Arhitectura Computerelor Personale

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| By Laurentiu_lambri
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 9,340
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Arhitectura Computerelor Personale - Quiz

Intrebari generale legate de arhitectura generala a computerelor personale...


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Componenta care interconecteaza toate celelalte componente si dispozitive se numeste:

  • 2. 

    Numele matematicianului care a descris schema de functionare a unui calculator electronic este ?

  • 3. 

    Scrieti trei propozitii referitoarea la imaginea de mai jos!

  • 4. 

    Scanner-ul este: (The scanner is)

    • A.

      Dispozitiv de intrare (input device)

    • B.

      Dispozitiv de iesire (output device)

    • C.

      Unitate de memorie (memory unit)

    • D.

      Nici una dintre ele (None of above)

    Correct Answer
    A. Dispozitiv de intrare (input device)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dispozitiv de intrare (input device)". A scanner is a device that allows users to convert physical documents or images into digital format, which can then be stored or manipulated on a computer. As an input device, it allows users to input information or data into a computer system.

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  • 5. 

    Cum se numeste memoria nevolatila inclusa in sistem ? (How is the permanent memory built into your computer called?)

    • A.

      ROM

    • B.

      Cache

    • C.

      RAM

    • D.

      CPU

    Correct Answer
    A. ROM
    Explanation
    ROM stands for Read-Only Memory. It is a type of non-volatile memory that is built into a computer system. Unlike RAM, which is volatile and loses its data when the power is turned off, ROM retains its data even when the power is off. ROM is used to store firmware and other permanent instructions that are essential for the computer to boot up and operate. Therefore, ROM is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 6. 

    Aproximativ cati Byte sunt intr-un Octet ? (Aproximate the number of bytes within a octet)

    • A.

      1000

    • B.

      1

    • C.

      100

    • D.

      10000

    Correct Answer
    B. 1
    Explanation
    An octet is a unit of digital information that consists of 8 bits. Each bit represents a binary value of either 0 or 1. Since there are 8 bits in an octet, the correct answer is 1 byte.

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  • 7. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele este "creierul" calculatorului ? (Which part is the "brain" of the computer)

    • A.

      RAM

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      ROM

    • D.

      Motherboard

    Correct Answer
    B. CPU
    Explanation
    The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is often referred to as the "brain" of the computer because it is responsible for executing instructions and processing data. It performs the majority of the calculations and controls the operation of the computer's hardware and software. The CPU is where all the processing and decision-making happens, making it the most essential component of a computer system.

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  • 8. 

    Capacitatea de stocare a harddiskului se masoara in ? (The capacity of your hard drive is measured in)

    • A.

      Mhz

    • B.

      GB

    • C.

      Mbs

    • D.

      KG

    Correct Answer
    B. GB
    Explanation
    The capacity of a hard drive is measured in gigabytes (GB). Gigabyte is a unit of digital information storage that represents 1 billion bytes. This unit is commonly used to measure the amount of data that can be stored on a hard disk.

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  • 9. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele nu reprezinta un dispozitiv periferic de iesire ? (Which of the following is not an output device?)

    • A.

      Monitorul (monitor)

    • B.

      Imprimanta (printer)

    • C.

      Boxele audio (speakers)

    • D.

      Tastatura (keyboard)

    Correct Answer
    D. Tastatura (keyboard)
    Explanation
    The keyboard is not an output device because it is used for inputting data into a computer rather than displaying or producing output. It is used for typing and entering commands, allowing the user to interact with the computer and control its functions. Output devices, on the other hand, are used to display or produce information from the computer, such as monitors for displaying visuals, printers for producing hard copies of documents, and speakers for playing audio.

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  • 10. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele nu sunt dispozitive de intrare ? (Whitch of the following are not input devices ?)

    • A.

      Tastatura, mouse, scanner

    • B.

      Mouse, imprimanta, joystick

    • C.

      Microfon, mouse, joystick

    • D.

      Tastatura, mouse, trackball

    Correct Answer
    B. Mouse, imprimanta, joystick
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mouse, imprimanta, joystick". A mouse and a joystick are both input devices as they allow users to interact with a computer by providing input. An imprimanta (printer) is an output device as it produces output in the form of printed documents. Therefore, the mouse, imprimanta, and joystick are not input devices.

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  • 11. 

    USB inseamna: (USB stands for:)

    • A.

      Universal Serial Bus

    • B.

      Urban Service Boundary

    • C.

      User's Support Branch

    • D.

      United States Bank

    Correct Answer
    A. Universal Serial Bus
    Explanation
    USB stands for Universal Serial Bus. It is a standard interface that allows communication between devices and a host controller, typically a computer. USB is widely used for connecting peripherals such as keyboards, mice, printers, and external storage devices to computers. It provides a fast and convenient way to transfer data and power devices. The other options, Urban Service Boundary, User's Support Branch, and United States Bank, are unrelated to the acronym USB.

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  • 12. 

    Imaginea de mai jos reprezinta ?

    • A.

      O placa de snowboard

    • B.

      O placa de intins parul

    • C.

      O placa video

    • D.

      O placa de baza

    Correct Answer
    D. O placa de baza
    Explanation
    The given image represents a "placa de baza" which translates to a "motherboard" in English. A motherboard is a central printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer that connects all the other components together. It provides communication between all the hardware components and allows them to work together to perform various functions.

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  • 13. 

    Unui computer ii pot atasa oricata memorie RAM

    • A.

      Adevarat

    • B.

      Fals

    Correct Answer
    B. Fals
    Explanation
    The statement "Unui computer ii pot atasa oricata memorie RAM" translates to "A computer can have as much RAM attached to it." This statement is false because there is a limit to the amount of RAM that a computer can support. Each computer has a maximum limit of RAM that it can handle, and exceeding this limit can cause compatibility issues or system instability. Therefore, it is not true that a computer can have an unlimited amount of RAM attached to it.

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  • 14. 

    RAM inseamna ?

    • A.

      Really Awesome Monkeys

    • B.

      Random Access Memory

    • C.

      Raspberry And Mayonaise

    • D.

      Read Agree Messages

    Correct Answer
    B. Random Access Memory
    Explanation
    RAM stands for Random Access Memory, which is a type of computer memory that allows data to be read or written in almost the same amount of time regardless of the physical location of data inside the memory. It is a volatile memory, meaning it loses its stored information when the power is turned off or interrupted. RAM is an essential component of a computer system as it provides temporary storage for data and instructions that are actively being used by the CPU.

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  • 15. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele reprezinta un slot de expansiune ?

    • A.

      PCI

    • B.

      HDD

    • C.

      CPU

    • D.

      USB

    Correct Answer
    A. PCI
    Explanation
    PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) este un slot de expansiune care permite conectarea de plăci de extensie la placa de bază a unui computer. Aceste plăci de extensie pot adăuga funcționalități suplimentare, cum ar fi plăci de rețea, plăci de sunet sau plăci video. Prin urmare, PCI este un slot de expansiune, în timp ce HDD (Hard Disk Drive), CPU (Central Processing Unit) și USB (Universal Serial Bus) nu sunt sloturi de expansiune.

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  • 16. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele nu este integrata pe placa de baza ?

    • A.

      Socketul procesorului

    • B.

      Harddiskul

    • C.

      Memoria ROM

    • D.

      Portul USB

    Correct Answer
    B. Harddiskul
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Harddiskul". The hard disk is not integrated on the motherboard. It is a separate component that is connected to the motherboard via cables. The motherboard contains the socket for the processor, the ROM memory, and the USB ports, but not the hard disk.

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  • 17. 

    Cu ajutorul carei placi se conecteaza dispozitivul din imagine ?

    • A.

      Placa de sunet

    • B.

      Placa video

    • C.

      Placa de retea

    • D.

      Placa de baza

    Correct Answer
    B. Placa video
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Placa video". The image shows a device that is used to connect to a computer, and the most common device used for this purpose is a video card or graphics card, which is also known as a "placa video" in Romanian. This card is responsible for rendering and displaying visual information on the computer's monitor.

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  • 18. 

    Componenta care determina performantele placii de baza se numeste ?

    • A.

      Procesor

    • B.

      Placa video

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Chipset

    Correct Answer
    D. Chipset
    Explanation
    The component that determines the performance of the motherboard is called the chipset. The chipset is responsible for controlling the flow of data between the different components of the motherboard, such as the CPU, memory, and peripherals. It also determines the capabilities and features of the motherboard, such as the number of USB ports, expansion slots, and supported memory types. Therefore, the chipset plays a crucial role in determining the overall performance and functionality of the motherboard.

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  • 19. 

    Placa de baza este componenta fizica ce reprezinta Unitatea Centrala de Prelucrare

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. "Placa de baza" in Romanian translates to "motherboard" in English, not "Unitatea Centrala de Prelucrare" which means "Central Processing Unit" (CPU). The motherboard is a physical component that connects various hardware components of a computer, including the CPU. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 20. 

    1 KB=1000 Bytes

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "1 KB=1000 Bytes" is incorrect. In the context of computer storage, 1 KB (kilobyte) is equal to 1024 bytes, not 1000 bytes. This is because computers use a binary system, where each unit is a power of 2. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 21. 

    Numarul 5 poate fi scris in baza 2 ca 101

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the number 5 can indeed be written in base 2 as 101. In base 2, also known as the binary system, there are only two digits available, 0 and 1. Each digit represents a power of 2, starting from the rightmost digit. So, 101 in base 2 translates to (1 * 2^2) + (0 * 2^1) + (1 * 2^0) = 4 + 0 + 1 = 5. Therefore, the answer is true.

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  • 22. 

    Care din urmatoarele nu influenteaza performantele unui PC ?

    • A.

      Capacitatea de stocare a harddiskului

    • B.

      Frecventa microprocesorului

    • C.

      Dimensiunea memoriei de lucru

    • D.

      Latimea de banda a procesorului

    Correct Answer
    A. Capacitatea de stocare a harddiskului
    Explanation
    Capacitatea de stocare a harddiskului nu influențează performanțele unui PC deoarece aceasta se referă doar la spațiul disponibil pentru stocarea datelor, nu la viteza de procesare a acestora. Performanțele unui PC sunt influențate de frecvența microprocesorului, dimensiunea memoriei de lucru și lățimea de bandă a procesorului, deoarece acestea afectează viteza de calcul și transferul de date în sistemul computerului.

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  • 23. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele reprezinta memorii de stocare ?

    • A.

      RAM, HDD, FDD

    • B.

      Flash, HDD, USB

    • C.

      Cache, Buffer, FDD

    • D.

      FDD, CDROM, HDD

    Correct Answer
    D. FDD, CDROM, HDD
    Explanation
    The correct answer is FDD, CDROM, HDD. These options represent different types of storage memory. FDD stands for Floppy Disk Drive, which was a common storage device in the past. CDROM refers to Compact Disc Read-Only Memory, which is a type of optical storage. HDD stands for Hard Disk Drive, which is a common type of storage device used in computers. These options represent different forms of physical storage media used for storing data.

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  • 24. 

    Imaginea de mai jos reprezinta ? The below image shows:

    • A.

      O rasnita de cafea

    • B.

      Un harddisk

    • C.

      Un softdisk

    • D.

      Un CD special

    Correct Answer
    B. Un harddisk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Un harddisk" because the image depicts a device that is commonly known as a hard disk. A hard disk is a storage device used in computers to store and retrieve digital information. It consists of one or more rigid disks coated with a magnetic material and enclosed in a protective casing. The image shows a round metallic object with a label indicating its capacity, which is typical of a hard disk.

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  • 25. 

    Care din urmatoarele nu reprezinta un tip de imprimanta ?

    • A.

      Matriceala

    • B.

      Laserjet

    • C.

      LCD

    • D.

      Inkjet

    Correct Answer
    C. LCD
    Explanation
    The correct answer is LCD because LCD stands for Liquid Crystal Display, which is not a type of printer. LCD is a type of display technology used in monitors, televisions, and other electronic devices, but it is not used in printers. Matriceala, Laserjet, and Inkjet are all types of printers commonly used for printing documents and images.

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  • 26. 

    Numarul 112, scris in baza 2, reprezinta ce numar scris in baza 10 ?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      Numarul nu este corect scris in baza 2

    • D.

      16

    Correct Answer
    C. Numarul nu este corect scris in baza 2
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the number is not correctly written in base 2. This means that the number 112 cannot be represented accurately in base 2. Therefore, none of the other options (8, 7, or 16) can be the correct conversion of 112 from base 2 to base 10.

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  • 27. 

    Suportul pe care microprocesorul se conecteaza pe placa de baza se numeste

    Correct Answer
    socket
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "socket" because a socket is the interface that allows a microprocessor to connect to the motherboard. It provides a physical and electrical connection between the processor and the motherboard, allowing them to communicate and work together effectively. Without a socket, the processor would not be able to connect to the motherboard and function properly.

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  • 28. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele nu este o caracteristica a unui microprocesor ?

    • A.

      Latimea de banda

    • B.

      Capacitatea de stocare

    • C.

      Frecventa de tact

    • D.

      Socketul

    Correct Answer
    B. Capacitatea de stocare
    Explanation
    Capacitatea de stocare nu este o caracteristică a unui microprocesor. Un microprocesor este responsabil pentru execuția de instrucțiuni și procesarea datelor, dar nu are capacitatea de a stoca informații pe termen lung. Capacitatea de stocare se referă la memoria unui sistem, care poate fi reprezentată de RAM, ROM sau alte dispozitive de stocare extern. Socketul, latimea de banda si frecventa de tact sunt caracteristici specifice unui microprocesor.

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  • 29. 

    După închiderea calculatorului, memoria ROM va retine: 

    • A.

      Numele tuturor fișierelor de sistem

    • B.

      Toate detaliile aplicațiilor utilizate recent

    • C.

      Datele inscripționate în aceasta

    • D.

      Adresele paginilor web recent accesate

    Correct Answer
    C. Datele inscripționate în aceasta
    Explanation
    After shutting down the computer, the ROM memory will retain the data that has been written or inscribed into it. This means that any information that has been stored in the ROM will remain intact even when the computer is powered off. ROM is a type of non-volatile memory, which means that it retains its data even without power. Therefore, the correct answer is that the ROM memory will retain the data inscribed into it.

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  • 30. 

    Numele generic dat componentelor externe unitatii centrale este:

    Correct Answer
    dispozitive periferice
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "dispozitive periferice". This is because the term "dispozitive periferice" refers to the external components of the central unit, such as keyboards, mice, printers, scanners, and other devices that are connected to the computer but are not part of the main unit. These peripheral devices are essential for inputting and outputting data to and from the computer, enhancing its functionality and usability.

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  • 31. 

    Componenta care permite conectarea computerului intr-o retea de calculatoare se numeste:

    • A.

      USB

    • B.

      Placa dentara

    • C.

      RFS net

    • D.

      Placa de retea

    Correct Answer
    D. Placa de retea
    Explanation
    Placa de retea este componenta care permite conectarea computerului intr-o retea de calculatoare. Aceasta placa este responsabila pentru transmiterea datelor intre computer si alte dispozitive din retea, precum si pentru gestionarea conexiunii la internet.

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  • 32. 

    Alege din lista urmatoare periferice de intrare

    • A.

      Scanner

    • B.

      Imprimanta

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Microfon

    • E.

      Webcam

    • F.

      USB

    • G.

      Tastatura

    • H.

      Boxe audio

    • I.

      Joystick

    • J.

      Microprocesor

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Scanner
    D. Microfon
    E. Webcam
    G. Tastatura
    I. Joystick
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the following input peripherals: Scanner, Microfon, Webcam, Tastatura, and Joystick. These devices are used to input data or commands into a computer system. Scanners are used to convert physical documents or images into digital format. Microphones are used to input audio. Webcams are used to input video. Keyboards (Tastatura) are used to input text or commands. Joysticks are used to input control commands in gaming or simulation applications.

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  • 33. 

    Care dintre urmatoarele  relatii este corecta?

    • A.

      1KB<1MB<1GB<1TB

    • B.

      1KB<1GB<1TB<1MB

    • C.

      1MB<1KB<1GB<1TB

    • D.

      1KB<1TB<1GB<1MB

    Correct Answer
    A. 1KB<1MB<1GB<1TB
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1KB

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 25, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 14, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Laurentiu_lambri
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