Pvhs Western Civilization Final

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 312

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Pvhs Western Civilization Final

This test will contain information from the PVHS Western Civilization coursework from sections 2b-3b


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    "Renaissance," French for "______," perfectly describes the intellectual and economic changes that occurred in Europe from the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries.
    • A. 

      Rebirth

    • B. 

      New age

    • C. 

      Old days

  • 2. 
    During the era known by this name, Europe emerged from the economic stagnation of the Middle Ages and experienced a time of financial growth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Renaissance was an age in which artistic, social, scientific, and political thought turned in new directions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    In the feudal structure of the Middle Ages, the peasants who lived in the country provided the king with protection in exchange for land.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Rural peasants worked from sunup to sundown, but even the nobles had few creature comforts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In feudal cities, where there was a large middle-class population, life was a little easier and individuals had the freedom to pursue whatever trade or industry they liked.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    During the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance (1350-1450) the bubonic plague, also called the "Black Death," devastated _____  _____ of the population of Europe.
    • A. 

      One third

    • B. 

      Two thirds

    • C. 

      One half

    • D. 

      One fourth

  • 8. 
    The population decrease caused by the plague led to an economic depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Renaissance, The New Middle:ClassMany _______coastal cities became centers for trade and commerce, and for the wealth and education that ensued.
    • A. 

      Persian

    • B. 

      Russian

    • C. 

      Scottish

    • D. 

      Italian

  • 10. 
    Tools developed in the Middle Ages for exploration continued to be used during the Renaissance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Renaissance, Exploration and Trade:By measuring the distance of the sun and stars above the horizon, the astrolabe helped determine_________, an important tool in navigation.
    • A. 

      Longitude

    • B. 

      Latitude

    • C. 

      Distance

    • D. 

      Elevation

  • 12. 
    The magnetic compass was invented during the Renaissance age
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The Renaissance sailor first took to the seas to supply Europeans with the many Asian spices they demanded.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    With the help of mathematicians, astronomers, cartographers, and other navigators, Prince Henry sent expeditions to explore the west coast of Africa. These explorations led to trade for _____ and ivory and, soon after, slaves. Later, Portuguese sailors discovered the route around the southern tip of Africa that would take them to India entirely by sea.
    • A. 

      Gold

    • B. 

      Silver

    • C. 

      Platinum

    • D. 

      Copper

  • 15. 
    In______, a trip to the East, made by sailing westward around the world, brought Columbus to the New World--lands known today as the Americas.
    • A. 

      1490

    • B. 

      1491

    • C. 

      1492

    • D. 

      1493

  • 16. 
    Columbus had originally set out to find an all-water route to the East Indies; when he spotted the Americas, he believed he had reached his intended destination. It was ___ years before Europeans realized that he had found a new land.
    • A. 

      Nine

    • B. 

      Ten

    • C. 

      Eleven

    • D. 

      Twelve

  • 17. 
    Renaissance Explorers:Spaniard Hernando Cortez discovered an abundance of gold among the _______in what is now known as Mexico.
    • A. 

      Mayans

    • B. 

      Aztecs

    • C. 

      Inuets

  • 18. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:When Gutenberg invented the printing press in ______, he forever changed the lives of people in Europe and, eventually, all over the world.
    • A. 

      1445

    • B. 

      1446

    • C. 

      1447

    • D. 

      1448

  • 19. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:Often the copying had been done onto parchment, ________ ________ that had been scraped until it was clean, smooth, and thin.
    • A. 

      Tree bark

    • B. 

      Animal skin

    • C. 

      Bamboo shoots

  • 20. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:In the Middle Ages, books had been costly and education rare; only the _______ had been regular readers and owners of books.
    • A. 

      Clergy

    • B. 

      Kings

    • C. 

      Theologists

    • D. 

      Scientists

  • 21. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:Most books had been written in _____, considered the language of scholarship.
    • A. 

      Greek

    • B. 

      Latin

    • C. 

      Aramaic

  • 22. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:To study the classics, humanists learned to read Greek and ancient Latin, and they sought out manuscripts that had lain undisturbed for nearly ____ years.
    • A. 

      1,000

    • B. 

      1,500

    • C. 

      2,000

    • D. 

      2,500

  • 23. 
    Renaissance, The Humanist Philosophy:The secular, humanist idea held that the church should not rule civic matters, but should guide only spiritual matters.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Renaissance, The Humanist Philosophy:On __________ 31, 1517, he went to his church in the town of Wittenburg, Germany, and posted a list of things that worried him about the church.
    • A. 

      September

    • B. 

      October

    • C. 

      November

    • D. 

      December

  • 25. 
    Renaissance, Focus on Florence:In _____ the city had a population of 60,000 and was a self-governed, independent city-state.
    • A. 

      1422

    • B. 

      1423

    • C. 

      1424

    • D. 

      1425

  • 26. 
    Renaissance, Florentine Life:Savonarola was successful in convincing many Florentines to return to a more spiritual way of life. However, his condemnation of church abuses of wealth led to his downfall. The Pope restricted Savonarola from preaching; when he continued to do so, he was excommunicated. Soon after, Florentines turned against him for what they saw as his role in an unfavorable political climate. He was publicly executed in______.
    • A. 

      1498

    • B. 

      1499

    • C. 

      1500

    • D. 

      1501

  • 27. 
    Renaissance, Florentine art and architecture:Arnolfo di Cambio began the building in a Gothic style in ______.
    • A. 

      1292

    • B. 

      1293

    • C. 

      1294

    • D. 

      1295

  • 28. 
    Renaissance, Florentine art and architecture:In _____, architect Filippo Brunelleschi received a commission to build the dome.
    • A. 

      1418

    • B. 

      1419

    • C. 

      1420

    • D. 

      1421