AP Bio Ch 28 Outline Quiz, Classification

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 215

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AP Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Every animal on the planet, down to the most microscopic creature you can imagine, can be classified according to Linnaeus's system. In chapter 28 we covered what it involves and how to ensure you name them correctly. Test how well you understood it by taking the quiz below. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The scientific name of the giant swallowtail is Heraclides cresphontes. Therefore,
    • A. 

      It belongs to the genus Heraclides.

    • B. 

      It belongs to the species cresphontes.

    • C. 

      The specific epithet is cresphontes.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 2. 
    If a phylogeny is based on the natural evolution of organisms, it could
    • A. 

      Explain the variations among fossils from rock strata.

    • B. 

      Explain why there are similarities and differences among modern living groups.

    • C. 

      Reflect patterns of shared and unique sections of DNA among groups of animals.

    • D. 

      Help predict where unresearched features will be in common, such as how widely a medicine will be effective among animals.

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 3. 
    Which category is at the top of the classification hierarchy, that is, it includes the rest of the categories given?
    • A. 

      Order

    • B. 

      Genus

    • C. 

      Class

    • D. 

      Family

    • E. 

      Phylum

  • 4. 
    A/an _______ is one that is present in the common ancestor and all members of a group.
    • A. 

      Primitive character

    • B. 

      Clade

    • C. 

      Character trait

    • D. 

      Derived character

    • E. 

      Analogous structure

  • 5. 
    Parallel evolution involves
    • A. 

      Any two organisms with the same trait.

    • B. 

      Two organisms sharing the same trait because they have a common ancestor with that trait.

    • C. 

      Two lineages acquiring the same trait independently without the trait being present in a common ancestor.

    • D. 

      Possession of homologous structures.

    • E. 

      All of the above are part of parallel evolution.

  • 6. 
    The use of a molecular clock
    • A. 

      Depends on nucleic acid changes being neutral and not tied to adaptation.

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid changes occurring at a fairly constant rate.

    • C. 

      Still needs to be calibrated with the fossil record.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      The arm of a human and the wing of a bat

    • B. 

      The arm of a human and the leg of a human

    • C. 

      The wing of a butterfly and the wing of a bee

    • D. 

      The wing of a bat and the wing of a butterfly

  • 8. 
    Which kingdom is characterized by organisms that are saprotrophic?
    • A. 

      Animal

    • B. 

      Plant

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Protists

    • E. 

      Prokaryotes

  • 9. 
    The evolution of organisms in the five kingdoms is most accurately described by which sequence?
    • A. 

      Monera to Protists to Plants, from Plants separately to both Animals and Fungi

    • B. 

      Monera to Fungi to Protists to Plants to Animals

    • C. 

      Monera to Protists, from Protists separately to Fungi, Plants and Animals

    • D. 

      Protists to Monera to Fungi, from Fungi separately to Plants and Animals

    • E. 

      Monera to Protists, separately to Animals and Plants with Fungi a loss of plant photosynthesis

  • 10. 
    The fossil record is usually derived from sedimentary rocks laid down millions of years ago.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False