Bentley Ch. 36 Test World War 2 And The Cold War

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 908

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Bentley Ch. 36 Test World War 2 And The Cold War

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The first act of agression which ended the post-Great War peace was the
    • A. 

      German Anschluss with Austria

    • B. 

      Italian invasion of Ethiopia

    • C. 

      Japan's invasion of Manchuria

    • D. 

      Spanish Civil War

  • 2. 
    The phrase "peace for our time" is now associated with
    • A. 

      The basis of modern pacifist movements

    • B. 

      The failure of appeasement to halt aggression

    • C. 

      The trauma of the war shame clause in the Versailles Treaty

    • D. 

      The nonviolence of the Anschluss with Austria

  • 3. 
    The "Rape of Nanjing" has become the symbol for
    • A. 

      The horrors of war passion driven by notions of racial superiority

    • B. 

      The specific problems encountered by women during war and occupation

    • C. 

      The German treatment of non-Germans including Jews, Poles, and gypsies

    • D. 

      The long-term cost of postwar reparations and indemnities

  • 4. 
    The success of Blitzkrieg is most effectively seen in
    • A. 

      The Battle of Dunkirk

    • B. 

      The Battle of Britain

    • C. 

      The invasion of Czechoslovakia

    • D. 

      The invasion of Poland

  • 5. 
    The Japanese conquest of Singapore was symbolically significant because
    • A. 

      It dealt a blow to British prestige and to European superiority in Asia

    • B. 

      It provided Japan with much needed access to tin, rubber, and petroleum

    • C. 

      It made the American petoleum embargo obsolete

    • D. 

      It allowed Japan to demonstrate its abundant and superior technology

  • 6. 
    The use of kamikaze tactics was particularly significant because
    • A. 

      They led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Allied

    • B. 

      They convinced many people in the U.S. that the Japanese would never willingly surrender

    • C. 

      they magnified the growing split between Japanese and Chinese forces

    • D. 

      They were an effective strategy to combat the nighttime allied sorties using napalm fire bombs

  • 7. 
    Why did some Asian peoples experience little resentment toward Japanese occupation of their countries?
    • A. 

      They found little to resent in the change from European colonial occupation to Asian colonial occupation

    • B. 

      The Japanese treated the Asians far better than their European colonial masters

    • C. 

      The Japanese occupation offered ready employment for all who wanted to work

    • D. 

      The Japanese occupation did not carry with it the racial ideologies that the European colonial system did

  • 8. 
    The establishment of comfort houses for Japanese soldiers was
    • A. 

      To replace the geisha culture in Japanese tradition

    • B. 

      To prevent mass rape as in the occupation of Nanjng in 1937

    • C. 

      To legalize and administer prostitution

    • D. 

      To shame Korean women and destroy Korean culture

  • 9. 
    The Warsaw Pact was created to counterbalance the
    • A. 

      League of Nations

    • B. 

      North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    • C. 

      COMECON

    • D. 

      Marshall Plan

  • 10. 
    Which of the following events is considered genocide?
    • A. 

      Cambodia under Pol Pot in the late 1970s

    • B. 

      The Terror in 18th century France

    • C. 

      The Mongol sack of Baghdad in 1258

    • D. 

      The execution of the peoples of Palestine at the hands of the Assyrians in the 8th century

  • 11. 
    During World War II why did most areas in eastern Europe come under direct military control by German forces?
    • A. 

      Puppet governments like in Vichy France proved ineffective in controlling the unruly Slavs and Romanians

    • B. 

      Occuption there was a prelude for the extermination of existing populations and the resettlement of the areas by Germans in the fulfillment of the quest for Lebensraum

    • C. 

      These areas were to become part of the greater German empire and therefore required greater attention than the west

    • D. 

      The Germans were afraid of Rssian infiltration in existing governments as the communists had many allies among the Hungarians and the Poles

  • 12. 
    The purpose of the Marshall plan was to 
    • A. 

      To help rebuild war-torn Europe with massive aid

    • B. 

      To avoid the mistakes that the Paris Peace Settlement made in dealing harshly with a defeated enemy

    • C. 

      To discourage communism in western Europe by strengthening capitalism

    • D. 

      To be an economic adjunct to the Truman Doctrine

  • 13. 
     The Truman Doctrine pledged that 
    • A. 

      Soviet aggression would be met with American force

    • B. 

      The United States would help rebuild Europe and Japan

    • C. 

      The United States would support free people resisting subjugation by insurrection or outside interference

    • D. 

      The United States would never again resort to atomic weapons

  • 14. 
    As the end of the war approached, Allied leaders agreed that each power would have control over 
    • A. 

      Those territories liberated by their own armed forces

    • B. 

      Different sectors of Italy

    • C. 

      Only the defeated territories in Asia

    • D. 

      Only those lands illegally seized by the Axis powers

  • 15. 
    The highest casualties in World War II were suffered by
    • A. 

      Britain and the U.S.

    • B. 

      China and the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Japan and the U.S.

    • D. 

      Germany and Japan

  • 16. 
    Women in the United States and Britain performed all the following wartime activities except
    • A. 

      Direct combat

    • B. 

      Industrial work

    • C. 

      Frontline support

    • D. 

      Transport piloting

  • 17. 
    One common feature of both Japanese and German occupation was
    • A. 

      The use of slave laborers in key industries

    • B. 

      Increased economic output in occupied territories

    • C. 

      A decentralized administration in collaboration with local authorities

    • D. 

      Civilian rather than military rule

  • 18. 
    Japanese had established either direct or indirect control over all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Dutch East Indies

    • B. 

      Indochina

    • C. 

      Singapore

    • D. 

      Thailand

  • 19. 
    The key to the Allied victory in Europe was
    • A. 

      The success of resistance movements at undermining German authority

    • B. 

      The vast personnel and industrial capacity of the U.S. and Soviet Union

    • C. 

      The development of the atom bomb

    • D. 

      The leadership of Harry Truman after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • 20. 
    All of the following were essential to the Soviet defense against the Nazis except
    • A. 

      Allied support through the lend-lease program

    • B. 

      German overconfidence of a swift victory, which left them trapped far inside Russia when winter came

    • C. 

      The rapid relocation of Soviet industry to the east

    • D. 

      Outrage at the German treatment of Jewish minorities in eastern Europe

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT a reason why Britain stood alone against the German forces in 1941?
    • A. 

      The U.S. was unwilling to become involved in another European war and so refused to provide any material support to Britain

    • B. 

      Many European states either declared their neutrality or formed alliances with the Germans

    • C. 

      German blitzkrieg tactics swiftly eliminated all opposition on the continent

    • D. 

      German U-boats severely crippled overseas shipping to Britain

  • 22. 
    The Russian-German Treaty of Nonaggression of 1939   
    • A. 

      Freed Hitler to pursue a more aggressive policy in western Europe

    • B. 

      Conceded Soviet control over eastern Europe

    • C. 

      Conceded German control over eastern Europe

    • D. 

      Pledged Soviet support to Germany in case of war

  • 23. 
    At the Munich Conference, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
    • A. 

      Took a hard line with Hitler, threatening military retaliation for any further aggression

    • B. 

      Agreed that the Treaty of Versailles had been unfair to the Germans and that their former empire should be restored

    • C. 

      Made a secret alliance with the Axis powers

    • D. 

      Agreed that Hitler could keep lands alread taken in exchange for a pledge to end German expansion

  • 24. 
    Specific steps taken by Hitler after 1933 that violated the Treaty of Versailles included all of the following EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      Retaking the Rhineland, held by France since the war

    • B. 

      Withdrawing Germany from the League of Nations

    • C. 

      Signig a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      Annexing Austria and Sudetenland in spite of the principle of self-determination

  • 25. 
    The Japanese justified their invasion of China as
    • A. 

      Providing resources essential to their economic survival

    • B. 

      Rescuing the Chinese people from foreign imperialism

    • C. 

      Claiming land that should have come to them by the Treaty of Versailles

    • D. 

      Justifiable revenge for the Sino-Japanese War of 1894

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