Bentley Ch. 38 Test

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 234

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Bentley Ch. 38 Test

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Popular unrest forced Todor Zhivkov, eastern Europe's longest surviving communist dictator, to resign in 1989 as leader of what country?
    • A. 

      Romania

    • B. 

      Czech Republic

    • C. 

      Bulgaria

    • D. 

      Poland

  • 2. 
    In what year did the two Germanies reunite to form a united nation?
    • A. 

      1992

    • B. 

      1991

    • C. 

      1985

    • D. 

      1990

  • 3. 
    The purpose of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was to
    • A. 

      Funnel U.S. economic aid to NATO allies.

    • B. 

      Attract emerging economies into trade alliances with the United States.

    • C. 

      Eliminate barriers to free trade.

    • D. 

      Regulate currency rates.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of modern global corporations?
    • A. 

      They seek out the cheapest labor and raw materials

    • B. 

      They have helped provide more money for social services and welfare programs

    • C. 

      They favor unrestricted free trade.

    • D. 

      They prefer locations with few, if any, environmental laws.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following was NOT a factor in the Japanese postwar "economic miracle"?
    • A. 

      Massive aid from the United States enabled Japan to rebuild quickly after the war.

    • B. 

      Japanese products were not barred from the U.S. market.

    • C. 

      Restrictions imposed on Japanese defense spending enabled them to channel much of their Gross National Product (GNP) into economic development.

    • D. 

      Abundant reserves of oil and gas fueled postwar industrialization.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of Asia's "little tigers"?
    • A. 

      Vietnam

    • B. 

      Taiwan

    • C. 

      South Korea

    • D. 

      Singapore

  • 7. 
    All of the following have contributed to the dramatic growth of the Chinese economy since the late 1970s EXCEPT
    • A. 

      More efficient long-term economic forecasting by the Communist Party leadership.

    • B. 

      The opening of China to foreign investment and foreign technology.

    • C. 

      The opening of Chinese domestic markets to foreign imports.

    • D. 

      Vast reserves of cheap labor.

  • 8. 
    In the 1970s, OPEC demonstrated that
    • A. 

      The only way to defeat Israel was for all Arab states to work together.

    • B. 

      An alliance in control of a valuable resource could exert control over the global economy.

    • C. 

      Western powers could no longer dominate the Suez Canal.

    • D. 

      Overproduction of petroleum products can cause a slump in global prices.

  • 9. 
    One objective that the EU and ASEAN share in common is a commitment to
    • A. 

      Human rights and environmental regulations.

    • B. 

      Democratic governments.

    • C. 

      Removing political barriers between member states.

    • D. 

      Removing barriers to trade between member states.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT a good example of the Americanization of global culture?
    • A. 

      Pizza Hut

    • B. 

      Coca-Cola

    • C. 

      McDonald's

    • D. 

      Rolex watches

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true of modern global consumption?
    • A. 

      Consumption becomes a means of self-expression as well as a source of personal identity.

    • B. 

      Modern consumption is shaped by wants and desires rather than by needs or necessities.

    • C. 

      Global consumption is entirely one way: the tastes of the United States are imposed on the rest of the world.

    • D. 

      Where products scarcely vary from one another, consumers are encouraged to make purchases based on brand names.

  • 12. 
    One significant result of the electronic information age is that
    • A. 

      English has become the primary language of global communications and social and political isolation has been vastly reduced.

    • B. 

      Politically repressive regimes such as that of China are trying to control the Internet.

    • C. 

      The gulf between the technological haves and have-nots has widened.

    • D. 

      All these statements are correct.

  • 13. 
    Between 2005 and 2050, population is expected to continue growing in all of the following world regions EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Africa

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Europe

    • D. 

      North America

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true of modern terrorism?
    • A. 

      Modern terrorists have been largely successful in achieving their political objectives.

    • B. 

      Modern terrorists are not confined to any one state and operate effectively across borders

    • C. 

      Modern terrorists use sophisticated modern weapons and technologies.

    • D. 

      Modern terrorists routinely employ violence against civilian targets.

  • 15. 
    The perceived grievances of al-Qaeda against the United States and its allies include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      U.S. support of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian lands.

    • B. 

      The presence of American troops in the holy land of Saudi Arabia.

    • C. 

      U.S. failure to support the mujahideen in their war against the Soviet Union.

    • D. 

      U.S. sanctions against Iraq.

  • 16. 
    Which of the following would NOT be a good example of an NGO?
    • A. 

      Amnesty International

    • B. 

      Human Rights Watch

    • C. 

      Red Cross

    • D. 

      United Nations

  • 17. 
    The goals of feminism in industrialized nations after WWII include all the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Women's suffrage.

    • B. 

      Equal pay for equal work.

    • C. 

      Access to birth control and abortion.

    • D. 

      Legal equality.

  • 18. 
    As a result of China's one-child policy,
    • A. 

      The population of China has stabilized.

    • B. 

      A significant number of girl babies are missing.

    • C. 

      Women have achieved full gender equity in China.

    • D. 

      Lingering Confucian values have finally been rooted out.

  • 19. 
    In spite of cultural prejudices against women in Asia, women have emerged as political leaders in all of the following countries EXCEPT
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      India

    • C. 

      Myanmar

    • D. 

      Pakistan

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