API Rp 578; Positive Material Identification

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API Rp 578; Positive Material Identification - Quiz

API Recommended Practice 578
Guidelines for a Material Verification Program (MVP) for New and Existing Assets 3rd Edition, February 2018.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    API 578 provides guidelines for a quality assurance system to verify:

    • A.

      All materials

    • B.

      All alloy materials

    • C.

      Only non-ferrous materials

    • D.

      Only high-alloy materials

    Correct Answer
    B. All alloy materials
    Explanation
    API 578 provides guidelines for a quality assurance system to verify all alloy materials. This means that the guidelines outlined in API 578 are applicable to all types of alloys, regardless of their composition or specific properties. The focus is on ensuring the quality and reliability of these materials through the implementation of a comprehensive quality assurance system.

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  • 2. 

    Usually substituting an alloy for carbon steel would not cause a problem. Which of the process services where substituting an alloy for carbon steel could result in a problem?

    • A.

      Caustic, amine and Chloride in service

    • B.

      Hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen fluoride and sulphuric acid in service

    • C.

      Catalyst, oxygen scavengers and inhibitors in service

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen fluoride and sulphuric acid in service
    Explanation
    Substituting an alloy for carbon steel could result in a problem when it comes to the process services involving hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen fluoride, and sulphuric acid. These substances are known to be highly corrosive and can cause damage to certain types of alloys. Therefore, substituting an alloy for carbon steel in this specific scenario could lead to corrosion issues and potential failure of the equipment or pipeline.

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  • 3. 

    An alloy material is any metallic material that contains alloying elements that are added:

    • A.

      Only to improve mechanical properties

    • B.

      Only to improve corrosion resistance

    • C.

      To improve either mechanical properties or improve corrosion resistance

    • D.

      To improve the weldability of material

    Correct Answer
    C. To improve either mechanical properties or improve corrosion resistance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To improve either mechanical properties or improve corrosion resistance." Alloy materials are created by adding alloying elements to a metallic material to enhance its properties. These alloying elements can be added with the aim of improving either the mechanical properties (such as strength, hardness, or ductility) or the corrosion resistance of the material. Therefore, the purpose of adding alloying elements is to enhance one or both of these aspects of the material's performance.

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  • 4. 

    Alloy components include, pipe, fittings, plate, flanges, and ____________ needs PMI

    • A.

      Valves

    • B.

      Supports

    • C.

      Skirt vessels

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Valves
    Explanation
    The given question asks for an alloy component that requires PMI (Positive Material Identification). The correct answer is "Valves." Valves are important components in various industries, including oil and gas, chemical, and manufacturing. They are used to control the flow of fluids and gases and are often made of different alloys to withstand high pressure and corrosive environments. PMI is necessary for valves to ensure that the correct material is used, preventing any potential issues such as material incompatibility or failure. Therefore, valves are an alloy component that requires PMI.

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  • 5. 

    An inspection lot includes:

    • A.

      All materials from same supplier

    • B.

      All materials included on the same purchase order

    • C.

      All materials of the same material type (i.e. 316 SS)

    • D.

      All materials of the same material type from the same supplier and heat

    Correct Answer
    D. All materials of the same material type from the same supplier and heat
    Explanation
    An inspection lot includes all materials of the same material type from the same supplier and heat. This means that when conducting an inspection, all materials that are of the same type (such as 316 SS) and are from the same supplier and heat are grouped together. This ensures that the inspection is focused on a specific subset of materials that have similar properties and characteristics. By grouping materials based on these criteria, it becomes easier to assess their quality and make informed decisions regarding their usability or further processing.

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  • 6. 

    A documented material verification program should be established by the:

    • A.

      Authorized inspector.

    • B.

      Owner/User.

    • C.

      Repair organization.

    • D.

      Engineering organization

    Correct Answer
    B. Owner/User.
    Explanation
    A documented material verification program should be established by the Owner/User. This is because the Owner/User is responsible for ensuring that the materials used in a project meet the required specifications and standards. By establishing a material verification program, the Owner/User can ensure that the materials being used are of the correct quality and will perform as expected. This program can include processes such as inspection, testing, and documentation to verify the materials' conformity. The Owner/User's involvement in this program is crucial to ensure the overall quality and integrity of the project.

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  • 7. 

    The material verification program should cover PMI testing of materials:

    • A.

      During construction of piping systems

    • B.

      In existing piping systems

    • C.

      During repairs and alterations of piping systems

    • D.

      In existing piping systems and during construction, repairs and alterations of piping systems

    Correct Answer
    D. In existing piping systems and during construction, repairs and alterations of piping systems
    Explanation
    The material verification program should cover PMI testing of materials in existing piping systems and during construction, repairs, and alterations of piping systems. This means that PMI testing should be conducted not only on materials that are being newly installed or repaired, but also on materials that are already in use in the existing piping systems. This ensures that the materials used in the piping systems meet the required specifications and are suitable for their intended use, regardless of whether they are new or already in service.

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  • 8. 

    Random sampling is most appropriate for:

    • A.

      Low-risk systems

    • B.

      Low alloy systems

    • C.

      Stainless steel systems

    • D.

      Ferritic steel systems

    Correct Answer
    A. Low-risk systems
    Explanation
    Random sampling is most appropriate for low-risk systems because it allows for a representative and unbiased selection of samples from the population. In low-risk systems, the likelihood of encountering significant variations or outliers is minimal, making random sampling an effective method to gather data. This approach ensures that each element in the population has an equal chance of being selected, leading to reliable and generalizable results.

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  • 9. 

    Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI performed?

    • A.

      Authorized Inspector

    • B.

      Owner/User or his designee

    • C.

      Repair organization

    • D.

      Engineering organization

    Correct Answer
    B. Owner/User or his designee
    Explanation
    The responsibility to determine the extent of PMI performed lies with the Owner/User or his designee. This means that the owner or user of the equipment or system, or someone designated by them, is responsible for deciding how much PMI (Preventive Maintenance Inspection) should be done. They have the authority to determine the level of inspection required based on factors such as the equipment's criticality, operating conditions, and maintenance history. The owner/user or their designee is in the best position to assess these factors and make an informed decision regarding the extent of PMI needed.

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  • 10. 

    Who has the responsibility to verify that the material verification program is properly implemented?

    • A.

      Authorized inspector

    • B.

      Owner/User

    • C.

      Repair organization

    • D.

      Engineering organization

    Correct Answer
    B. Owner/User
    Explanation
    The responsibility to verify that the material verification program is properly implemented lies with the Owner/User. As the individual or organization that owns or uses the materials, they have a vested interest in ensuring that the program is being followed correctly. They are accountable for overseeing and confirming that the necessary steps and procedures are being carried out to verify the materials used in their operations or projects. This includes checking that the program is being properly implemented, monitoring its effectiveness, and taking any necessary corrective actions.

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  • 11. 

    Who has the responsibility to review and approve the adequacy of the PMI program used by fabricators and material suppliers?

    • A.

      Authorised Inspector

    • B.

      Owner/User

    • C.

      Repair Organisation

    • D.

      Engineering Organisation

    Correct Answer
    B. Owner/User
    Explanation
    The owner/user has the responsibility to review and approve the adequacy of the PMI program used by fabricators and material suppliers. This means that it is the owner/user's duty to ensure that the program meets the necessary standards and requirements for quality control. They are responsible for evaluating the program and making any necessary changes or improvements to ensure the reliability and accuracy of the PMI process.

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  • 12. 

    A mill test report

    • A.

      Eliminates the need for further material verification

    • B.

      Is a report showing material discrepancies

    • C.

      Is an important part of the material quality assurance program

    • D.

      Is issued by the owner upon receipt of materials

    Correct Answer
    C. Is an important part of the material quality assurance program
    Explanation
    A mill test report is an important part of the material quality assurance program because it provides detailed information about the material's composition, mechanical properties, and test results. This report ensures that the materials used in a project meet the required specifications and standards, reducing the need for further material verification. It is typically issued by the manufacturer or supplier of the materials, providing assurance to the owner or contractor that the materials are of the specified quality.

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  • 13. 

    The material verification program specified by API 578 covers

    • A.

      As asset, an asset component or weldment Within the pressure envelope

    • B.

      Pipe and fittings only

    • C.

      Weldments only

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. As asset, an asset component or weldment Within the pressure envelope
    Explanation
    The material verification program specified by API 578 covers the verification of materials for assets, asset components, or weldments that are within the pressure envelope. This means that the program ensures that the materials used in these components meet the specified requirements and are suitable for use under pressure. It does not cover pipe and fittings only or weldments only, as it includes a broader scope of components within the pressure envelope.

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  • 14. 

    Property or equipment owned by a company that is either directly or indirectly involved with the manufacturing process

    • A.

      Manufacturing Plant

    • B.

      Asset

    • C.

      Pressure Equipment

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Asset
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Asset". In the context of the question, property or equipment owned by a company that is involved in the manufacturing process can be classified as assets. Assets are resources that have economic value and are expected to provide future benefits to the company. In this case, the manufacturing plant and pressure equipment are examples of assets owned by the company.

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  • 15. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
  • 16. 

    A crane used to lift items in a manufacturing area is an asset.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Clause 3.1.2, indirectly involved in the manufacturing process is also an asset

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  • 17. 

    Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required on existing piping systems?

    • A.

      Engineering organisation

    • B.

      Owner/User

    • C.

      Repair Organisation

    • D.

      PMI operator

    Correct Answer
    B. Owner/User
    Explanation
    The responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required on existing piping systems lies with the Owner/User. They are the ones who have the overall responsibility for the system and its maintenance, and therefore have the authority to decide on the necessary testing requirements. The Owner/User is in the best position to assess the specific needs and risks associated with their piping systems and make informed decisions regarding PMI testing.

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  • 18. 

    What are all the important factors to consider when prioritizing the need for PMI on existing piping systems?

    • A.

      Likely hood of failure due to material mix-up

    • B.

      Consequence of failure due to material mix-up

    • C.

      The reason for alloy specification

    • D.

      Historical in advent of material substitution

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    When prioritizing the need for PMI (Positive Material Identification) on existing piping systems, it is important to consider all of the mentioned factors. The likelihood of failure due to material mix-up is crucial as it can lead to potential hazards and accidents. The consequence of failure is also significant as it determines the potential damage and impact on the system. The reason for alloy specification is important to ensure that the correct materials are being used for the specific requirements of the piping system. Lastly, historical data regarding material substitution can provide insights into any past issues or risks associated with the system. Considering all of these factors is essential for effective prioritization of PMI on existing piping systems.

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  • 19. 

    Incorrect substitution of Carbon Steel is most likely to be found in

    • A.

      Any ferritic steel

    • B.

      Any non-ferrous

    • C.

      Chrome steels

    • D.

      Stainless steel

    Correct Answer
    C. Chrome steels
    Explanation
    Chrome steels are a type of stainless steel that contain chromium, which enhances their corrosion resistance and durability. They are commonly used in applications that require resistance to oxidation and high temperatures, such as automotive parts, cutlery, and industrial equipment. The other options, such as ferritic steel, non-ferrous metals, and stainless steel, do not specifically refer to chrome steels and may not possess the same properties or characteristics. Therefore, the incorrect substitution of carbon steel is most likely to be found in chrome steels.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following piping components is most likely to have a substitution with the wrong material?

    • A.

      A 20" length of 6NPS pipe

    • B.

      Weld-neck flange

    • C.

      Expansion Joint

    • D.

      Bolting

    Correct Answer
    D. Bolting
    Explanation
    Bolting is the most likely piping component to have a substitution with the wrong material. This is because bolting is often made of different materials than the rest of the piping system, such as carbon steel, stainless steel, or alloy steel. It is crucial to use the correct material for bolting to ensure proper strength, corrosion resistance, and compatibility with the rest of the system. Using the wrong material for bolting can result in compromised integrity, leaks, or failures in the piping system.

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  • 21. 

    Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required during repairs and alterations of piping systems?

    • A.

      Third party inspection agency

    • B.

      Owner/User

    • C.

      All of the above

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the above
    Explanation
    There may be a small confusion in this option. Either the Owner/User or designee can decide the extent of PMI. In that sense a more suitable answer can be D. There may be an argument on this.

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  • 22. 

    Identification of materials by visual stamps or markings:

    • A.

      Is not an important part of an overall quality assurance program

    • B.

      Is not a substitute for PMI

    • C.

      Is important only for high alloy materials

    • D.

      Is not required on any materials, if PMI is done.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is not a substitute for PMI
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that visual stamps or markings on materials cannot be used as a substitute for Positive Material Identification (PMI). PMI is a process used to verify the composition of materials, particularly in industries where material quality is critical, such as aerospace or nuclear. Visual stamps or markings may provide some information about the material, but they do not guarantee its composition. Therefore, PMI is still necessary to ensure the quality and integrity of the materials being used.

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  • 23. 

    PMI tools that use X-ray fluorescence cannot detect:

    • A.

      Gold content

    • B.

      Carbon Content

    • C.

      Iron Content

    • D.

      Chrome Content

    Correct Answer
    B. Carbon Content
    Explanation
    PMI tools that use X-ray fluorescence are commonly used to analyze the elemental composition of materials. X-ray fluorescence works by bombarding the material with X-rays, which causes the atoms in the material to emit characteristic fluorescent X-rays. However, X-ray fluorescence is not able to detect carbon content because carbon does not emit fluorescent X-rays when exposed to X-rays. Therefore, PMI tools that use X-ray fluorescence are unable to accurately measure the carbon content of a material.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the components are not required to be included in a MVP?

    • A.

      Stub end

    • B.

      Weldolet

    • C.

      Lap Joint Flange

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Lap Joint Flange
    Explanation
    Lap joint flange is not a pressure containing component exposed to process condition. API 578 Clause 5.2

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  • 25. 

    Balancing line of valves are not required to be included in MVP

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because balancing line of valves are actually required to be included in MVP (Minimum Viable Product). Balancing line of valves are used to regulate and control the flow of fluid or gas in a system. They ensure that the system operates efficiently and effectively. Therefore, including balancing line of valves in MVP is important for the proper functioning of the system.

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  • 26. 

    Pump casing is to be included in a MVP

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rotating equipment pressure containing component is to be included in MVP, API 578 Clause 5.2

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  • 27. 

    Which of the below are not required to be included in a MVP?

    • A.

      Plugs used in piping

    • B.

      Blind Flange

    • C.

      Cap used piping

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options mentioned in the question are not required to be included in a Minimum Viable Product (MVP). An MVP is a version of a product that has the minimum set of features required to satisfy early customers and provide feedback for future development. Plugs used in piping, blind flanges, and caps used in piping are all specific components or accessories related to piping systems and are not essential features of a product. Therefore, none of these options need to be included in an MVP.

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  • 28. 

    Pump shaft is to be included in a MVP

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is suggesting that a pump shaft should be included in a Minimum Viable Product (MVP). An MVP is a version of a product with just enough features to satisfy early customers and provide feedback for future development. Including a pump shaft in the MVP implies that it is an essential component of the product and its functionality is crucial for testing and gathering user feedback. Therefore, the answer is true.

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  • 29. 

    For higher-risk systems which of the below statement is appropriate

    • A.

      100% In-process inspection and Random final inspection

    • B.

      Random Sampling in in-process inspection

    • C.

      100% in In-process inspection and 100% in final examination

    • D.

      Random sampling only

    Correct Answer
    C. 100% in In-process inspection and 100% in final examination
    Explanation
    For higher-risk systems, it is appropriate to conduct 100% in-process inspection and 100% in final examination. This means that every unit or component of the system will be inspected during the manufacturing process, as well as during the final stage before the product is released. This approach ensures that any potential defects or issues are identified and addressed at every step, minimizing the risk of faulty or unsafe products being released to the market. Random sampling or inspections may not be sufficient for higher-risk systems, as they may not provide a comprehensive assessment of the product's quality and safety.

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  • 30. 

    Which point of inspection is most appropriate when MVP is considered.

    • A.

      During fabrication

    • B.

      At the point of installation

    • C.

      During material issue to fabrication

    • D.

      Any of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. At the point of installation
    Explanation
    API 578 Clause 5.1 second paragraph

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  • 31. 

    What is LOQ?

    • A.

      Limit of quantity

    • B.

      Limit of Quality

    • C.

      None of these

    • D.

      Limit Of Quantitation

    Correct Answer
    D. Limit Of Quantitation
    Explanation
    LOQ stands for Limit Of Quantitation. It is the lowest concentration or amount of a substance that can be reliably measured and distinguished from the background noise. LOQ is an important parameter in analytical chemistry as it helps determine the sensitivity and accuracy of an analytical method. By establishing the LOQ, scientists can determine the minimum amount of a substance that can be detected and quantified with confidence.

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  • 32. 

    Systems which handle H2S, HF and H2SO4 are to be PMI tested for checking

    • A.

      Not to be included in PMI testing

    • B.

      SS substitution for CS

    • C.

      Alloy substitution for carbon steel

    • D.

      Residual Elements in CS

    Correct Answer
    C. Alloy substitution for carbon steel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Alloy substitution for carbon steel." PMI testing is conducted to ensure that the correct materials are being used in systems that handle specific chemicals, such as H2S, HF, and H2SO4. In this case, the PMI testing is being done to check if alloy materials have been substituted for carbon steel in the system. This is important because alloy materials have different properties and may be more resistant to corrosion or other chemical reactions compared to carbon steel.

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  • 33. 

    API 578 can be applied to gasket materials

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    API 578 is a standard developed by the American Petroleum Institute (API) that provides guidelines for material selection and qualification for gaskets used in petroleum and natural gas industries. It covers various aspects such as material testing, performance requirements, and documentation. Therefore, it can be applied to gasket materials to ensure their suitability and reliability in these industries.

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  • 34. 

    PMI examination results acceptance criteria to be decided by

    • A.

      PMI operator

    • B.

      It will be inbuilt in PMI machine

    • C.

      Owner/User or designee

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. PMI operator
    Explanation
    The PMI examination results acceptance criteria will be decided by the PMI operator. This means that the person operating the PMI machine will have the authority to determine the criteria for accepting the examination results. The owner/user or designee may have some input in the decision-making process, but ultimately it is the PMI operator who has the final say. The option "None of the above" is incorrect because the acceptance criteria is indeed decided by the PMI operator.

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  • 35. 

    Qualification requirements for personnel performing PMI is to be specified by

    • A.

      PMI machine manufacturer

    • B.

      Welding Engineer

    • C.

      QA Manager

    • D.

      Owner/user 

    Correct Answer
    D. Owner/user 
    Explanation
    The qualification requirements for personnel performing PMI (Positive Material Identification) are specified by the owner/user. This means that it is the responsibility of the owner or user of the PMI machine to define the necessary qualifications and skills that personnel should possess in order to carry out PMI effectively. The owner/user is in the best position to understand the specific needs and requirements of their organization and can therefore determine the appropriate qualifications for personnel involved in PMI.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Mar 19, 2020
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