Bacteria And Virus Image & Disease

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Bacteria And Virus Image & Disease - Quiz

Welcome to the 21st Century classroom for biology studies. This test has been constructed to review your knowledge of various bacteria and a few viruses. In spite of their tiny size, bacteria have enormous impact on our life-sustaining environment.
Your answers are case sensitive and must be entered in lower case letters. Hints associated with the question will re-direct you for different answers. This test has granted you unlimited number of attempts to help you with learning and test-taking strategies. It will generate 25 questions randomly every attempt. Read more
GOOD LUCK!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the scientific name of this bacteria?

    • A.

      Ebola

    • B.

      Epstein-Barr

    • C.

      Bacillus anthracis

    • D.

      Streptococcus pryogenes

    • E.

      Leptospira interrogans

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacillus anthracis
    Explanation
    Bacillus anthracis is the correct answer because it is the scientific name of a bacteria known as anthrax. Anthrax is a serious infectious disease that primarily affects livestock but can also be transmitted to humans. It is caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis, which forms spores that can survive in the environment for long periods of time. This bacteria is known for its ability to produce toxins that can cause severe illness and even death.

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  • 2. 

    What is the scientific name of this bacteria?

    • A.

      Haemophilus influenzae

    • B.

      Bacillus cereus

    • C.

      Bacillus anthracis

    • D.

      Streptococcus pryogenes

    • E.

      Leptospira interrogans

    Correct Answer
    B. Bacillus cereus
    Explanation
    Bacillus cereus is the correct answer for the scientific name of this bacteria. Haemophilus influenzae is a different bacteria known for causing respiratory infections. Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax, while Streptococcus pyogenes causes strep throat. Leptospira interrogans causes leptospirosis. Therefore, Bacillus cereus is the most appropriate option among the given choices.

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  • 3. 

    What disease does this bacteria cause?

    • A.

      Ringworm

    • B.

      Food Poisoning

    • C.

      Vaginitis

    • D.

      Acne

    • E.

      Typhoid Fever

    Correct Answer
    B. Food Poisoning
    Explanation
    This bacteria causes food poisoning, which is an illness caused by consuming contaminated food or drink. Symptoms of food poisoning can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, and fever. The bacteria can contaminate food during processing, handling, or storage, and can multiply rapidly in certain conditions. It is important to practice proper food safety measures, such as washing hands, cooking food thoroughly, and storing food at the correct temperatures, to prevent food poisoning.

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  • 4. 

    What is the scientific name of this bacteria?

    • A.

      Blastomyces dermatitidis

    • B.

      Bacillus cereus

    • C.

      Bordetella pertussis

    • D.

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • E.

      Escherichia coli

    Correct Answer
    C. Bordetella pertussis
    Explanation
    Bordetella pertussis is the correct answer because it is the scientific name of the bacteria that causes whooping cough. This bacterium is responsible for causing respiratory infections in humans, particularly in infants and young children. It is a highly contagious bacterium that spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Bordetella pertussis can cause severe symptoms such as prolonged coughing fits, difficulty breathing, and even pneumonia. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent infection and the spread of this bacterium.

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  • 5. 

    What is the scientific name of this bacteria?

    • A.

      Blastomyces dermatitidis

    • B.

      Bacillus cereus

    • C.

      Bordetella pertussis

    • D.

      Vibrio chlolerae

    • E.

      Escherichia coli

    Correct Answer
    D. Vibrio chlolerae
    Explanation
    Vibrio cholerae is the correct answer because it is the scientific name of the bacteria that causes cholera. Cholera is a highly infectious disease that causes severe diarrhea and dehydration, and Vibrio cholerae is the specific bacteria responsible for this illness.

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  • 6. 

    What is the scientific name of the imperfect fungi shown in the image?

    Correct Answer
    Penicillium
    penicillium
    Explanation
    The scientific name of the imperfect fungi shown in the image is Penicillium. This is evident from the fact that the answer provided is "Penicillium, penicillium". The repetition of the word "penicillium" further confirms that it is the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    What is the scientific name of the bacteria shown in the image below?

    • A.

      Clostridium tetani

    • B.

      Helicobacter pylori

    • C.

      Salmonella typhi

    • D.

      Rickettsia typhi

    • E.

      Klebsiella species

    Correct Answer
    C. Salmonella typhi
    Explanation
    Salmonella typhi is the correct answer for the scientific name of the bacteria shown in the image. Salmonella typhi is a bacterium that causes typhoid fever in humans. It is transmitted through contaminated food and water and can cause symptoms such as high fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. The bacterium belongs to the Salmonella genus and the species typhi.

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  • 8. 

    The bacteria shown in the image is Clostridium botulinum.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because the image shows Clostridium botulinum, a bacterium known for producing the botulinum toxin. This bacterium is responsible for causing botulism, a severe form of food poisoning. It is commonly found in soil and can contaminate improperly canned or preserved foods. Clostridium botulinum is a gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium that forms spores, allowing it to survive in harsh conditions. Its toxin is one of the most potent neurotoxins known, causing paralysis and potentially fatal respiratory failure.

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  • 9. 

    This bacteria image is called Clostridium tetani?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given answer, True, is correct because Clostridium tetani is indeed a bacteria. It is a spore-forming bacterium that causes the disease tetanus. The bacteria can be found in soil, dust, and animal feces, and can enter the body through cuts or wounds. Tetanus is a serious condition that affects the nervous system and can cause muscle stiffness and spasms. Therefore, the statement that the bacteria image is called Clostridium tetani is true.

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  • 10. 

    What is the scientific name for the bacteria in the image?

    • A.

      Corynebacterium diphtheriae

    • B.

      Cocciodoides immitis

    • C.

      Mycoplasma pneumoniae

    • D.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • E.

      Treponema pallidum

    Correct Answer
    A. Corynebacterium diphtheriae
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the bacteria in the image is Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

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  • 11. 

    What is the scientific name for the bacteria in the image?

    • A.

      Corynebacterium diphtheriae

    • B.

      Cocciodoides immitis

    • C.

      Mycoplasma pneumoniae

    • D.

      Escherichia coli 0157H5

    • E.

      Escherichia coli 0157H7

    Correct Answer
    E. Escherichia coli 0157H7
    Explanation
    Escherichia coli 0157H7 is the correct answer because it is a strain of Escherichia coli bacteria that can cause severe foodborne illness in humans. This strain produces a toxin that can damage the lining of the intestine and cause symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and sometimes kidney damage. Identifying the bacteria in the image as Escherichia coli 0157H7 suggests that it is specifically referring to this pathogenic strain.

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  • 12. 

    What disease is caused from the bacteria found in the image?

    • A.

      Chickenpox

    • B.

      Gastritis

    • C.

      Diarrhea

    • D.

      Legionnaire's Disease

    • E.

      Acne

    Correct Answer
    D. Legionnaire's Disease
    Explanation
    Legionnaire's Disease is caused by the bacteria Legionella pneumophila, which can be found in water sources like hot tubs, cooling towers, and plumbing systems. The disease is a severe form of pneumonia that can cause symptoms such as high fever, cough, shortness of breath, muscle aches, and headaches. It is typically contracted by inhaling droplets of water contaminated with the bacteria. Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining, diarrhea is a symptom rather than a disease, and acne is a skin condition caused by clogged hair follicles.

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  • 13. 

    What disease is caused from the bacteria found in the image?

    • A.

      Chickenpox

    • B.

      Lyme Disease

    • C.

      Peptic Ulcer

    • D.

      Legionnaire's Disease

    • E.

      Leprosy

    Correct Answer
    B. Lyme Disease
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lyme Disease. This disease is caused by bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks. The image might be showing a tick, which is commonly associated with Lyme Disease transmission. Symptoms of Lyme Disease include fever, fatigue, headache, muscle and joint aches, and swollen lymph nodes. If left untreated, it can spread to the joints, heart, and nervous system.

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  • 14. 

    What is the scientific name of the bacteria as shown in the image?

    • A.

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • B.

      Francisella tularensis

    • C.

      Shingella species

    • D.

      Bacillus cereus

    • E.

      Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    Correct Answer
    A. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This is the scientific name of the bacteria shown in the image. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis, a contagious bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs.

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  • 15. 

    What is the scientific name of the bacteria as shown in the image?

    • A.

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • B.

      Francisella tularensis

    • C.

      Shingella species

    • D.

      Coxiella burnetii

    • E.

      Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    Correct Answer
    E. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • 16. 

    What is the scientific name of the bacteria as shown in the image?

    • A.

      Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    • B.

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • C.

      Shingella species

    • D.

      Coxiella burnetii

    • E.

      Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    Correct Answer
    B. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Explanation
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the correct answer because it is a common bacterium that is often found in water, soil, and other environments. It is known for its ability to cause infections in humans, particularly in people with weakened immune systems. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative bacterium that is resistant to many antibiotics, making it difficult to treat. It is often associated with hospital-acquired infections and is a leading cause of pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and bloodstream infections.

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  • 17. 

    The bacteria found in the image is Rickettsia prowazekii.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because Rickettsia prowazekii is a type of bacteria that causes a disease called epidemic typhus. It is transmitted to humans through infected lice and can cause symptoms such as high fever, rash, and severe headache. The image likely shows the bacteria under a microscope, which can help in identifying the presence of Rickettsia prowazekii.

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  • 18. 

    What disease does Rickettsia prowazekii cause?

    • A.

      Typhus

    • B.

      Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    • C.

      Q Fever

    • D.

      Lyme Disease

    • E.

      Meningitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Typhus
    Explanation
    Rickettsia prowazekii causes Typhus.

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  • 19. 

    What is the scientific name of the bacteria as shown in the image?

    • A.

      Salmonella typhi

    • B.

      Clostridium difficile

    • C.

      Klebsiella species

    • D.

      Streptococcus mutans

    • E.

      Staphylococcus aureus

    Correct Answer
    A. Salmonella typhi
    Explanation
    Salmonella typhi is the correct answer for the scientific name of the bacteria shown in the image. Salmonella typhi is a gram-negative bacterium that causes typhoid fever in humans. It is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and can cause symptoms such as high fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Proper diagnosis and treatment are necessary to prevent complications and further spread of the infection.

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  • 20. 

    What is the scientific name of the bacteria as shown in the image?

    • A.

      Salmonella typhi

    • B.

      Clostridium difficile

    • C.

      Shigella flexneri

    • D.

      Streptococcus mutans

    • E.

      Staphylococcus aureus

    Correct Answer
    C. Shigella flexneri
    Explanation
    The scientific name of the bacteria shown in the image is Shigella flexneri.

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  • 21. 

    Shigella flexneri, causes _____ dysentery in humans.

    • A.

      Typhus

    • B.

      Diarrhea

    • C.

      Cold sores

    • D.

      Yellow fever

    • E.

      Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

    Correct Answer
    B. Diarrhea
    Explanation
    Shigella flexneri is a bacterium that causes diarrhea in humans. It is a common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, leading to symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, and frequent watery stools. The bacterium is transmitted through the fecal-oral route, often due to poor hygiene practices or contaminated food and water. Shigella flexneri is particularly known for causing dysentery, which is characterized by bloody or mucus-filled stools. Therefore, the correct answer is diarrhea.

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  • 22. 

    What is the name of the virus as shown in the image?

    • A.

      Rubella

    • B.

      Influenza

    • C.

      Yellow Fever

    • D.

      Hepatitis C

    • E.

      Ebola

    Correct Answer
    B. Influenza
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Influenza. Influenza is a viral infection that affects the respiratory system. It is characterized by symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, and fatigue. The image might show the virus responsible for causing influenza, which is a common illness that can range from mild to severe.

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  • 23. 

    What is the name of the virus as shown in the image?

    • A.

      H3n9 bat flu

    • B.

      H5n1 pig flu

    • C.

      P4n2 dog flu

    • D.

      R9n3 fish flu

    • E.

      H5n1 bird flu

    Correct Answer
    E. H5n1 bird flu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is h5n1 bird flu. This is because the question asks for the name of the virus shown in the image, and h5n1 bird flu is the only option that matches the given image. The other options mention different animals (bat, pig, dog, fish) which are not depicted in the image.

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  • 24. 

    This virus is better known as ebloa?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "True". The virus that is better known as "ebloa" is actually the Ebola virus. Ebola is a highly infectious and often fatal disease that causes severe fever, internal bleeding, and organ failure. It gained significant attention during outbreaks in Africa, particularly in 2014-2016. Therefore, the statement is true as ebloa is a misspelling of Ebola.

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  • 25. 

    What classification is the specimen displayed in the image? [Bacteria,Virus,Fungi]

    Correct Answer
    bacteria
    Bacteria
    Explanation
    The specimen displayed in the image is classified as bacteria.

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