Biology Test On Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells! Trivia Quiz

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 914

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Biology Test On Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells! Trivia Quiz

There are different types of cells in the human body, and we have covered the prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. These cells have some difference among them, and we got to cover them all in class. Take up the quiz below and get to see just how much you got to understand about the two types of cells. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What must cells do in order to survive?
    • A. 

      Obtain and process energy

    • B. 

      Convert genetic information into proteins

    • C. 

      Keep certain biochemical reactions separate from one another

    • D. 

      Both a & b

    • E. 

      All of above

  • 2. 
    The surface area-to-volume ratio of an object can be decreased by:
    • A. 

      Cutting it into smaller pieces

    • B. 

      Flattening it

    • C. 

      Stretching it

    • D. 

      Making it sperical

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Members of the domains Bacteria and Archaea:
    • A. 

      Have nuclei

    • B. 

      Have chloroplasts

    • C. 

      Are multicellular

    • D. 

      Are prokaryotes

    • E. 

      Have flagella

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of a prokaryotic cell?
    • A. 

      A plasma membrane

    • B. 

      A nuclear envelope

    • C. 

      A nucleoid

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

    • E. 

      Enzymes

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is (are) found in prokaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts

    • C. 

      Nuclear membrane

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

    • E. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

  • 6. 
    What is the major distinction between a prokaryotic and a eukaryotic cell?
    • A. 

      A prokaryotic cell does not have a nucleus, whereas a eukaryotic cell does

    • B. 

      A prokaryotic cell does not have DNA, whereas a eukaryotic cell does

    • C. 

      A prokaryotic cell is smaller than a eukaryotic cell

    • D. 

      Prokaryotic cells have not prospered, whereas eukaryotic cells are evolutionary "successes"

    • E. 

      A prokaryotic cell cannot obtain energy from its environment

  • 7. 
    A prokaryotic cell does not have a _____ or _____
    • A. 

      Nucleus; organelles

    • B. 

      Nucleus; DNA

    • C. 

      Nucleus; ribosomes

    • D. 

      Nucleus; membranes

    • E. 

      Cell wall; membranes

  • 8. 
    How does the surface area-to-volume ratio of a 1-mm cube compare to the surface area-to-volume ratio of a 3-mm cube?
    • A. 

      The 3 mm cube has a higher ratio

    • B. 

      The ratio increases as the cube becomes larger

    • C. 

      Increasing the volume increases the ratio

    • D. 

      The ratio decreases as the cube becomes larger

    • E. 

      The ratio does not change

  • 9. 
    You would not expect to find RNA in which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Ribosome

    • E. 

      Prokaryotic cell

  • 10. 
    The DNA of prokaryotic cells is found in the
    • A. 

      Plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Nucleoid region

    • E. 

      Mitochondria

  • 11. 
    Ribosomes are not visible under a light microscope, but they can be seen with an electron microscope because:
    • A. 

      Electron beams have more energy than light beams

    • B. 

      Electron microscopes focus light with magnets

    • C. 

      Electron microscopes have more resolving power than light microscopes

    • D. 

      Electrons have such high energy that they pass through biological samples

    • E. 

      Living cells can be observed under the electron microscope

  • 12. 
    A general function of all cellular membranes is to
    • A. 

      Regulate which materials can cross the membrane

    • B. 

      Support the cell and determine its shape

    • C. 

      Produce energy for the cell

    • D. 

      Produce proteins for the cell

    • E. 

      Move the cell

  • 13. 
    The cytosol:
    • A. 

      Is a static region of the cell

    • B. 

      Contains DNA

    • C. 

      Is composed largely of water

    • D. 

      Supports the cell and determines its shape

    • E. 

      Chemically modifies proteins and other molecules

  • 14. 
    A specialized structure found in some prokaryotes is the:
    • A. 

      Cell wall

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Cytosol

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

    • E. 

      Chloroplast

  • 15. 
    Specialized cellular appendages of prokaryotes that help bacteria adhere to one another when they exchange genetic material are called:
    • A. 

      The golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Flagella

    • D. 

      Pili

    • E. 

      B, c, and d

  • 16. 
    In some prokaryotic organisms the plasma membrane folds to form an internal membrane system that is able to:
    • A. 

      Carry on photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Engulf and phagocytize bacteria

    • C. 

      Synthesize proteins

    • D. 

      Propel the cell

    • E. 

      Hydrolyze carbohydrates to ATP

  • 17. 
    17. Some bacteria are able to propel themselves through liquid by means of a structure called the
    • A. 

      A. flagellum.

    • B. 

      B. pilus.

    • C. 

      C. cytoplasm.

    • D. 

      D. cell wall.

    • E. 

      E. peptidoglycan molecule.

  • 18. 
    18. If you removed the pili from a bacterial cell, which of the following would you expect to happen?
    • A. 

      A. The bacterium would no longer be able to swim.

    • B. 

      B. The bacterium would not adhere to other cells as well.

    • C. 

      C. The bacterium would no longer be able to regulate the movement of molecules into and out of the cell.

    • D. 

      D. The bacterium would dry out.

    • E. 

      E. The shape of the bacterium would change.

  • 19. 
    19. Why are prokaryotic cells generally smaller than eukaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      A. Prokaryotes have more diverse energy sources.

    • B. 

      B. Prokaryotes have a capsule that limits cell growth.

    • C. 

      C. The rigid cell wall found in prokaryotes limits cell size.

    • D. 

      D. Prokaryotes lack the genetic material needed for protein synthesis.

    • E. 

      E. Eukaryotes have compartmentalization, which allows for specialization.

  • 20. 
    20. The membrane surrounding each organelle
    • A. 

      A. is composed of hydrophobic proteins.

    • B. 

      B. regulates traffic into and out of the cell.

    • C. 

      C. is studded with ribosomes.

    • D. 

      D. allows for interactions among molecules.

    • E. 

      E. is perforated with pores.

  • 21. 
    21. Which statement about the nuclear envelope is true?
    • A. 

      A. It contains pores for the passage of large molecules.

    • B. 

      B. It is composed of two membranes.

    • C. 

      C. It contains ribosomes on the inner surface.

    • D. 

      D. Both a and b

    • E. 

      E. All of the above

  • 22. 
    22. The roles of biological membranes in eukaryotic cells include which of the functions listed below?
    • A. 

      A. Separating a cell from its environment

    • B. 

      B. Selecting what goes into and out of the cell

    • C. 

      C. Maintaining a constant internal environment

    • D. 

      D. Communicating with adjacent cells

    • E. 

      E. All of the above

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