Biology 1406 - Chapter 12

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Trueiopian
T
Trueiopian
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 222
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 222

SettingsSettingsSettings
Chapters Of Biology Quizzes & Trivia

BIOLOGY 1406 CHAPTER 12.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Starting with a fertilized egg, a series of five cell divisions would produce in early embryo with how many cells?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      16

    • D.

      32

    Correct Answer
    D. 32
    Explanation
    Starting with a fertilized egg, each cell division doubles the number of cells. Therefore, after five cell divisions, there would be a total of 32 cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    If there are 20 chromatids in a cell, how many centromeres are there?

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      40

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 10
    Explanation
    In a cell, each chromatid has one centromere. Since there are 20 chromatids, there must be 20 centromeres. Therefore, the correct answer is 20.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Chromosomes first become visible during which phase of mitosis?

    • A.

      Metaphase

    • B.

      Telophase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    • D.

      Prophase

    Correct Answer
    D. Prophase
    Explanation
    During prophase, the chromosomes condense and become visible under a microscope. This is because the chromatin fibers, which are loosely packed in interphase, start to coil and condense into tightly packed chromosomes. The nuclear envelope also begins to break down during prophase, allowing the chromosomes to be more easily observed. Therefore, prophase is the phase of mitosis when chromosomes first become visible.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Nerve and muscle cells are in _________ phase.

    • A.

      G0

    • B.

      G1

    • C.

      S

    • D.

      Mitotic

    Correct Answer
    A. G0
    Explanation
    Nerve and muscle cells are in the G0 phase. The G0 phase is a resting or non-dividing phase in the cell cycle where cells temporarily or permanently exit the cell cycle. In this phase, cells do not actively replicate their DNA or divide. Nerve and muscle cells, once they have reached their fully differentiated state, typically remain in the G0 phase and do not undergo further cell division. This allows them to perform their specialized functions without the need for continuous cell division.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Why do chromosomes coil during mitosis?

    • A.

      To increase their potential energy.

    • B.

      To allow chromosomes to move without becoming entangled and breaking

    • C.

      To allow chromosomes to fit within the nuclear envelope

    • D.

      To allow the sister chromatids to remain attached.

    Correct Answer
    B. To allow chromosomes to move without becoming entangled and breaking
    Explanation
    During mitosis, chromosomes coil to allow them to move without becoming entangled and breaking. This coiling helps to compact the DNA into a more condensed structure, making it easier for the chromosomes to separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. If the chromosomes were not coiled, they would be more likely to become tangled with each other, leading to potential breakage and errors in the distribution of genetic material. Coiling also helps to protect the DNA from damage during the process of cell division.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What are the purposes of mitotic cell division for multicellular organisms? List three

  • 7. 

    What is the concept of genome?

  • 8. 

    Define chromatin. How is it different from the concept of DNA?

  • 9. 

    What is the difference between chromatin and chromosome in eukaryotic cells?

  • 10. 

    Chromosome number is typically an odd number. True or False?

  • 11. 

    In cell division, each DNA must be duplicated and each chromosome must be duplicated. True or False?

  • 12. 

    What happens in cytokinesis? How is the cytokinesis in animal cells different from that in plant cells?

  • 13. 

    What are mitotic spindles made up of? (chemical nature)

  • 14. 

    Does mitotic cell division generate genetic diversity?

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 05, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Trueiopian
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.