Western Civ. Reading Final Exam

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Western Civ. Reading Final Exam

Western civilisation is a term used very broadly to refer to social norms, ethical values, customs, traditions, belief systems, political systems and a host of technologies that originated, at least in part, in Europe. What do you know about it?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Significant features of the Paleolithic Age include each of the following except
    • A. 

      There was tool making

    • B. 

      Scavenging and hunting for food was no longer necessary

    • C. 

      They discovered how to cook meat

    • D. 

      They used fire as a protection against dangerous animals

  • 2. 
    Your text refers to which of the following as the central force in "primary" civilizations?
    • A. 

      A construction of irrigation canals

    • B. 

      Cooperative planning for war

    • C. 

      Religion

    • D. 

      Exchange of goods beyond the tribe

  • 3. 
    Who were the creators of the earliest civilizations?
    • A. 

      Hittites and Egyptians

    • B. 

      Egyptians and Sumerians

    • C. 

      Sumerians and Assyrians

    • D. 

      Persians and Egyptians

  • 4. 
    Sargon the Great may be said to have been
    • A. 

      One of a kind, benevolent ruler

    • B. 

      Aware of the need to centralize authority through appointed officials

    • C. 

      Reluctant to make demands of tribute from conquered peoples

    • D. 

      Able to utilize an organized army when danger appeared

  • 5. 
    The "land between rivers" refers to
    • A. 

      The Hittite kingdom

    • B. 

      Mesopotamia

    • C. 

      Egypt

    • D. 

      Persia

  • 6. 
    Which of the following civilizations provided a basis for Mesopotamian civilization?
    • A. 

      Sumerian

    • B. 

      Egyptian

    • C. 

      Assyrian

    • D. 

      Hittite

  • 7. 
    Cunieform was found in ancient
    • A. 

      Sumeria

    • B. 

      Egypt

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Anatolia

  • 8. 
    In Mesopotamian civilization, the temple administration functioned in the following ways except to
    • A. 

      Collect rents

    • B. 

      Provide employment for many

    • C. 

      Provide storage for weapons

    • D. 

      Employ scribes to keep records

  • 9. 
    Which factor best accounts for the fact that a Mesopotamian king was not seen as an all-powerful ruler?
    • A. 

      The king was only the youngest of the gods

    • B. 

      Kings in ritual ceremonies tried to command floods to end

    • C. 

      The king was selected by the gods to rule, but responsible to them like everyone else

    • D. 

      Kingship was not hereditary

  • 10. 
    Cunieform can be described as
    • A. 

      The first stage of planning for a pyramid

    • B. 

      The instrument used for writing on parchment

    • C. 

      The term for records that dealt with commercial transactions

    • D. 

      The symbol writing on clay tablets

  • 11. 
    According to your text, the "finest work of Mesopotamian literature" was the
    • A. 

      Old Testament

    • B. 

      Epic of Gilgamesh

    • C. 

      Code of Hammurabi

    • D. 

      Epic of Akkad

  • 12. 
    Which ruler of Upper Egypt conquered the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt?
    • A. 

      Menes

    • B. 

      Ramses

    • C. 

      Amenhotep

    • D. 

      Tutankhamen

  • 13. 
    All of the following are features of Egyptian belief in the afterlife except
    • A. 

      A longing for death

    • B. 

      Pyramid tombs

    • C. 

      Mummification of the dead

    • D. 

      Funerary art

  • 14. 
    The Egyptian writing known as hieroglyphics was
    • A. 

      A wedge-shaped writing system

    • B. 

      A form of picture writing in which physical figures represented words or sounds that could be combined to form words

    • C. 

      The world's first writing system

    • D. 

      The only writing system of the earliest high civilizations

  • 15. 
    It was said that Pharaoh
    • A. 

      Could never fail in a military undertaking

    • B. 

      Was a god

    • C. 

      Was a human with divine inspiration

    • D. 

      Ruled as the "alter-ego" of the Nile god

  • 16. 
    Qualities of truth and justice
    • A. 

      Were really lacking of the Egyptian religion

    • B. 

      Are associated with Ma'at

    • C. 

      Were traditions Egyptians absorbed from the Hebrews during their captivity

    • D. 

      Was the primary code of loyalty to pharaoh

  • 17. 
    All of the following were achievements of the Egyptians except
    • A. 

      Pyramid building

    • B. 

      The invention of the solar calendar

    • C. 

      Superb engineering skills

    • D. 

      The invention of the lunar calendar

  • 18. 
    Who is most associated with promoting monotheistic ideas?
    • A. 

      Ramses

    • B. 

      Ahmose

    • C. 

      Tutankhamen

    • D. 

      Akhenaton

  • 19. 
    Which of the following groups ended Egyptian independence?
    • A. 

      Libyans

    • B. 

      Nubians

    • C. 

      Assyrians

    • D. 

      Greeks

  • 20. 
    The Hittites are best associated with
    • A. 

      Early development of iron

    • B. 

      Early bone tools

    • C. 

      Bronze weapons

    • D. 

      The first war chariots

  • 21. 
    One can credit Ashurbanipal with
    • A. 

      Building the Hanging Gardens

    • B. 

      Maintaining a large library of clay tablets

    • C. 

      Furthering the ideas of Zoroaster

    • D. 

      Restoring Nineveh

  • 22. 
    Which religion came to be associated with Persian rulers?
    • A. 

      Worship of Marduk

    • B. 

      Judaism

    • C. 

      Zoroastrianism

    • D. 

      The monotheism of Akhenaten

  • 23. 
    The term satrap relates to
    • A. 

      A flat-bottomed sailboat that moved heavy goods

    • B. 

      A type of sandal that distinguished slaves from free peasants in Persia

    • C. 

      A governor in the Persian Empire

    • D. 

      A collection of cunieform tablets

  • 24. 
    Who founded a dualistic religion in the Near East?
    • A. 

      Zoroaster

    • B. 

      Moses

    • C. 

      Akhenaton

    • D. 

      Joshua

  • 25. 
    Which term is best associated with the "Wise Lord" or the god of light and justice?
    • A. 

      Ahriman

    • B. 

      Ma'at

    • C. 

      Ahura Mazda

    • D. 

      Isis

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