AST Practice Test - Part 2 Of 2

115 Questions | Total Attempts: 3011

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AST Quizzes & Trivia

250 question practice exam for AST certification. Topics covered are basic sciences, preoperative patient care, preoperative case management, intraoperative case management, postoperative case management, surgical specialties/procedures, and ancillary functions. Part 2: questions 136-250


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The master gland is the
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Pituitary

    • C. 

      Adrenal

    • D. 

      Parathyroid

  • 2. 
    A condition that can occur as a result of gross bone contamination or improper surgical technique is
    • A. 

      Osteoporosis

    • B. 

      Osteomalacia

    • C. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • D. 

      Osteoarthritis

  • 3. 
    Oxytocics are used to
    • A. 

      Relax the uterus

    • B. 

      Contract the uterus

    • C. 

      Treat bronchospasm

    • D. 

      Increase renal flow

  • 4. 
    Which of the following instruments would be used to retract the bladder walls during a suprapubic prostatectomy?
    • A. 

      Weitlaner

    • B. 

      O'Sullivan-O'Connor

    • C. 

      Mason-Judd

    • D. 

      Dennis-Brown

  • 5. 
    Maintenance of bony exposure during a lumbar laminectomy is effected by the use of a
    • A. 

      Gelpi

    • B. 

      Finochietto

    • C. 

      Cloward

    • D. 

      Beckman-Adson

  • 6. 
    A common abdominal complication caused by previous abdoominal or pelvic surgery is
    • A. 

      Adenomyosis

    • B. 

      Endometriosis

    • C. 

      Adhesions

    • D. 

      Vaginal discharge

  • 7. 
    Which or the following shunts would be used surgically to correct hydrocephalus?
    • A. 

      Scribner

    • B. 

      Brisman-Nova

    • C. 

      Le Veen

    • D. 

      Hakim

  • 8. 
    A spinal fusion is usually effected by autogenous grafts taken from the patient's
    • A. 

      Ischium

    • B. 

      Ileum

    • C. 

      Ilium

    • D. 

      Lamina

  • 9. 
    A complication of orthopedic surgery is
    • A. 

      Thromboembolism

    • B. 

      Fat embolism

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Nonunion of bone can be treated with
    • A. 

      Artificially applied electric current

    • B. 

      Medication

    • C. 

      Traction

    • D. 

      Casting

  • 11. 
    The word which best describes "staging" is
    • A. 

      Reproduction criteria

    • B. 

      Categorization

    • C. 

      Series

    • D. 

      B and C

  • 12. 
    Nosocomial infection refers to
    • A. 

      Hospital-acquired infection

    • B. 

      Infection in the nose

    • C. 

      Infection in the wound

    • D. 

      Surgery-related infection

  • 13. 
    During a CPR effort in the OR, the scrub nurse
    • A. 

      Starts time clock and records arrest time

    • B. 

      Remains sterile and keeps tables sterile

    • C. 

      Assists with traffic control as ordered

    • D. 

      Breaks scrub and mans defibrillator

  • 14. 
    The edges of a wrapper that enclose sterile contents are considered
    • A. 

      Sterile

    • B. 

      Semisterile

    • C. 

      Nonsterile

    • D. 

      Surgically clean

  • 15. 
    A ureteral stent catheter is used to
    • A. 

      Remove ureteral calculi

    • B. 

      Inject dye through during pyelography

    • C. 

      Provide long-term drainage in ureteral obstruction

    • D. 

      Measure bladder pressure

  • 16. 
    Uterotubal insufflation is a
    • A. 

      Manchester procedure

    • B. 

      Wertheim procedure

    • C. 

      Le Fort procedure

    • D. 

      Rubin's test

  • 17. 
    An infants average at rest heart rate is _____ beats per minute
    • A. 

      60

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      120

    • D. 

      200

  • 18. 
    Which of the following instruments is not found in a vaginal procedure?
    • A. 

      Goodell dilator

    • B. 

      Jacobs tenaculum

    • C. 

      Auvard speculum

    • D. 

      Harrington retractor

  • 19. 
    The operation to correct prolapse of the anterior vaginal wall is
    • A. 

      Colporrhaphy

    • B. 

      Shirodkar

    • C. 

      Le Fort

    • D. 

      Vesicourethral suspension

  • 20. 
    Which nasal sinus can be approached only through an external eyebrow incision?
    • A. 

      Sphenoid

    • B. 

      Ethmoid

    • C. 

      Frontal

    • D. 

      Maxillary

  • 21. 
    Which sinus is surgically opened in a Caldwell-Luc procedure?
    • A. 

      Ethmoid

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Maxillary

    • D. 

      Sphenoid

  • 22. 
    Which of the following pieces of hardware will be used in an intramedullary fixation of a fracture of an adult femoral shaft?
    • A. 

      Kirschner's wire

    • B. 

      Steinmann pin

    • C. 

      Kuntscher nail

    • D. 

      Jewett nail

  • 23. 
    The second cranial nerve is the
    • A. 

      Vagus

    • B. 

      Oculomotor

    • C. 

      Optic

    • D. 

      Facial

  • 24. 
    The normal body temperature in centigrade measurement is
    • A. 

      37 C

    • B. 

      56 C

    • C. 

      98 C

    • D. 

      112 C

  • 25. 
    What is the purpose of doing ABGs intraoperatively?
    • A. 

      To assess arterial gases

    • B. 

      To determine blood volume

    • C. 

      To monitor pulmonary artery pressure measurement

    • D. 

      To aid in determining antibiotics to use

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