As Excedel Government And Politics Quiz: Democracy And Political Participation

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Politics Quizzes & Trivia

I needed this for revision. I have gone through the text book and made up all the questions needed to get me thinking and remembering the information.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Give a definition of democracy.

  • 2. 

    What is direct democracy?

  • 3. 

    Define representative democracy.

  • 4. 

    Define the term referendum.

  • 5. 

    There are three parts to Abraham Lincoln's definition of democracy. Please tick the three that are correct.

    • A. 

      Government by the people

    • B. 

      Government of the people

    • C. 

      Government with the people

    • D. 

      Government for the people

    • E. 

      Government from the people

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Government by the people
    C. Government with the people
    D. Government for the people
    Explanation
    Lincoln gave three parts for his definition of democracy:

    1. Government by the people
    - The state of affairs where the people themselves make the important decisions which affect them. Also described as direct democracy.
    2. Government for the people
    -This phrase suggests that whatever governs us does so in the broad interests of the people.
    3. Government with the people
    - Here we are straying furthest from Lincoln's definition. We now expect that most of the citizens are able to participate in political activity.

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  • 6. 

    Which explanation for one part of Abraham Lincoln's definition of democracy, Government by the people is correct?

    • A. 

      This is a state of affairs where the people themselves make the important decisions which affect them.

    • B. 

      Most of the citizens are able to participate in political activity.

    • C. 

      This phrase suggests that whoever governs us does so in the broad interests of the people.

    Correct Answer
    A. This is a state of affairs where the people themselves make the important decisions which affect them.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "This is a state of affairs where the people themselves make the important decisions which affect them." This explanation accurately reflects Abraham Lincoln's definition of democracy as a form of government in which the people have the power to make decisions that impact their lives. It emphasizes the idea of citizen participation and self-governance, which are fundamental principles of democracy.

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  • 7. 

    Government for the people, is one part of a three part definition given by Abraham Lincoln of democracy. Which explanation is correct?

    • A. 

      Citizens are able to participate in political activity.

    • B. 

      This is a state of affairs where the people themselves make the important decisions which affect them.

    • C. 

      This phrase suggests that whoever governs us does so in the broad interests of the people.

    Correct Answer
    C. This phrase suggests that whoever governs us does so in the broad interests of the people.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "This phrase suggests that whoever governs us does so in the broad interests of the people." This explanation accurately captures the meaning of "government for the people" as stated by Abraham Lincoln. It implies that the governing body acts in the best interests of the citizens and prioritizes their welfare and needs. It emphasizes the idea of serving the people and working towards their collective well-being.

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  • 8. 

    Abraham Lincoln's definition of democracy included Government with the people. Which brief explanation is the correct?

    • A. 

      This is a state of affairs where the people themselves make the important decisions which affect them.

    • B. 

      Citizens are able to participate in political activity.

    • C. 

      This phrase suggests that whoever governs does so in the broad interests of the people.

    Correct Answer
    B. Citizens are able to participate in political activity.
    Explanation
    Abraham Lincoln's definition of democracy emphasizes the importance of citizens being able to participate in political activity. This means that the people have the opportunity to engage in the decision-making process and have a voice in shaping the government and policies that affect them. It highlights the idea of an inclusive and participatory system where the power lies with the people themselves.

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  • 9. 

    Government by the people is often described as what type of democracy?

    • A. 

      Participatory democracy

    • B. 

      Direct democracy

    • C. 

      Representative democracy

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct democracy
    Explanation
    Direct democracy is often described as government by the people because in this form of democracy, citizens have a direct role in decision-making and policy-making processes. They have the power to directly vote on laws and policies, rather than relying on elected representatives to make decisions on their behalf. This type of democracy allows for maximum citizen participation and involvement in the governing process, as every citizen has an equal say and can directly influence the outcome of decisions.

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  • 10. 

    What does representative democracy also describe?

    • A. 

      Government for the people

    • B. 

      Government with the people

    • C. 

      Government by the people

    Correct Answer
    A. Government for the people
    Explanation
    Representative democracy is a form of government where elected officials represent the interests and concerns of the people. It is based on the principle of government for the people, meaning that the government exists to serve and work for the benefit of the citizens. The elected representatives are responsible for making decisions and implementing policies that reflect the will and needs of the people they represent. This system ensures that the government is accountable to the people and operates in their best interests.

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  • 11. 

    Participatory democracy is used to describe, which of the below?

    • A. 

      Government by the people

    • B. 

      Governemtn with the people

    • C. 

      Government for the people

    Correct Answer
    B. Governemtn with the people
    Explanation
    Participatory democracy refers to a form of government where the people actively participate in the decision-making process. It emphasizes the involvement of citizens in shaping policies and making decisions, ensuring that the government works in collaboration with the people. This answer, "Government with the people," accurately captures the essence of participatory democracy by highlighting the importance of collective involvement and collaboration between the government and its citizens.

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  • 12. 

    What would direct democracy entail the use of?

    • A. 

      Entrusting government to MPs, ministers and so on.

    • B. 

      Referendums

    • C. 

      Standing for elected office

    Correct Answer
    B. Referendums
    Explanation
    Direct democracy entails the use of referendums, which are a form of direct voting in which citizens are asked to vote on a particular issue or policy. In a direct democracy, the power to make decisions and govern is directly in the hands of the people, rather than being delegated to representatives such as MPs or ministers. Referendums allow citizens to directly participate in decision-making and have a say in important matters that affect them. This form of democracy promotes greater citizen involvement and can be seen as a way to ensure that government actions align with the will of the people.

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  • 13. 

    Direct democracy is whereby the government is intensely sensitive to public opinion. All democratic governments ________ the people.

    Correct Answer
    consult
    Explanation
    Direct democracy is a form of government where the decision-making power lies directly with the people. In this system, the government is highly responsive to public opinion and seeks to consult the people before making any major decisions. Therefore, the word "consult" accurately describes the relationship between direct democratic governments and the people they govern.

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  • 14. 

    When the democracy is 'Government for the people' they are governing in their own interests, and govern for one section of the community.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When the democracy is 'Government for the people' they are not governing in their own interests, nor do they concern themselves only with one section of the community.

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  • 15. 

    What makes a participatory democracy?

    • A. 

      Referendums

    • B. 

      Voting in elections

    • C. 

      Standing for elective office

    • D. 

      Entrusting government to Mps, Ministers

    • E. 

      Being active in parties or pressure groups

    • F. 

      Being aware and letting our political views be known

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Voting in elections
    C. Standing for elective office
    E. Being active in parties or pressure groups
    F. Being aware and letting our political views be known
    Explanation
    A participatory democracy is characterized by the active participation of citizens in the political process. This includes voting in elections, as it allows individuals to have a say in choosing their representatives and shaping the government. Standing for elective office is another aspect of participatory democracy, as it enables citizens to directly participate in decision-making and represent the interests of their constituents. Being active in parties or pressure groups also contributes to a participatory democracy, as it allows individuals to advocate for their beliefs and influence policy-making. Lastly, being aware and letting our political views be known is important in a participatory democracy, as it encourages open dialogue and the exchange of ideas among citizens.

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  • 16. 

    Tick the boxes that are true about democracy.

    • A. 

      Democracy is good

    • B. 

      Democracy establishes and protects freedom

    • C. 

      Democracy controls government power

    • D. 

      Democracy protects minorities

    • E. 

      Democracy prevents dictators

    • F. 

      Democracy encourages popular participation

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Democracy establishes and protects freedom
    C. Democracy controls government power
    D. Democracy protects minorities
    F. Democracy encourages popular participation
    Explanation
    Democracy establishes and protects freedom by providing citizens with the right to express their opinions and participate in decision-making processes. It also ensures that government power is controlled through mechanisms such as checks and balances, separation of powers, and regular elections. Democracy protects minorities by guaranteeing their rights and preventing the majority from oppressing them. Additionally, democracy encourages popular participation by allowing individuals to vote, run for office, and engage in political activities.

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  • 17. 

    This is a democratic citizen's right: To possibly join the armed forces if there is a need for conscription (compulsory draft).

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    To possibly join the armed forces if there is a need for conscription (compulsory draft) is a civil obligation.

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  • 18. 

    This is a democratic citizen's obligation: To pay taxes

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This is a democratic citizen's obligation: To pay taxes

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  • 19. 

    This is a democratic citizen's obligation: To obey the laws

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This is a democratic citizen's obligation: To obey the laws - false - this is an obligation

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  • 20. 

    This is a democratic citizen's right: to accept the legitimacy of the properly constituted government

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This is a democratic citizen's right: to accept the legitimacy of the properly constituted government - false - this is an obligation

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  • 21. 

    This is a democratic citizen's obligation: To enjoy the modern concept of civil liberties such as freedom of expression, association, movement, relgion and thought.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This is a democratic citizen's obligation: To enjoy the modern concept of civil liberties such as freedom of expression, association, movement, relgion and thought - false - this is a right

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  • 22. 

    Which of these are rights?

    • A. 

      To obey laws

    • B. 

      To be a resident in the state

    • C. 

      To vote in free elections

    • D. 

      To stand for public office

    • E. 

      To accept the legitimacy of the properly constituted government

    • F. 

      To pay taxes

    • G. 

      To be treated equally under the law

    • H. 

      To be given a fair trial if accused of a crime

    • I. 

      Possibly to join the armed forces if there is a need for conscription (compulsory draft)

    • J. 

      To enjoy the modern concept of civil liberties such as freedom of expression, association, movement, religion and thought

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. To be a resident in the state
    C. To vote in free elections
    D. To stand for public office
    G. To be treated equally under the law
    H. To be given a fair trial if accused of a crime
    J. To enjoy the modern concept of civil liberties such as freedom of expression, association, movement, religion and thought
    Explanation
    The given answer includes rights that individuals have in a society. These rights include the right to be a resident in the state, the right to vote in free elections, the right to stand for public office, the right to be treated equally under the law, the right to be given a fair trial if accused of a crime, and the right to enjoy civil liberties such as freedom of expression, association, movement, religion, and thought. These rights are essential for a functioning democratic society and ensure that individuals have the freedom and protection they need to participate in society and live their lives.

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  • 23. 

    A citizen is one who enoys all the rights and privileges which a country can bestow.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is stating that a citizen is someone who enjoys all the rights and privileges that a country can bestow upon them. This means that if someone is considered a citizen of a country, they are entitled to all the benefits and protections that come with citizenship. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 24. 

    Tony Blair introduced the concept of active citizenship as a new kind of __________ which was to be under taken and which would serve as a price to be paid.

    Correct Answer
    obligation
    Explanation
    Tony Blair introduced the concept of active citizenship as a new kind of obligation which was to be undertaken and which would serve as a price to be paid. This means that Blair believed that being an active citizen was not just a choice or a voluntary action, but a responsibility that individuals had to fulfill. It was seen as a duty or a commitment that had to be taken seriously, and that would require effort and sacrifice. By framing active citizenship as an obligation, Blair emphasized the importance of civic participation and the role that individuals play in contributing to society.

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  • 25. 

    What were the two purposes of Active citizenship?

    • A. 

      To get people involved

    • B. 

      To balance the extension of individual rights

    • C. 

      A vital way of preserving and extending a 'community spirit'

    • D. 

      A way of getting people involved in thier community

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. To balance the extension of individual rights
    C. A vital way of preserving and extending a 'community spirit'
    Explanation
    Active citizenship serves two purposes: balancing the extension of individual rights and preserving and extending a 'community spirit'. By balancing individual rights, active citizenship ensures that the rights of one person do not infringe upon the rights of others, promoting fairness and equality within a society. Additionally, active citizenship fosters a 'community spirit' by encouraging people to actively participate in their community, promoting a sense of belonging, cooperation, and solidarity among its members.

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  • 26. 

    The active citizen was expected to become involved in such activities as:

    • A. 

      Going to local council

    • B. 

      Making themselves aware of political issues

    • C. 

      Voting in elections

    • D. 

      Joining neighbour hood watch

    • E. 

      Becoming actively involved in the promotion of issues in which they are interested (national level, membership of pressure groups)

    • F. 

      Going to PTA meetings

    • G. 

      Becoming involved in community action of some kind

    • H. 

      Voluntary work among the disadvantaged in the community

    • I. 

      Helping in evironmental projects

    • J. 

      Joining and being active in a political party

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Going to local council
    B. Making themselves aware of political issues
    C. Voting in elections
    D. Joining neighbour hood watch
    E. Becoming actively involved in the promotion of issues in which they are interested (national level, membership of pressure groups)
    F. Going to PTA meetings
    G. Becoming involved in community action of some kind
    H. Voluntary work among the disadvantaged in the community
    I. Helping in evironmental projects
    J. Joining and being active in a political party
    Explanation
    The active citizen is expected to engage in various activities such as attending local council meetings, staying informed about political issues, participating in elections, joining neighborhood watch programs, actively advocating for their interests through involvement in national level issues and pressure groups, attending PTA meetings, getting involved in community action, volunteering to help the disadvantaged in the community, contributing to environmental projects, and joining and actively participating in a political party. These activities demonstrate a commitment to civic engagement and making a positive impact at various levels of society.

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  • 27. 

    Evidence of falling levels of political participation:

    • A. 

      Falling levels of turnout at elections

    • B. 

      Falling levels of party membership

    • C. 

      Falling levels of identification with political parties

    • D. 

      Wasted votes due to elecotoral system

    • E. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer, "All of the above," is correct because it encompasses all the evidence mentioned in the question that supports falling levels of political participation. Falling levels of turnout at elections, falling levels of party membership, falling levels of identification with political parties, and wasted votes due to the electoral system are all indicators of declining political participation. Therefore, selecting "All of the above" as the answer is the most comprehensive and accurate choice.

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  • 28. 

    Evidence for low election turnout? : In 1979 the turnout was 76.0%, then in 1987 the turnout was 75.3% and then in 2001 the turnout was 59.4%

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The evidence provided shows a decrease in election turnout over time. In 1979, the turnout was 76.0%, then in 1987 it decreased to 75.3%, and in 2001 it further decreased to 59.4%. This consistent decline in turnout suggests that there is indeed evidence for low election turnout. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 29. 

    Evidence for low turnout: In 1997 the turnout was? compared to 2001 where the turnout was ?

    • A. 

      87.9% in 1997 and 67.4% in 2001

    • B. 

      71.4% in 1997 and 59.4% in 2001

    • C. 

      59.4% in 1997 and 61.3% in 2001

    Correct Answer
    B. 71.4% in 1997 and 59.4% in 2001
    Explanation
    However, the 2005(61.3%) and the 2010 (65.1%)elections had increased turnout, showing that potentially political participation is on the increase.

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  • 30. 

    Evidence for party membership decline? : In 1980 the membership of parties was 4.12%, compared to 1998 whereby it was 1.92%.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    However, pressure group membership is increasing - a counter-argument for declining political participation

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  • 31. 

    In particular the decline in political party membership has declined in the tradditionally high membership Conservtives. In 1980 their membership was ________ compared to their 2006 membership of 0.27 million

    Correct Answer
    1.20 million
    Explanation
    The decline in political party membership, specifically in the traditionally high membership Conservatives, is evident. In 1980, their membership was 1.20 million, which decreased to 0.27 million in 2006.

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  • 32. 

    A third indication of falling levels of participation comes from a great deal of reasearch material which suggests that, in general, people identify much less closely with political parties than they used to. This is a process known as ____________.

    Correct Answer
    partisan dealignment
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "partisan dealignment." This refers to the decreasing identification and alignment of individuals with political parties. The explanation suggests that there is a significant amount of research material indicating that people nowadays do not closely associate themselves with political parties as much as they did in the past. This phenomenon is referred to as partisan dealignment.

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  • 33. 

    Evidenced for a participatory democracy and a counter-argument for falling levels of political participation is that people take direct action themselves. In 1990, hundereds of thousands took to the streets in London to protest against the imposition of the unpopular local poll tax. In 2011 with the imposition of tax cuts and raised student tution fees 30,000 to 52,000 taking to the streets of London to protest.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Also evidence that the UK is becoming a direct democracy.

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  • 34. 

    Evidence for political participation? : In 2007, over 1.8 million people signed up to an internet petition opposing proposals for a road pricing scheme.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This petition was transmitted directly to 10 Downing street and provoked major government re-think on the issue.

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  • 35. 

    Which three of these pressure groups are real?

    • A. 

      Help the tigers

    • B. 

      FTR (Free The Rats)

    • C. 

      RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)

    • D. 

      Fathers for Justice

    • E. 

      QPRS (Queens Protection of Royal Swans)

    • F. 

      Countryside alliance

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)
    D. Fathers for Justice
    F. Countryside alliance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds), Fathers for Justice, and Countryside alliance. These three pressure groups are real and exist in the real world. RSPB is a well-known organization that focuses on the protection of birds and their habitats. Fathers for Justice is a group that advocates for the rights of fathers in family law and the family court system. Countryside alliance is a group that promotes the interests of rural communities and activities such as hunting, shooting, and fishing.

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  • 36. 

    A new initiative in participatory democracy was launched by Gordon Brown as soon as he took over as prime minister in 2007. This was the practice of assembing '________________'.

    Correct Answer(s)
    citizens juries
    citizens' juries
    Explanation
    Gordon Brown introduced a new initiative in participatory democracy when he became the prime minister in 2007. This initiative involved the establishment of "citizens juries" or "citizens' juries." These juries were formed to include ordinary citizens in decision-making processes, allowing them to have a voice and participate actively in democratic practices. The use of both "citizens juries" and "citizens' juries" suggests that either phrasing is acceptable and can be used interchangeably to refer to this practice.

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  • 37. 

    These were groups of citizens with special _________ in, or knowledge of a particular issue.

    Correct Answer(s)
    interest
    Explanation
    These were groups of citizens with special interest in, or knowledge of a particular issue.

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  • 38. 

    When each jury was assembled, a _______________________ would lead a discussion on one of the principal areas of government policy.

    Correct Answer(s)
    senior cabinet minister
    Explanation
    When each jury was assembled, a senior cabinet minister would lead a discussion on one of the principal areas of government policy. This implies that the senior cabinet minister has the authority and expertise to guide and facilitate a productive discussion on important government policies. Their role would be to provide insights, answer questions, and ensure that the jury members have a comprehensive understanding of the policy area being discussed. This arrangement suggests that the government values the input and opinions of the jury members and considers the senior cabinet minister as a trusted and knowledgeable leader in the field of government policy.

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  • 39. 

    When did the first jury meet?

    • A. 

      6 September 2007

    • B. 

      4 September 2007

    • C. 

      2 September 2007

    Correct Answer
    A. 6 September 2007
  • 40. 

    What did the first jury discuss?

    • A. 

      Education

    • B. 

      Horticulture

    • C. 

      Foot and Mouth epidemic

    • D. 

      Services for children

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Education
    D. Services for children
    Explanation
    The first jury discussed education and services for children.

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  • 41. 

    What is citizens juries an example of?

    • A. 

      Tackling voter apathy

    • B. 

      An advance in participation and citizenship

    • C. 

      Tackling lack of education

    Correct Answer
    B. An advance in participation and citizenship
    Explanation
    Citizens' juries are an example of an advance in participation and citizenship. This is because citizens' juries involve randomly selected individuals who come together to deliberate on a specific issue and provide recommendations. By involving ordinary citizens in decision-making processes, citizens' juries promote democratic participation and empower individuals to actively engage in civic affairs. This approach enhances the overall level of citizen involvement and strengthens the concept of citizenship by giving ordinary people a voice in shaping public policies and decisions.

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  • 42. 

    What problems are associated with direct democracy?

    • A. 

      Not possible with large numbers of voters

    • B. 

      People do not want continuous participation

    • C. 

      Most people lack the knowledge to make informed decisions

    • D. 

      Most people lack the enterprise to make informed decisions

    • E. 

      Most people don't vote

    • F. 

      Voter apathy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Not possible with large numbers of voters
    B. People do not want continuous participation
    C. Most people lack the knowledge to make informed decisions
    D. Most people lack the enterprise to make informed decisions
    Explanation
    Direct democracy is a system where citizens directly participate in decision-making processes. However, it faces several problems. Firstly, it becomes impractical with large numbers of voters as it becomes difficult to gather and count everyone's opinions. Additionally, people may not want continuous participation in decision-making due to time constraints or lack of interest. Moreover, most individuals lack the knowledge and understanding required to make informed decisions on complex issues. Similarly, many people lack the initiative or enterprise to actively engage in decision-making. Finally, voter apathy is a common problem where a significant portion of the population does not exercise their right to vote.

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  • 43. 

    What is the key distinction between direct democracy and representative democracy?

    • A. 

      People make their own decisions in direct democracy and in representative democracy people have thier decisions made for them.

    • B. 

      The key distinction is between direct and indirect participation

    • C. 

      Direct democracy involves a lot more referendums

    Correct Answer
    B. The key distinction is between direct and indirect participation
    Explanation
    Direct democracy and representative democracy differ in terms of the level of participation by the people. In direct democracy, individuals directly make decisions and participate in the decision-making process. On the other hand, in representative democracy, individuals elect representatives who make decisions on their behalf. Therefore, the key distinction lies in the level of direct or indirect participation in the decision-making process. The statement about direct democracy involving more referendums is not accurate and does not reflect the main difference between the two forms of democracy.

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  • 44. 

    The UK is a representative democracy with __________________ institutions such as the House of Commons.

    Correct Answer
    representative
    Explanation
    The UK is a representative democracy with representative institutions such as the House of Commons. This means that the citizens of the UK elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf and to represent their interests in the government. The House of Commons is one of these representative institutions where elected Members of Parliament (MPs) debate and make decisions on legislation and policies. These representatives are chosen by the people through elections, allowing for a democratic system where the voices and interests of the citizens are represented in the decision-making process.

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  • 45. 

    Although the UK is not a direct democracy aspects of it can be found in the use of referendums, such as those on devolution in Scotland and Wales in 1997, on a regional assembly for the North East in 2004 and on the introduction of AV for Westminister elections in 2011.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it states that aspects of direct democracy can be found in the UK through the use of referendums. It provides examples of referendums that have taken place in the UK, such as those on devolution in Scotland and Wales, a regional assembly for the North East, and the introduction of AV for Westminster elections. These referendums allow the citizens to directly participate in decision-making processes, which is a characteristic of direct democracy.

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  • 46. 

    To an increasing extent Britain is becoming a direct democracy.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Britain is becoming a consultative democracy - a limited kind of direct system.

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  • 47. 

    Refendums and direct democracy generally have certainly been on the _________ in recent years.

    Correct Answer
    rise
    Explanation
    In recent years, there has been a noticeable increase or upward trend in the use and popularity of referendums and direct democracy. This suggests that more people are actively participating in decision-making processes and expressing their opinions through these methods. The word "rise" accurately captures this upward movement or growth in the use of referendums and direct democracy.

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