Basic Nutrition For Health care Providers

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Basic Nutrition For Health care Providers - Quiz

Competency Statement: Personnel will: Complete and pass the Basic Nutrition for Health Care Providers with a score of 70%


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The sum of the fundamental processes by which food substance are taken in and utilized by the body defines: 

    • A.

      Good Nutrition

    • B.

      Bad Nutrition

    • C.

      Basic Nutrition

    • D.

      A Healthy diet

    Correct Answer
    A. Good Nutrition
    Explanation
    Good nutrition refers to the sum of the fundamental processes by which food substances are taken in and utilized by the body. It involves consuming a balanced diet that provides all the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals required for optimal health and well-being. Good nutrition is essential for maintaining a healthy weight, supporting growth and development, and preventing chronic diseases. It also plays a crucial role in promoting overall physical and mental well-being.

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  • 2. 

    The Quality of good nutrition can be described by 

    • A.

      Skipping meals

    • B.

      Eating, balanced, regular meals

    • C.

      Eating on the run

    • D.

      Mineral deficiencies

    Correct Answer
    B. Eating, balanced, regular meals
    Explanation
    Eating balanced, regular meals is a key indicator of good nutrition. This means consuming a variety of foods from different food groups in appropriate portions and at regular intervals throughout the day. Balanced meals provide the body with essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals necessary for optimal health and functioning. Regular meals help maintain stable blood sugar levels, support digestion, and prevent overeating or unhealthy snacking. By consistently eating balanced meals, individuals can ensure they are meeting their nutritional needs and promoting overall well-being.

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  • 3. 

    Requirements for a healthy diet are not related to:

    • A.

      Gender

    • B.

      Weight

    • C.

      Enriched flour

    • D.

      Activity

    Correct Answer
    C. Enriched flour
    Explanation
    Enriched flour is not related to the requirements for a healthy diet because it refers to flour that has been processed to remove the bran and germ, resulting in a loss of nutrients. The requirements for a healthy diet typically focus on consuming a variety of nutrient-dense foods that provide essential vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. Enriched flour, on the other hand, is a refined and less nutritious form of flour. Gender, weight, and activity level, on the other hand, are factors that can affect the specific dietary needs of an individual.

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  • 4. 

    The Average number of calories needed for an adult woman is:

    • A.

      2200-2800

    • B.

      1000-1600

    • C.

      500-1200

    • D.

      1600-2200

    Correct Answer
    D. 1600-2200
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1600-2200. This range represents the average number of calories needed for an adult woman. It is important to note that individual calorie needs may vary based on factors such as age, weight, height, and activity level. However, this range provides a general guideline for maintaining a healthy diet and energy balance. Consuming fewer calories than the lower end of the range may result in inadequate nutrition, while consuming more than the upper end may lead to weight gain.

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  • 5. 

    The source of the food Guide pyramid is:

    • A.

      ADOT

    • B.

      DES

    • C.

      USHHS

    • D.

      USRDA

    Correct Answer
    C. USHHS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is USHHS. USHHS stands for United States Department of Health and Human Services, which is responsible for providing health-related information and guidelines to the public. The Food Guide Pyramid is a visual representation of the recommended food groups and proportions for a healthy diet. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the USHHS would be the source of the Food Guide Pyramid.

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  • 6. 

    The purpose of the Food Guide Pyramid and packaged food labeling is to assist the consumer:

    • A.

      Plan a well balanced Diet

    • B.

      Plan a restricted diet for a patient with a renal failure

    • C.

      Plan a Meal with 4 g. of sodium

    • D.

      Plan a diet with 160 g of total fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Plan a well balanced Diet
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Food Guide Pyramid and packaged food labeling is to assist the consumer in planning a well-balanced diet. These tools provide information on the different food groups and their recommended servings, helping individuals make informed choices about their food intake. By following the Food Guide Pyramid and reading food labels, consumers can ensure that they are getting a variety of nutrients from different food groups, thus promoting overall health and wellness.

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  • 7. 

    The Food Guide pyramid recommends the suggested number of daily servings for bread, cereal, rice and pasta is 

    • A.

      2-3

    • B.

      2-4

    • C.

      3-5

    • D.

      6-11

    Correct Answer
    D. 6-11
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 6-11. The Food Guide pyramid recommends consuming 6-11 servings of bread, cereal, rice, and pasta per day. These foods are rich in carbohydrates and provide essential nutrients such as fiber, vitamins, and minerals. However, it is important to choose whole grain options and control portion sizes to maintain a balanced diet.

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  • 8. 

    An analysis of a person's present diet is important for diet planning and food choices because 

    • A.

      Health status is identified

    • B.

      Food habits are identified

    • C.

      Medications are listed

    • D.

      Sensory problems are identified

    Correct Answer
    B. Food habits are identified
    Explanation
    An analysis of a person's present diet is important for diet planning and food choices because it helps in identifying their food habits. By understanding their current eating patterns and preferences, dieticians or nutritionists can tailor a diet plan that aligns with their food habits, making it easier for the person to adhere to the plan and achieve their health goals. This information also allows for targeted interventions to address any unhealthy eating habits and promote better nutrition.

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  • 9. 

    The Health Care Provider must take into account certain consideration about the clients dietary habits, such as 

    • A.

      Appetite

    • B.

      Enriched Flour

    • C.

      Disease Resistance

    • D.

      Research on foods eaten by Americans

    Correct Answer
    A. Appetite
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Appetite". When considering a client's dietary habits, the health care provider must take into account their appetite. This refers to the person's desire to eat and their ability to enjoy food. Understanding a client's appetite is important in order to provide appropriate dietary recommendations and ensure that their nutritional needs are being met.

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  • 10. 

    Foods are listed on a food label 

    • A.

      In Alphabetical Order

    • B.

      In decreasing order of risk of disease

    • C.

      With the most prevalent nutrient first

    • D.

      According to the number of calories

    Correct Answer
    B. In decreasing order of risk of disease
  • 11. 

    "Enriched" on a food label means 

    • A.

      A food product is made with enriched flour

    • B.

      A food product that does not have to claim its status

    • C.

      A food product is made with unenriched flour and supplements

    • D.

      A food product that does not have to list flour nutrients

    Correct Answer
    A. A food product is made with enriched flour
    Explanation
    The term "enriched" on a food label means that the food product is made with enriched flour. Enriched flour refers to flour that has had certain nutrients, such as iron and B vitamins, added back into it after the refining process. This is done to replace the nutrients that are lost during the refining process. Therefore, when a food product is labeled as "enriched," it indicates that the flour used in the product has been fortified with these additional nutrients.

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  • 12. 

    RDV is now replacing 

    • A.

      Percent DV

    • B.

      RDA

    • C.

      EMS

    • D.

      DES

    Correct Answer
    A. Percent DV
  • 13. 

    "Low" fat in a food product means:

    • A.

      The product has 3g, or less of fat

    • B.

      Fat in the product is less than 50

    • C.

      The Product has no more than 30 of calories from fat

    • D.

      The product is reduces by 75

    Correct Answer
    C. The Product has no more than 30 of calories from fat
    Explanation
    "Low" fat in a food product means that the product has no more than 30 calories from fat. This means that the amount of calories derived from fat in the product is limited and considered to be low. The other options provided, such as the product having 3g or less of fat, or the fat in the product being less than 50, do not specifically address the calorie content from fat, and therefore do not accurately define "low" fat.

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  • 14. 

    Cigarette smoking affects food nutrition by"

    • A.

      Stimulating the appetite

    • B.

      Interfering with nutrient absorption

    • C.

      Causing over hydration

    • D.

      Dilating the arterioles

    Correct Answer
    B. Interfering with nutrient absorption
    Explanation
    Cigarette smoking can interfere with nutrient absorption in the body. This is because smoking damages the lining of the digestive system, particularly the small intestine, where most nutrient absorption occurs. The toxins in cigarettes can impair the function of the small intestine, making it less efficient in absorbing essential nutrients from food. As a result, smokers may experience deficiencies in vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, which can negatively impact their overall nutrition and health.

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  • 15. 

    Fat consumption can be lowered by:

    • A.

      Using herbs or lemon juice

    • B.

      Eating more eggs and organ meats

    • C.

      Eating more fried food

    • D.

      Drinking skim mik

    Correct Answer
    D. Drinking skim mik
    Explanation
    Drinking skim milk can help lower fat consumption because it has a lower fat content compared to whole milk. Skim milk is made by removing the cream, which contains most of the fat. By choosing skim milk over whole milk, individuals can reduce their intake of saturated fat and calories. This can be beneficial for those looking to lower their fat consumption and maintain a healthier diet.

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  • 16. 

    It is recommended to eliminate refined sugar from the diet because it may cause:

    • A.

      Headaches

    • B.

      Atherosclerosis

    • C.

      Gout

    • D.

      Water retention

    Correct Answer
    A. Headaches
    Explanation
    Refined sugar is recommended to be eliminated from the diet because it can potentially cause headaches. Consuming excessive amounts of refined sugar can lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels, which can trigger headaches in some individuals. Additionally, sugar consumption can also contribute to inflammation and oxidative stress in the body, both of which have been linked to headaches. Therefore, reducing or avoiding refined sugar intake can be beneficial in preventing or reducing the frequency of headaches.

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  • 17. 

    Nutrients can be preserved when preparing fruits and vegetables by:

    • A.

      Boiling

    • B.

      Soaking over night

    • C.

      Steaming

    • D.

      Trim off one half inch

    Correct Answer
    C. Steaming
    Explanation
    Steaming is the correct answer because it is a cooking method that uses hot steam to cook the fruits and vegetables. Unlike boiling, which involves submerging the produce in water, steaming helps to retain the nutrients by cooking the food with indirect heat. Steaming also helps to preserve the natural colors, flavors, and textures of the fruits and vegetables, making it a healthier and more nutritious cooking option.

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  • 18. 

    A food that does not contain fiber is:

    • A.

      Apples

    • B.

      Celery

    • C.

      Puffed Wheat

    • D.

      Chicken

    Correct Answer
    D. Chicken
    Explanation
    Chicken is the correct answer because it is a lean source of protein and does not contain any dietary fiber. While apples and celery are high in fiber, and puffed wheat may also contain some fiber depending on the brand, chicken does not have any fiber content. Fiber is mainly found in plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while animal-based foods like chicken typically do not contain fiber.

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  • 19. 

    Fiber is importnat in the diet because: 

    • A.

      It helps prevent fluid retention

    • B.

      It helps prevent constipation

    • C.

      It helps prevent urinary retention

    • D.

      It helps prevent fat utilization

    Correct Answer
    B. It helps prevent constipation
    Explanation
    Fiber is important in the diet because it helps prevent constipation. This is because fiber adds bulk to the stool, making it easier to pass through the digestive system. It also helps to soften the stool, making it less likely to become dry and hard, which can lead to constipation. Additionally, fiber helps to promote regular bowel movements by stimulating the muscles in the intestines.

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  • 20. 

    A food that will help increase mineral consumption is:

    • A.

      Onions

    • B.

      Brown Sugar

    • C.

      Broccoli

    • D.

      Celery

    Correct Answer
    C. Broccoli
    Explanation
    Broccoli is a food that will help increase mineral consumption because it is a rich source of various minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, and potassium. These minerals are essential for maintaining healthy bones, supporting muscle function, and regulating blood pressure. Additionally, broccoli contains high levels of vitamin C, which aids in the absorption of minerals. Therefore, regularly consuming broccoli can contribute to meeting the body's mineral requirements.

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  • 21. 

    Prepare a diet for a 72-year-old female who lives alone in a 3-bedroom  apartment. she requires food preparation assistance as she is blind, but has no other health Problems.

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