APUSH 3-7 Multiple Choice

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APUSH 3-7 Multiple Choice - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The US constitution was written in 

    • A.

      1776

    • B.

      1781

    • C.

      1782

    • D.

      1787

    Correct Answer
    D. 1787
    Explanation
    The US constitution was written in 1787. This was the year when the Constitutional Convention took place in Philadelphia, where delegates from the thirteen original states gathered to draft the constitution. The document was then ratified by the states and became the supreme law of the land. It established the framework for the federal government and outlined the rights and freedoms of the American people.

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  • 2. 

    The Constitutional Convention was held in 

    • A.

      Boston

    • B.

      NYC

    • C.

      Philadelphia

    • D.

      Washington DC

    Correct Answer
    C. Philadelphia
    Explanation
    The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia because it was the largest city in the United States at that time and was centrally located among the 13 colonies. Additionally, Philadelphia had a strong tradition of political and intellectual leadership, making it an ideal location for the convention. The delegates gathered in Philadelphia to draft and create the United States Constitution, which would establish the framework for the new nation.

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  • 3. 

    Maryland objected to the articles of Confederation because of controversy over the issue of

    • A.

      Who controlled territory in the west

    • B.

      Interstate trade laws and custom duties

    • C.

      Patent and copyright law

    • D.

      Limitations defining voting rights

    Correct Answer
    A. Who controlled territory in the west
    Explanation
    Maryland objected to the articles of Confederation because of controversy over the issue of who controlled territory in the west. The articles of Confederation did not provide a clear framework for how the western territories would be governed and divided among the states. Maryland, being a smaller state, feared that larger states would have an unfair advantage in claiming and controlling western lands. This controversy over western territory control was one of the reasons why Maryland objected to the articles of Confederation.

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  • 4. 

    The conditions for government in western lands were set out in 1787 under the 

    • A.

      National Land Resolution

    • B.

      Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Western Territories Amendment

    • D.

      Northwest Ordinance

    Correct Answer
    D. Northwest Ordinance
    Explanation
    The Northwest Ordinance was a law passed in 1787 that established the conditions for governing the western lands of the United States. It outlined the process for admitting new states, guaranteed certain rights to settlers, and prohibited slavery in the territory. The Northwest Ordinance played a crucial role in the westward expansion of the United States and set a precedent for how future territories would be governed.

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  • 5. 

    Alexander hamiltons primary concern during the 1780s was for 

    • A.

      State's rights

    • B.

      National Identity

    • C.

      Abolition of Slavery

    • D.

      Increasing the power of local government

    Correct Answer
    B. National Identity
    Explanation
    During the 1780s, Alexander Hamilton's primary concern was for national identity. This can be seen through his efforts to establish a strong central government and promote the idea of a united nation. Hamilton believed that a strong national identity was crucial for the success and stability of the newly formed United States. He advocated for a strong federal government, a national bank, and a centralized economic system to promote national unity and economic growth. Hamilton's focus on national identity can also be seen in his role as one of the main authors of the Federalist Papers, where he argued for the ratification of the Constitution to create a stronger and more unified nation.

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  • 6. 

    In his 1787 "Vices of the Political System of the US", James Madison complained that:

    • A.

      The articles of the Confederation were too strong and binding.

    • B.

      State Governments were too lethargic and inactive

    • C.

      State governments had overstepped reasonable limits on their authority

    • D.

      The current system gave too much political power to the people, creating the danger of rebellion.

    Correct Answer
    C. State governments had overstepped reasonable limits on their authority
    Explanation
    James Madison complained in his 1787 "Vices of the Political System of the US" that state governments had overstepped reasonable limits on their authority. This suggests that Madison believed that the state governments had exceeded their proper boundaries and were exerting too much power.

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  • 7. 

    Main Issue behind SHay's Rebellion was

    • A.

      Economic deflation and harsh punishment of debtors.

    • B.

      ECONOMIC INFLATION and the circulation of too much paper money.

    • C.

      Disputes over land boundaries and treaties with Native Americans

    • D.

      Controversy over the legal authority of State legislative assemblies.

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic deflation and harsh punishment of debtors.
    Explanation
    The main issue behind Shay's Rebellion was economic deflation and harsh punishment of debtors. This means that the economy was experiencing a decrease in the overall price level, leading to a decrease in the value of money and assets. Additionally, debtors who were unable to pay their debts were being subjected to severe punishments, exacerbating the economic hardships faced by many individuals. This combination of economic deflation and harsh treatment of debtors fueled the rebellion.

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  • 8. 

    The constitutional convention was virtually deadlocked due to disagreement over the issue of 

    • A.

      Slavery and Religious freedom

    • B.

      The powers of a chief executive

    • C.

      Whether the federal government would have the right to veto state laws

    • D.

      Proportionate vs equal representation for states in congress.

    Correct Answer
    D. Proportionate vs equal representation for states in congress.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is proportionate vs equal representation for states in congress. This issue refers to the debate over how states should be represented in the legislative branch of the federal government. Some delegates believed that representation should be based on the population of each state, while others argued for equal representation for all states regardless of population. This disagreement caused a deadlock during the constitutional convention as both sides were unwilling to compromise on this crucial issue.

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  • 9. 

    The last and best of the state constitutions written during the post colonial years was:

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      New Hampshire

    • C.

      Massachussetts

    • D.

      South Carolina

    Correct Answer
    C. Massachussetts
    Explanation
    During the post-colonial years, several state constitutions were written, but the one that is considered the last and best is Massachusetts. This constitution, known as the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, was written by John Adams and is considered a model for other state constitutions and even the United States Constitution. It established a strong government with a separation of powers, protected individual rights and liberties, and provided a framework for democratic governance. Its influence can still be seen today in the structure and principles of the American legal system.

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  • 10. 

    During the late 1770s and early 1780s, once americans had severed their ties to britain, most political power lay in the hands of

    • A.

      The states

    • B.

      US congress

    • C.

      US President

    • D.

      Local town governments

    Correct Answer
    A. The states
    Explanation
    After the Americans gained independence from Britain, political power was primarily held by the states. This was evident during the late 1770s and early 1780s when the newly formed United States was still establishing its government. The states had significant authority and autonomy in governing their own affairs, while the US Congress and President were still in the process of solidifying their roles and powers. Local town governments also had some level of political power, but the states held the majority of the political influence during this time period.

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  • 11. 

    Thomas Paine's concept of an ideal state government consisted of:

    • A.

      A one house assembly, annually elected

    • B.

      A one house assembly and a state governor, elected for five year terms

    • C.

      A two house assembly and state governor, annually ellected.

    • D.

      A two house assembly and a seperate governor, and an independent judiciary.

    Correct Answer
    A. A one house assembly, annually elected
    Explanation
    Thomas Paine's concept of an ideal state government consisted of a one house assembly that is annually elected. This means that there would be a single legislative body in the state government, and the members of this assembly would be elected by the people every year. Paine believed that this system would ensure regular turnover of representatives and prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few individuals. This concept aligns with Paine's democratic ideals and his belief in the importance of popular sovereignty.

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  • 12. 

    The massachusetts state constitution of 1780 was drafted by 

    • A.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • B.

      James Madison

    • C.

      Thomas Paine

    • D.

      John Adams

    Correct Answer
    D. John Adams
    Explanation
    The correct answer is John Adams. John Adams was one of the founding fathers of the United States and played a crucial role in drafting the Massachusetts State Constitution of 1780. As a prominent lawyer and politician, Adams had a deep understanding of constitutional law and was instrumental in shaping the principles and structure of the state constitution. His contributions to the Massachusetts constitution laid the groundwork for many democratic principles that are still in place today.

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  • 13. 

    As finally decided in Massachusetts, the state constitution would only take force after being ratified by:

    • A.

      THe people themselves in town meetings

    • B.

      A special constitutional Convention

    • C.

      State Legislature

    • D.

      States General COurt.

    Correct Answer
    A. THe people themselves in town meetings
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The people themselves in town meetings." In Massachusetts, the state constitution would only become effective after being ratified by the people in town meetings. This means that the residents of each town would have the opportunity to vote on whether or not to approve the constitution before it could take effect. This democratic process ensures that the decision to adopt the state constitution is made by the people themselves, giving them a direct say in the matter.

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  • 14. 

    Parliaments passage of the sugar act

    • A.

      Still contained no steps aimed at enforcement

    • B.

      Placed Heavy taxes on cane sugar exported from mainland american colonies

    • C.

      Actually halved the duty on molasses imports set by an earlier law.

    • D.

      Extended customs duties that already yielded large profits to Britain

    Correct Answer
    C. Actually halved the duty on molasses imports set by an earlier law.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Sugar Act actually halved the duty on molasses imports set by an earlier law. This means that the Sugar Act reduced the tax on molasses imports, which had been previously set at a higher rate. The passage of the Sugar Act did not include any steps aimed at enforcement and placed heavy taxes on cane sugar exported from mainland American colonies. Additionally, the act extended customs duties that were already yielding large profits to Britain.

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  • 15. 

    The Stamp Act:

    • A.

      Was the first direct tax Britain imposed on American colonists.

    • B.

      Affected the publication of books, but not newspapers

    • C.

      Provided for suspected violators to be tried by a jury of their peers.

    • D.

      Imposed relatively small, easily paid taxes

    Correct Answer
    A. Was the first direct tax Britain imposed on American colonists.
    Explanation
    The Stamp Act was the first direct tax imposed by Britain on American colonists. This means that it was the first time that the British government directly taxed the colonists, rather than relying on other forms of taxation such as import duties. This was a significant event because it marked a shift in British policy towards the colonies and was one of the factors that eventually led to the American Revolution.

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  • 16. 

    Colonists objected to britains concept of Virtual Representation because:

    • A.

      It violated their understanding of Parliamentary supremacy

    • B.

      In ensured all english residents the right to vote for Parliament; but gave colonists no such right

    • C.

      It assumed that the interests of colonists were identical to those of british people in the mother country.

    • D.

      It gave the King single-handed power to impose taxes

    Correct Answer
    C. It assumed that the interests of colonists were identical to those of british people in the mother country.
    Explanation
    Colonists objected to Britain's concept of Virtual Representation because it assumed that the interests of colonists were identical to those of British people in the mother country. This meant that the colonists had no say or representation in the British Parliament, even though they were subject to the same taxes and laws. The colonists believed that their interests were unique and that they should have their own representatives in Parliament to advocate for their specific needs and concerns. This lack of representation was seen as a violation of their rights and a denial of their voice in the political process.

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  • 17. 

    As techniques to fight the Stamp Act, colonists tried all of the following except:

    • A.

      Passing Resolutions and sending petitions insisting on their rights

    • B.

      Putting stamp officials on public trial and hanging them

    • C.

      Burning stamp distributors in effigy.

    • D.

      Forming nonimportation agreements.

    Correct Answer
    B. Putting stamp officials on public trial and hanging them
    Explanation
    The colonists used various techniques to resist the Stamp Act, including passing resolutions and sending petitions, burning stamp distributors in effigy, and forming nonimportation agreements. However, they did not resort to putting stamp officials on public trial and hanging them. This would have been an extreme and violent response, which the colonists did not employ in their efforts to fight against the Stamp Act.

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  • 18. 

    As a result of the Boston Tea Party: 

    • A.

      British Courts convicted and imprisoned the Boston Ringleaders

    • B.

      Colonists in New York and Philadelphia dumped shipments of the hated tea

    • C.

      Other colonies acknowledged Parliament's power as a way to save themselves from punishment.

    • D.

      Britain Annulled Massachusetts charter and effectively put it under military rule.

    Correct Answer
    D. Britain Annulled Massachusetts charter and effectively put it under military rule.
    Explanation
    As a result of the Boston Tea Party, Britain annulled Massachusetts charter and effectively put it under military rule. This action was taken as a response to the colonists' protest against the Tea Act, which they saw as a violation of their rights. By annulling the charter, Britain exerted control over Massachusetts and imposed military rule to suppress any further rebellious activities. This was a significant turning point in the lead-up to the American Revolution, as it further fueled the colonists' resentment towards British rule and their desire for independence.

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  • 19. 

    The Sons of Liberty, During the late 1760s:

    • A.

      Worked hard to preserve civil government but protested the Stamp Act.

    • B.

      Passed Resolutions stressing their desire to undermine the British Constitution

    • C.

      Encouraged resistance acts for widespread disruption of the peace

    • D.

      Were a boston resistance group made up of lower class men.

    Correct Answer
    A. Worked hard to preserve civil government but protested the Stamp Act.
    Explanation
    During the late 1760s, the Sons of Liberty were actively involved in preserving civil government while also protesting against the Stamp Act. They recognized the importance of maintaining a functioning government while expressing their opposition to the unjust taxation imposed by the British. This demonstrates their commitment to upholding the principles of civil governance while advocating for their rights and protesting against oppressive policies.

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  • 20. 

    In 1775, the British Government:

    • A.

      Denied that massachusetts or any of the other colonies was in a state of rebellion

    • B.

      Passed a resolution demanding the execution of traitorous colonials.

    • C.

      Prohibited trade with the thirteen american colonies and claimed the right to seize colonial vessels.

    • D.

      Took congress's petition for redress seriously and gave colonial representatives a chance to make their case.

    Correct Answer
    C. Prohibited trade with the thirteen american colonies and claimed the right to seize colonial vessels.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the British Government prohibited trade with the thirteen American colonies and claimed the right to seize colonial vessels. This action was part of the British response to the growing unrest and rebellion in the colonies. By cutting off trade and seizing colonial vessels, the British hoped to exert control over the colonies and suppress their resistance. This decision further escalated tensions between Britain and the colonies, ultimately leading to the American Revolutionary War.

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  • 21. 

    The Second Continental Congress did all of the following except:

    • A.

      Impose taxes on colonists and issue gold coins to raise money for the army.

    • B.

      Send a very courteous petition to the king in July 1775, aiming at reconciliation.

    • C.

      Appoint George Washington as commander in chief of the Continental Army.

    • D.

      Authorize an American Invasion on Canada

    Correct Answer
    A. Impose taxes on colonists and issue gold coins to raise money for the army.
    Explanation
    The Second Continental Congress did not impose taxes on colonists and issue gold coins to raise money for the army. This is because the Congress did not have the power to levy taxes, as it was not a formal governing body. Instead, it relied on voluntary contributions from the colonies and loans from foreign countries to fund the war effort. Additionally, the issuance of gold coins was not within the authority of the Congress.

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  • 22. 

    Between August and December 1776, George Washington

    • A.

      Captured the British fort at Ticonderoga.

    • B.

      Lost important battles at trenton and princeton, New Jersey.

    • C.

      Retreated first from NY, then NJ, then Pennsylvania.

    • D.

      Retook NYC and Long Island from the british troops.

    Correct Answer
    C. Retreated first from NY, then NJ, then Pennsylvania.
    Explanation
    During the period between August and December 1776, George Washington experienced a series of setbacks and had to retreat from various locations. He first retreated from New York, then from New Jersey, and finally from Pennsylvania. This sequence of retreats suggests that Washington's forces were facing significant challenges and were unable to hold their ground against the British troops.

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  • 23. 

    George Washington:

    • A.

      Was impressed with the discipline and Commitment of the Army volunteers in 1776

    • B.

      Adopted a radical military strategy centered around "irregular" attacks by militiamen.

    • C.

      Had at his diposal in July 1776, a standing army of regular enlisted men, created earlier by COngress.

    • D.

      Ended up with soldiers often drawn from the poorest and marginal classes of society, who signed up for the money.

    Correct Answer
    D. Ended up with soldiers often drawn from the poorest and marginal classes of society, who signed up for the money.
    Explanation
    George Washington ended up with soldiers often drawn from the poorest and marginal classes of society, who signed up for the money. This is evident from the statement that the army volunteers in 1776 impressed him with their discipline and commitment, indicating that they were not professional soldiers. Additionally, Washington adopted a military strategy centered around "irregular" attacks by militiamen, suggesting that the army was not composed of well-trained regular enlisted men.

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  • 24. 

    In 1777, The British Army

    • A.

      Had the advantage of plentiful supplies, which arrived efficiently and regularly from england.

    • B.

      Hoped to seal radical New England off from the rest of the country

    • C.

      Under General Howe, followed up on its capture of Philadelphia by moving against American Forces.

    • D.

      Captured Sam and John Adams and put them on trial for treason.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hoped to seal radical New England off from the rest of the country
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hoped to seal radical New England off from the rest of the country." This is because the statement suggests that the British Army had a specific goal of isolating New England from the rest of the country. This would have been a strategic move to weaken the American forces by cutting off their support and communication from other regions.

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  • 25. 

    France's recognition of American Independence and its alliance with America:

    • A.

      Came in Exchange for an american promise to give France territories in Canada and elsewhere on the North american mainland.

    • B.

      Took away britain's earlier Naval advantage.

    • C.

      Split France apart from its traditional ally, Britain.

    • D.

      Came in July 1776, after congress approved the declaration of independence.

    Correct Answer
    B. Took away britain's earlier Naval advantage.
    Explanation
    France's recognition of American Independence and its alliance with America took away Britain's earlier Naval advantage. This means that France's support and alliance with America weakened Britain's naval power, which was previously a significant advantage for them. By joining forces with America, France was able to challenge Britain's dominance at sea, ultimately shifting the balance of power in the conflict.

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  • 26. 

    Britain's primary military objective during the 1778 campaign was to secure

    • A.

      The south

    • B.

      New England

    • C.

      Philadelphia

    • D.

      The Western Frontier.

    Correct Answer
    A. The south
    Explanation
    During the 1778 campaign, Britain's primary military objective was to secure the south. This region was strategically important because it had a large population of loyalists who supported the British cause. By gaining control of the south, Britain aimed to weaken the American Revolution by cutting off supplies and support from this region. Additionally, capturing the south would allow Britain to establish a stronghold and potentially divide the colonies, making it easier to defeat the American forces.

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  • 27. 

    America's Peace treaty with Britain was signed in 

    • A.

      1780

    • B.

      1786

    • C.

      1783

    • D.

      1778

    Correct Answer
    C. 1783
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1783. This is the year when America's Peace treaty with Britain was signed.

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  • 28. 

    Britain Kept an army in North America after Pontiacs rebellion of 1763, and leading crown officials like George Grenville figured

    • A.

      The larger tax burden of $20,000 a year was minimal, and new taxes were not necessary.

    • B.

      England gained most from the war, notably Canada, so British Citizens could pay new taxes.

    • C.

      The tax burden of the army and defending North America would be shared by the colonies.

    • D.

      The tax burden of the army and defending North America was Britain's price of empire.

    Correct Answer
    C. The tax burden of the army and defending North America would be shared by the colonies.
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that the tax burden of maintaining the army and defending North America would be shared by the colonies. This implies that the colonies would be responsible for contributing financially to the expenses incurred by Britain in maintaining control and protection in North America.

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  • 29. 

    In 1767 Parliament passed the Townshend acts. The new taxes: 

    • A.

      Returned to the policy of regulating trade but without raising Revenue

    • B.

      Would not only raise revenue but also demonstrate Parliament's right to tax all colonies.

    • C.

      Made an economic impact on the colonies by taxing essential goods like tea, glass, and tobacco.

    • D.

      Proved not as controversial as the stamp Act, and resistance died down in a few months.

    Correct Answer
    B. Would not only raise revenue but also demonstrate Parliament's right to tax all colonies.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the Townshend acts would not only raise revenue but also demonstrate Parliament's right to tax all colonies. This means that the purpose of the new taxes was not only to generate income for the British government but also to assert their authority and power over the colonies by showing that they had the right to tax them.

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  • 30. 

    On April 19, 1775, British troops left Concord and Marched the 17 miles to boston. What happened?

    • A.

      British troops killed dozens of "minutemen", who often ran when shots were fired.

    • B.

      British troops returned to Boston with hundreds of weapons that they had seized at Concord.

    • C.

      American Militia sniped at the British, causing over 200 casualties, and camped at Boston.

    • D.

      The king was so upset when General Gage failed to win at Concord that he demoted him.

    Correct Answer
    C. American Militia sniped at the British, causing over 200 casualties, and camped at Boston.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the American Militia sniped at the British, causing over 200 casualties, and camped at Boston. This answer accurately describes the events that occurred after the British troops left Concord and marched back to Boston. The American Militia engaged in guerilla warfare tactics, taking advantage of their knowledge of the local terrain, and inflicted significant casualties on the British forces. They then established a camp in Boston, further asserting their presence and resistance against the British.

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  • 31. 

    In late December 1776, George Washington's forces won at Trenton and Princeton. This is important because:

    • A.

      Washingtons men captured a large amount of British supplies and critically needed British weapons.

    • B.

      The victories gave Washington the prestige necessary to become the First president.

    • C.

      They boosted the morale of washingtons men and made washington a respected leader.

    • D.

      The king and his ministers considered suing for peace, knowing they could not win the war.

    Correct Answer
    C. They boosted the morale of washingtons men and made washington a respected leader.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the victories at Trenton and Princeton boosted the morale of Washington's men and made Washington a respected leader. These victories were significant because they provided a much-needed morale boost to Washington's troops, who had been facing a series of defeats and were in danger of losing hope. The victories also demonstrated Washington's military prowess and leadership abilities, earning him the respect and admiration of his soldiers and fellow countrymen. This increased morale and respect were crucial in maintaining the determination and unity of the Continental Army as the war continued.

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  • 32. 

    After General Johnny Burgoyne surrendered his army in October 1777, what resulted?

    • A.

      Most Americans realized that Washington was a great general who could win the war.

    • B.

      Important tories in parliament saw the cause was lost, and they negotiated for peace.

    • C.

      The war ended, for all practical purposes, but a few battles were later fought in the south.

    • D.

      France signed two treaties with America, one for trade and the other for an alliance.

    Correct Answer
    D. France signed two treaties with America, one for trade and the other for an alliance.
    Explanation
    After General Johnny Burgoyne surrendered his army in October 1777, France signed two treaties with America, one for trade and the other for an alliance. This suggests that the surrender of Burgoyne's army had a significant impact on the international relations of the American Revolution, as it led to France officially supporting the American cause.

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  • 33. 

    In March 1781, after a victory at Guilford Court House in North Carolina, Lord Cornwallis retreated to Virginia because:

    • A.

      Teh british had suffered too many casualties , and they needed reinforcements

    • B.

      Nathaniel Greene's colonial army outnumbered that of Cornwallis about five to one.

    • C.

      Horatio Gates led his army to a crucial Victory at Camden, South Carolina.

    • D.

      Cornwallis was ready to surrender after his troops lost at Cowpens, South Carolina.

    Correct Answer
    A. Teh british had suffered too many casualties , and they needed reinforcements
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the British had suffered too many casualties and needed reinforcements. This is supported by the information given in the question, which states that Lord Cornwallis retreated to Virginia after a victory at Guilford Court House in North Carolina. The retreat suggests that Cornwallis's forces were weakened and in need of reinforcements due to the casualties they had suffered.

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  • 34. 

    Once the Peace of Paris ended the Revolutionary war, the big losers were: 

    • A.

      The iroquois indians, split into factions and living in areas that America now claimed.

    • B.

      The British, who suffered huge casualties and a large national debt.

    • C.

      The French, who suffered few casualties but could not count on america to uphold treaties.

    • D.

      The colonists, most of whom lost family in the war and now faced bankruptcy.

    Correct Answer
    A. The iroquois indians, split into factions and living in areas that America now claimed.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Iroquois Indians, split into factions and living in areas that America now claimed. This is because after the Revolutionary War, America claimed the land that the Iroquois Indians were living in, causing them to be split into factions and face the loss of their territory.

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  • 35. 

    Free Black People who founded communites of their own in the Chesapeake region during much of the seventeenth century:

    • A.

      Occasionally wed white people, without apparent social condemnation of the white spouse for intermarriage.

    • B.

      Still weren't permitted to purchase or own land.

    • C.

      Had no access to the standard legal system.

    • D.

      Usually could not hold their families together, due to discrimination, poor health, and economic disadvantages.

    Correct Answer
    A. Occasionally wed white people, without apparent social condemnation of the white spouse for intermarriage.
    Explanation
    Free Black People who founded communities of their own in the Chesapeake region during much of the seventeenth century occasionally married white people without facing social condemnation. This suggests that there was some level of acceptance or tolerance for interracial marriages in these communities.

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  • 36. 

    Reverend Cotton Mather was an early member of Britain's Scientific organization, the Royal Society. Mather was best known for: 

    • A.

      Advocating inoculating people to avoid getting smallpox.

    • B.

      Backing the use of lightning rods to avoid fires in houses.

    • C.

      Organizing the collection of flowers and plants in the American Museum.

    • D.

      Favoring surgery by trained surgeons to get rid of cancerous tumors.

    Correct Answer
    A. Advocating inoculating people to avoid getting smallpox.
    Explanation
    Reverend Cotton Mather was an early member of Britain's Scientific organization, the Royal Society. This suggests that he was involved in scientific pursuits and advancements. Among the given options, advocating inoculating people to avoid getting smallpox aligns with Mather's scientific interests and involvement in the Royal Society. It demonstrates his support for preventative measures and his understanding of the importance of vaccination in preventing the spread of diseases.

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  • 37. 

    Most colonial governors of the early 18th century 

    • A.

      Had no power to veto laws, unlike the British king.

    • B.

      Were appointed to hold office for life.

    • C.

      Had the power to dissolve a colonial assembly and call a new election.

    • D.

      Had enormous patronage opportunities to appoint favored people to office.

    Correct Answer
    C. Had the power to dissolve a colonial assembly and call a new election.
    Explanation
    Most colonial governors of the early 18th century had the power to dissolve a colonial assembly and call a new election. This means that if the governor disagreed with the decisions or actions of the assembly, they could dissolve it and call for a new election to potentially have a more favorable assembly. This power allowed the governor to maintain control and influence over the colonial government and ensure that their policies and interests were prioritized.

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  • 38. 

    The Great Awakening: 

    • A.

      Ultimately encouraged a new acceptance of religious differences, within american protestantism.

    • B.

      Occurred among american catholics, appalled by their neighbors lack of religious commitment.

    • C.

      Told believers that god loved them on any terms; god was close to human beings, who were all blessed and good at heart.

    • D.

      Was centered in New England, and did not appear much in other regions of Colonial America.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ultimately encouraged a new acceptance of religious differences, within american protestantism.
    Explanation
    The Great Awakening ultimately encouraged a new acceptance of religious differences within American Protestantism. This means that as a result of the Great Awakening, there was a shift in attitudes towards religious diversity among American Protestant groups. Instead of viewing religious differences as divisive or problematic, there was a newfound acceptance and tolerance for different beliefs within the Protestant community. This likely led to a more inclusive and diverse religious landscape in colonial America.

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  • 39. 

    In 1754 Colonel George Washington led a company of Virginia militia into the backcountry to a site near present day Pittsburgh. What is FALSE about Washington's actions?

    • A.

      The militia killed a dozen frenchmen but later were forced to surrender at Fort Necessity.

    • B.

      The militia killed dozens of Indians allied to the french, causing the frenchmen to leave.

    • C.

      He blundered when taking responsibility for an Indian who murdered the French Commander.

    • D.

      Mistakes he made, including the commanders death, touched off the French and Indian War.

    Correct Answer
    B. The militia killed dozens of Indians allied to the french, causing the frenchmen to leave.
    Explanation
    The statement that the militia killed dozens of Indians allied to the French, causing the Frenchmen to leave is FALSE. According to the given information, the militia killed a dozen Frenchmen but later surrendered at Fort Necessity. It does not mention anything about the militia killing Indians allied to the French.

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