Antibiotic Use In Respiratory Tract Infections (5)

5 Questions | Total Attempts: 121

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Respiratory Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    True regarding the treatment of acute rhinosinusitis
    • A. 

      Azithromycin is recommended as an option for first-line treatment

    • B. 

      Doxycycline or a respiratory fluoroquinolone should be instituted in most uncomplicated cases

    • C. 

      Fidaxomicin is now indicated as a primary treatment option

    • D. 

      Antibiotic use is frequently ineffective, given that most cases are viral

  • 2. 
    Not an indication for antibiotic treatment in patients with acute rhinosinusitis
    • A. 

      Temperature >101.1°F (38.39°C)

    • B. 

      Facial pain lasting 3 days or longer

    • C. 

      Worsening symptoms after an illness lasting 5 days had begun improving

    • D. 

      Persistent symptoms lasting longer than 10 days

  • 3. 
    True regarding the treatment of bronchitis?
    • A. 

      Colored sputum indicates bacterial infection necessitating antibiotic treatment

    • B. 

      Longer cough duration suggests a need for antibiotic treatment

    • C. 

      Suspicion of pneumonia is the primary indication to initiate antibiotic treatment

    • D. 

      Routine chest x-ray is indicated in all cases to determine the need for antibiotic treatment

  • 4. 
    True regarding treatment of the common cold or nonspecific upper respiratory tract infection (URI)
    • A. 

      Antihistamines and nasal saline irrigation are proven treatments for cold symptom relief

    • B. 

      NSAIDs are contraindicated if antibiotic treatment is initiated

    • C. 

      A change in nasal discharge color is an indication for antibiotic initiation

    • D. 

      Educate patients that symptoms may last as long as 2 weeks and do not initiate antibiotics

  • 5. 
    True regarding the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis
    • A. 

      First-line treatment includes azithromycin and clindamycin

    • B. 

      Initiation of antibiotic treatment prior to the results of a rapid antigen detection test is recommended in symptomatic patients

    • C. 

      Penicillin V remains a first-line therapy due to its reliable antibiotic activity against group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) infection

    • D. 

      Severe, persistent sore throat alone is an indication for antibiotic therapy

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