1.
A student buys a science textbook for $18.00, a math textbook for $14.50, and a dictionary for $9.95. What is the total cost of the books?
Correct Answer
C. $42.45
Explanation
The total cost of the books is $42.45. This is calculated by adding the prices of the science textbook ($18.00), math textbook ($14.50), and dictionary ($9.95) together.
2.
Jack loaned Bob $1,500 at an annual interest rate of 7%. After one year, how much will Bob owe Jack?
Correct Answer
A. $1,605
Explanation
After one year, Bob will owe Jack $1,605. This can be calculated by adding the interest earned on the loan to the original loan amount. The interest earned is calculated by multiplying the loan amount ($1,500) by the annual interest rate (7%) and dividing by 100. This gives us $105. Adding this to the original loan amount gives us $1,605.
3.
A 2-ton truck is taxed at a rate of $0.12 per pound. How much is the total tax bill?
Correct Answer
D. $480
Explanation
The total tax bill for the 2-ton truck can be calculated by multiplying the weight of the truck (2 tons or 4000 pounds) by the tax rate ($0.12 per pound). 4000 pounds multiplied by $0.12 equals $480, which is the total tax bill.
4.
How many quart cans can be filled from a 25-gallon bucket of paint?
Correct Answer
B. 100
Explanation
A gallon is equal to 4 quarts. Therefore, a 25-gallon bucket of paint would contain 100 quarts of paint. Thus, 100 quart cans can be filled from a 25-gallon bucket of paint.
5.
A half-pint of cream is what part of a gallon?
Correct Answer
D. 1⁄16
Explanation
A gallon is equal to 8 pints. Since a half-pint is half of a pint, it would be 1/16th of a gallon.
6.
The cost of a protein bar increased from $2.50 to $2.80. The percent increase in the $2.80 rate was how much?
Correct Answer
B. 12%
Explanation
The percent increase can be calculated by finding the difference between the new price and the original price, dividing it by the original price, and then multiplying by 100. In this case, the difference is $0.30 ($2.80 - $2.50), and the original price is $2.50. Dividing $0.30 by $2.50 gives 0.12, which when multiplied by 100 gives 12%. Therefore, the percent increase in the $2.80 rate is 12%.
7.
An aircraft flies over Boondock Air Force Base at 10:20 a.m. At 10:32 a.m., the plane passes over Sea Side Naval Air Station, 120 miles away. How fast is the aircraft traveling?
Correct Answer
B. 600 mph
Explanation
The aircraft travels from Boondock Air Force Base to Sea Side Naval Air Station in 12 minutes (10:32 a.m. - 10:20 a.m.). The distance between the two locations is 120 miles. To find the speed, we divide the distance by the time taken: 120 miles / 12 minutes = 10 miles per minute. To convert this to miles per hour, we multiply by 60 (since there are 60 minutes in an hour): 10 miles/minute * 60 minutes/hour = 600 miles per hour. Therefore, the aircraft is traveling at a speed of 600 mph.
8.
Last year, Margot grew 50 bushels of corn in her backyard. This year, the yield has increased 8%. How many bushels of corn did Margot grow this year?
Correct Answer
D. 54
Explanation
Margot grew 54 bushels of corn this year. This calculation accounts for an 8% increase from last year's yield of 50 bushels. Adding 8% of 50 (which is 4) to the previous year's harvest results in a total yield of 54 bushels for the current year.
9.
Brian works for five hours and is paid $24. Christina works for three hours and is paid $10.95. How much more per hour does Brian make than Christina?
Correct Answer
A. $1.15
Explanation
Brian makes $4.80 per hour ($24 divided by 5 hours), while Christina makes $3.65 per hour ($10.95 divided by 3 hours). The difference between their hourly rates is $1.15 ($4.80 - $3.65). Therefore, Brian makes $1.15 more per hour than Christina.
10.
Junior has saved money in his piggybank over the winter. He wants to buy a $30 computer game. If he has 14 one-dollar bills, 16 half dollars, 12 quarters, 8 dimes, 25 nickels, and 10 pennies, how much more does he need to borrow from Dad to buy the game?
Correct Answer
B. $2.85
Explanation
Junior has a total of $14 in one-dollar bills, which is equal to $14. He also has 16 half dollars, which is equal to $8. In addition, he has 12 quarters, which is equal to $3. He has 8 dimes, which is equal to $0.80. He has 25 nickels, which is equal to $1.25. Finally, he has 10 pennies, which is equal to $0.10. Adding up all these amounts, Junior has a total of $27.15. Therefore, he needs to borrow $2.85 from Dad to buy the game.
11.
Isochronous most nearly means
Correct Answer
A. Equal
Explanation
Isochronous means occurring at equal intervals of time.
12.
It was a sturdy table.
Correct Answer
A. Well-built
Explanation
The word "sturdy" suggests that the table is strong and durable. The correct answer "well-built" aligns with this meaning as it implies that the table is constructed in a solid and sturdy manner. The other options - "thick," "small," and "ugly" - do not convey the same idea of strength and durability.
13.
Ridicule most nearly means:
Correct Answer
B. Mock
Explanation
Ridicule means to mock or make fun of someone or something in a contemptuous or derisive manner. It involves using sarcasm, irony, or scornful language to belittle or criticize. Therefore, the word "mock" best captures the meaning of ridicule.
14.
Brevity is the soul of wit.
Correct Answer
B. terseness
Explanation
Terseness refers to the quality of being brief and concise in speech or writing. The phrase "Brevity is the soul of wit" means that being concise and to the point is an important aspect of intelligence and humor. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is terseness.
15.
She was a tennis fanatic
Correct Answer
B. Zealot
Explanation
The word "zealot" means a person who is extremely enthusiastic and passionate about a particular activity or cause. In this context, the phrase "tennis fanatic" suggests that the person is very dedicated and obsessed with tennis. Therefore, the term "zealot" accurately describes someone who is a passionate and enthusiastic tennis fan.
16.
He facilitated her promotion.
Correct Answer
C. Helped
Explanation
The word "facilitated" means to make something easier or smoother. In this context, if someone facilitated her promotion, it means they helped or assisted her in getting promoted. Therefore, the correct answer is "helped".
17.
The textbook presented a finite number of solutions to the problem.
Correct Answer
B. Limited
Explanation
The correct answer is "limited" because the textbook only provided a finite or limited number of solutions to the problem. This means that there were only a certain number of solutions presented, and not an unlimited or infinite amount.
18.
The spectator enjoyed the game.
Correct Answer
A. Observer
Explanation
The correct answer is "observer" because a spectator is someone who watches a game or event without participating. An observer is a synonym for a spectator, as both terms refer to someone who watches something happening without being directly involved. The other options, referee, competitor, and organizer, all imply some level of participation or involvement in the game, which is not indicated in the given statement.
19.
Enmity most nearly means:
Correct Answer
C. Hatred
Explanation
Enmity is a strong feeling of hatred or hostility towards someone. It goes beyond just being angry or having a disagreement with someone. It implies a deep-seated animosity or resentment towards another person. Therefore, out of the given options, "hatred" is the word that most closely matches the meaning of enmity.
20.
The teacher cited some examples.
Correct Answer
A. Specified
Explanation
The word "cited" means to mention or refer to something as an example or evidence. Therefore, the teacher specified some examples by mentioning or referring to them.
21.
x^{2}× x^{4} =
Correct Answer
C. X6
Explanation
The given expression, x2 × x4, represents the product of x raised to the power of 2 and x raised to the power of 4. When multiplying two terms with the same base, you add the exponents. Therefore, x2 × x4 simplifies to x(2+4) which is equal to x6.
22.
If a rectangle has a perimeter of 36 feet, and it is 4-feet wide, what is its area?
Correct Answer
A. 56 square feet
Explanation
If a rectangle has a perimeter of 36 feet and one of its sides is 4 feet wide, it means that the other side must also be 4 feet wide in order to maintain the balance of the perimeter. Therefore, the rectangle is a square with sides measuring 4 feet each. The area of a square is calculated by multiplying the length of one side by itself, so the area of this square is 4 feet multiplied by 4 feet, which equals 16 square feet.
23.
The cube root of 64 is
Correct Answer
B. 4
Explanation
The cube root of 64 is 4 because when you multiply 4 by itself three times (4 x 4 x 4), you get 64.
24.
The reciprocal of ^{1}⁄_{6} is
Correct Answer
B. 6
Explanation
The reciprocal of a number is found by flipping the numerator and denominator. In this case, the reciprocal of 1/6 would be 6/1, which simplifies to 6.
25.
If 0.05 ÷ x = 1, then x =
Correct Answer
B. 0.05
Explanation
If 0.05 ÷ x = 1, then it means that when we divide 0.05 by x, the result is 1. This can be rewritten as x = 0.05. Therefore, the value of x is 0.05.
26.
If x = 5, then x^{2} × 2x =
Correct Answer
A. 250
Explanation
When x = 5, x2 = 5^2 = 25. And 2x = 2 * 5 = 10. Therefore, x2 * 2x = 25 * 10 = 250.
27.
(3 × 2)(7 - 2)(6 + 2) = (6 × 4)x. What is the value of x?
Correct Answer
D. 10
Explanation
The given equation can be simplified as follows: (3 × 2)(7 - 2)(6 + 2) = (6 × 4)x. By performing the operations within the parentheses, we get: 6 × 5 × 8 = 24x. Simplifying further, we have: 240 = 24x. Dividing both sides by 24, we find that x = 10.
28.
2x - 6 = x + 5
Correct Answer
C. 11
Explanation
To find the value of x in the equation 2x - 6 = x + 5, we need to isolate x on one side of the equation. By subtracting x from both sides, we get x - 6 = 5. Then, by adding 6 to both sides, we get x = 11. Therefore, the value of x that satisfies the equation is 11.
29.
If I = prt, and p = $1,000, r = 7%, and t = 1, what does I equal?
Correct Answer
A. $70
Explanation
The formula I = prt represents the calculation for simple interest, where I is the interest, p is the principal amount, r is the interest rate, and t is the time period. In this case, the principal amount is given as $1,000, the interest rate is 7%, and the time period is 1 year. Plugging these values into the formula, we get I = 1000 * 0.07 * 1 = $70. Therefore, the correct answer is $70.
30.
Scientists believe that a black hole is created when a supernova from a large star collapses on itself. This collapse causes a gravitational field that grows more and more intense until nothing can escape from its pull, not even light. It is thought that the universe may end as a black hole.
According to this passage:
Correct Answer
A. The gravitational field of a black hole allows nothing to escape.
Explanation
According to the passage, a black hole is created when a supernova collapses on itself, causing a gravitational field that grows more intense. This gravitational field is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape from it. Therefore, the correct answer is that the gravitational field of a black hole allows nothing to escape.
31.
Genetics is a branch of science dealing with heredity. The field is concerned with how genes operate and the way genes are transmitted to offspring. Subdivisions in the field include cytogenetics, which is the study of the cellular basis of inheritance; microbial genetics, the study of inheritance in microbes; molecular genetics, the study of the biochemical foundation of inheritance; and human genetics, the study of how people inherit traits that are medically and socially important. Genetic counselors are primarily concerned with human genetics. They advise couples and families on the chances of their offspring having specific genetic defects.
In the passage above, cytogenetics is defined as:
Correct Answer
A. the study of the cellular foundation of genetics
Explanation
Cytogenetics is defined as the study of the cellular basis of inheritance, as mentioned in the passage. It focuses on understanding how genes are organized, structured, and transmitted within cells. This field investigates the role of chromosomes, their structure, and any abnormalities or mutations that may occur within them. It is not the study of the psychological impact of genetics, human genetics, or molecular genetics, as these are separate subdivisions within the field of genetics.
32.
The Panama Canal is a ship canal that cuts through the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Although several foreign companies tried to build the canal throughout the 19th century, none were successful. After the U.S. helped Panama revolt against Columbia, the U.S. was given rights to the land the canal would occupy. The U.S. government finished the canal in 1914.
According to the passage
Correct Answer
B. The U.S. was given rights to the canal land.
Explanation
The passage states that after the U.S. helped Panama revolt against Columbia, the U.S. was given rights to the land the canal would occupy. This implies that the U.S. was given rights to the canal land.
33.
Any discussion of distinctive military capabilities would be incomplete without looking at their relationship to the Joint Service vision of the future. JV 2020 guides all the Services into the next century with its vision of future war fighting. JV 2020 sets forth four overarching operational concepts: dominant maneuver, precision engagement, focused logistics, and full–dimensional protection. Each of these operational concepts reinforces the others. The aggregate of these four concepts, along with their interaction with information superiority and innovation, allows joint forces to dominate the full range of military operations from humanitarian assistance through peace operations to the highest intensity conflict.
According to the passage above, which of the following is not an operational concept?
Correct Answer
C. High intensity conflict
Explanation
The passage states that the four overarching operational concepts are dominant maneuver, precision engagement, focused logistics, and full-dimensional protection. It does not mention high intensity conflict as one of the operational concepts.
34.
Medieval guilds were similar to modern-day labor unions. These groups of merchants or craftspeople set rules regarding economic activity in order to protect themselves. Some guilds held considerable economic power, but even small guilds protected members. Guilds also served a social purpose.
According to this passage, guilds
Correct Answer
B. Held considerable economic power
Explanation
Guilds held considerable economic power, as mentioned in the passage. They set rules regarding economic activity in order to protect themselves and their members. This suggests that guilds had the ability to influence and control economic activities, indicating their significant economic power.
35.
After a series of well–publicized failures by various inventors, Orville and Wilbur Wright succeeded in flying and controlling a heavier–than–air craft on December 17, 1903. The War Department, stung by its investment in a failed effort by Samuel Langley and compounded by the Wright’s own secretiveness, initially rejected the brothers’ overtures toward the government to buy the aircraft. Prevailing sentiments held that the immediate future still belonged to the balloon. In August 1908, the two brothers delivered the first Army aircraft to the U.S. Government. That the U.S. government managed to purchase an airplane was a minor miracle. For more than four years after the Wright brothers’ successful flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the government refused to accept the fact that man had flown in a heavier-than-air machine.
Which of the following statements is not supported by the above passage?
Correct Answer
D. It took more than six years for the Wright Brothers to interest the U.S. Government in their airplane.
Explanation
The passage states that the government initially rejected the Wright brothers' overtures to buy the aircraft, but it does not mention a specific time frame for when the government eventually became interested. Therefore, the statement "It took more than six years for the Wright Brothers to interest the U.S. Government in their airplane" is not supported by the passage.
36.
An ex-post-facto law is a law applied retroactively. Usually it makes an act illegal that was legal at the time it was performed. The U.S. Constitution prohibits ex-post-facto criminal laws, although the British Commonwealth allows them.
Correct Answer
A. A person could be prosecuted for an act that was not a crime when he or she did it.
Explanation
The correct answer is "a person could be prosecuted for an act that was not a crime when he or she did it." This statement accurately reflects the concept of ex-post-facto laws, which make an act illegal that was legal when it was performed. These laws can lead to individuals being prosecuted for actions that were not considered criminal at the time they were committed.
37.
Troy weight is based on a pound of 12 ounces and an ounce of 480 grains. Common, or avoirdupois, weight is based on a pound having 16 ounces and an ounce having 437.5 grains. A common pound has 7,000 grains while a troy pound has 5,760.
According to this passage:
Correct Answer
B. A troy pound is smaller than a common pound.
Explanation
The passage states that a common pound has 7,000 grains while a troy pound has 5,760 grains. Since a troy pound has fewer grains than a common pound, it can be concluded that a troy pound is smaller than a common pound.
38.
Extreme care must be exercised to ensure proper handling and cleaning of soiled U.S. flags. A torn flag may be professionally mended, but a badly torn or tattered flag should be destroyed. When the flag is in such a condition that it’s no longer a fitting emblem for display, destroy it in a dignified manner, preferably by burning.
According to this passage, torn flags should be:
Correct Answer
D. All of the above
Explanation
According to the passage, torn flags should be burned, destroyed, or professionally mended. This means that any torn flag should be treated in one of these ways, depending on the severity of the damage.
39.
Good leaders get involved in their subordinates’ careers. People merely obey arbitrary commands and orders, but they respond quickly and usually give extra effort for leaders who genuinely care for them. An often neglected leadership principle in today’s environment of technology and specialization is knowing the workers and showing sincere interest in their problems, career development, and welfare. Leadership is reflected in the degree of efficiency, productivity, morale, and motivation demonstrated by subordinates. Leadership involvement is the key ingredient to maximizing worker performance.
A key leadership principle that’s often ignored is:
Correct Answer
D. Showing sincere interest in the problems of the workers
Explanation
The correct answer is "showing sincere interest in the problems of the workers." This is because the passage emphasizes the importance of leaders knowing their workers and genuinely caring for them. By showing sincere interest in their problems, leaders can build a strong relationship with their subordinates and motivate them to give extra effort. This principle is often neglected in today's environment of technology and specialization, but it is crucial for maximizing worker performance.