Learning Theory: Psychology Exam! Quiz

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Learning Theory: Psychology Exam! Quiz

Have you ever heard of the learning theory? The learning theory describes how students receive, process, and retain knowledge during learning. Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences shape a person’s worldview. Behaviorists see learning as an effect of conditioning and an advocate system throughout their education. Obtaining knowledge should be a unique and productive experience for everyone. If you are studying psychology, this quiz is perfect for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In __________ reinforcement, the reinforcer follows every correct response.
    • A. 

      intermittent

    • B. 

      Partial

    • C. 

      Negative

    • D. 

      Continuous

  • 2. 
    In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, salivation was the
    • A. 

      Conditioned response.

    • B. 

      Unconditioned stimulus.

    • C. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • D. 

      Unconditioned response.

  • 3. 
    The presentation of an aversive stimulus or the removal of a positive stimulus are both examples of?
    • A. 

      negative reinforcement.

    • B. 

      Punishment.

    • C. 

      positive reinforcement.

    • D. 

      Secondary reinforcement

  • 4. 
    If you have a snake phobia because you once heard a loud noise while looking at a snake, for you a snake is a(n)
    • A. 

      US.

    • B. 

      CS.

    • C. 

      UR.

    • D. 

      CR.

  • 5. 
    If the conditioned stimulus is presented many times without reinforcement, we can expect:
    • A. 

      an increase in stimulus generalization.

    • B. 

      The strength of the UR to increase.

    • C. 

      An increase in response generalization.

    • D. 

      Extinction to occur.

  • 6. 
    A child has learned to avoid a furry, black cat. However, she still plays with her grandmother's short-haired tabby. Her response demonstrates:
    • A. 

      negative transfer.

    • B. 

      Extinction.

    • C. 

      Discrimination.

    • D. 

      Successive approximation.

  • 7. 
    The greatest degree of resistance to extinction is typically caused by a __________ schedule of reinforcement.
    • A. 

      Variable interval

    • B. 

      Variable ratio

    • C. 

      fixed interval

    • D. 

      Fixed ratio

  • 8. 
    In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, the conditioned stimulus was the:
    • A. 

      food.

    • B. 

      Bell.

    • C. 

      Salivation to the food

    • D. 

      Salivation to the bell.

  • 9. 
    In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, the bell (prior to conditioning) was the
    • A. 

      Neutral stimulus.

    • B. 

      Unconditioned stimulus.

    • C. 

      Conditioned stimulus.

    • D. 

      Unconditioned response.

  • 10. 
    Jimmy helps his father put away the dishes after dinner. Jimmy's father wants to increase the probability of this behavior and will be most successful by praising Jimmy.
    • A. 

      after all the dishes are put away.

    • B. 

      At bedtime.

    • C. 

      The next morning at breakfast.

    • D. 

      The next time they are putting away dishes.

  • 11. 
    After a response has been extinguished, it will often reappear after a short time has passed. This is called
    • A. 

      adaptiveness.

    • B. 

      expectation checking.

    • C. 

      Extinction recovery.

    • D. 

      Spontaneous recovery.

  • 12. 
    The first-grade teacher gives students stickers when they perform well. If they earn five stickers in one day they are exempt from homework. The stickers in this example could also be called
    • A. 

      tokens.

    • B. 

      primary reinforcers.

    • C. 

      Generalized reinforcers.

    • D. 

      Prepotent responses

  • 13. 
    A student does a good job on math problems for homework, and the teacher awards a sticker. Does this demonstrate the use of?
    • A. 

      extinction.

    • B. 

      Reinforcement.

    • C. 

      Spontaneous recovery.

    • D. 

      Antecedents.

  • 14. 
    A dog that gets rewarded for the first bark it makes in each ten minute period is being reinforced on a __________ schedule of reinforcement.
    • A. 

      Continuous

    • B. 

      Fixed interval

    • C. 

      Variable interval

    • D. 

      Fixed ratio

  • 15. 
    Operant conditioning was studied by:
    • A. 

      Pavlov.

    • B. 

      Maslow.

    • C. 

      Freud.

    • D. 

      Skinner.

  • 16. 
    Which of the following might serve as a secondary reinforcer?
    • A. 

      sex

    • B. 

      Grades

    • C. 

      Food

    • D. 

      A pain-relieving drug

  • 17. 
    In a classic experiment, "Little Albert," a very young boy, was conditioned to be afraid of a rat. He also became fearful of white furry rabbits and bearded men. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Spontaneous recovery.

    • B. 

      Higher order conditioning.

    • C. 

      Extinction.

    • D. 

      Stimulus generalization

  • 18. 
    Negative reinforcement __________ responding; punishment __________ responding.
    • A. 

      Increases; increases

    • B. 

      Decreases; decreases

    • C. 

      increases; decreases

    • D. 

      Decreases; increases

  • 19. 
    Two schedules of reinforcement that produce the highest rates of response are
    • A. 

      Continuous and fixed interval.

    • B. 

      Fixed interval and variable interval.

    • C. 

      Variable interval and variable ratio.

    • D. 

      Fixed ratio and variable ratio.

  • 20. 
    __________ occurs when making a response removes an unpleasant event.
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcement

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • C. 

      Extinction

    • D. 

      Punishment

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