Bentley Ch. 18 Test Africa And Indian Ocean Trade

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Africa Quizzes & Trivia

Trade is one of the things that brought most colonizers to the African Continent and this was mainly because of the accessibility of transporting rare materials unique to the continent. The quiz below is from Bentley chapter 188 and covers trade in Africa and Indian Ocean trade. Give it a shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In regard to gender issues in sub-Saharan Africa,

    • A.

      The position of women was essentially the same as in other societies of the time

    • B.

      Women played a dominant role in society

    • C.

      Women played a strictly subservient role

    • D.

      Women had more opportunities open to them than did their counterparts in other societies

    Correct Answer
    D. Women had more opportunities open to them than did their counterparts in other societies
    Explanation
    In sub-Saharan Africa, women had more opportunities open to them than their counterparts in other societies. This suggests that compared to women in other societies during that time, women in sub-Saharan Africa had greater access to education, economic opportunities, and social mobility. This could be attributed to cultural practices, economic factors, or social norms that were more favorable towards women in this region. However, without further context or specific examples, it is difficult to provide a comprehensive explanation for this statement.

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  • 2. 

    One of the central factors in the establishment of the trans-Saharan trade was

    • A.

      The invention of lighter, but still powerful, artillery

    • B.

      The domestication of the camel

    • C.

      The spread of a common religion

    • D.

      The use of large caravans of donkey

    Correct Answer
    B. The domestication of the camel
    Explanation
    The domestication of the camel was one of the central factors in the establishment of the trans-Saharan trade. Camels were well-suited for long-distance travel across the desert due to their ability to withstand extreme temperatures and survive for long periods without water. Their use as pack animals revolutionized trade routes, allowing goods to be transported more efficiently and over longer distances. This led to the development of extensive trade networks that connected different regions and facilitated the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultures across the Sahara desert.

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  • 3. 

    Ethiopian Christianity

    • A.

      Was identical to Roman Catholicism

    • B.

      Was influenced much more profoundly by the Greek Orthodox Church

    • C.

      Retained both traditional African and Christian beliefs

    • D.

      Was much closer to certain Islamic beliefs than to Roman Catholicism

    Correct Answer
    C. Retained both traditional African and Christian beliefs
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that Ethiopian Christianity incorporated elements of both traditional African beliefs and Christian beliefs. This implies that the religious practices and beliefs of the Ethiopian Christian community were a blend of indigenous African traditions and the teachings of Christianity. This unique combination sets Ethiopian Christianity apart from other Christian denominations, such as Roman Catholicism or Greek Orthodox, which may have been influenced by different cultural or religious traditions.

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  • 4. 

    In the smaller states of sub-Saharan Africa, the chief considerations for determining social position were

    • A.

      Personal wealth and landholdings

    • B.

      Military might and personal courage in battle

    • C.

      Kinship, age groupings, and sex and gender expectations

    • D.

      The ownership of slaves and weapons

    Correct Answer
    C. Kinship, age groupings, and sex and gender expectations
    Explanation
    In smaller states of sub-Saharan Africa, social position was determined by factors such as kinship, age groupings, and sex and gender expectations. This means that one's familial connections, their age and the corresponding responsibilities and privileges associated with it, as well as societal expectations based on their sex and gender, played a significant role in determining their social status. This suggests that social hierarchy in these states was largely influenced by traditional and cultural norms, rather than personal wealth, military might, or ownership of slaves and weapons.

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  • 5. 

    The conversion to Islam by east African merchangs and princes did all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Completely eliminate the animistic religions

    • B.

      Allow for the formation of alliance with other Islamic princes

    • C.

      Give a greater sense of legitimacy for east African princes

    • D.

      Allow for greater cooperation with other Islamic merchants

    Correct Answer
    A. Completely eliminate the animistic religions
    Explanation
    The conversion to Islam by East African merchants and princes did not completely eliminate the animistic religions. This means that even after converting to Islam, some individuals in East Africa still practiced their traditional animistic beliefs alongside their new Islamic faith. The conversion did, however, allow for the formation of alliances with other Islamic princes, give a greater sense of legitimacy for East African princes, and allow for greater cooperation with other Islamic merchants.

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  • 6. 

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an age grade was

    • A.

      A publicly recognized gorup that performed tasks based on their strength and maturity

    • B.

      A ceremony marking the passage from childhood to adulthood

    • C.

      One aspect of the elaborate educational system

    • D.

      The ritual suicide of tribal members, who were too old to contribute to the tribe

    Correct Answer
    A. A publicly recognized gorup that performed tasks based on their strength and maturity
    Explanation
    In sub-Saharan Africa, an age grade was a publicly recognized group that performed tasks based on their strength and maturity. Age grades were an important part of the social structure and division of labor in many African societies. They allowed individuals to gain recognition and status within their communities by showcasing their physical abilities and skills. Age grades also provided a means for younger individuals to learn from older, more experienced members of the group. Overall, age grades played a crucial role in maintaining social order and promoting cooperation within the community.

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  • 7. 

    The Swahili city-states

    • A.

      Succeeded in uniting Africa for the first time

    • B.

      Strongly maintained their Christian roots

    • C.

      Dominated trade along the east Africa coast

    • D.

      Became the dominant political force in west Africa after the collapse of the Mali kingdom

    Correct Answer
    D. Became the dominant political force in west Africa after the collapse of the Mali kingdom
  • 8. 

    Historians estimate that between 750 and 1500 C.E., the number of slaves transported north as part of the trans-Saharan slave was

    • A.

      500,000

    • B.

      Two million

    • C.

      Ten million

    • D.

      Fifty million

    Correct Answer
    C. Ten million
    Explanation
    During the period between 750 and 1500 C.E., historians estimate that around ten million slaves were transported north as part of the trans-Saharan slave trade. This trade route involved the transportation of slaves across the Sahara Desert, primarily from sub-Saharan Africa to North Africa and the Middle East. The trans-Saharan slave trade was a significant and long-lasting system that contributed to the movement of millions of individuals and the growth of various societies in the region.

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  • 9. 

    In regard to political sturcture, the early Bantu societies

    • A.

      Governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups

    • B.

      Depended on a strong, centralized kingship

    • C.

      Developed an elaborate hierarchy of officials

    • D.

      Were influenced by their trading contacts with Rome

    Correct Answer
    A. Governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups
    Explanation
    The early Bantu societies governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups. This means that their political structure was centered around the family unit and extended kinship networks. Decision-making and governance were likely based on familial relationships and the authority of elders within the family. This form of governance reflects a decentralized system where power and authority were distributed among various family units rather than being concentrated in a centralized institution or individual.

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  • 10. 

    Ibn Battuta

    • A.

      Was a Moroccan jurist who traveled throughout Africa

    • B.

      Was an Islamic merchant who converted many Africans

    • C.

      Wrote the SUNDIATA

    • D.

      Was the powerful Islamic official who dominated trade in the Indian Ocean

    Correct Answer
    A. Was a Moroccan jurist who traveled throughout Africa
    Explanation
    Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan jurist who traveled throughout Africa. This means that he was a legal expert from Morocco who journeyed extensively across the African continent. He is known for his extensive travels and exploration, documenting his experiences in his famous travelogue, "Rihla." Ibn Battuta's journeys took him to various regions of Africa, including West Africa, East Africa, and the Sahara Desert. He played a significant role in expanding knowledge about different cultures, societies, and trade routes during his time.

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  • 11. 

    Since there was no concept of private ownership of land in sub-Saharan Africa,

    • A.

      All members of the tribe live din complete social equality

    • B.

      Slave ownership formed an important aspect of determining personal wealth

    • C.

      Social differentiation was based entirely on physical strength and military prowess

    • D.

      All land was owned by the chief

    Correct Answer
    B. Slave ownership formed an important aspect of determining personal wealth
    Explanation
    In sub-Saharan Africa, where there was no private ownership of land, slave ownership became a crucial factor in determining personal wealth. Without the ability to accumulate land as a form of wealth, individuals relied on owning slaves to increase their social and economic standing. This suggests that the possession of slaves was highly valued and played a significant role in social differentiation and personal wealth in the region.

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  • 12. 

    First domesticated in southeast Asia, this food provided a nutritious supplement to Bantu diets and allowed the Bantu to expand into forested regions

    • A.

      Yams

    • B.

      Wheat

    • C.

      Potatoes

    • D.

      Bananas

    Correct Answer
    D. Bananas
    Explanation
    Bananas were first domesticated in southeast Asia and provided a nutritious supplement to Bantu diets. This allowed the Bantu people to expand into forested regions.

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  • 13. 

    By the nineteenth century, the kin-based society of Tiv in Nigeria numbered around

    • A.

      50,000

    • B.

      200,000

    • C.

      500,000

    • D.

      One million

    Correct Answer
    D. One million
    Explanation
    The correct answer is one million. This is because by the nineteenth century, the kin-based society of Tiv in Nigeria had grown to a population of one million.

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  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Nov 22, 2012
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    Mrscindytong
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