Theories Of Learning & Educational Psychology Quiz

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Theories Of Learning & Educational Psychology Quiz - Quiz

Quiz on Theories Of Learning and Educational Psychology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Process whereby an organism is made more responsive to certain aspects of its environment

    • A.

      Habituation

    • B.

      Sensitization

    Correct Answer
    B. Sensitization
    Explanation
    In contrast, habituation is the process whereby an organism becomes less responsive to its environment

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  • 2. 

         this term  refers to change in behavior potentiality

    Correct Answer
    learning
    Explanation
    according to Kimble (1960), learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior or behavior potentiality that results from experience and cannot be attributed to temporary body states such as those induced by illness,fatigue or drugs.

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  • 3. 

    Aristotle's four laws of association

    Correct Answer
    similarity, contrast, contiguity, frequency, laws of similarity, contrast, contiguity,frequency, law of similarity, law of contrast, law of contiguity, law of frequency
    Explanation
    a. Law of similarity is the recall of things similar to the object
    b. Law of contrast is the recall of opposite things
    c. Law of contiguity is the recall of things that were originally experienced along with that object
    d. Law of frequency states that the more frequently two things are experienced together, the more likely it will be that the experience or recall of one will stimulate the recall of the second

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  • 4. 

    John Locke proposed that the infant’s mind at birth is a _________, a black tablet and experience writes on it

    Correct Answer
    tabula rasa
    Explanation
    Locke believed in empiricism

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  • 5. 

    This law as formulated by Thorndike states that “When someone is ready to performs some act, to do so is satisfying. When someone is ready to perform some act, not to do so is annoying. When someone is not ready to perform some act and is forced to do so, it is annoying.”

    • A.

      Law of exercise

    • B.

      Law of readiness

    • C.

      Law of effect

    • D.

      Revised law of exercise

    Correct Answer
    B. Law of readiness
    Explanation
    it can also be said that interfering with goal-directed behavior causes frustration and causing someone to do something they do not want to do is also frustrating

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  • 6. 

    he  He found that a newly hatched duckling would form an attachment to any kind of moving object and follow it as its mother provided the object was presented at the right moment of the duckling’s life

    Correct Answer
    Konrad Lorenz
    Lorenz
    Explanation
    Konrad Lorenz discovered that a newly hatched duckling has an instinctual behavior called imprinting. This means that the duckling will form a strong attachment to the first moving object it sees during a critical period after hatching, usually within the first few hours. This object is typically the mother duck, but Lorenz found that the duckling would imprint on any kind of moving object if presented at the right moment. This experiment demonstrated the importance of early experiences in the development of attachment and social behavior in animals.

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  • 7. 

    With reference to the previous question, this formation of attachment is called

    Correct Answer
    imprinting
    Explanation
    Imprinting is the formation of an attachment between an organism and an environmental object and found to occur only during a critical period

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  • 8. 

    This states that a learned response is most easily given in the direction in which it was formed.

    • A.

      Principle of refutability

    • B.

      Principle of association

    • C.

      Principle of parsimony

    • D.

      Principle of polarity

    Correct Answer
    D. Principle of polarity
    Explanation
    For example, almost everyone can recite the alphabet forward but has difficulty in reciting it backward.

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  • 9. 

    ______________ is synonymous to classical conditioning.

    Correct Answer
    Pavlovian conditioning
    Explanation
    classical conditioning is an experimental arrangement whereby stimulus is made to elicit a response that was not previously associated with that stimulus

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  • 10. 

    1.  Skinner distinguished two kinds of behavior, the  _____________ which is elicited by a known stimulus and the ___________ which is not elicited by a known stimulus but simply emitted by the organism.

    • A.

      Respondent behavior;operant behavior

    • B.

      Operant behavior; respondent behavior

    • C.

      Deprived behavior;radical behavior

    Correct Answer
    A. Respondent behavior;operant behavior
    Explanation
    an example of respondent behavior is the constriction of the pupil when light was pointed directly to it; operant behavior are expressed as whistling, standing up or walking about

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  • 11. 

    Thorndike concluded that learning is__________not insightful.

    Correct Answer
    incremental
    Explanation
    for him, learning occurs in small systematical steps rather than huge jumps.

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  • 12. 

          he believed that knowledge was inherited and was therefore a natural component of the human mind.

    Correct Answer
    Plato
    Explanation
    This contention was known as nativist

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  • 13. 

    This is an unlearned or innate response in reaction to a specific class of stimuli

    • A.

      Species-specific behavior

    • B.

      Instinct

    • C.

      Reflex

    Correct Answer
    C. Reflex
    Explanation
    instinct or species-specific behavior is the inborn capacity to perform a complex behavioral task and genetically determined complex behaviour patterns.

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  • 14. 

    It refers to the translation of this potentiality into behavior.

    Correct Answer
    performance
    Explanation
    The answer "performance" is the correct choice because the question is asking about the translation of potentiality into behavior. Performance refers to the actual execution or demonstration of one's abilities or potential. It is the act of carrying out or accomplishing a task or activity, showcasing one's skills or capabilities. Therefore, performance accurately captures the concept of translating potentiality into behavior.

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  • 15. 

    According to Plato, all knowledge is reminiscence or recollection of the experience our soul had in the

    • A.

      "highest of the heavens"

    • B.

      "heaven above all heavens"

    • C.

      “heaven which is beyond the heavens”

    Correct Answer
    C. “heaven which is beyond the heavens”
    Explanation
    According to Plato, all knowledge is reminiscence or recollection of the experience our soul had in the "heaven which is beyond the heavens". This means that Plato believed that our souls existed in a higher realm before being born into our physical bodies, and that our knowledge is a result of remembering the truths we encountered in that higher realm. This concept of knowledge as reminiscence aligns with Plato's theory of Forms, where he argued that the true reality exists in a realm of perfect and unchanging Forms, and our knowledge is derived from our ability to access and remember these Forms.

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  • 16. 

          his theory of learning is similar to Watson’s theory. Both theorists accepted the ancient laws of contiguity and frequency.

    • A.

      Guthrie

    • B.

      Estes

    • C.

      Tolman

    • D.

      Pavlov

    Correct Answer
    A. Guthrie
    Explanation
    Guthrie's theory of learning is similar to Watson's theory because both theorists accepted the ancient laws of contiguity and frequency. This means that both Guthrie and Watson believed that learning occurs through the association of stimuli that occur close together in time (contiguity) and that are repeated frequently. This suggests that learning is a result of the pairing of stimuli and responses, rather than being influenced by internal mental processes.

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  • 17. 

    1.    Principle of __________ is the contention that a task will always be done in a manner that requires the least amount of effort or work.

    Correct Answer
    least effort
    Explanation
    For example, when going home from school, students usually take the most convenient and shortest route available.

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  • 18. 

          The formation of an association between a certain drive state such as hunger and certain drive stimuli such as the foods one has accustomed eating. When a drive occurs, one actively seeks out the stimuli that have been associated with its satisfaction. It is one of Tolman's kind of learning.

    Correct Answer
    cathexis
    Explanation
    Tolman’s other six kinds of learning include equivalence beliefs, field expectancies, field-cognition modes, drive discrimination, motor patterns.

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  • 19. 

    _________is the stage of intellectual development in which children can deal logically with hypothetical events in addition to those events that they can experience directly.

    Correct Answer
    formal operation
    Explanation
    Other stages of Piaget’s Cognitive Development are sensorimotor, preoperational thinking, concrete operations

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  • 20. 

    This is the tendency to remember uncompleted tasks better than completed ones.

    Correct Answer
    Ziegarnik effect
    Explanation
    The Ziegarnik effect refers to the tendency to remember uncompleted tasks better than completed ones. This phenomenon suggests that unfinished tasks create a sense of tension or cognitive dissonance, which leads to better memory retention. Once a task is completed, the mind no longer feels the need to hold onto it, resulting in a weaker memory trace. This effect has been observed in various studies and has implications for understanding memory and motivation.

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  • 21. 

      The name of the infant that John B. Watson conducted his famous experiment with. 

    Correct Answer
    Little Albert
    little albert
    Explanation
    This experiment with Little Albert demonstrated how inborn emotional reflexes become conditioned to neutral stimuli.

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  • 22. 

    1.   _________________ is learning a skill under the condition in which practice trials are separated by a only a very short interval of time. 

    • A.

      Distributed practice

    • B.

      Massed practice

    Correct Answer
    B. Massed practice
    Explanation
    Distributed practice is learning a skill in which practice trials are separated by a considerable length of time.

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  • 23. 

    is    the gradual decreasing dependence on the physical environment and the increased utilization of cognitive structures.

    Correct Answer
    interiorization
    Explanation
    Interiorization refers to the process of gradually reducing reliance on the physical environment and instead using cognitive structures. This means that individuals begin to rely more on their internal mental processes, such as thinking and problem-solving, rather than solely depending on external factors. Interiorization allows for a greater level of independence and autonomy as individuals develop their cognitive abilities and become less reliant on external stimuli.

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  • 24. 

    TRUE OR FALSE: 1.      Locke’s philosophy, “there is nothing in the mind that is not first in the senses”

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Locke's philosophy states that all knowledge originates from sensory experiences. According to him, there is nothing in the mind that is not first perceived through the senses. This means that our understanding of the world and our thoughts are based on our sensory perceptions. Therefore, the statement "there is nothing in the mind that is not first in the senses" is true according to Locke's philosophy.

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  • 25. 

    Also known as ritualistic behavior

    Correct Answer
    superstitious behavior
    Explanation
    superstitious behavior looks as if it is governed by the belief that it must be engaged in before reinforcement can be obtained but in reality, the behavior has nothing to do with the presence or absence of the behavior

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 24, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Claudg17
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