Atoms, Periodic Table Quiz

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 150

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Atoms, Periodic Table Quiz - Quiz

This Quiz will ask you questions about all the topics in Chemistry we've studied on the following topics: *Atoms and Atomic Structure *The Periodic Table and its Organization *Elements and Atoms *Naming and Symbols for Elements *Calculating the numbers of particles in atoms of different elements You MAY use your Warm-Up Journal on this quiz. You may also use scratch paper, and a calculator. Ask if you want one of these things. MAKE SURE YOU ARE NOT SITTING AT A COMPUTER RIGHT NEXT TO ANYONE ELSE. You must have an unused computer on each side of you. Make SURE you type your FULL name on the screen where it asks for your name below. Otherwise, your short answer question will NOT be scored!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Short Answer: (write your answer in the box below) What is the difference between an element and an atom?
  • 2. 
    Water has a chemical formula of H2O. Is it an element?
    • A. 

      Yes, it is in its simplest form and cannot be broken down into something simpler.

    • B. 

      Yes, it is an element like fire, water, or earth.

    • C. 

      No, it is not an element because it can be broken down into two simpler substances: Hydrogen (H) and Oxygen (O).

    • D. 

      No, because water is not a chemical.

  • 3. 
    Which of these is the word we use to describe the vertical, up-and-down columns of the Periodic Table?
    • A. 

      Groups or Families

    • B. 

      Periods

    • C. 

      Element types

    • D. 

      Lanthanides

  • 4. 
    What is the difference between atomic mass and atomic number?
    • A. 

      Atomic mass includes the protons, and atomic number does not.

    • B. 

      Atomic mass includes the neutrons, and atomic number does not.

    • C. 

      Atomic number includes the electrons, and atomic mass does not.

    • D. 

      Actually, atomic mass and atomic number are the same thing, so there is no difference.

  • 5. 
    Check ALL the boxes below that are properties of metals.
    • A. 

      They are Ductile (able to be drawn into thin wires)

    • B. 

      They are Dull (not shiny)

    • C. 

      They are poor conductors of electricity and heat.

    • D. 

      They are malleable (flexible)

    • E. 

      They are easily broken

    • F. 

      They have luster (shine)

  • 6. 
    The symbol for the element Silver is Ag, short for "Argentum." Why is the symbol based off of Argentum instead of the word Silver?
    • A. 

      Silver could only be Si, but it was already taken by the element Silicon.

    • B. 

      Silver is the ancient word, Argentum is more modern.

    • C. 

      Argentum is the Latin word for Silver.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 7. 
    Which of these are particles you would find as a part of an atom? CHECK ALL BOXES THAT APPLY.
    • A. 

      Positron

    • B. 

      Negatron

    • C. 

      Neutron

    • D. 

      Electron

    • E. 

      Megatron

    • F. 

      Proton

  • 8. 
    What charge does a proton have?
    • A. 

      Postitive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Neutral (no charge)

    • D. 

      None of these answers apply.

  • 9. 
    What charge does a neutron have?
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Neutral (no charge)

    • D. 

      None of these answers apply.

  • 10. 
    What charge does an electron have?
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Neutral (no charge)

    • D. 

      None of these answers apply.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following particles are found in the NUCLEUS of the atom? CHECK ALL BOXES THAT ARE CORRECT.  
    • A. 

      Proton

    • B. 

      Neutron

    • C. 

      Electron

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 12. 
    How many electrons fit in the first electron energy shell?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      8

    • E. 

      18

    • F. 

      32

  • 13. 
    How many electrons fit in the second electron energy shell?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      18

    • E. 

      32

  • 14. 
    USE YOUR PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION. Ask for scratch paper if you feel you need it. What is the atomic number of the element Fluorine? (element symbol = F)
  • 15. 
    USE YOUR PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION. Ask for scratch paper if you feel you need it. What is the atomic weight (or atomic mass) of the element Magnesium? (element symbol = Mg)
  • 16. 
    USE YOUR PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION. Ask for scratch paper if you feel you need it. How many protons are in the element Vanadium? (element symbol = V)
  • 17. 
    USE YOUR PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION. Ask for scratch paper if you feel you need it. How many electrons are in the element Phosphorous? (element symbol = P)
  • 18. 
    What is the formula for how to calculate the number of neutrons in an element?
    • A. 

      Atomic number - atomic mass = number of neutrons

    • B. 

      Atomic number = number of neutrons

    • C. 

      Atomic mass = number of neutrons

    • D. 

      Atomic mass - atomic number = number of neutrons

  • 19. 
    USE YOUR PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTION. Ask for scratch paper if you feel you need it. How many neutrons are in the element boron? (element symbol = B)
    • A. 

      11

    • B. 

      22

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      6

  • 20. 
    What is an isotope?
    • A. 

      Two atoms of an element with the same number of electrons, but different number of protons.

    • B. 

      Two atoms of an element with the same number of protons, but a different number of electrons.

    • C. 

      Two atoms of an element with the same number of protons, but different number of neutrons.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 21. 
    Which element is shown by the image below?
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Boron

    • C. 

      Lithium

    • D. 

      Beryllium

  • 22. 
    How many electrons are shown in the second shell ONLY of this atom?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      No electrons are shown in this picture.

  • 23. 
    Why AREN'T electrons included in the atomic mass of an element?
    • A. 

      Because they are negatively charged.

    • B. 

      Because they don't have enough mass to affect the mass, even in large numbers.

    • C. 

      Because they don't have a charge.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

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