A Quiz About The Formation And Death Of A Star

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A Quiz About The Formation And Death Of A Star - Quiz

When you look up into the sky at night, depending on where you live or what the weather is like, you can be graced with a wonderful view of thousands of distant stars brightening up the galaxy. What do you know about them, however? Take this quiz about the formation and death of a star to find out a little more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the first stage of a stars life.

    • A.

      Nebula collapsing under itself

    • B.

      Supernova of old star

    • C.

      Planets collapsing

    • D.

      Fusion of atoms

    Correct Answer
    A. Nebula collapsing under itself
    Explanation
    The first stage of a star's life is when a nebula collapses under itself. A nebula is a large cloud of gas and dust in space. Under the force of gravity, the nebula begins to contract and become denser. As it collapses, the temperature and pressure at the core increase, eventually leading to the ignition of nuclear fusion. This marks the birth of a star and the beginning of its main sequence phase.

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  • 2. 

    A protostar is what is formed when a nebula's gas and dust come closer together.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A protostar is indeed formed when a nebula's gas and dust come closer together. This process occurs due to gravitational attraction, causing the gas and dust to collapse in on itself. As the material continues to collapse, it forms a dense core known as a protostar. Over time, this protostar will continue to accrete more material from the surrounding nebula, eventually leading to the formation of a star. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 3. 

    After the protostar gets hot enough nuclear fusion reactions fuse together helium and hydrogen

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because nuclear fusion reactions do not fuse together helium and hydrogen. Instead, nuclear fusion reactions occur within the core of a protostar, where hydrogen nuclei combine to form helium nuclei, releasing a large amount of energy in the process. This fusion process is what powers a star and allows it to emit light and heat.

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  • 4. 

    A main sequence star is?

    • A.

      A star that shines steadily due to nuclear fusion

    • B.

      Several stars close together

    • C.

      A star with planets orbiting it

    • D.

      A Nebula that skips a protostar and is instantly turns into a star.

    Correct Answer
    A. A star that shines steadily due to nuclear fusion
    Explanation
    A main sequence star is a star that shines steadily due to nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is the process in which hydrogen atoms combine to form helium, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the form of light and heat. Main sequence stars, like our Sun, are in a stable phase of their life cycle where the inward gravitational force is balanced by the outward pressure from nuclear fusion. This allows them to maintain a steady brightness and temperature over billions of years.

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  • 5. 

    The bigger the star the longer it will live 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The size of a star does not determine its lifespan. While larger stars do have shorter lifespans compared to smaller stars, they still have significantly longer lifespans overall. The lifespan of a star is primarily determined by its mass, composition, and nuclear reactions happening within it. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that the bigger the star, the longer it will live.

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  • 6. 

    What happens when a star the size of our sun runs out of Hydrogen?

    • A.

      It uses helium as fuel

    • B.

      It uses carbon as fuel

    • C.

      It goes supernova instantly

    • D.

      It turns green

    Correct Answer
    A. It uses helium as fuel
    Explanation
    When a star the size of our sun runs out of hydrogen, it starts to undergo nuclear fusion with helium as its new fuel source. The core of the star contracts and heats up, allowing the fusion process to continue. This causes the outer layers of the star to expand, turning it into a red giant. Eventually, the star will exhaust its helium fuel as well, leading to further changes in its structure and eventual death.

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  • 7. 

    Stars the size of our sun swell to a blue super giant after they run out of fuel.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Stars the size of our sun do not swell to a blue supergiant after running out of fuel. When stars like our sun run out of fuel, they go through a different process called a planetary nebula phase, where they shed their outer layers and form a white dwarf. Blue supergiants are much larger and more massive stars than our sun.

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  • 8. 

    After nuclear reactions cease a star the size of the sun collapses in on itself to form a white dwarf star.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After nuclear reactions cease, the star's core can no longer generate enough energy to counteract the force of gravity, causing the star to collapse. In the case of a star the size of the sun, this collapse leads to the formation of a white dwarf star. White dwarfs are dense, hot objects that are the remnants of low to medium mass stars. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 9. 

    What happens in the first stage of a star much bigger than the sun's death?

    • A.

      It swells to a red super giant

    • B.

      It swells to a blue super giant

    • C.

      It goes supernova

    • D.

      It forms a white dwarf star

    Correct Answer
    B. It swells to a blue super giant
    Explanation
    In the first stage of a star much bigger than the sun's death, it swells to a blue super giant. This occurs when the star exhausts its nuclear fuel and starts to collapse under its own gravity. As the core contracts, the outer layers of the star expand, causing it to swell in size. The increase in temperature and pressure causes the star to emit a blue light, hence the name "blue super giant." This stage is characterized by intense stellar winds and high mass loss. Eventually, the star will undergo further transformations leading to its ultimate fate.

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  • 10. 

    What happens when a star bigger then the sun's core collapses? 

    • A.

      It forms a white dwarf star

    • B.

      It forms a neutron star

    • C.

      It goes supernova

    • D.

      It expands to a red super giant

    Correct Answer
    C. It goes supernova
    Explanation
    When a star bigger than the sun's core collapses, it undergoes a catastrophic explosion known as a supernova. This explosive event releases an enormous amount of energy and causes the star to briefly outshine an entire galaxy. The outer layers of the star are ejected into space, while the core either forms a neutron star or, in the case of extremely massive stars, collapses further to form a black hole.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 06, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    MurrayGraham
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