Protestant Reformation, Renaissance, absolute monarchy, Enlightenment
Absolute monarchy, Renaissance, Enlightenment, Protestant Reformation
Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, absolute monarchy, Enlightenment
Absolute monarchy, Enlightenment, Protestant Reformation, Renaissance
The Renaissance challenged medieval intellectual values and styles.
The Renaissance was largely an artistic movement that began in Italy.
The Renaissance failed to develop any new ideas concerning political organization.
The Renaissance was built on a more commercialized economy.
The Renaissance had a southern and northern phase.
Leonardo da Vinci
Humanists focused on humankind as the center of intellectual and artistic endeavor.
Humanists attacked Christianity as rife with superstition and witchcraft.
Humanists carved out new literary styles without reference to classical or medieval models.
Humanists de-emphasized the corporate and communal aspects of human society.
Humanists rejected scientific explanations in favor of spiritual ones.
The unification of the Holy Roman Empire in 1537.
The construction of Wittenberg cathedral during the 15th century.
The defeat of the Catholic forces during the Thirty Years War.
The invention of movable type in the West.
The split that occurred in the Catholic church in the late 1500s.
Extended families, early marriage ages
Nuclear families, early marriage ages
Extended families, late marriage ages
Nuclear families, late marriage ages
Extended families, marriage optional
The occupation of the husband
Access to real property
The approval of the church
Securing license to marry from the government
Luther proposed moving the papacy from Rome to Germany.
Luther's support for a more centralized German government under the control of the Holy Roman emperor struck a responsive chord in German nationalism.
German princes who turned Protestant could increase their independence from the emperor, seize church lands, and control the church in their territories.
Luther proposed that indulgences should be collected by the Holy Roman emperor instead of the pope.
Luther was seen as anti-Muslim and many German princes saw a way to expand their power into eastern Europe.
The doctrine of penance.
Granted tolerance to Protestants and helped end the French civil wars of religion.
Established Calvinism as the state religion of France.
Decreed the abolition of Protestantism in France.
Declared war against the Lutheran princes of Germany.
Led to the Thirty Years War between France and Sweden.
The restoration of Catholic unity.
The establishment of Protestant dominance.
A limited acceptance of the idea of religious pluralism.
The end of the involvement of the state in religion.
A monolithic Protestantism in Europe.
Charles I of England.
Frederick William of Prussia.
William of Orange of the Netherlands.
Louis XIV of France.
Joseph II of Austria
Mercantilism was a scientific theory that attempted to limit the growing dominance of merchants within society.
Mercantilism held that government should promote the internal economy in order to improve tax revenues and to limit imports from other nations.
Mercantilism was an economic philosophy that argued that natural laws would determine the flow of goods according to supply and demand.
Mercantilism argued that the money supply should be freed from the supply of bullion and based instead on the flow of goods within regional markets.
Mercantilism is the idea that all trade should be international and free of any restraints.
Government intervention in order to control the flow of bullion through extensive tariff systems.
The use of a controlled money supply as a means of limiting inflation.
That governments avoid regulation in favor of the operation of individual initiative and market forces.
The institution of state-controlled guilds to fix standards of production and wages.
That government should allocate labor and capital whenever they engaged in warfare.
Double-entry bookkeeping to western Europe.
The flying shuttle to automate weaving.
The steam engine.
The potato to European agriculture.
The cotton gin.
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