Ap94 P6 The Metamorphosis

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The Metamorphosis Quizzes & Trivia

The Metamorphosis Pre-AP/AP Practice #6
Chapter 2 Multiple-choice questions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

             Now Gregor’s sister also had to help his mother with the cooking; although that was not so much bother as no-one ate very much. Gregor often heard how one of them would unsuccessfully urge another to eat, and receive no more answer than “no thanks, I’ve had enough” or something similar. No-one drank very much either.(5)His sister would sometimes ask his father whether he would like a beer, hoping for the chance to go and fetch it herself. When his father then said nothing she would add, so that he would not feel selfish, that she could send the housekeeper for it, but then his father would close the matter with a big, loud “No,” and no more would be said.(10)        Even before the first day had come to an end, his father had explained to Gregor’s mother and sister what their finances and prospects were. Now and then he stood up from the table and took some receipt or document from the little cash box he had saved from his business when it had collapsed five years earlier. Gregor heard how he opened the complicated lock and then closed it again after he had(15)taken the item he wanted. What he heard his father say was some of the first good news that Gregor heard since he had first been incarcerated in his room. He had thought that nothing at all remained from his father’s business, at least he had never told him anything different, and Gregor had never asked him about it anyway. Their business misfortune had reduced the family to a state of total despair, and Gregor’s(20)only concern at that time had been to arrange things so that they could all forget about it as quickly as possible. So then he started working especially hard, with a fiery vigour that raised him from a junior salesman to a travelling representative almost overnight, bringing with it the chance to earn money in quite different ways. Gregor converted his success at work straight into cash that he could lay on the(25)table at home for the benefit of his astonished and delighted family. They had been good times and they had never come again, at least not with the same splendour, even though Gregor had later earned so much that he was in a position to bear the costs of the whole family, and did bear them. They had even got used to it, both Gregor and the family, they took the money with gratitude and he was glad to(30)provide it, although there was no longer much warm affection given in return. Gregor only remained close to his sister now. Unlike him, she was very fond of music and a gifted and expressive violinist, it was his secret plan to send her to the conservatory next year even though it would cause great expense that would have to be made up for in some other way. During Gregor’s short periods in town,(35)conversation with his sister would often turn to the conservatory but it was only ever mentioned as a lovely dream that could never be realised. Their parents did not like to hear this innocent talk, but Gregor thought about it quite hard and decided he would let them know what he planned with a grand announcement of it on Christmas day.(40)        That was the sort of totally pointless thing that went through his mind in his present state, pressed upright against the door and listening. There were times when he simply became too tired to continue listening, when his head would fall wearily against the door and he would pull it up again with a start, as even the slightest noise he caused would be heard next door and they would all go silent. “What’s that(45)he’s doing now,” his father would say after a while, clearly having gone over to the door, and only then would the interrupted conversation slowly be taken up again.         When explaining things, his father repeated himself several times, partly because it was a long time since he had been occupied with these matters hims elf and partly because Gregor’s mother did not understand everything first time.(50)From these repeated explanations Gregor learned, to his pleasure, that despite all their misfortunes there was still some money available from the old days. It was not a lot, but it had not been touched in the meantime and some interest had accumulated. Besides that, they had not been using up all the money that Gregor had been bringing home every month, keeping only a little for himself, so that that,(55)too, had been accumulating. Behind the door, Gregor nodded with enthusiasm in his pleasure at this unexpected thrift and caution. He could actually have used this surplus money to reduce his father’s debt to his boss, and the day when he could have freed himself from that job would have come much closer, but now it was certainly better the way his father had done things.(60)        This money, however, was certainly not enough to enable the family to live off the interest; it was enough to maintain them for, perhaps, one or two years, no more. That’s to say, it was money that should not really be touched but set aside for emergencies; money to live on had to be earned. His father was healthy but old, and lacking in self confidence. During the five years that he had not been working - the(65)first holiday in a life that had been full of strain and no success - he had put on a lot of weight and become very slow and clumsy. Would Gregor’s elderly mother now have to go and earn money? She suffered from asthma and it was a strain for her just to move about the home, every other day would be spent struggling for breath on the sofa by the open window. Would his sister have to go and earn money? She(70)was still a child of seventeen, her life up till then had been very enviable, consisting of wearing nice clothes, sleeping late, helping out in the business, joining in with a few modest pleasures and most of all playing the violin. Whenever they began to talk of the need to earn money, Gregor would always first let go of the door and then throw himself onto the cool, leather sofa next to it, as he became quite hot with(75)shame and regret.         He would often lie there the whole night through, not sleeping a wink but scratching at the leather for hours on end. Or he might go to all the effort of pushing a chair to the window, climbing up onto the sill and, propped up in the chair, leaning on the window to stare out of it. He had used to feel a great sense of(80)freedom from doing this, but doing it now was obviously something more remembered than experienced, as what he actually saw in this way was becoming less distinct every day, even things that were quite near; he had used to curse the ever-present view of the hospital across the street, but now he could not see it at all, and if he had not known that he lived in Charlottenstrasse, which was a quiet street(85)despite being in the middle of the city, he could have thought that he was looking out the window at a barren waste where the grey sky and the grey earth mingled inseparably. His observant sister only needed to notice the chair twice before she would always push it back to its exact position by the window after she had tidied up the room, and even left the inner pane of the window open from then on.(90)        If Gregor had only been able to speak to his sister and thank her for all that she had to do for him it would have been easier for him to bear it; but as it was it caused him pain. His sister, naturally, tried as far as possible to pretend there was nothing burdensome about it, and the longer it went on, of course, the better she was able to do so, but as time went by Gregor was also able to see through it all so much better.(95)It had even become very unpleasant for him, now, whenever she entered the room. No sooner had she come in than she would quickly close the door as a precaution so that no-one would have to suffer the view into Gregor’s room, then she would go straight to the window and pull it hurriedly open almost as if she were suffocating. Even if it was cold, she would stay at the window breathing deeply for a little while.(100)She would alarm Gregor twice a day with this running about and noise making; he would stay under the couch shivering the whole while, knowing full well that she would certainly have liked to spare him this ordeal, but it was impossible for her to be in the same room with him with the windows closed.

  • 2. 

    Gregor’s sister is concerned that her father might “feel selfish” (line 7) for

    • A.

      Making his family worry about his lack of appetite

    • B.

      Begrudging his daughter a chance to get out of the house for a while

    • C.

      Expecting his daughter to do work that the housekeeper should do

    • D.

      Wanting a beer when his son was suffering alone in his room

    • E.

      Refusing to spend money on luxuries that his wife and daughter might

    Correct Answer
    B. Begrudging his daughter a chance to get out of the house for a while
    Explanation
    begrudging his daughter a chance to get out of the house for a while. The sister asks her father whether he would like a beer, “hoping for the chance to go and fetch it herself.” All three family members are virtual prisoners in their house, continually aware of the unspeakable change that has occurred to Gregor. When her father does not respond to her offer, she amends it “so that he would not feel selfish” and suggests that the housekeeper could be sent for the beer. The implication is that the father might feel selfish for keeping the sister in the house rather than allowing her to get out for a while. To prevent this, the sister implies that her only concern is that her father might like a beer, not that she is actually hoping for a temporary escape. She does this by suggesting that the housekeeper run the errand.

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  • 3. 

    The reader can infer that after Gregor began providing financially for his family, there was, on his family’s part, an increasing sense of

    • A.

      Entitlement

    • B.

      Gratitude

    • C.

      Astonishment

    • D.

      Embarrassment

    • E.

      Affection

    Correct Answer
    A. Entitlement
    Explanation
    entitlement. The reader is told that the father’s “business misfortune had reduced the family to a state of total despair.” In response, Gregor begins working especially hard, soon advancing to a travelling representative (a job, we have been told earlier, that he despises). Soon, Gregor is able to provide for the entire family. At first, the family is “astonished and delighted,” but before long, they “got used to it,” and although they continued to take the money “with gratitude,” “there was no longer much warm affection given in return.” After a while, the family simply expects Gregor to provide for them; they feel entitled to it. This is why his sudden transformation, which precludes his working, is such a disaster for them.

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  • 4. 

    As it is used in line 37, the word “innocent” is best understood to mean

    • A.

      Innocuous

    • B.

      Blameless

    • C.

      Playful

    • D.

      Naïve

    • E.

      Trustworthy

    Correct Answer
    D. Naïve
    Explanation
    naïve. Gregor is quite serious in his intention to send his sister to the conservatory. It is “his secret plan,” which he had intended to reveal at Christmas. He knows it will mean earning extra money, but he is confident he can do it, just as he ably took over the finances for the entire family when necessary. However, his parents dismiss discussions of the conservatory as “innocent talk.” They underestimate Gregor and consider it naïve of him to encourage his sister’s hope that the conservatory might be a possibility. They do not think of Gregor as “playful”; he is clearly serious and is too old to be indulging in childish fantasies. After all, he is the breadwinner for the entire family.

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  • 5. 

    [Choose the most complete answer.] Gregor’s magnanimous spirit is evident in the phrase

    • A.

      “to his pleasure” (line 50)

    • B.

      “was certainly better” (lines 58-59)

    • C.

      “to his pleasure” (line 50) and “thrift and caution” (line 56)

    • D.

      “thrift and caution” (line 56) and “was certainly better” (lines 58-59)

    • E.

      “to his pleasure” (line 50), “thrift and caution” (line 56), and “was certainly better” (lines 58-59)

    Correct Answer
    E. “to his pleasure” (line 50), “thrift and caution” (line 56), and “was certainly better” (lines 58-59)
    Explanation
    “to his pleasure” (line 50), “thrift and caution” (line 56), and “was certainly better” (lines 58-59). Gregor is completely magnanimous and solicitous toward his family. The reader is probably appalled to learn that while Gregor slaved night and day for the family, his father had, unbeknownst to him, kept back money from his own failed business and also money “left over” from what Gregor has given them. Meanwhile, Gregor had kept “only a little for himself,” never dreaming his father had set aside some of the money Gregor brought in, and this money had even earned interest. However, Gregor’s reaction to this revelation is completely magnanimous; he is relieved that his family has a bit of a financial cushion. Gregor learns “to his pleasure” that “there was still some money available from the old days.” He is enthusiastic and pleased about his father’s “unexpected thrift and caution,” although the noun the reader would probably apply would be “greed.” Gregor realizes that, had he known about the money, “the day when he could have freed himself from that job would have come much closer,” but rather than becoming bitter about this, he reasons that, given the present circumstances, his father’s way of doing things “was certainly better.” Given every reason to be resentful, Gregor instead is pleased that his father has hidden money away that can help the family out now.

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  • 6. 

    In the clause “it caused him pain” (lines 91-92), the pronoun “it” is best understood to refer to

    • A.

      The effort of moving the chair to the window

    • B.

      Gregor’s alienation from his sister

    • C.

      Gregor’s sister’s kindness

    • D.

      The realization that Gregor is losing his eyesight

    • E.

      Gregor’s alienation from his entire family

    Correct Answer
    C. Gregor’s sister’s kindness
    Explanation
    Gregor’s sister’s kindness. Gregor’s sister, despite her revulsion at the smell in his room, shows kindness toward him. She comes into his room twice a day and, once she notices his efforts at pushing a chair over to the window, is careful to return the chair to its place so that he does not have to exert the effort again. She even opens the inner pane of the window so that he can look out. Gregor thinks that if only he had been able to thank her for her kindness, “it would have been easier for him to bear it.” Since he cannot speak, though, “it caused him pain.” The “it,” in context, refers to his sister’s kindness, although the other choices are things that are painful for Gregor as well.

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  • 7. 

    [Choose the most complete answer.] Gregor’s sister’s feelings of repugnance arise from

    • A.

      Her understanding that her dreams of attending the conservatory are over

    • B.

      The physical realities resulting from Gregor’s metamorphosis

    • C.

      Her understanding that her dreams of attending the conservatory are over and the physical realities resulting from Gregor’s metamorphosis

    • D.

      The physical realities resulting from Gregor’s metamorphosis and the harsh financial realities her family now faces because of Gregor

    • E.

      Her understanding that her dreams of attending the conservatory are over, the physical realities resulting from Gregor’s metamorphosis, and the harsh financial realities her family now faces because of Gregor

    Correct Answer
    B. The physical realities resulting from Gregor’s metamorphosis
    Explanation
    the physical realities resulting from Gregor’s metamorphosis. Gregor’s sister may be sad about her seemingly lost hope of attending the conservatory (although she had not yet learned that Gregor had a real plan to send her there), and she is certainly aware of the financial realities the family faces. But these things do not cause feelings of “repugnance” in the sister. She cannot help being repulsed, though, when she enters Gregor’s room. This is evidenced by the fact that, as soon as she enters his room, she runs to the window and opens it “almost as if she were suffocating”; obviously, Gregor has developed an overwhelmingly unpleasant smell. Even though she knows the open window causes Gregor to shiver, she has to stay at the open window, “breathing deeply for a little while.” In Gregor’s present situation, “it was impossible for her to be in the same room with him with the windows closed.”

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following LEAST evokes sympathy for Gregor’s present plight?

    • A.

      “incarcerated” (line 16)

    • B.

      “pointless” (line 40)

    • C.

      “too tired” (line 42)

    • D.

      “wearily” (line 42)

    • E.

      “shivering” (line 101)

    Correct Answer
    B. “pointless” (line 40)
    Explanation
    “pointless” (line 40). The word “pointless” here refers to Gregor’s regrets about not being able to send his sister to the conservatory or provide for his family financially. This does not evoke much sympathy for Gregor’s plight. In fact, perhaps the only “bright side” to his metamorphosis, if such a thing is possible, is that his selfish family members may need to learn to fend for themselves. The other terms, though, describe Gregor’s feelings as he suffers alone in his room. He is “incarcerated,” “tired,” weary, and frequently “shivering” because of his sister’s need for fresh air when she is in the room.

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