Impact Of Imperialism On Africa

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Impact Of Imperialism On Africa - Quiz

Impact of imperialism on Africa


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What were the only two areas in Africa that were not colonized?

    • A.

      Britain and France

    • B.

      Ethiopia and Liberia

    • C.

      South Africa and Egypt

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethiopia and Liberia
    Explanation
    Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two areas in Africa that were not colonized. While many African countries were colonized by European powers, Ethiopia managed to maintain its independence by successfully resisting colonization. Liberia, on the other hand, was founded by freed African-American slaves and was never colonized by any European power.

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  • 2. 

    Although Africans resisted colonization, Europeans were able to gain control because ____________.

    • A.

      They built a railway

    • B.

      Ethiopia and Liberia were free

    • C.

      Europeans had superior weapons

    Correct Answer
    C. Europeans had superior weapons
    Explanation
    The Europeans were able to gain control because they had superior weapons. This gave them a significant advantage over the Africans who resisted colonization. With their advanced weaponry, the Europeans were able to overpower and subdue African resistance, ultimately establishing their control over the continent. The technological superiority of the Europeans played a crucial role in their success in colonizing Africa.

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  • 3. 

    France allowed indirect rule of their colonies, meaning they shared power with the Africans.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    France did not allow indirect rule of their colonies, meaning they did not share power with the Africans. Instead, France practiced direct rule, where they exerted complete control over their colonies and made decisions without the participation of the local population. This allowed France to maintain a strong grip on their colonies and enforce their own policies and laws.

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  • 4. 

    Indirect rule of colonies in Africa meant that __________________________.

    • A.

      Local governments were used and allowed some self rule

    • B.

      Foreign officials were brought in to rule over the African people

    • C.

      Goal was to get the Africans to adopt European culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Local governments were used and allowed some self rule
    Explanation
    Indirect rule of colonies in Africa meant that local governments were used and allowed some self-rule. This approach involved empowering local leaders and institutions to govern their own people, while still maintaining ultimate control and influence through foreign officials. The goal was to maintain political stability and exploit the resources of the colonies, while also minimizing direct European involvement and administration. This system aimed to preserve traditional African structures and customs to some extent, while also promoting European interests and values.

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  • 5. 

    The British style of ruling was indirect rule over the Africans.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the colonial period, the British implemented a system of indirect rule over the Africans. This approach involved governing through local African leaders or traditional institutions, rather than directly imposing British administration. The British would appoint or support indigenous leaders who would carry out their policies and maintain control on their behalf. This method allowed the British to maintain control while minimizing direct involvement and administration costs. Therefore, the statement that the British style of ruling was indirect rule over the Africans is true.

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  • 6. 

    Colonizers, like the British, French and Belgians, discouraged industrial development in Africa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the colonial period, European powers such as the British, French, and Belgians had a vested interest in exploiting Africa's natural resources for their own economic benefit. They focused on extracting raw materials rather than promoting industrial development in Africa. This approach allowed them to maintain control over the African economies and ensure a steady supply of resources for their own industries. By discouraging industrial development, the colonizers effectively hindered Africa's potential for economic growth and self-sufficiency.

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  • 7. 

    What left a mark on Africa from colonization?

    • A.

      The demanding plantation work and the wars of conquest and resistance

    • B.

      The fact that ethnic groups were kept together

    • C.

      Africans ruled themselves

    Correct Answer
    A. The demanding plantation work and the wars of conquest and resistance
    Explanation
    During colonization, Africa was subjected to demanding plantation work, where Africans were forced to work on plantations owned by European colonizers. This labor-intensive work left a lasting impact on the continent. Additionally, Africa experienced numerous wars of conquest and resistance as European powers sought to expand their territories and control over African resources. These conflicts resulted in significant social, political, and economic changes that continue to shape the continent today.

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  • 8. 

    Colonial boundaries cut across ethnic groups and remained after African countries received independence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Colonial boundaries refer to the borders that were established by European colonial powers during the period of colonization in Africa. These boundaries often disregarded the existing ethnic groups and divisions within the continent. After African countries gained independence, these colonial boundaries remained in place, leading to various ethnic groups being divided across different nations. This statement is true because colonial boundaries did indeed cut across ethnic groups and continued to exist after African countries achieved independence.

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