Behavioural Learning Theories Quiz

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Behavioural Learning Theories Quiz - Quiz

Different frameworks are used to understand how one absorbs, processes, and retains knowledge. The quiz below on behavioral learning theories is designed to test out how well you understood that topic and expounds more on what you learned. So, give it a try and see how much you know about this topic. This is an MCQ-based quiz, so try to pick the correct answer for every question. Wishing you good luck. Keep learning!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The classical conditioning developed by ________. 

    • A.

      Csikszentmihalyi

    • B.

      Petty and Cacioppo

    • C.

      Skinner

    • D.

      Pavlov

    Correct Answer
    D. Pavlov
    Explanation
    Pavlov developed classical conditioning, a type of learning where an organism associates a neutral stimulus with a biologically significant stimulus to elicit a response. He famously conducted experiments with dogs, where he conditioned them to salivate at the sound of a bell by repeatedly pairing the sound with the presentation of food. This demonstrated that a conditioned response could be elicited through association, even without the original stimulus being present. Pavlov's work laid the foundation for understanding how behaviors can be learned and influenced through conditioning.

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  • 2. 

    As per Pavlov's Dog's, _______ is the conditioned stimuli. 

    • A.

      Bell

    • B.

      Food

    • C.

      Drinks

    • D.

      None of them

    Correct Answer
    A. Bell
    Explanation
    Pavlov's Dog's experiment demonstrated classical conditioning, where a neutral stimulus (bell) becomes associated with an unconditioned stimulus (food) through repeated pairings. Eventually, the neutral stimulus alone can elicit a conditioned response (salivation). Therefore, in this case, the conditioned stimulus is the bell.

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  • 3. 

    Behavioral learning theory and social learning theory are the same. State true or false. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Behavioral learning theory and social learning theory are not the same. While both theories focus on how individuals learn and acquire new behaviors, they differ in their emphasis. Behavioral learning theory, also known as behaviorism, emphasizes the role of external stimuli and reinforcement in shaping behavior. On the other hand, social learning theory, also known as observational learning, highlights the importance of observing and imitating others' behaviors, as well as the role of cognitive processes in learning. Therefore, the statement that behavioral learning theory and social learning theory are the same is false.

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  • 4. 

    In behavioral learning theories, ________ is assumed to be necessary in order to change behavior. 

    • A.

      Memory processes

    • B.

      Environmental experiences

    • C.

      Genetics 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Environmental experiences
    Explanation
    In behavioral learning theories, it is believed that in order to change behavior, environmental experiences are necessary. This means that individuals learn and adapt their behavior based on the experiences and stimuli they encounter in their environment. These experiences can include reinforcement, punishment, observation, and social interactions, all of which play a role in shaping behavior. Memory processes and genetics may also influence behavior, but in the context of this question, the emphasis is on the importance of environmental experiences.

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  • 5. 

    Learning can be defined as a ______ change in behavior that occurs as the result of experience. 

    • A.

      Continuous

    • B.

      Fixed 

    • C.

      Relatively permanent

    • D.

      Flexible

    Correct Answer
    C. Relatively permanent
    Explanation
    Learning can be defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as the result of experience. This means that when we learn something, it is not a temporary change but rather a lasting change in our behavior. This change is not easily reversible and stays with us for a significant period of time. It implies that the knowledge or skills acquired through learning are retained and can be accessed and applied in the future.

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  • 6. 

    Businesses can use operant conditioning to continuously reward consumers for patronage via:

    • A.

      Reward cards

    • B.

      Constant low prices

    • C.

      Sales promotions

    • D.

      Special competitions

    • E.

      One off's

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Reward cards
    B. Constant low prices
    Explanation
    C,D, E are examples of intermittent reinforcement

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  • 7. 

    Operant conditioning: Drive, Cue, Response, ________

    • A.

      Research

    • B.

      Reinforcement

    • C.

      Action

    • D.

      Hit 

    Correct Answer
    B. Reinforcement
    Explanation
    In operant conditioning, reinforcement refers to the process of strengthening a behavior by providing a consequence that increases the likelihood of that behavior occurring again in the future. It involves the use of rewards or punishments to encourage or discourage certain behaviors. In the given context, reinforcement completes the sequence of drive, cue, response, and reinforces the behavior that is being conditioned.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not a process in classical conditioning? 

    • A.

      Extinction 

    • B.

      Generalization

    • C.

      Discrimination

    • D.

      Prompting

    Correct Answer
    A. Extinction 
    Explanation
    Extinction is the process in classical conditioning where a conditioned response gradually diminishes or disappears when the conditioned stimulus is repeatedly presented without the unconditioned stimulus. It involves the weakening of the association between the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus. Generalization, discrimination, and prompting are all processes involved in classical conditioning. Generalization refers to the tendency to respond to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus, while discrimination involves the ability to differentiate between the conditioned stimulus and other similar stimuli. Prompting refers to the use of cues or prompts to elicit a desired response.

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  • 9. 

    According to the social learning theory, social behavior is learned by observing and imitating the behavior of others. True or false? 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the social learning theory, individuals learn social behavior by observing and imitating the behavior of others. This theory suggests that people acquire new behaviors by observing the actions of others and the consequences that follow. By observing and imitating others, individuals can learn both positive and negative behaviors, which can shape their own social behavior. Therefore, the statement "social behavior is learned by observing and imitating the behavior of others" is true according to the social learning theory.

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  • 10. 

    Select the terms which reflect the tendency for conditioning to be limited by natural instincts. 

    • A.

      Classical conditioning

    • B.

      Operant conditioning

    • C.

      Instinctive drift

    • D.

      Observational learning

    Correct Answer
    C. Instinctive drift
    Explanation
    Instinctive drift refers to the tendency for animals to revert to their innate behaviors or instincts, even after being conditioned through classical or operant conditioning. This means that despite being trained to perform certain behaviors, animals may still exhibit their natural instincts, which can interfere with the conditioning process. Therefore, instinctive drift reflects the limitation of conditioning by natural instincts.

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  • Current Version
  • May 07, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 22, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Philhudson91
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