Atomic Structure And The Periodic Table Trivia Quiz

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Atomic Structure And The Periodic Table Trivia Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Atomic _____ refers to the arrangement and number of smaller particles in an atom.

    • A.

      Function

    • B.

      Structure

    • C.

      Number

    Correct Answer
    B. Structure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "structure" because atomic structure refers to the arrangement and number of smaller particles in an atom. The term "structure" implies the organization and arrangement of these particles within an atom, including the distribution of protons, neutrons, and electrons. It encompasses the overall organization and configuration of the atom's components.

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  • 2. 

    The _____ is the center or core of an atom.

    • A.

      Electron cloud

    • B.

      Proton

    • C.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the center or core of an atom. It contains protons and neutrons, which are the two types of subatomic particles found in the nucleus. The protons have a positive charge, while the neutrons have no charge. The nucleus is surrounded by the electron cloud, which is where the electrons are located. The electrons have a negative charge and orbit around the nucleus. The nucleus is responsible for the majority of the atom's mass and is crucial for maintaining the stability of the atom.

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  • 3. 

    _____ are positively charged particles located in the nucleus.

    • A.

      Protons

    • B.

      Neutrons

    • C.

      Electrons

    Correct Answer
    A. Protons
    Explanation
    Protons are positively charged particles located in the nucleus of an atom. They have a mass approximately equal to that of a neutron and are essential in determining the atomic number and identity of an element. Protons play a crucial role in the stability and behavior of atoms, as they interact with electrons to form chemical bonds and determine the overall charge of an atom.

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  • 4. 

    Neutrons have a _____ charge.

    • A.

      Positive (+)

    • B.

      Negative (-)

    • C.

      Neutral (0)

    Correct Answer
    C. Neutral (0)
    Explanation
    Neutrons have a neutral charge because they do not have a positive or negative charge. Unlike protons, which have a positive charge, and electrons, which have a negative charge, neutrons do not possess any charge. They are electrically neutral particles found in the nucleus of an atom, along with protons. The neutral charge of neutrons allows them to contribute to the overall mass of the atom without affecting its overall charge.

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  • 5. 

    _____ are subatomic particles with a negative charge.

    • A.

      Protons

    • B.

      Neutrons

    • C.

      Electrons

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrons
    Explanation
    Electrons are subatomic particles with a negative charge. They are found outside the nucleus of an atom and are responsible for the flow of electricity. Protons, on the other hand, have a positive charge and are located in the nucleus, while neutrons have no charge and are also found in the nucleus. Therefore, the correct answer is electrons.

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  • 6. 

    The sum weight of protons and neutrons in an atom is its atomic _____.

    • A.

      Number

    • B.

      Mass

    Correct Answer
    A. Number
    Explanation
    The sum weight of protons and neutrons in an atom is its atomic mass. The atomic mass is the total mass of an atom, which is determined by the combined mass of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. The number of protons in an atom determines its atomic number, not its atomic mass.

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  • 7. 

    _____ are the most common elements on the Periodic Table.

    • A.

      Metalloids

    • B.

      Metals

    • C.

      Nonmetals

    Correct Answer
    B. Metals
    Explanation
    Metals are the most common elements on the Periodic Table. This is because metals make up the majority of elements found on the left side and middle of the periodic table. They are characterized by their shiny appearance, ability to conduct heat and electricity, and malleability. Examples of metals include iron, copper, gold, and silver. Nonmetals, on the other hand, are found on the right side of the periodic table and have different properties such as being poor conductors of heat and electricity. Metalloids are elements that have properties intermediate between metals and nonmetals, but they are not as common as metals.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 08, 2011
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    Tdoyal
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