Pvhs Western Civilization Final

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 647

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Pvhs Western Civilization Final

This test will contain information from the PVHS Western Civilization coursework from sections 2b-3b


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    "Renaissance," French for "______," perfectly describes the intellectual and economic changes that occurred in Europe from the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries.
    • A. 

      Rebirth

    • B. 

      New age

    • C. 

      Old days

  • 2. 
    During the era known by this name, Europe emerged from the economic stagnation of the Middle Ages and experienced a time of financial growth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Renaissance was an age in which artistic, social, scientific, and political thought turned in new directions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    In the feudal structure of the Middle Ages, the peasants who lived in the country provided the king with protection in exchange for land.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Rural peasants worked from sunup to sundown, but even the nobles had few creature comforts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In feudal cities, where there was a large middle-class population, life was a little easier and individuals had the freedom to pursue whatever trade or industry they liked.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    During the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance (1350-1450) the bubonic plague, also called the "Black Death," devastated _____  _____ of the population of Europe.
    • A. 

      One third

    • B. 

      Two thirds

    • C. 

      One half

    • D. 

      One fourth

  • 8. 
    The population decrease caused by the plague led to an economic depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Renaissance, The New Middle:ClassMany _______coastal cities became centers for trade and commerce, and for the wealth and education that ensued.
    • A. 

      Persian

    • B. 

      Russian

    • C. 

      Scottish

    • D. 

      Italian

  • 10. 
    Tools developed in the Middle Ages for exploration continued to be used during the Renaissance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Renaissance, Exploration and Trade:By measuring the distance of the sun and stars above the horizon, the astrolabe helped determine_________, an important tool in navigation.
    • A. 

      Longitude

    • B. 

      Latitude

    • C. 

      Distance

    • D. 

      Elevation

  • 12. 
    The magnetic compass was invented during the Renaissance age
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The Renaissance sailor first took to the seas to supply Europeans with the many Asian spices they demanded.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    With the help of mathematicians, astronomers, cartographers, and other navigators, Prince Henry sent expeditions to explore the west coast of Africa. These explorations led to trade for _____ and ivory and, soon after, slaves. Later, Portuguese sailors discovered the route around the southern tip of Africa that would take them to India entirely by sea.
    • A. 

      Gold

    • B. 

      Silver

    • C. 

      Platinum

    • D. 

      Copper

  • 15. 
    In______, a trip to the East, made by sailing westward around the world, brought Columbus to the New World--lands known today as the Americas.
    • A. 

      1490

    • B. 

      1491

    • C. 

      1492

    • D. 

      1493

  • 16. 
    Columbus had originally set out to find an all-water route to the East Indies; when he spotted the Americas, he believed he had reached his intended destination. It was ___ years before Europeans realized that he had found a new land.
    • A. 

      Nine

    • B. 

      Ten

    • C. 

      Eleven

    • D. 

      Twelve

  • 17. 
    Renaissance Explorers:Spaniard Hernando Cortez discovered an abundance of gold among the _______in what is now known as Mexico.
    • A. 

      Mayans

    • B. 

      Aztecs

    • C. 

      Inuets

  • 18. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:When Gutenberg invented the printing press in ______, he forever changed the lives of people in Europe and, eventually, all over the world.
    • A. 

      1445

    • B. 

      1446

    • C. 

      1447

    • D. 

      1448

  • 19. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:Often the copying had been done onto parchment, ________ ________ that had been scraped until it was clean, smooth, and thin.
    • A. 

      Tree bark

    • B. 

      Animal skin

    • C. 

      Bamboo shoots

  • 20. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:In the Middle Ages, books had been costly and education rare; only the _______ had been regular readers and owners of books.
    • A. 

      Clergy

    • B. 

      Kings

    • C. 

      Theologists

    • D. 

      Scientists

  • 21. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:Most books had been written in _____, considered the language of scholarship.
    • A. 

      Greek

    • B. 

      Latin

    • C. 

      Aramaic

  • 22. 
    Renaissance, Printing and Thinking:To study the classics, humanists learned to read Greek and ancient Latin, and they sought out manuscripts that had lain undisturbed for nearly ____ years.
    • A. 

      1,000

    • B. 

      1,500

    • C. 

      2,000

    • D. 

      2,500

  • 23. 
    Renaissance, The Humanist Philosophy:The secular, humanist idea held that the church should not rule civic matters, but should guide only spiritual matters.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Renaissance, The Humanist Philosophy:On __________ 31, 1517, he went to his church in the town of Wittenburg, Germany, and posted a list of things that worried him about the church.
    • A. 

      September

    • B. 

      October

    • C. 

      November

    • D. 

      December

  • 25. 
    Renaissance, Focus on Florence:In _____ the city had a population of 60,000 and was a self-governed, independent city-state.
    • A. 

      1422

    • B. 

      1423

    • C. 

      1424

    • D. 

      1425

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