encouraged many other black citizens to protest by sitting in at segregated facilities.  What action was taken in some northern cities?

    • A.

      Woolworths stores were burned down

    • B.

      Woolworths stores were picketted

    • C.

      Woolworths staff received death threats

    • D.

      Nothing happend in the north - it was purely a Southern campaign

    Correct Answer
    B. Woolworths stores were picketted
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Woolworths stores were picketed. This means that protesters gathered outside the stores and demonstrated peacefully, often carrying signs or banners to express their opposition to segregation. Picketing was a common form of protest during the Civil Rights Movement, and it was used to draw attention to the discriminatory practices of businesses like Woolworths. By picketing these stores, the protesters aimed to put pressure on the company to change its policies and support desegregation.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    Name a key leader who emerged during the sit in campaign?

    • A.

      Dion Warwick

    • B.

      Diana Ross

    • C.

      Diana Spencer

    • D.

      Diane Nash

    Correct Answer
    D. Diane Nash
    Explanation
    Diane Nash is the correct answer because she was a key leader who emerged during the sit-in campaign. Nash was a prominent figure in the Civil Rights Movement and played a crucial role in organizing and leading nonviolent protests, including sit-ins, to challenge racial segregation. She was a founding member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and was known for her bravery, determination, and strategic thinking in the fight for equality and justice.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    What training did this leader offer sit in protesters?

    • A.

      Training on how take revenge on members of the Ku Klux Klan

    • B.

      Bomb making training

    • C.

      Training on how to cope with verbal and physical abuse without retaliation

    Correct Answer
    C. Training on how to cope with verbal and physical abuse without retaliation
    Explanation
    The leader offered training on how to cope with verbal and physical abuse without retaliation. This suggests that the leader aimed to empower the protesters by teaching them strategies to handle abusive situations peacefully and without resorting to violence. This training likely emphasized the importance of non-violent resistance and the power of peaceful protest in achieving their goals.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    The sit in campaigns spread to other cities such as Nashville. How did the organisers of the sit in campaigners deal with their members being arrested?

    • A.

      They employed expert lawyers to free their members from jail as soon as possible

    • B.

      They made sure that there were more protesters ready to take their place

    • C.

      They did nothing as they feared reprisal attacked from the Ku Klux Klan

    Correct Answer
    B. They made sure that there were more protesters ready to take their place
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the organizers of the sit-in campaigns made sure that there were more protesters ready to take their place. This strategy allowed the movement to continue even if some members were arrested. By constantly having new protesters available, the organizers ensured that the sit-ins could continue and maintain momentum, putting pressure on authorities to address their demands. This approach also demonstrated the determination and commitment of the movement, making it harder for authorities to suppress or discourage the protests.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    In April 1960 there was a meeting of many of the protest groups.  Who was executive director of the SCLC who encouraged students to form their own civil rights protest group?

    • A.

      Ella Fitzgerald

    • B.

      Ella Baker

    • C.

      Ella Fitzpatrick

    • D.

      Alexandra Baker

    Correct Answer
    B. Ella Baker
    Explanation
    Ella Baker was the executive director of the SCLC who encouraged students to form their own civil rights protest group.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    What was the slogan that was agreed to at the conference?

    • A.

      "Prison not freedom"

    • B.

      "Jail not bail"

    • C.

      "Peace and love"

    • D.

      "Bail not jail"

    Correct Answer
    B. "Jail not bail"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Jail not bail" because it reflects the sentiment and belief that individuals accused of crimes should be incarcerated rather than being released on bail. This slogan emphasizes the importance of keeping alleged offenders in custody to ensure public safety and prevent them from potentially committing further crimes while awaiting trial.

    Rate this question:

  • 46. 

    What was the name given to the new student organisation founded at this conference?

    • A.

      Student Natural Coordinating Committee

    • B.

      Student Nationwide Counil Committee

    • C.

      Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee

    • D.

      Student Negro Coordinating Committee

    Correct Answer
    C. Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. This organization was founded at the conference and aimed to coordinate student-led efforts in the civil rights movement. The name "Non-violent" indicated their commitment to peaceful protest and resistance against racial segregation and discrimination.

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    Which Civil Rights campaigner joined the sit in campaign in Atlanta October 1960?

    • A.

      Malcolm X

    • B.

      Martin Luther King

    • C.

      Stokely Carmichael

    • D.

      Bobby Seale

    Correct Answer
    B. Martin Luther King
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King joined the sit-in campaign in Atlanta in October 1960. He was a prominent Civil Rights campaigner and leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). King advocated for nonviolent protests and played a crucial role in the civil rights movement. His involvement in the sit-in campaign in Atlanta was part of his efforts to fight against racial segregation and discrimination in the United States. King's leadership and activism continue to inspire and have a lasting impact on the pursuit of equality and justice.

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    What happend to this campaigner?

    • A.

      He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to four months hard labour

    • B.

      He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to four years hard labour

    • C.

      Nothing happened - the authorities did not want to create unnecessary media attention

    • D.

      He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to forty years hard labour

    Correct Answer
    A. He was arrested along with 36 other students and sentenced to four months hard labour
    Explanation
    The campaigner was arrested along with 36 other students and given a sentence of four months hard labour.

    Rate this question:

  • 49. 

    Which two rival presidential candidates were competing in the election at this time in 1960?

    • A.

      Robert Kennedy & John F Kennedy

    • B.

      Ronald Reagan & John F Kennedy

    • C.

      Dwight Eisenhower & John F Kennedy

    • D.

      Richard Nixon & John F Kennedy

    Correct Answer
    D. Richard Nixon & John F Kennedy
    Explanation
    In the 1960 election, the two rival presidential candidates were Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy. They were both prominent figures in American politics at the time, with Nixon representing the Republican Party and Kennedy representing the Democratic Party. The election was highly contested and is remembered for its televised debates, where Kennedy's charisma and Nixon's appearance issues played a significant role. Ultimately, John F. Kennedy emerged as the winner, becoming the 35th President of the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    What action did John F Kennedy's campaign manager Robert Kennedy take which proved popular with Black voters?

    • A.

      The Kennedy's didn't take any action

    • B.

      Robert Kennedy sent the judge an envelope full of money and the case against Martin Luther King was dropped

    • C.

      Robert Kennedy rang the judge and persuaded him to drop all charges

    Correct Answer
    C. Robert Kennedy rang the judge and persuaded him to drop all charges
    Explanation
    Robert Kennedy's action of personally contacting the judge and persuading him to drop all charges against Martin Luther King proved popular with Black voters. This action demonstrated a commitment to civil rights and showed support for the African American community, which resonated with Black voters during John F Kennedy's campaign.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.