The Atom - Quiz Definitions

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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 15,849
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Atom Quizzes & Trivia

An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element. It is composed of a dense core called the nucleus and a series of outer shells occupied by orbiting electrons. What more do you know about atoms? Take up the quiz to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Weighted average of the mass of all naturally occurring isotopes of the same element.

    Explanation
    The atomic mass is the weighted average of the mass of all naturally occurring isotopes of the same element. Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons, resulting in different atomic masses. The atomic mass takes into account the abundance of each isotope in nature, giving a more accurate representation of the average mass of all atoms of that element.

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  • 2. 

    The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of an element.

    Explanation
    An atom is defined as the smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of that element. Atoms are composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons. They cannot be broken down further without losing their elemental properties. This explanation accurately describes the concept of an atom and its role as the fundamental building block of matter.

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  • 3. 

    Positively charged particle in an atom.

    Explanation
    Protons are positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom. They have a relative mass of 1 and a charge of +1. Along with neutrons, protons make up the majority of an atom's mass. The number of protons in an atom determines its atomic number and identifies the element. Therefore, protons are the correct answer for a positively charged particle in an atom.

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  • 4. 

    Made up of protons and nuetrons

    Explanation
    The answer "nucleus" is correct because it is the central part of an atom that contains protons and neutrons. Protons are positively charged particles, while neutrons have no charge. Together, they make up the majority of an atom's mass. The nucleus is surrounded by a cloud of electrons that orbit around it.

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  • 5. 

    Particle in the atom that has no charge.

    Explanation
    Neutrons are subatomic particles found in the nucleus of an atom. They have a mass similar to that of protons, but they do not carry any electrical charge. Neutrons play a crucial role in determining the stability and properties of an atom. They help to hold the positively charged protons together in the nucleus through the strong nuclear force, preventing the repulsion between protons. Neutrons also affect the mass of an atom and can influence its radioactive properties.

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  • 6. 

    Atoms with the same number of protons but differently numbers of neutrons.

    Explanation
    Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons. This means that isotopes have the same atomic number but different atomic masses. The variation in the number of neutrons gives isotopes different physical properties, such as different stability and radioactivity. Isotopes are commonly used in various fields, including medicine, industry, and scientific research.

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  • 7. 

    Negatively charged particle in the atom.

    Explanation
    Electrons are negatively charged particles that orbit around the nucleus of an atom. They are fundamental components of atoms and play a crucial role in determining the chemical properties of elements. Electrons are responsible for the formation of chemical bonds between atoms, which in turn governs the behavior and reactivity of substances. Therefore, the answer "electrons" accurately describes the negatively charged particles in an atom.

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  • 8. 

    Number of protons in a nucleus

    Explanation
    The atomic number of an element corresponds to the number of protons in the nucleus of its atoms. Each element has a unique atomic number, which determines its position on the periodic table. The number of protons in the nucleus defines the element's identity and its chemical properties. Therefore, the atomic number is a fundamental characteristic of an element and is used to classify and identify different elements.

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  • 9. 

    Regions where electrons are likely to be found

    Explanation
    The term "electron clouds" refers to the regions around an atomic nucleus where electrons are likely to be found. Electrons occupy specific energy levels or orbitals within these clouds. The concept of electron clouds is used to describe the probabilistic nature of electron distribution in an atom, as electrons do not follow precise paths like planets around the sun. Instead, they exist in a cloud-like formation, with varying probabilities of being found in different regions within the atom's electron cloud.

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  • 10. 

    SI unit used to express the mass of atomic particles

    Explanation
    The SI unit used to express the mass of atomic particles is the atomic mass unit. This unit is commonly used to measure the mass of individual atoms and subatomic particles. It is defined as one-twelfth of the mass of a carbon-12 atom, which is approximately equal to the mass of a proton or a neutron. The atomic mass unit allows scientists to compare the masses of different atoms and particles on a standardized scale.

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  • 11. 

    Sum of protons and neutrons

    Explanation
    The mass number is the sum of protons and neutrons in an atom. It represents the total number of nucleons (particles in the nucleus) in an atom. Protons have a positive charge and neutrons have no charge, but both contribute to the mass of the atom. Therefore, the mass number is a crucial value in determining the atomic mass of an element.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 26, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Vbakkar
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